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Registros recuperados: 41
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Access to Rural Land in Eastern Ethiopia: Mismatch between Policy and Reality JARTS
Belay, Kassa; Manig, Winfried.
SociThis paper explores the different means of access to land in three districts of Eastern Ethiopia. Data collected from a random sample of 313 heads of households were used in the study. The results show that as land is state-owned and farmers have only usufruct rights on land allocated to them by local authorities, access to additional cultivable land is achieved through land rental transactions (mainly in the form of sharecropping) and land borrowing. Another important finding of this study is that the average land holding has been declining over the years as a result of increased demographic pressure, resulting in individual farm units that are generally too small to be economically viable. The study also makes it clear that the issue of access to...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Socio-Economics; Development access to land; Land borrowing land fragmentation; Land redistribution; Land renting; Land tenure; State ownership; Usufruct rights.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/55
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An analysis of household farm investment decisions under varying land tenure arrangements in Ghana JARTS
Ayamga, Michael; Yeboah, Richard W. Nartey; Ayambila, Sylvester Nsobire.
Land tenure insecurity is widely perceived as a disincentive for long-term land improvement investment hence the objective of this paper is to evaluate how tenure (in)security associated with different land use arrangements in Ghana influenced households’ plot level investment decisions and choices. The paper uses data from the Farmer-Based Organisations (FBO) survey. The FBO survey collected information from 2,928 households across three ecological zones of Ghana using multistaged cluster sampling. Probit and Tobit models tested the effects of land tenancy and ownership arrangements on households’ investment behaviour while controlling other factors. It was found that marginal farm size was inversely related to tenure insecurity while tenure insecurity...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness Ghana; Land tenure; Soil improvement; Investment decision; Probit.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2015120349476
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Biting the Bullet : How to Secure Access to Drylands Resources for Multiple Users AgEcon
Mwangi, Esther; Dohrn, Stephan.
Close to one billion people worldwide depend directly upon the drylands for their livelihoods. Because of their climatic conditions and political and economic marginalization drylands also have some of the highest incidents of poverty. Pastoral and sedentary production systems coexist in these areas and both very often use common property arrangements to manage access and use of natural resources. Despite their history of complementary interactions, pastoralists and sedentary farmers are increasingly faced with conflicting claims over land and other natural resources. Past policy interventions and existing regulatory frameworks have not been able to offer lasting solutions to the problems related to land tenure and resource access; problems between the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Drylands; Secure access; Land tenure; Customary rights; Natural resources; Multiple users; Africa; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42498
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Commercialization and Subsistence in Transaction Agriculture: Empirical Evidence from Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania AgEcon
Mathijs, Erik; Noev, Nivelin.
Present-day Central and Eastern European agriculture is characterized by a high incidence of small-scale farmers who are not producing for the market. This paper uses household level data from comparative farm surveys in Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania to analyze which farm household characteristics and endowments influence commercialization and subsistence farming.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence farming; Farm structures; Farm size; Microanalysis; Land ownership; Land tenure; Agricultural policy; Transition; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24786
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Crecimiento de la población y expansión urbana de la ciudad de Xalapa, Veracruz y sus efectos sobre la vegetación y agroecosistemas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Benítez Badillo, Griselda.
La ciudad de Xalapa se ubica en el municipio del mismo nombre en el centro del estado de Veracruz; junto con cuatro municipios más, conforman la Zona Metropolitana de Xalapa (ZMX), asentada en una región de gran diversidad ecológica, riqueza histórica e importancia económica. La expansión urbana es compleja y abarca múltiples aspectos. Razón por la cual, se aborda particularmente el establecimiento de asentamientos irregulares en ejidos, amenaza para los últimos remanentes de bosque mesófilo de montaña (BMM) del municipio de Xalapa (MX), ecosistema único de gran biodiversidad y de los más amenazados en México y en riesgo de perderse los bienes y servicios ambientales que provee. La mancha urbana avanza también en ejidos con cultivos de café y caña de...
Palavras-chave: Expansión urbana; Bosque mesófilo de montaña; Asentamientos irregulares; Ejido; Tenencia de la tierra; Disponibilidad de agua; SIG; Informal settlements; Urban expansion; Cloud forest; Land tenure; Water availability; Agroecosistemas Tropicales; Doctorado.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/544
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Crecimiento de la población y expansión urbana de la ciudad de Xalapa, Veracruz y sus efectos sobre la vegetación y agroecosistemas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Benítez Badillo, Griselda.
La ciudad de Xalapa se ubica en el municipio del mismo nombre en el centro del estado de Veracruz; junto con cuatro municipios más, conforman la Zona Metropolitana de Xalapa (ZMX), asentada en una región de gran diversidad ecológica, riqueza histórica e importancia económica. La expansión urbana es compleja y abarca múltiples aspectos. Razón por la cual, se aborda particularmente el establecimiento de asentamientos irregulares en ejidos, amenaza para los últimos remanentes de bosque mesófilo de montaña (BMM) del municipio de Xalapa (MX), ecosistema único de gran biodiversidad y de los más amenazados en México y en riesgo de perderse los bienes y servicios ambientales que provee. La mancha urbana avanza también en ejidos con cultivos de café y caña de...
Palavras-chave: Expansión urbana; Bosque mesófilo de montaña; Asentamientos irregulares; Ejido; Tenencia de la tierra; Disponibilidad de agua; SIG; Informal settlements; Urban expansion; Cloud forest; Land tenure; Water availability; Agroecosistemas Tropicales; Doctorado.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/544
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DETERMINANTES DA ADOÇÃO DE SISTEMAS DE USO DA TERRA EM PÓLOS DE PRODUÇÃO AGROPECUÁRIA NO ESTADO DO ACRE, AMAZÔNIA BRASILEIRA AgEcon
Santos, Jair Carvalho Dos; Braga, Marcelo Jose; Homma, Alfredo Kingo Oyama.
A expansão da agricultura e da pecuária tem sido considerada como a principal causa do desmatamento que se processa na Amazônia. A decisão de escolha do sistema de uso da terra é um elemento determinante dos níveis de desmatamento e fatores relacionados às características da família e Ao ambiente socioeconômico antecedem as decisões de adoção desses sistemas. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar os condicionantes da adoção dos diferentes sistemas de uso da terra nos principais pólos de produção agropecuária familiar no estado do Acre. Utilizou-se o modelo econométrico SUR nessa avaliação. Os resultados mostram que direito de propriedade, contratação de mão-de-obra e origem do produtor na região norte do Brasil favorecem a adoção dos sistemas agrícolas...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sistema de produção; Agricultura familiar; SUR; Crédito agrícola; Desmatamento; Farm system; Household agriculture; Amazon; SUR; Land tenure; Deforestation; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112689
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Determinantes de desmatamento em pólos de produção agropecuária no estado do Acre, Amazônia Brasileira AgEcon
Santos, Jair Carvalho Dos; Braga, Marcelo Jose; Homma, Alfredo Kingo Oyama.
O desenvolvimento da agricultura e da pecuária na Amazônia tem resultado na expansão dos desmatamentos, o que contribui para emissão de gases de efeito estufa na atmosfera e redução da biodiversidade. A evolução dos desmatamentos realizada pelos produtores rurais é condicionada por características das famílais produtoras e pelo ambiente socioeconômico. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar os condicionantes de desmatamentos nos principais pólos de produção agropecuária familiar no estado do Acre. Foi utilizado o modelo econométrico logit multinomial para essa avaliação. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que maior disponibilidade de mão-de-obra familiar, acesso a crédito, maior patrimônio, maior ocorrência de contratação de trabalho e titulação definitiva...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura familiar; Logit multinomial; Crédito rural; Direito de propriedade; Consciência ambiental; Household agriculture; Multinomial logistic; Land tenure; Credit; Environmental-consciousness; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114158
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Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Land Tenure, Household Resource Allocation, and Nutrition in the Philippines AgEcon
Bouis, Howarth E.; Haddad, Lawrence James.
Over the past several years IFPRI has undertaken research on the production, consumption, and nutrition effects of agricultural commercialization in The Gambia, Guatemala, Kenya, the Philippines, and Rwanda. While it is widely recognized that the commercialization of agriculture is essential to overall economic development, various rural population groups adapt differently to the process of commercialization, depending on the resources available to them, economic and social conditions, and government policies. Many households benefit in the form of higher incomes; others may suffer a decline in income. A particular concern of policymakers has been the effect of commercialization on nutrition. The purpose of these studies has been to analyze the process of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; Philippines; Produce trade; Land tenure; Household; Nutrition; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42164
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Evaluating the Impact of Land Tenure and Titling on Access to Credit in Uganda AgEcon
Petracco, Carly K.; Pender, John L..
Increasing smallholder farmers’ access to credit is a paramount concern in Africa in general and in Uganda in particular, as a means to help modernize agriculture. We use matching impact evaluation methods to assess four pair-wise comparisons: i) households who have freehold land with vs. without a title, ii) households who have customary land with vs. without a customary certificate, iii) households with a title or certificate having freehold vs. customary tenure, and iv) households without a title or certificate having freehold vs. customary tenure. Each comparison is then evaluated for the impact on access to any form of credit, formal credit and informal credit. Two matching methods were used and the results compared to test the robustness of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Uganda; Land tenure; Land titling; Rural credit; Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q14.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51899
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Exploring long-term land improvements under land tenure insecurity AgEcon
Myyra, Sami; Pietola, Kyosti.
This article explores long-term land improvement (lime application) under land tenure insecurity on leased land. The dynamic optimisation problem is solved by a stochastic dynamic programming routine with known parameters for one-period returns and transition equations. The model parameters represent Finnish soil quality and production conditions. The farmer's decision rules are solved for alternative likelihood scenarios over the continuation of the fixed term lease contract. The results suggest that, as the probability for non-renewal of the lease contract increases, farmers quickly decrease investments in irreversible land improvement and, thereafter, yields decline gradually. The estimated decision rules are a part of larger set of farmer's decision...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dynamic programming; Land tenure; Land improvements; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31954
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FARM RESTRUCTURING AND EFFICIENCY IN TRANSITION: EVIDENCE FROM BULGARIA AND HUNGARY AgEcon
Mathijs, Erik; Vranken, Liesbet.
Based on survey data on Bulgarian and Hungarian crop and dairy farms, a double-peaked distribution of technical efficiency is observed. Several factors explain differences in efficiency. Human capital matters not only through age and education, but also through gender as farms with a higher share of women are more efficient. Contracting with upstream processors increased efficiency through facilitating the adoption of technology and the access to credits. The superiority of family farms over corporate farms is confirmed for crops but not for dairy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Eastern Europe; Bulgaria; Hungary; Technical efficiency; Land tenure; Governance; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21886
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Gender analysis and reform of irrigation management: concepts, cases, and gaps in knowledge; Proceedings of the Workshop of Gender and Water, 15-19 September 1997, Habarana, Sri Lanka AgEcon
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Gender; Privatization; Irrigation management; Women in development; Property rights; Water scarcity; Developing countries; Agricultural production; Water resources; Water rights; Poverty; Policy; Economic aspects; Land tenure; Legislation; Rice; Water users' associations; Irrigated farming; Planning; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118416
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Impact of Land Institutional Factors on Farm Management and Soil Quality AgEcon
Shuhao, Tan.
Soil quality has important implications for sustainable agricultural development and food self-sufficiency in many developing countries. A decrease in soil nutrient stocks, one of the components of soil quality, necessitates more inputs and greater management skills in order to compensate for the reduction in nutrients availability. This is why the interaction of agricultural development and soil quality management attracts widespread attention from researchers. Applying plot level data on input/output, and a selected number of soil quality indicators and farm household level information, from the three villages, this paper examines the impact of land fragmentation and land tenure on soil management, the dynamic component of soil quality, crop husbandry...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land fragmentation; Land tenure; Farm management; Soil quality; Productivity; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51662
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Incentives for Soil and Water Conservation on Farm in Ravines of Gujarat: Policy Implications for Future Adoption AgEcon
Pande, V.C.; Kurothe, R.S.; Singh, H.B.; Tiwari, S.P..
The issue of incentives has been studied for the adoption of soil and water conservation in the ravines of Gujarat in the context of holistic development of small and marginal farms and their profitability. It is hypothesized that poor economic condition of farmers impedes their ability to make large-scale investment in conservation agriculture, in general and improvement of land, in particular. The study is based on two groups of farms- with and without conservation history. The results have substantiated the argument that under the present price scenario, farm profitability makes the marginal farms susceptible to a vicious poverty circle. The input and output prices prevailing in the region do not favour the farming enterprise. Thus, this policy variable...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soil and water conservation; Conservation agriculture; Credit worthiness; Land tenure; Farm investment; Gujarat ravines; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q25; Q28.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109425
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Institutional alternatives in African smallholder irrigation: Lessons from international experience with irrigation management transfer AgEcon
Shah, Tushaar; van Koppen, Barbara; Merrey, Douglas J.; de Lange, Marna; Samad, Madar.
This report reviews several decades of global experience in transferring management of government-run irrigation systems to farmer associations or other nongovernmental agencies in an attempt to apply the lessons of success to the African smallholder irrigation context.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Small scale systems; Privatization; Farmer managed irrigation systems; Water users’ associations; Land tenure; Pumps; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44563
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Institutional changes to reduce land preparation delay in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. AgEcon
Loeve, Ronald; Somaratne, Pallewatte G.; Ariyaratne, Badugodahewa Ranjith; Anputhas, Markandu; Jinapala, Kiribandage.
Although many irrigation systems in the dry zone of Sri Lanka have water shortage problems, water consumption is very high during land preparation. This paper analyzes the impact of institutional interventions on efficient water management, especially during the land preparation period. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the factors behind prolonged periods of land preparation so that system managers and farmers communities can develop appropriate interventions to reduce water consumption.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Institutional development; Irrigation systems; Tillage; Crop yield; Rice; Land tenure; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92410
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Integrated management of water, forest and land resources in Nepal: Opportunities for improved livelihood AgEcon
Pant, Dhruba; Thapa, Sabita; Singh, Ashok; Bhattarai, Madhusudan; Molden, David J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Forest management; Public policy; Land use; Land tenure; Farm size; Environmental effects; Gender; Women; Equity; Institutions; Conflict; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Public Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92405
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Land Improvements Under Land Tenure Insecurity: The Case of Liming in Finland AgEcon
Myyra, Sami; Pietola, Kyosti.
This article solves and characterizes optimal decision rules to invest in irreversible land improvements conditional on land tenure insecurity. Economic model is a normative dynamic programming model with known parameters for the one period returns and transition equations. The optimal decision rules for liming are solved numerically, conditional on alternative scenarios on the likelihood that the lease contract and, thus, farmer access to land is either renewed or expired. The model parameters represent Finnish soil quality and production conditions. The results suggest that irreversible liming decreases quickly and the yields decline gradually, when the farmer is confronted with land tenure insecurity caused by uncertain renewal of the lease contract....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land tenure; Liming; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24418
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LAND LEASE MARKETS AND AGRICULTURAL EFFICIENCY: THEORY AND EVIDENCE FROM ETHIOPIA AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Fafchamps, Marcel.
This paper develops a theoretical model of land leasing that includes transaction costs of enforcing labor effort, risk pooling motives and non-tradable productive inputs. We test the implications of this model compared to those of the - Marshallian - (unenforceable labor effort) and "New School" (costlessly enforceable effort) perspectives using data collected from four villages in Ethiopia. We find that land lease markets operate relatively efficiently in the villages studied, supporting the New School perspective relative to the other two models. Land contract choice is found to depend upon the social relationships between landlords and tenants, but differences in contracts are not associated with significant differences in input use or output value per...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land lease markets; Land tenure; Sharecropping; Agricultural efficiency; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16045
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