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Registros recuperados: 6
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A leucine-supplemented diet improved protein content of skeletal muscle in young tumor-bearing rats BJMBR
Gomes-Marcondes,M.C.C.; Ventrucci,G.; Toledo,M.T.; Cury,L.; Cooper,J.C..
Cancer cachexia induces host protein wastage but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Branched-chain amino acids play a regulatory role in the modulation of both protein synthesis and degradation in host tissues. Leucine, an important amino acid in skeletal muscle, is higher oxidized in tumor-bearing animals. A leucine-supplemented diet was used to analyze the effects of Walker 256 tumor growth on body composition in young weanling Wistar rats divided into two main dietary groups: normal diet (N, 18% protein) and leucine-rich diet (L, 15% protein plus 3% leucine), which were further subdivided into control (N or L) or tumor-bearing (W or LW) subgroups. After 12 days, the animals were sacrificed and their carcass analyzed. The tumor-bearing groups showed a...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Leucine; Amino acid; Walker 256 carcinosarcoma; Body composition; Skeletal muscle protein.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2003001100017
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Effect of a leucine-supplemented diet on body composition changes in pregnant rats bearing Walker 256 tumor BJMBR
Ventrucci,G.; Mello,M.A.R.; Gomes-Marcondes,M.C.C..
Cancer patients present high mobilization of host protein, with a decrease in lean body mass and body fat depletion occurring in parallel to neoplastic growth. Since leucine is one of the principal amino acids used by skeletal muscle for energy, we investigated the changes in body composition of pregnant tumor-bearing rats after a leucine-supplemented diet. Sixty pregnant Wistar rats divided into six groups were fed a normal protein diet (18%, N) or a leucine-supplemented diet (3% L-leucine, L). The pregnant groups were: control (CN), Walker 256 carcinoma-bearing rats (WN), control rats pair-fed with tumor-bearing rats (pfN), leucine-supplemented (CL), leucine-supplemented tumor-bearing (WL), and leucine-supplemented rats pair-fed with tumor-bearing rats...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Walker 256 tumor; Pregnancy; Body composition; Leucine; Carcass nitrogen; Diet supplementation.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001000300006
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Effect of branched-chain amino acids, valine, isoleucine and leucine on the biosythesis of bitespiramycin 4"-O-acylspiramycins BJM
Li,Zhen-Lin; Wang,Yong-Hong; Chu,Ju; Zhuang,Ying-Ping; Zhang,Si-Liang.
Bitespiramycin, a group of 4"-O-acylated spiramycins with 4"-O-isovalerylspiramycins as the major components, was produced by recombinantspiramycin-producing strain Streptomyces spiramyceticus harboring a 4"-O-acyltransferase gene. The experiment was initially performed in synthetic medium with 0.5 g l-1 Valine, Isoleucine or Leucine feeding at 36 h cultivation. When valine was fed, the biological titer of bitespiramycin was 45.3% higher than that of the control group, but the relative content of total isovalerylspiramycin components decreased by 22.5%. In the case of ilecine, the biological titer of bitespiramycin and the total isovalerylspiramycins alone were 85% and 72.1% of the control group, respectively. In contrast, the relative content of other...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bitespiramycin; Valine; Leucine; Isoleucine; Biosynthesis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822009000400003
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Obese women on a low energy rice and bean diet: effects of leucine, arginine or glycine supplementation on protein turnover BJMBR
Marchini,J.S.; Lambertini,C.R.; Ferriolli,E.; Dutra de Oliveira,J.E..
This study examined if leucine, arginine or glycine supplementation in adult obese patients (body mass index of 33 ± 4 kg/m²) consuming a Brazilian low energy and protein diet (4.2 MJ/day and 0.6 g protein/kg) affects protein and amino acid metabolism. After four weeks adaptation to this diet, each subject received supplements of these amino acids (equivalent to 0.2 g protein kg-1 day-1) in random order. On the seventh day of each amino acid supplementation, a single-dose 15N-glycine study was carried out. There were no significant differences in protein flux, synthesis or breakdown. The protein flux (grams of nitrogen, gN/9 h) was 55 ± 24 during the nonsupplemented diet intake and 39 ± 10, 44 ± 22 and 58 ± 35 during the leucine-, glycine- and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Obese women; Protein; Glycine; Arginine; Leucine; Stable isotope.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2001001000007
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Protein synthesis regulation by leucine BJPS
Vianna,Daiana; Teodoro,Gabriela Fullin Resende; Torres-Leal,Francisco Leonardo; Tirapegui,Julio.
In vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that high protein diets affect both protein synthesis and regulation of several cellular processes. The role of amino acids as substrate for protein synthesis has been established in the literature. However, the mechanism by which these amino acids modulate transcription and regulate the mRNA translation via mTOR-dependent signaling pathway has yet to be fully determined. It has been verified that mTOR is a protein responsible for activating a cascade of biochemical intracellular events which result in the activation of the protein translation process. Of the aminoacids, leucine is the most effective in stimulating protein synthesis and reducing proteolysis. Therefore, it promotes a positive nitrogen balance,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Leucine; Protein synthesis; Transcription Factors; MTOR; Translation Protein.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-82502010000100004
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Successful domino liver transplantation in maple syrup urine disease using a related living donor BJMBR
Feier,F.H.; Miura,I.K.; Fonseca,E.A.; Porta,G.; Pugliese,R.; Porta,A.; Schwartz,I.V.D.; Margutti,A.V.B.; Camelo Jr,J.S.; Yamaguchi,S.N.; Taveira,A.T.; Candido,H.; Benavides,M.; Danesi,V.; Guimaraes,T.; Kondo,M.; Chapchap,P.; Neto,J. Seda.
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive disease associated with high levels of branched-chain amino acids. Children with MSUD can present severe neurological damage, but liver transplantation (LT) allows the patient to resume a normal diet and avoid further neurological damage. The use of living related donors has been controversial because parents are obligatory heterozygotes. We report a case of a 2-year-old child with MSUD who underwent a living donor LT. The donor was the patient's mother, and his liver was then used as a domino graft. The postoperative course was uneventful in all three subjects. DNA analysis performed after the transplantation (sequencing of the coding regions of BCKDHA, BCKDHB, andDBT genes) showed that the MSUD...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Heterozygous donor; Metabolic disease; Branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase mutation; Leucine; Genotype.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2014000600522
Registros recuperados: 6
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