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Registros recuperados: 8
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Algal flora associated with a Halophila stipulacea (Forsskal) Ascherson (Hydrocharitaceae, Helobiae) stand in the western Mediterranean ArchiMer
Rindi, F; Maltagliati, F; Rossi, F; Acunto, S; Cinelli, F.
Halophila stipulacea, a seagrass introduced into the Mediterranean Sea as a Lessepsian immigrant, is nowadays common in the eastern Mediterranean, and it was recently recorded in the western Mediterranean; very little information is available about the algal flora associated with this species. During a survey of a Halophila stipulacea stand at Vulcano Island (Eolian Islands, western Mediterranean), samples were collected at three depths (5 m, 15 m and 25 m) for identification of algal epiphytes. Thirty-six species of macroalgae were found. The epiflora of the leaves consisted of 20 species, the others being mixed with or entangled in the rhizomes. On the leaves, Ceramium tenerrimum, Dasya corymbifera, Polysiphonia cfr. tenerrima, Spyridia filamentosa,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Halophila stipulacea; Épiphytes algaux; Épiphytisme; Algues marines; Méditerranée occidentale; Halophila stipulacea; Seagrass epiphytes; Epiphytism; Marine algae; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43605/43924.pdf
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Epi-bathyal ostracod assemblage in Holocene Rhone deltaic sediments (Gulf of Lions, NW Mediterranean) and their palaeoecological implications ArchiMer
Fanget, Anne-sophie; Bassetti, Maria Angela; Berne, Serge; Arnaud, Mireille.
Since the Last Glacial Maximum, the Rhone River, which is the most important source of freshwater and sediment to the western Mediterranean Sea, migrated in a north-westward direction during the rapid Deglacial and Early Holocene sea-level rise. During the phase of global high sea-level (Middle and Late Holocene), an overall eastward migration of the Rhone outlet, under natural and/or human influence, is recorded through several sediment accumulations confined along the inner shelf in the form of deltaic lobes. These lobes that make up the whole Rhone subaqueous delta represent very expanded sedimentary archives of the Rhone Holocene history. In this paper, using three long piston cores retrieved from the most recent Bras de Fer (RHS-KS55) and Roustan...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostracodes; Delta sous-marin; Paléoécologie; Holocène; Méditerranée occidentale; Ostracoda; Subaqueous delta; Palaeoecology; Holocene; Western Mediterranean..
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00217/32810/31253.pdf
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Facteurs de contrôle sur le fonctionnement du système turbiditique du Rhône depuis le Dernier Maximum Glaciaire ArchiMer
Lombo Tombo, Swesslath.
Turbidite systems are accumulations of fluvial sediment on the continental margins. They are mainly made of « turbidites » deposited after the flow of turbidity currents inside submarine canyons and channels. Their structure and composition are controlled by global and regional environmental changes such as sea level and climate. The two fundamental parameters that govern their functioning are the production of sediment in the river watersheds and the capability and reactivity of the transfer to the turbidite system. In this work we show that for the last 24,000 years the functioning of the Rhone turbidite system has shown rapid changes under the control of sea level and sediment production fluctuations. Our results are based on a millennial time-scale...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hyperpycnite; Turbidites; Système turbiditique du Rhône; Facteurs de contrôle; Niveau marin; Climat; Morphologie; Golfe du Lion; Méditerranée occidentale; Hyperpycnites; Turbidites; Rhone turbidite system; Control factors; Sea level; Climate; Morphology; Gulf of Lions; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00274/38505/37013.pdf
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Microbial activity at the deep water sediment boundary layer in two highly productive systems in the Western Mediterranean: the Almeria-Oran front and the Malaga upwelling ArchiMer
Bianchi, A; Calafat, A; De Wit, R; Garcin, J; Tholosan, O; Cacho, I; Canals, M; Fabres, J; Grout, H; Masque, P; Sanchez-cabeza, Ja; Sempere, R.
Microbiological and biogeochemical studies were carried out in sediments and near bottom waters in the upwelling area off the Malaga coast and in the Almeria-Oran frontal zone. In these nutrient-rich conditions, metabolic activity is potentially limited by oxygen availability through the sediment depth. In the surficial sediments of the frontal zone, however, oxygen penetrated to a depth of 4 cm, allowing oxic mineralisation processes to occur throughout the layer. In the surficial sediments of the upwelling area, oxygen penetration was limited to the top 2.5 cm, leading to anoxic conditions. Glutamate respiration and global oxygen uptake rates were clearly higher than in the frontal zone. In the superficial sediments of the frontal zone, bacteria were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Taux de minéralisation; Sédiments; Eaux profondes; Méditerranée occidentale; Bacteria; Mineralisation rate; Sediments; Deep-sea; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43298/43034.pdf
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Seasonal and interannual variability of zooplankton community in waters off Mallorca island (Balearic Sea, Western Mediterranean): 1994-1999 ArchiMer
Fernandez De Puelles, Ml; Pinot, Jm; Valencia, J.
During 1994-1999, the mesozooplankton community was sampled monthly in the upper sea layer (up to 100 m) along a cross-shelf transect of three stations in waters off Mallorca island. Copepods formed the most abundant group (54%) followed by appendicularians (17%), cladocerans and meroplankton larvae (13%). The abundance of all these groups decreased in the offshore direction but it was not the case for other zooplankton groups. A clear seasonal cycle was evident consisting of a general decrease of the abundance from the beginning to the end of the year. In addition to the general increase during late winter and spring, an absolute maximum was detected in May, particularly important at the neritic station and a relative maximum in March and October. During...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mer des Baléares; Copépodes; Hydrolique; Zooplancton; Méditerranée occidentale; Balearic Sea; Copepods; Hydrography; Zooplankton; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00321/43257/42988.pdf
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Spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of plants and benthic invertebrates in the lagoon of Orbetello (Italy) ArchiMer
De Biasi, Am; Benedetti-cecchi, L; Pacciardi, L; Maggi, E; Vaselli, S; Bertocci, I.
Many studies in marine coastal lagoons have focused on the marine-to-terrestrial gradient as a main source of variation for the structure of assemblages. In this paper, the magnitude of differences among locations arranged along the marine-to-terrestrial gradient of the western lagoon of Orbetello (Grosseto, Italy) was contrasted with the amount of spatial variability occurring among sets of locations that were not positioned along this axis. We propose that if the most important processes influencing assemblages were those associated with the external-internal gradient of the lagoon, as usually supposed, then assemblages should differ more among these locations than among any other locations. To test the above proposition, four locations arranged along...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hétérogénéité spatiale; Phyto- et zoo-benthos; Lagune côtière; Méditerranée occidentale; Spatial heterogeneity; Phytozoobenthos; Coastal lagoon; Western Mediterranean.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43283/43018.pdf
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Un modèle géométrique et stratigraphique des séquences de dépôts quaternaires sur la marge du golfe du lion : enregistrement des cycles climatiques de 100 000 ans ArchiMer
Rabineau, Marina.
The up to 70 km wide continental shelf of the Golfe du Lion has been the object of numerous investigationss since the early days of Oceanography. Yet several key questions have remained unanswered and are still controversial. Among these questions are: What are the relationships between sedimentary sequences, Quaternary glacioeustatic cycles and tectonics? What is the sequence duration? What are the mechanisms of deposition? A study of the Very High Resolution (VHR) seismic reflection (Sparker) data collected by Ifremer between 1992 and 1998 on the outer shelf and upper slope offshore of Sète in the Languedoc region gives a new insight into these issues. The surveyed area covers 40 x 40 km with a line spacing of 400-1000 m. Useful depth of penetration is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stratigraphic modelling; Cores; High resolution seismic data; Glacioeustatism; Climatic cycles; Sequences; Gulf of Lion; Western Mediterranean; Simulation stratigraphique; Carottes; Sismique haute résolution; Stratigraphie Séquentielle; Glacioeustatisme; Cycles climatiques; Séquences sédimentaires; Méditerranée occidentale; Golfe du Lion.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/these-331.pdf
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Vertical distribution of pico- and nano-sized Dapi yellow particles at Dyfamed time-series station, NW Mediterranean ArchiMer
Tanaka, T; Rassoulzadegan, F.
We measured. abundance and surface area of pico- and nano-sized organic particles that are stained by 4'6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (Dapi), namely Dapi yellow particles. This study was done monthly from April 1999 to March 2000 from surface down to 2000 m at the French-JGOFS time-series station Dyfamed in the NW Mediterranean. Dapi yellow particles were always observed throughout the water column and the total surface area of Dapi yellow particles 0.2-10 mum ranged from 0.5 to 51.5 mm(2) l(-1). Dapi yellow particles were generally less abundant in the surface layer, greater between 70 and 500 m and decreased toward 2000 m. During the mixing period, Dapi yellow particles were homogeneous throughout the upper 200 m, suggesting that distribution of Dapi yellow...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dapi yellow particles; Matériel organique; Détritus; Méditerranée occidentale; Dapi yellow particles; Organic materials; Detritus; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43278/43010.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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