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Registros recuperados: 21
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A TWO-STEP ESTIMATOR FOR A SPATIAL LAG MODEL OF COUNTS: THEORY, SMALL SAMPLE PERFORMANCE AND AN APPLICATION AgEcon
Lambert, Dayton M.; Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M..
Several spatial econometric approaches are available to model spatially correlated disturbances in count models, but there are at present no structurally consistent count models incorporating spatial lag autocorrelation. A two-step, limited information maximum likelihood estimator is proposed to fill this gap. The estimator is developed assuming a Poisson distribution, but can be extended to other count distributions. The small sample properties of the estimator are evaluated with Monte Carlo experiments. Simulation results suggest that the spatial lag count estimator achieves gains in terms of bias over the aspatial version as spatial lag autocorrelation and sample size increase. An empirical example deals with the location choice of single-unit start-up...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Count model; Location choice; Manufacturing; Poisson; Spatial econometrics; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C21; C25; D21; R12; R30.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59780
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Board Diligence, Director Busyness and Corporate Governance: An Empirical Analysis for India AgEcon
Ghosh, Saibal.
The paper examines the association between financial performance and boards of non-financial firms. Using data on over 200 listed manufacturing firms in India for 2005, the findings indicate that, after controlling for various firm-specific factors, board diligence as well as director busyness exerts a positive influence on corporate performance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Firm performance; Board diligence; Director busyness; Manufacturing; India; Financial Economics; G35; J33.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50159
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Chinese Manufacturing Performance in Comparative Perspective, 1980-2002 AgEcon
Szirmai, Adam; Ren, Ruoen; Bai, Manyin.
This paper uses the detailed information in the 1995 Census of Industrial Production as a benchmark for analysing the coverage, concepts and consistency of published statistical series. On the basis of the analysis, the paper proposes a series of adjustments which result in more consistent long-run series of labour productivity for 21 manufacturing sectors from 1980-2002. For purposes of international comparisons with the USA, the paper subsequently presents industry of origin unit value ratios for the benchmark year 1995. These are used to convert Chinese value added into US dollars. In 2002, value added for the statistically well-covered sectors of Chinese manufacturing was 43 per cent of US value added, against 12 per cent in 1980. The comparative...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Manufacturing; Productivity growth; Catch up; Unit value ratios; International comparisons; Industrial Organization; O14; O40; O47.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28525
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DETERMINANTS OF INVESTMENT FLOWS IN U.S. MANUFACTURING AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
The purpose of the paper is to test the long-run steady state of growth factors hypothesized to influence U.S. manufacturing investment flows. These factors include agglomeration, market structure, labor, infrastructure, and fiscal policy. Spatial cross-regressive and spatial Durbin models are used to measure the spatial interaction of investment flows. Spatial spillovers are found to be of a competitive nature at the state level, implying that a factor which attracts more investment to a particular state is associated with lower investments in neighboring states. Investment flows to states with higher market demand, more productive labor, and more localized agglomeration of manufacturing activity.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Investment; Spatial Durbin model; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R30.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54835
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DEVELOPMENT OF A VARIABLE SIZE NUT CRACKER CIGR Journal
Ogundare, Adebayo; Ojolo, Sunday.
In this work, a variable size nut cracking machine has been designed and constructed to improve the efficiency of shelling operation of quite a number of nuts. The machine is designed to be adaptable to the cracking requirements of some number of nuts, whose shell can be processed to brittleness. The machine performs two operations, shelling of the nut and separation of the shell from the nut. The machine comprises of a hopper, rectangular box housing the cracking drum and compression plate, and a two stage agitated separating tray (to sort the nut from the shell), all supported by a frame. The cracking drum, which is driven by a v-belt connected to an electric motor, also provide the agitation to the separating tray via a v-belt connected a cam mounted...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Mechanical Engineering; Manufacturing; Machinery Develoment Variable nut size; Cracking; Efficiency.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3333
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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES IN RURAL NORTH DAKOTA COMMUNITIES: SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS AgEcon
DeVuyst, Cheryl Sinn; Leistritz, F. Larry; Schepp, Angela.
The purpose of this study was to examine the local socioeconomic impacts of new economic development initiatives in North Dakota's rural (nonmetropolitan) communities. This report is the second to present findings from this project; an earlier report analyzed the effects of four new agricultural processing plants on their host communities. This report examines the effects of manufacturing and/or exported services facilities in three communities and presents comparison data drawn from two control communities (i.e., towns that had not experienced the advent of a major new employer during the 1990s). The information from the two groups of development communities and the control communities is compared and contrasted to discern similarities and differences...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural development; Community impacts; North Dakota; Manufacturing; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23577
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EVOLUTION OF INVESTMENT FLOWS IN U.S. MANUFACTURING: A SPATIAL PANEL APPROACH AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
This paper is updated by the file at http://purl.umn.edu/54835
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Investment; Location factors; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R30.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42502
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FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF SMALL FOOD MANUFACTURING AND RETAILING BUSINESSES AgEcon
Gustafson, Cole R..
The 1998 Survey of Small Business Finances provides robust information on the financing of small businesses including an overview of their firm's organization, financial characteristics, and credit use. Information from the survey is used in this study to compare the financial characteristics of food manufacturing and retailing small businesses. On average, both food manufacturing and food retailing small businesses had positive financial characteristics. Although they were only marginally profitable and liquid, they were highly solvent. Accounts receivable and inventory comprise nearly half of food manufacturers' total assets and a third of food retailers' assets. By most financial measures, food retailers were statistically smaller than food...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Business; Finances; Food; Manufacturing; Retail; Small; Survey; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23673
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Firm Birth and Death in U.S. Manufacturing: A Regional Adjustment Model AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M..
Attracting manufacturing investment is a frequently used rural development policy. Previous research in the location literature has informed policymakers which factors are most important for attracting new firm investment. Far less is known about the interaction of birth and death of establishments. A conceptual model of county-level investment in the U.S. manufacturing sector is developed from location theory and subsequent literature. Specifically, we test the relative importance of location factors influencing firm investment, and if these factors influence firm birth and death differently. Local factors include agglomeration due to localization, urbanization, and internal economies, market structure, labor quality, availability, and cost, market...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Location determinants; Manufacturing; Count models; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49467
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Glocalisation, Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Development Perspectives: Empirical Results for West German Regions AgEcon
Knodler, Hermann; Albertshauser, Ulrich.
The present paper examines the economic development perspectives of the manufacturing sector of 31 major West German regions in the process of globalisation. Public statistics do not provide FDI data on a regional basis. Therefore our study was based on indicators based on the data from the INDAT-file which gives information about some 6,500 West German manufacturing firms in 1986, 1990 and 1996. The paper draws a stylised picture of the regional structure of West German FDI involvement in the manufacturing sector. The present participation in glocalisation benefits and the mid term development perspectives showed that Hamburg, Darmstadt and Oberbayern belong to the winners of glocalisation. In order to evaluate the long term development perspectives of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional Development; Agglomeration; Glocalisation; Manufacturing; Foreign Direct Investment; F23; O18; R11; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26402
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Management of the manufacturing of canned baby corn Thai Agricultural
Palavras-chave: Corn; Maize; Kernel corn; Canned corn production; Manufacturing; ข้าวโพด; ข้าวโพดฝักอ่อน; อุตสาหกรรมข้าวโพดฝักอ่อนบรรจุกระป๋อง.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4318
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Manufacturing of agricultural machinery in Bangladesh: opportunities and constraints CIGR Journal
Alam, M. Monjurul; khan, M. I. N.; Saha, Chayan Kumer; Rahman, Anisur; Bhuyian, M. G. K..
Despite numerous limitations, agricultural machinery (AM) manufacturing sub-sector inBangladeshis growing quite satisfactorily and has potential to make substantial contribution to much needed non-farm economic growth, employment generation, mechanization of on and off-farm agricultural activities, and as a whole orientation in the national development.  This study made an attempt to take account of AM manufacturers, importers, traders/wholesalers and retailers, their associations, assess market potential and identify serious bottlenecks associated with this sub-sector.  Stratified random sampling technique was used for identifying respondents in quantitative survey, while focus group discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were conducted...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural machinery; Spare parts; Manufacturing; Supply chain; Marketing; Import vs local quality; Constraints.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3682
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Manufacturing Transition in Local Economies: A Regional Adjustment Model AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M..
This paper addresses changes in capital formation by testing the importance of location factors with respect to the rate of establishment births and deaths in U.S. manufacturing, 2000–2004. A theoretical concept called “localized creative destruction” is tested as a mechanism to explain the dynamics impacting the spatial distribution of manufacturing establishment birth and death rates. While no support of this process was found, results identify a convergence process occurring where counties with high initial birth/death rates have smaller changes in firm birth and death rates. The interpretation is that counties become more equally competitive in terms of firm formation dynamics in lieu of successful counties increasing their lead in the short run. This...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Location determinants; Manufacturing; Adjustment models; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61130
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RVA as a tool for optimisation of cassava starch manufacturing regarding to SO2 application and storage time Thai Agricultural
Sriroth, K.; Walapatit, S.; Piyachomkwan, K.; Oates, C.G..
Palavras-chave: Cassava; Starc; Manufacturing; Optimisation.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4839
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Short-run Birth and Death of U.S. Manufacturing Firms: 2000 - 2005 AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Lambert, Dayton M..
Attracting manufacturing investment remains a viable regional development policy. Previous research in the location literature has informed policymakers which factors are most important for attracting new firm investment. Far less is known about the dynamics of firm death and the possible interaction with firm birth. A conceptual model of county-level investment in the U.S. manufacturing sector is developed from location theory and subsequent literature. Specifically, we test the relative importance of location factors influencing firm investment, and if these factors influence firm birth and death differently. Local factors include labor quality, availability, and cost, market conditions, agglomeration due to localization and urbanization economies,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Location factors; Manufacturing; Creative destruction; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46739
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Sulfur dioxide and cyanide balances in cassava starch manufacturing process Thai Agricultural
Wanlapatit, S.; Chokchaipaisal, W.; Sriroth , K..
Palavras-chave: Cassava; Starch; Manufacturing; Process.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://anchan.lib.ku.ac.th/agnet/handle/001/4845
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The Relationship Between Environmental Efficiency and Manufacturing Firm’s Growth AgEcon
Cainelli, Giulio; Mazzanti, Massimiliano; Zoboli, Roberto.
This paper investigates the empirical link between emission intensity and economic growth, using a very large data set of 61,219 Italian manufacturing firms over the period 2000-2004. As a measure of lagged environmental performance (efficiency) at firm level we exploit NAMEA sector for CO2, NOx, SOx data over 1990-1999. The paper tests the extent to which (past) environmental efficiency/intensity, which is driven by structural features and firm strategic actions, including responses to policies, influences firms growth. Our results show, first, a typical trade off generally appearing for the three core environmental emissions we analyse: lower environmentally efficiency in the recent past allows higher degrees of freedom to firms and relax the constraints...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Firm growth; Manufacturing; Emission intensity; Economic performance; Environmental performance; Environmental Economics and Policy; C23; D21; O32; Q55.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46656
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Trade and Environment: Evidence from China's Manufacturing Sector AgEcon
Chai, Joseph C.H..
This paper uses the manufacturing sector in China to consider whether globalization of the Chinese economy over the past two decades has contributed to the decline in environmental conditions. The results show that China's experience with the trade liberalization-environment nexus is consistent with international evidence. On one hand, trade liberalization has had various positive effects on the environment. Firstly, it promoted specialization in areas of comparative advantage, which, in general, included industries that contributed less to environmental degradation. Secondly, it allowed China to access and adopt the best international practices in pollution abatement technology. Thirdly, it enabled China to transfer environmental costs to other countries...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; China; Manufacturing; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48005
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When is Concentration Beneficial? AgEcon
Liron-Espana, Carmen; Lopez, Rigoberto A..
This paper separates market power and efficiency effects of concentration in a sample of 255 U.S. manufacturing industries and computes welfare changes from rises in concentration. The empirical findings reveal that in nearly two-third of the cases, consumers lose as efficiency gains are generally pocketed by the industries. From an aggregate welfare standpoint, concentration is found to be beneficial in nearly 70% of the cases, mostly for low and moderate levels of concentration being particularly against the public interest in highly concentrated markets. Overall, the results support the existing U.S. Federal Trade Commission guidelines for approval of mergers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Concentration; Marked power; Efficiency; Manufacturing; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25201
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WORKFORCE PROFILE OF NEW OR RECENTLY EXPANDED MANUFACTURING AND EXPORTED SERVICES FIRMS IN NORTH DAKOTA AgEcon
Leistritz, F. Larry; Coon, Randal C..
North Dakota has experienced substantial growth in employment during the 1990s, with much of that growth occurring in the manufacturing and exported services sectors. (Exported services include such activities as telemarketing and data processing where the major market for the service is outside North Dakota.) This study presents the employment and demographic characteristics of employees at new and expanding manufacturing and exported services firms in North Dakota. The workers were asked to rate their opportunity for advancement, their opportunity for technical/skills training, and the type of training that would best enable their advancement with their current employer. The workers also described their current housing and their plans to look for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Exported services; Workforce; Training; North Dakota; Economic development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23451
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