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Registros recuperados: 12
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A Functional Study of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta from the Gonad of Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Corporeau, Charlotte; Groisillier, Agnes; Jeudy, Alexandra; Barbeyron, Tristan; Fleury, Elodie; Fabioux, Caroline; Czjzek, Mirjam; Huvet, Arnaud.
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily is a group of important growth factors involved in multiple processes such as differentiation, cell proliferation, apoptosis and cellular growth. In the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the oyster gonadal (og) TGF-beta gene was recently characterized through genome-wide expression profiling of oyster lines selected to be resistant or susceptible to summer mortality. Og TGF-beta appeared specifically expressed in the gonad to reach a maximum when gonads are fully mature, which singularly contrasts with the pleiotropic roles commonly ascribed to most TGF-beta family members. The function of og TGF-beta protein in oysters is unknown, and defining its role remains challenging. In this study, we develop a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Transforming growth factor-beta; Bacterial expression; In vivo antibody inhibition; Reproduction; Crassostrea gigas; Marine bivalve.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00042/15371/13438.pdf
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A high load of non-neutral amino-acid polymorphisms explains high protein diversity despite moderate effective population size in a marine bivalve with sweepstakes reproduction ArchiMer
Harrang, Estelle; Lapegue, Sylvie; Morga, Benjamin; Bierne, Nicolas.
Marine bivalves show among the greatest allozyme diversity ever reported in Eukaryotes, putting them historically at the heart of the neutralist-selectionist controversy on the maintenance of genetic variation. Although it is now acknowledged that this high diversity is most probably a simple consequence of a large population size, convincing support for this explanation would require a rigorous assessment of the silent nucleotide diversity in natural populations of marine bivalves, which has not yet been done. This study investigated DNA sequence polymorphism in a set of 37 nuclear loci in wild samples of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis. Silent diversity was found to be only moderate (0.7%), and there was no departure from demographic equilibrium under the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nucleotide; Polymorphism; Marine bivalve; Deleterious; Mutations; Genetic load; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00125/23610/21444.pdf
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A microarray-based analysis of oocyte quality in the European clam Ruditapes decussatus ArchiMer
De Sousa, Joana Teixeira; Milan, Massimo; Pauletto, Marianna; Bargelloni, Luca; Joaquim, Sandra; Matias, Domitilia; Matias, Ana Margarete; Quillien, Virgile; Leitao, Alexandra; Huvet, Arnaud.
A microarray-based analysis was performed with the objective of describing genomic features of oocytes and looking for potential markers of oocyte quality in the economically important European clam, Ruditapes decussatus. Oocytes of 25 females from Ria de Aveiro, Western coast of Portugal (40°42′N; 08°40′W) were selected for this study and oocyte quality was estimated by success of D-larval rate under controlled conditions, which appeared to vary from 0 to 95 %. By genome-wide expression profiling with a DNA microarray, 526 probes appeared differentially expressed between two groups representing the largest and smallest value of D larval rates, named good (represented by a mean D-larval yield of 57 ± 22%) and poor (9 ± 5%) quality oocytes. Enrichment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes decussatus; Oocyte; Developmental success; Gene expression; Marine bivalve; Transcriptomics.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00260/37147/35676.pdf
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Apoptose et infections à virus de type herpès chez les bivalves marins : détection de séquences codant pour des protéines inhibitrices de l'apoptose ArchiMer
Didier, Yohann.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCR; Apoptosis; Marine bivalve; Herpes like virus.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/rapport-1768.pdf
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Disruption of amylase genes by RNA interference affects reproduction in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Beguel, Jean-philippe; Cavaleiro, Nathalia; Thomas, Yoann; Quillien, Virgile; Boudry, Pierre; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Fabioux, Caroline.
Feeding strategies and digestive capacities can have important implications for variation in energetic pathways associated with ecological and economically important traits, such as growth or reproduction in bivalve species. Here, we investigated the role of amylase in the digestive processes of Crassostrea gigas, using in vivo RNA interference. This approach also allowed us to investigate the relationship between energy intake by feeding and gametogenesis in oysters. Double-stranded (ds)RNA designed to target the two α-amylase genes A and B was injected in vivo into the visceral mass of oysters at two doses. These treatments caused significant reductions in mean mRNA levels of the amylase genes: −50.7% and −59% mRNA A, and −71.9% and −70.6% mRNA B in 15...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alpha-Amylase; DsRNA; Gametogenesis; Marine bivalve; Dynamic energy budget.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38239/36422.pdf
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Identifying Robust Proxies of Gonad Maturation for the Protandrous Hermaphrodite Tridacna maxima (Röding, 1798, Bivalvia) from Individual to Population Scale ArchiMer
Menoud, Mathilde; Van Wynsberge, Simon; Le Moullac, Gilles; Levy, Peva; Andrefouet, Serge; Remoissenet, Georges; Gaertner-mazouni, Nabila.
Monitoring gonadmaturation for protandrous and functional hermaphrodite species such as the giant clamTridacna maxima is difficult due to the juxtaposition and relative proportion ofmale and female tissues in the gonad [gonadal sex ratio (GSR)]. Here, the relevance of the widely used gonadosomatic index (GSI) as proxy of giant clam gonad maturation is tested with a large dataset (n = 265). Gonadosomatic index is compared with other indices, namely the proportion of the male part harboring spermatozoids, the proportion of empty oocyte follicles, the mean oocyte diameter, and the oocyte elongation. At gonad scale, high index variability highlighted partial spawning. At individual scale, male and female maturation proxies were contrasted, showing either...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Giant clam; Marine bivalve; Reproduction; Spawn; Tatakoto atoll; Histology; Tridacna maxima.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44441/44111.pdf
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In vivo RNA interference in oyster -vasa silencing inhibits germ cell development ArchiMer
Fabioux, Caroline; Corporeau, Charlotte; Quillien, Virgile; Favrel, Pascal; Huvet, Arnaud.
This study investigated the potential of RNA interference, which is technically challenging in bivalve mollusc species, to assess gene function in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. We designed dsRNA targeting the oyster vasa-like gene (Oyvlg), specifically expressed in oyster germ cells. In vivo injection of oyvl-dsRNA into the gonad provokes a knockdown phenotype corresponding to germ cell underproliferation and prematurely arrested meiosis througout the organ. The most severe phenotype observed is sterile. This knockdown phenotype is associated with a decrease in Oyvlg mRNA level of between 39% and 87%, and a strong reduction in OYVLG protein, to an undetectable level. Therefore, Oyvlg appears to be essential for germ cell development in Crassostrea gigas,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vasa; RNAi; Marine bivalve; Germline; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6641.pdf
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In Vivo RNA Interference of a Gonad-Specific Transforming Growth Factor-beta in the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Fleury, Elodie; Corporeau, Charlotte; Quillien, Virgile; Daniel, Jean-yves; Riviere, Guillaume; Boudry, Pierre; Fabioux, Caroline.
We investigated the role of oyster gonadal TGF beta (og-TGF beta) in the reproduction of Crassostrea gigas, using an in vivo RNA interference approach. We designed double-stranded RNA targeting og-TGF beta, which is specifically expressed in the somatic cells surrounding germ cells in the gonad of both male and female oysters. In vivo injection of this og-TGF beta dsRNA into the gonad led to knock-down phenotypes for both sexes, with significant reduction (77.52% relative to controls) of the gonad area, lowered reproductive effort and germ cell under-proliferation. Interestingly, half of the injected females halted their vitellogenesis, since we were only able to observe pre-vitellogenic oocytes. In addition, apoptotic germ cells and haemocytes infiltrated...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine bivalve; Crassostrea gigas; Reproduction; RNA interference; Transforming growth factor-beta.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00087/19794/17486.pdf
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Long dsRNAs promote an anti-viral response in Pacific oyster hampering ostreid herpesvirus 1 replication ArchiMer
Pauletto, Marianna; Segarra, Amelie; Montagnani, Caroline; Quillien, Virgile; Faury, Nicole; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Miner, Philippe; Petton, Bruno; Labreuche, Yannick; Fleury, Elodie; Fabioux, Caroline; Bargelloni, Luca; Renault, Tristan; Huvet, Arnaud.
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-mediated genetic interference (RNAi) is a widely used reverse genetic tool for determining the loss-of-function phenotype of a gene. Here, the possible induction of an immune response by long dsRNA was tested in a marine bivalve (Crassostrea gigas), as well as the specific role of the subunit 2 of the nuclear factor kappa B inhibitor (I kappa B2). This gene is a candidate of particular interest for functional investigations in the context of oyster mass mortality events, as Cg-I kappa B2 mRNA levels exhibited significant variation depending on the amount of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) DNA detected. In the present study, dsRNAs targeting Cg-I kappa B2 and green fluorescent protein genes were injected in vivo into oysters...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Anti-viral response; RNA interference; Inhibitor of NF-kappa B; Marine bivalve; Ostreid herpesvirus 1.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52011/52698.pdf
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Regulation of a truncated isoform of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (AMPKalpha) in response to hypoxia in the muscle of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Guevelou, Eric; Huvet, Arnaud; Sussarellu, Rossana; Milan, Massimo; Guo, Xinmei; Li, Li; Zhang, Guofan; Quillien, Virgile; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Boudry, Pierre; Corporeau, Charlotte.
AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) is a key regulator of energy balance in many model species during hypoxia. In a marine bivalve, the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, we analyzed the protein content of adductor muscle in response to hypoxia during 6 h. In both smooth and striated muscles, the amount of full-length AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) remained unchanged during hypoxia. However, hypoxia induced a rapid and muscle-specific response concerning truncated isoforms of AMPKα. In the smooth muscle, a truncated isoform of AMPKα was increased from 1 to 6 h of hypoxia, and was linked with accumulation of AKT kinase, a key enzyme of the insulin signaling pathway which controls intracellular glucose metabolism. In this muscle, aerobic metabolism...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine bivalve; Crassostrea gigas; Hypoxia; AMP-activated protein kinase; Alternative splicing; Adductor muscle.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00119/22998/21397.pdf
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Sex-Specific Regulation of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) in the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Guevelou, Eric; Huvet, Arnaud; Galindo-sanchez, Clara E.; Milan, Massimo; Quillien, Virgile; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Boudry, Pierre; Corporeau, Charlotte.
The hermaphrodite Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas displays a high energy allocation to reproduction. We studied the expression of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) during gametogenesis in the gonad and characterized the mRNA sequences of the AMPK subunits: the AMPK alpha mRNA sequence was previously characterized; we identified AMPK beta, AMPK gamma, and mRNAs of putative AMPK-related targets following bioinformatics mining on existing genomic resources. We analyzed the mRNA expression of the AMPK alpha, beta, and gamma subunits in the gonads of male and female oysters through a reproductive cycle, and we quantified the mRNA expression of genes belonging to fatty acid and glucose metabolism. AMPK alpha mRNA levels were more abundant in males at the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: AMP-activated protein kinase; Crassostrea gigas; Gametogenesis; Marine bivalve; Reproduction.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27911/26470.pdf
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Toxicity assessment of five emerging pollutants, alone and in binary or ternary mixtures, towards three aquatic organisms ArchiMer
Di Poi, Carole; Costil, Katherine; Bouchart, Valerie; Halm-lemeille, Marie-pierre.
Despite a growing scientific attention on ecological impact of emerging pollutants (EPs) such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and pesticides, knowledge gaps remain regarding mixture toxicity and effects on aquatic organisms. Several EPs were screened in seawater (Normandy, France), and the ecotoxicity of five compounds, chosen on their occurrence in ecosystems and use worldwide, was assessed and were the biocides methylparaben (MP) and triclosan (TCS), a pesticide degradation product (AMPA), and the pharmaceuticals venlafaxine (VEN) and carbamazepine (CBZ). The acute or sub-chronic toxicity, alone or in binary/ternary mixtures of three of them (CBZ, AMPA, and MP), was assessed on one marine and two freshwater organisms: Crassostrea gigas,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pharmaceuticals; Personal care products; Pesticides; Mixture and single-compound toxicity; Freshwater species; Marine bivalve.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50004/52260.pdf
Registros recuperados: 12
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