Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 19
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Access to Dynamic Markets for Small Commercial Farmers: The Case of Potato Production in the Peruvian Andes AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
The study has evaluated which are the most relevant factors that determine that a small farmer switch marketing channels in order to enter into a "dynamic" market; that is, into a market signed by more complex contractual relationships that can absorb increasing amounts of its output. The results show that there are a number of producers that currently are not selling to those markets but they may well do so. Restrictions associated to the degree of organization of the producers, their perception of risk and credit market restrictions may prevent these farmers to gain access to the additional benefits that these new market opportunities have to offer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market participation; Contractual arrangements; Potato Farmers; Peru; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25667
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Prices and Income Distribution among Farmers: A Whole-Household, Multi-Country, Multi-Year Analysis AgEcon
Rios, Ana R.; Shively, Gerald E.; Masters, William A..
Recent studies have emphasized that the poorest farmers are often net buyers of key commodities and therefore harmed by rising prices. We use LSMS data from Tanzania, Vietnam and Guatemala to test the degree of net purchases or sales by income level. We find that poorer farmers may be net buyers of individual crops, but only the poorest are net buyers of all crops. More generally, net sales among poor farmers are low. We conclude that agricultural price changes have a diverse but limited influence on poor farmers’ welfare, because their farm sales tend to be offset by food purchases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market participation; Poverty; Inequality; Multi-continent multicountry; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49314
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Ordered Probit Model Analysis of Transaction costs and Market Participation by Sweet Potato Farmers in South Eastern Nigeria. AgEcon
Ohajianya, D.O.; Ugochukwu, Albert I..
This study determined the factors (related to fixed and variable transaction costs) influencing the decision to participate in sweet potato markets by a random sample of 320 small holder farmers in south eastern Nigeria. Data were collected with structured and validated questionnaire, and analyzed using the ordered probit analysis procedure. Participation decisions revealed that marketing experience, farm size, membership of cooperatives/social organizations, extension contact, farming experience and road conditions to the nearest town had positive relationship with decision to be autarkic other than buyer and to be seller other than autarkic, and were significant at 1% level of probability. The coefficient of age, household size, and output were also...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ordered probit; Transaction costs; Market participation; Potato; Autarkic; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108936
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
BAYES' ESTIMATES OF THE DOUBLE HURDLE MODEL IN THE PRESENCE OF FIXED COSTS AgEcon
Holloway, Garth J.; Barrett, Christopher B.; Ehui, Simeon K..
We present a model of market adoption (participation) where the presence of non-negligible fixed costs leads to non-zero censoring of the traditional double-hurdle regression. Fixed costs arise due to household resources that must be devoted a priori to the decision to participate in the market. These costs-usually a cost of time-motivate two-step decision-making and focus attentions on the minimum-efficient scale of operations (the minimum amount of milk sales) at which market entry becomes viable. This focus, in turn, motivates a non-zero-censored Tobit regression estimated through routine application of Markov chain Monte Carlo Methods.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market participation; Fixed costs; Double-hurdle model; Censored regression.; Financial Economics; O1; O11; C34; O13; Q16; D1.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14741
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Commercialization of Smallholders: Is Market Participation Enough? AgEcon
Gebremedhin, Berhanu; Jaleta, Moti.
The literature on commercial transformation of smallholders makes little distinction between market orientation (production decision based on market signals) and market participation (sale of output). However, policy implications to enhance commercial transformation of subsistence agriculture drawn from the analysis of the determinants of household market participation alone could be inadequate, if in fact, the determinants of market orientation and market participation are not the same or not consistent with each other. This paper analyzes the determinants of market orientation and market participation in Ethiopia separately and examines if market orientation translates into market participation. Empirical results show that the determinants of market...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Commercialization; Smallholders; Market orientation; Market participation; Marketing; C21; C24; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96159
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Crop-Livestock Interactions in Smallholders’ Market Participation: Evidence from Crop-Livestock Mixed Systems in Ethiopia AgEcon
Jaleta, Moti; Gebremedhin, Berhanu.
Most studies on smallholder market participation decisions analyze crop or livestock market participation separately. However, in mixed crop-livestock farming systems, smallholders’ participation decisions in crop and livestock markets may not be separate as a household’s position in one market may be influenced by its position in the other. Where there is limited income from off-farm and/or non-farm activities, household cash requirements for crop production or household consumption are usually met by selling livestock. Similarly, livestock purchase is usually financed by income from crop sales. However, to what extent the position in one market influences the other is still not well explored in the literature. The aim of this paper is to investigate the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Market participation; Market position; Crop-livestock system; Smallholder; Ethiopia; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96168
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Dairy Market Participation with Endogenous Livestock Ownership: Evidence from Cote d'Ivoire AgEcon
Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Coulibaly, Jeanne Y.; Mohammad, Jabbar; Negassa, Asfaw.
This study evaluates determinants of dairy market participation by agricultural households in Cote d’Ivoire by using the Heckman selection model to correct for endogenous cattle ownership. A key result is that ignoring the population of non-owners biases estimates of market participation parameters. These findings are important in light of the widespread application of livestock market participation analyses that assume cattle ownership is exogeneous.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cote d’Ivoire; Dairy; Endogenous adoption; Heckman selection model; Market participation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9728
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Determinants of Smallholder Commercialization of Food Crops: Theory and Evidence from Ethiopia AgEcon
Pender, John L.; Alemu, Dawit.
In this paper, we develop a theoretical farm household model of food crop production and marketing decisions, derive testable hypotheses concerning the determinants of these decisions, and test these hypotheses, using data on cereal production and marketing collected from a nationally representative survey of 7,186 farm households in Ethiopia. Focusing on production and marketing decisions for teff and maize, the two most important crops in Ethiopia, we find that most producers of these crops are either autarkic or net buyers (especially for maize) and that net buyers and autarkic households are poorer in many respects than net sellers. This implies that interventions to increase cereal productivity will favorably affect distribution for most producers....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Smallholder production; Commercial behavior; Market participation; Cereal crops; Ethiopia; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42354
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Factors enhancing market participation by small-scale cotton farmers AgEcon
Randela, Rendani; Alemu, Zerihun Gudeta; Groenewald, Jan A..
This paper uses data collected from 177 small-scale farming households in Mpumalanga in an effort to identify factors that significantly influence the degree of commercialisation or market participation. A logistic regression model was applied within the transaction costs framework. Results support the hypothesis that transactions costs rank among the main determinants of commercialisation. The following variables were statistically significant: age, ability to speak/understand English, region, ownership of transport, access to market information, distance to market, dependency ratio, trust, land size and ownership of livestock. Increases in the latter four have negative effects on commercialisation. The negative relationship between land size and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Market participation; Household commercialisation; Logistic regression; Transaction costs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47656
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Factors influencing the intensity of market participation by smallholder farmers: A case study of rural and peri-urban areas of Kenya AgEcon
Omiti, John M.; Otieno, David Jakinda; Nyanamba, Timothy O.; McCullough, Ellen B..
Participation in commercial agriculture holds considerable potential for unlocking suitable opportunity sets necessary for providing better incomes and sustainable livelihoods for small-scale farmers. This study examined factors that influence the intensity of market participation among smallholder farmers in Kenya. Data was obtained through a rapid rural appraisal and a household survey. A truncated regression model was applied in the analysis. Results showed that farmers in peri-urban areas sold higher proportions of their output than those in rural areas. Distance from farm to point of sale is a major constraint to the intensity of market participation. Better output price and market information are key incentives for increased sales. These findings...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Smallholder farmers; Intensity; Market participation; Kenya; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56958
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Farm Output, Non-Farm Income, and Commercialization in Rural Georgia AgEcon
Kan, Iddo; Kimhi, Ayal; Lerman, Zvi.
This article examines the decision of farmers to sell part of their farm output on the market, using data from the Republic of Georgia. A two-level empirical model is used, in which endowments and resource allocation decisions determine farm output and non-farm income, and these in turn determine market participation. We found, as expected, that farm output affects market participation positively, while non-farm income affects it negatively. Landholdings have an indirect positive effect on market participation, through its positive effect on farm output. Education has a negative effect on market participation, mainly through its positive effect on non-farm income.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Commercialization; Market participation; Farm output; Non-farm income; Resource allocation; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112608
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FARM OUTPUT, NON-FARM INCOME, AND COMMERCIALIZATION IN RURAL GEORGIA AgEcon
Kan, Iddo; Kimhi, Ayal; Lerman, Zvi.
This article examines the decision of farmers to sell part of their farm output on the market, using data from the Republic of Georgia. A two-level empirical model is used, in which endowments and resource allocation decisions determine farm output and non-farm income, and these in turn determine market participation. We found, as expected, that farm output affects market participation positively, while non-farm income affects it negatively. Landholdings have an indirect positive effect on market participation, through its positive effect on farm output. Education has a negative effect on market participation, mainly through its positive effect on non-farm income.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Commercialization; Market participation; Farm output; Non-farm income; Resource allocation; Farm Management; O12; P23; P25.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7179
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Farm Productivity and Household Market Participation: Evidence from LSMS Data AgEcon
Rios, Ana R.; Shively, Gerald E.; Masters, William A..
We analyze the correlation between farm productivity and market participation using comparable household data from Tanzania, Vietnam and Guatemala. Each farm’s input use and output levels provide a within-sample measure of relative productivity, which we relate to that household’s level of participation in local markets using a wide range of agricultural, demographic and infrastructural variables as controls and as instruments in two-stage regressions. Results indicate that, controlling for differences in market access and the underlying determinants of market participation, households with higher productivity have greater participation in agricultural markets. In contrast, households with greater rates of market participation do not consistently...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market participation; Productivity; Multi-country sample; Household surveys; Consumer/Household Economics; International Development; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; O13; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51031
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Fluid milk consumption in urban Qingdao, China AgEcon
Bai, Junfei; Wahl, Thomas I.; McCluskey, Jill J..
This study relates the social-demographic characteristics of urban Chinese consumers to their consumption of fluid milk. A Tobit model is estimated drawing on individual consumer survey data collected in urban Qingdao in China in 2005. The major results of this study indicate that fluid milk consumption in urban Qingdao is much higher compared to China’s national level. The effect of increased income on milk consumption is positive, as expected. The expansion of modern food retailers also appears to play a positive role by facilitating consumers’ fluid milk consumption and influencing their food shopping patterns. The young and old consume significantly more fluid milk than the middle-aged. Health consciousness of the elderly and the openness of youth to...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: China; Fluid milk consumption; Market participation; Qingdao; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118535
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
FLUID MILK PURCHASE PATTERNS IN THE SOUTH: EFFECTS OF USE OF NUTRITION INFORMATION AND HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS AgEcon
Jensen, Kimberly L..
This study measures the impacts of use of nutrition information and household socioeconomic characteristics on market participation and amount purchased of whole-fat and low-fat milks in the South. Data are from the 1987-88 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey. The results showed that use of nutrition information had little effect on purchases on the basis of nutritional benefits through health professionals and product packaging are useful tools for the dairy industry to attract market participation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Fluid milk; Household purchases; Market participation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15280
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Gum arabic production and marketing in Senegal: interlocked transactions and supply chain implications AgEcon
Mujawamariya, Gaudiose; D'Haese, Marijke F.C..
Interlocked relationships are characterised by traders’ supply of inputs and cash to producers on credit, to be reimbursed at sale time based on pre-defined prices which are often lower than the prevailing market price. The study analyses determinants of choice for interlocking in the gum arabic sector in Senegal and the effect of interlocking on gum production and market participation; gum arabic is a natural exudates of Acacia Senegal trees that grow in the semi-arid lands of Africa. Data from 422 gum producers in Northern and Eastern regions of Senegal are used. About 45percent of respondents are involved into interlocking with village shop-owners or mobile traders. Interlocking has a negative effect on prices received by gum collectors. However, in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Interlocking; Contracts; Semi-arid lands; Market participation; Gum arabic; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114634
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Logistical estimation of the probability of mainstream market participation among small-scale livestock farmers: a case study of the Northern Cape province AgEcon
Uchezuba, I.D.; Moshabele, E.; Digopo, D..
Livestock farming significantly contributes to income generation and the improvement of the livelihoods of the rural poor in the Northern Cape. However, profitability and sustainability in the sector are constrained by low returns to investment due to a number of factors. The study investigates the factors influencing mainstream market participation among small-scale farmers in the five districts of the province. The main aim is to calculate the probability of small-scale farmers selling their livestock to more profitable mainstream markets, for example auction pens, against the odds of selling to informal speculators. A binary logistic regression model is applied to primary data collected from 60 sampled households in the districts of Kgalagadi, Pixley ka...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Speculators; Partial effects; Conditional probability; Market participation; Mainstream market; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53382
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Market integration does not affect traditional ecological knowledge but contributes additional pressure on plant resources Acta Botanica
Silva,Temóteo Luiz Lima da; Campos,Juliana Loureiro de Almeida; Alves,Ângelo Giuseppe Chaves; Albuquerque,Ulysses Paulino.
ABSTRACT Market integration can affect the manner in which individuals learn about and use natural resources. The present study explores the influence of market integration on the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and use of natural resources in handicraft production among the Fulni-ô indigenous people of Northeast Brazil. We collect data from 67 artisans about their traditional and non-traditional handicrafts, which are mainly produced for external trade demand (our proxy for market integration). Data regarding the distribution of knowledge among different segments of the population, according to socioeconomic variables, and the comparison of plant biomass used for traditional and non-traditional handicrafts, reveals that integration does not affect...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity conservation; Cultural changes; Handicrafts; Indians; Local ecological knowledge; Market participation.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200232
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
PASTORALISTS NON‐RESPONSIVENESS TO LIVESTOCK MARKETS IN EAST POKOT, KENYA AgEcon
Vincent, Ng’eno; Korir, M.K.; Nyangweso, P.M.; Kipsat, Mary J.; Lagat, B.K..
One of the major challenges facing the state‐owned Kenya Meat Commission (KMC) in Kenya has been the inadequate supply of quality live animals for meat processing. It has been observed that the live animal throughput is inadequate and, as a result the existing meat processing facilities operate at less than 50% of their operational capacities. This has increased the fixed costs of operation thereby decreasing the export abattoirs competitiveness in the domestic and export markets. Overcoming the constraint of supply shortage of quality live animals requires, among other things, understanding the livestock producers’ marketing behaviour. This study was conducted with the main objective to assess the determinants of market off‐take rates for cattle and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pastoralists; Livestock markets; Market participation; East Pokot; Kenya; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97090
Registros recuperados: 19
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional