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Have coffee reforms and coffee supply chains affected farmers' income? The case of coffee growers in Rwanda AgEcon
Murekezi, Abdoul Karim; Loveridge, Scott.
Low prices in the international coffee markets have worsened the economic well-being among coffee farmers. In the face of this situation, the Government of Rwanda has introduced coffee sector reforms that aimed to transform the sector in a way that targets the high quality market and moves away from the bulk coffee market. The high quality coffee market has shown consistent growth over time and exhibits price premiums in international market. If these high prices are passed on to farmers who take advantage of the benefits of the new high quality market by selling coffee cherries, access to this new market could help alleviate poverty brought on by low prices in the conventional sector. However, the majority of coffee farmers in Rwanda rely on the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rwanda; Market reforms; Coffee supply chains; Farmers’ income; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49597
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Poverty, Poverty Reforms for Resource-use and Economic Efficiency: Neglected Issues AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
It is widely believed that in developing countries, open-access to natural resources, inadequate private property rights, and lack of development of market systems adds to the incidence of poverty. Increased economic efficiency is seen as a powerful force for reducing the extent of poverty in developing countries in the long run. While this may be so, it ignores the depth and incidence of poverty that can be generated during adjustments to policy reforms. This possibility constrains policy choices as is shown theoretically for natural resource policies and for agricultural adjustment policies giving Asian examples. Social, behavioral and institutional features are also considered that may result in poverty lock-in of some groups. It is essential to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Adjustment to policy change; Agricultural policy; Asia; Economic efficiencies; Institutionalism; Market reforms; Natural resource policies; Poverty.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55100
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Strategic Marketing Problems in the Uganda Maize Seed Industry AgEcon
Larson, Donald W.; Mbowa, Swaibu.
Strategic marketing issues and challenges face maize seed marketing firms as farmers increasingly adopt hybrid varieties in a modernizing third world country such as Uganda. The maize seed industry of Uganda has changed dramatically from a government owned, controlled, and operated industry to a competitive market oriented industry with substantial private firm investment and participation. The new maize seed industry is young, dynamic, growing and very competitive. The small maize seed market is already crowded with six firms and the possibility of new entrants including more foreign firms. Maize seed firms must develop a marketing plan (marketing strategy and the 4Ps of product, price, place, and promotion) to analyze what each firm can do to improve...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Strategic marketing; Maize seed; Market reforms; Uganda; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8126
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Tracing the Poverty Impact of Market Reforms in Bangladesh AgEcon
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir; Bhuiyan, Nazmul; Begum, Ismat Ara; Van Huylenbroeck, Guido.
The paper analyse the impact of market reforms on poverty in Bangladesh. To estimate the poverty impact at household level, a binary logit model has been estimated with two latest waves of household income and expenditure data from Bangladesh. The results show that a significant improvement has been made in reducing poverty in the recent decades. As a net importing country, liberalization might has direct impact on household’s real income through the changes of real rice prices. The results also show that net rice buyer households are poorer than net rice sellers. So, decreased rice prices in domestic markets induced by liberalization have benefited the net rice buyers in Bangladesh, hence poverty declines.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Market reforms; Poverty; Bangladesh; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123758
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