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A Microeconomic Model for Subsidies Allocation: the Case of Belarus AgEcon
Svetlov, Nikolai M.; Kazakevich, Iryna A..
The paper develops a microeconomic methodological framework that allows approaching subsidy allocation across the types of assets and impact of subsidies on agricultural outputs and profits. The methodology is based on a non-parametric production frontier estimation. The empirical application is made to 1084 Belarusian corporate farms. The results suggest targeting governmental support at grain and milk production. In this case, 4.14 trillion Belarusian roubles of subsidies increase the overall profit of the sample farms by 1.46 trillion. In the case of targeting, the farms with higher overall efficiency are more sensitive to the support and are able to absorb larger amount of subsidies. The opposite is true in the absence of targeting.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Microeconomic model; Data envelopment; Subsidies; Belarus; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy; K18; C61.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90826
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A microeconomic model of discarding behaviour ArchiMer
Macher, Claire; Guyader, Olivier; Boncoeur, Jean.
This paper proposes a formal analysis of the discarding issue including the sorting labour costs. Empirical evidences from an application to the Nephrops fishery in the Bay of Biscay show that sorting is an important time consuming activity on board and a factor of discarding. However existing literature does not explicitly take into account the sorting activity and mainly focus on quota and catch constraints. The discarding model described in the paper includes sorting as a factor explaining discards. The costs of sorting landings and the time to sort them are included in the approach. The model is developed for one species studied at a tow scale with the assumption that catches are exogenous. It is shown that taking sorting costs into account, discarding...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Discarding behaviour; Sorting; Microeconomic model; Nephrops fishery; Effort constraints.
Ano: 2006 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62306/66554.pdf
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