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Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments ArchiMer
Barnes, David K. A.; Galgani, Francois; Thompson, Richard C.; Barlaz, Morton.
One of the most ubiquitous and long-lasting recent changes to the surface of our planet is the accumulation and fragmentation of plastics. Within just a few decades since mass production of plastic products commenced in the 1950s, plastic debris has accumulated in terrestrial environments, in the open ocean, on shorelines of even the most remote islands and in the deep sea. Annual clean-up operations, costing millions of pounds sterling, are now organized in many countries and on every continent. Here we document global plastics production and the accumulation of plastic waste. While plastics typically constitute approximately 10 per cent of discarded waste, they represent a much greater proportion of the debris accumulating on shorelines. Mega- and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Landfill; Plastic production; Marine debris; Persistent organic pollutants.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6952.pdf
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Commentary: Plastic waste associated with disease on coral reefs ArchiMer
Bidegain, Gorka; Paul-pont, Ika.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Marine debris; Pathogen transmission; Microbial process; Marine disease.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00616/72782/72273.pdf
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Evaluation of the impact of polyethylene microbeads ingestion in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae ArchiMer
Mazurais, David; Ernande, Bruno; Quazuguel, Patrick; Severe, Armelle; Huelvan, Christine; Madec, Lauriane; Mouchel, Olivier; Soudant, P.; Robbens, J.; Huvet, Arnaud; Zambonino-infante, J..
Microplastics are present in marine habitats worldwide and may be ingested by low trophic organisms such as fish larvae, with uncertain physiological consequences. The present study aims at assessing the impact of polyethylene (PE 10-45µM) microbeads ingestion in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae. Fish were fed an inert diet including 0, 104 and 105 fluorescent microbeads per gram from 7 until 43 days post-hatching (dph). Microbeads were detected in the gastrointestinal tract in all fish fed diet incorporating PE. Our data revealed an efficient elimination of PE beads from the gut since no fluorescent was observed in the larvae after 48h depuration. While the mortality rate increased significantly with the amount of microbeads scored per...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Fish; Larvae; Ingestion; Survival.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00279/39057/37621.pdf
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Expanding Tara Oceans Protocols for Underway, Ecosystemic Sampling of the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface During Tara Pacific Expedition (2016-2018) ArchiMer
Gorsky, Gabriel; Bourdin, Guillaume; Lombard, Fabien; Pedrotti, Maria Luiza; Audrain, Samuel; Bin, Nicolas; Boss, Emmanuel; Bowler, Chris; Cassar, Nicolas; Caudan, Loic; Chabot, Genevieve; Cohen, Natalie R.; Cron, Daniel; De Vargas, Colomban; Dolan, John R.; Douville, Eric; Elineau, Amanda; Flores, J. Michel; Ghiglione, Jean Francois; Haentjens, Nils; Hertau, Martin; John, Seth G.; Kelly, Rachel L.; Koren, Ilan; Lin, Yajuan; Marie, Dominique; Moulin, Clementine; Moucherie, Yohann; Pesant, Stephane; Picheral, Marc; Poulain, Julie; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Reverdin, Gilles; Romac, Sarah; Sullivan, Mathew B.; Trainic, Miri; Tressol, Marc; Trouble, Romain; Vardi, Assaf; Voolstra, Christian R.; Wincker, Patrick; Agostini, Sylvain; Banaigs, Bernard; Boissin, Emilie; Forcioli, Didier; Furla, Paola; Galand, Pierre E.; Gilson, Eric; Reynaud, Stephanie; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Thomas, Olivier P.; Thurber, Rebecca Lisette Vega; Zoccola, Didier; Planes, Serge; Allemand, Denis; Karsenti, Eric; Planes, S.; Banaig, B.; Boissin, E.; Iwankow, G.; Allemand, D.; Zoccola, D.; Reynaud, S.; Beraud, E.; Djerbi, N.; Forcioli, D.; Furla, P.; Gilson, E.; Mcmind, R.; Ottaviani, A.; Rottinger, E.; Rouan, A.; Zamoum, T.; Flume, B. C. C.; Pogoreutz, C.; Voolstra, C. R.; Rothig, T.; Ziegler, M.; Paoli, L.; Ruscheweyh, H-j; Salazar, G.; Sunagawa, S.; Flores, J. M.; Koren, I; Trainic, M.; Lang-yona, N.; Vardi, A.; Conan, P.; Ghiglione, J-f; Pujo-pay, M.; Galand, P. E.; Hochart, C.; Audrain, S.; Bourgois, E.; Hertau, M.; Lancelot, J.; Monmarche, D.; Moulin, C.; Moucherie, Y.; Trouble, R.; Boss, E.; Bourdin, G.; Haentjens, N.; Karp-boss, L.; Douville, Eric; Agostini, S.; Mitsuhashi, G.; Kitano, Y.; Da Silva, O.; Dolan, J. R.; Gorsky, G.; Lemee, R.; Lombard, F.; Pedrotti, M-l; Cronin, D.; Sullivan, M.; Armstrong, E.; Aury, J-m; Barbe, V; Belser, C.; Carradec, Q.; Labadie, K.; Le-hoang, J.; Noel, B.; Poulain, J.; Wincker, P.; Klinges, G.; Vega-thunder, R.; Bonnival, E.; De Vargas, C.; Henry, N.; Marie, D.; Romac, S.; Pesant, S.; Miguel-gorda, M.; Thomas, O. P.; Bowler, C.; Friedrich, R.; Cassar, N.; Lin, Y.; John, S. G.; Kelly, R. L.; Cohen, N. R.; Reverdin, G.; Filee, J..
Interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere occur at the air-sea interface through the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particulate matter, and through the impact of the upper-ocean biology on the composition and radiative properties of this boundary layer. The Tara Pacific expedition, launched in May 2016 aboard the schooner Tara, was a 29-month exploration with the dual goals to study the ecology of reef ecosystems along ecological gradients in the Pacific Ocean and to assess inter-island and open ocean surface plankton and neuston community structures. In addition, key atmospheric properties were measured to study links between the two boundary layer properties. A major challenge for the open ocean sampling was the lack of ship-time available...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Neuston/plankton genomics/taxonomy/imaging; Aerosols; NCP; IOP; Trace metals; Microplastic.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71083/69390.pdf
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Influence of environmental and anthropogenic factors on the composition, concentration and spatial distribution of microplastics: A case study of the Bay of Brest (Brittany, France) ArchiMer
Frere, L.; Paul-pont, I.; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Petton, Sebastien; Jaffre, J; Bihannic, Isabelle; Soudant, P.; Lambert, C.; Huvet, Arnaud.
The concentration and spatial distribution of microplastics in the Bay of Brest (Brittany, France) was investigated in two surveys. Surface water and sediment were sampled at nine locations in areas characterized by contrasting anthropic pressures, riverine influences or water mixing. Microplastics were categorized by their polymer type and size class. Microplastic contamination in surface water and sediment was dominated by polyethylene fragments (PE, 53–67%) followed by polypropylene (PP, 16–30%) and polystyrene (PS, 16–17%) microparticles. The presence of buoyant microplastics (PE, PP and PS) in sediment suggests the existence of physical and/or biological processes leading to vertical transfer of lightweight microplastics in the bay. In sediment (upper...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Coastal ecosystem; Surface water; Sediment; Raman spectroscopy; Hydrodynamic; Dispersal particle modelling.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00379/48994/51083.pdf
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Interactions between polystyrene microplastics and marine phytoplankton lead to species-specific hetero-aggregation ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Paul-pont, Ika; Hegaret, Helene; Moriceau, Brivaela; Lambert, Christophe; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe.
To understand the fate and impacts of microplastics (MP) in the marine ecosystems, it is essential to investigate their interactions with phytoplankton as these may affect MP bioavailability to marine organisms as well as their fate in the water column. However, the behaviour of MP with marine phytoplanktonic cells remains little studied and thus unpredictable. The present study assessed the potential for phytoplankton cells to form hetero-aggregates with small micro-polystyrene (micro-PS) particles depending on microalgal species and physiological status. A prymnesiophycea, Tisochrysis lutea, a dinoflagellate, Heterocapsa triquetra, and a diatom, Chaetoceros neogracile, were exposed to micro-PS (2 μm diameter; 3.96 μg L−1) during their growth culture...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Polystyrene; Microplastic; Aggregates; Microalgae; Marine; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50016/50735.pdf
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Les microplastiques en milieu marin : supports de contaminants chimiques - Étude bibliographique ArchiMer
Roclin, Lea.
microplastics are ubiquitous in the marine environment, particularly in ocean gyres. this review makes an assessment of the current knowledge about microplastics as support of chemical contaminants in marine environment. 121 papers were included in this report, with 53 on the theme "microplastics, contaminants and marine environment". adsorption and desorption capacities of contaminants on microplastic depend on the contaminant, the microplastic, and external factors (salinity, organic matter and interaction with other contaminants). regardless of the sampled matrix (water and sand) and the geographical area, results have shown the presence of chemical contaminants on microplastics, which are persistent organic pollutants (pops) in the water (pcbs, pahs,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastiques; Contaminants chimiques; Polluant organique persistant; Milieu marin; Microplastic; Chemical contaminant; Persistent organic pollutants; Seawater.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38914/37454.pdf
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Macroplastic and microplastic contamination assessment of a tropical river (Saigon River, Vietnam) transversed by a developing megacity ArchiMer
Lahens, Lisa; Strady, Emilie; Kieu-le, Thuy-chung; Dris, Rachid; Boukerma, Kada; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Gasperi, Johnny; Tassin, Bruno.
Both macroplastic and microplastic contamination levels were assessed for the first time in a tropical river estuary system, i.e. the Saigon River, that traverses a developing South East Asian megacity, i.e. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The analysis of floating debris collected daily on the Nhieu Loc - Thi Nghe canal by the municipal waste management service shows that the plastic mass percentage represents 11-43%, and the land-based plastic debris entering the river was estimated from 0.96 to 19.91 g inhabitant-1 d-1, namely 350 to 7270 g inhabitant-1 yr-1. Microplastics were assessed in the Saigon River and in four urban canals by sampling bulk water for anthropogenic fiber analysis and 300 μm mesh size plankton net exposition for fragment analysis. Fibers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Macroplastic; Urban river; Contamination; Anthropogenic fibers.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00427/53815/55460.pdf
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Occurrence of microplastics in surface waters of the Gulf of Lion (NW Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Schmidt, Natascha; Thibault, Delphine; Galgani, Francois; Paluselli, Andrea; Sempere, Richard.
Between 2014 and 2016 a total of 43 microplastic samples were collected at six sampling stations in the eastern section of the Gulf of Lion (located in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea), as well as upstream of the Rhône River. Microplastics were found in every sample with highly variable concentrations and masses. Concentrations ranged from 6 · 103 items km−2 to 1 · 106 items km−2 (with an average of 112 · 103 items km−2), and mass ranged from 0.30 g km−2 to 1018 g km−2 DW (mean 61.92 ± 178.03 g km−2). The samples with the highest and lowest microplastic count originate both from the Bay of Marseille. For the Bay of Marseille, it is estimated that the total microplastic load consist of 519 · 103 –101 · 106 items weighing 0.07–118 kg. Estimations for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine litter; Microplastic; Mediterranean Sea; Gulf of Lion; Marseille Bay.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00411/52202/53357.pdf
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Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics ArchiMer
Sussarellu, Rossana; Suquet, Marc; Thomas, Yoann; Lambert, Christophe; Fabioux, Caroline; Pernet, Marie Eve Julie; Le Goic, Nelly; Quillien, Virgile; Mingant, Christian; Epelboin, Yanouk; Corporeau, Charlotte; Guyomarch, Julien; Robbens, Johan; Paul-pont, Ika; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud.
Plastics are persistent synthetic polymers that accumulate as waste in the marine environment. Microplastic (MP) particles are derived from the breakdown of larger debris or can enter the environment as microscopic fragments. Because filter-feeder organisms ingest MP while feeding, they are likely to be impacted by MP pollution. To assess the impact of polystyrene microspheres (micro-PS) on the physiology of the Pacific oyster, adult oysters were experimentally exposed to virgin micro-PS (2 and 6 µm in diameter; 0.023 mg·L−1) for 2 mo during a reproductive cycle. Effects were investigated on ecophysiological parameters; cellular, transcriptomic, and proteomic responses; fecundity; and offspring development. Oysters preferentially ingested the 6-µm micro-PS...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Reproduction; Energy allocation; Oyster.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42233/41600.pdf
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Polystyrene microbeads modulate the energy metabolism of the marine diatom Chaetoceros neogracile ArchiMer
Seoane, Marta; González-fernández, Carmen; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Esperanza, Marta; Cid, Ángeles; Paul-pont, Ika.
Due to the growing concern about the presence of microplastics (MP) in the environment, the number of studies evaluating the toxicity of these small persistent particles on different marine species has increased in recent years. Few studies have addressed their impact on marine phytoplankton, a subject of great concern since they are primary producers of the aquatic food web. The aim of this study is to unravel the cytotoxicity of 2.5 μg mL−1 unlabelled amino-modified polystyrene beads of different sizes (0.5 and 2 μm) on the marine diatom Chaetoceros neogracile. In addition to traditional growth and photosynthesis endpoints, several physiological and biochemical parameters were monitored every 24 h in C. neogracile cells by flow cytometry during their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Microplastic; Flow cytometry; Cytotoxicity; Scanning electron microscopy.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00492/60415/63850.pdf
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