Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 87
Primeira ... 12345 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Classification of Collaborative Management Methods Ecology and Society
Blumenthal, Dana M; University of Minnesota; dblumenthal@npa.ars.usda.gov; Jannink, Jean-Luc; University of Minnesota; jjannink@iastate.edu.
Collaboration among multiple stakeholders can be crucial to the success of natural resource management. In recent years, a wide variety of methods have been developed to facilitate such collaboration. Because these methods are relatively new and come from different disciplines, little attention has been paid to drawing comparisons among them. Thus, it is very difficult for potential users to sort through the increasingly large literature regarding such methods. We suggest the use of a consistent framework for comparing collaborative management methods, and develop such a framework based on five criteria: participation, institutional analysis, simplification of the natural resource, spatial scale, and stages in the process of natural resource management. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Agriculture; Agroecosystem analysis; Collaboration; Ecosystem management; Natural resource management; Participatory rural appraisal; Rapid rural appraisal; Soft systems analysis.
Ano: 2000
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Cognition-based View of Decision Processes in Complex Social–Ecological Systems Ecology and Society
Beratan, Kathi K.; Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, North Carolina State University; Kathi_Beratan@ncsu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Cognition; Complex social– Ecological systems; Cultural change; Decision making; Discourse; Natural resource management; Schemas.
Ano: 2007
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Moment of Mental Model Clarity: Response to Jones et al. 2011 Ecology and Society
Wood, Matthew D; US Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center; Carnegie Mellon University; mwood1@andrew.cmu.edu; Bostrom, Ann; University of Washington; abostrom@uw.edu; Convertino, Matteo; University of Florida; Florida Climate Institute; mconvertino@ufl.edu; Kovacs, Daniel; Decision Partners LLC; dkovacs@decisionpartners.com; Linkov, Igor; US Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center; Igor.Linkov@usace.army.mil.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Response Palavras-chave: Cognitive science; Expert elicitation; Mental model; Natural resource management; Stakeholder engagement.
Ano: 2012
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Social–Ecological System Approach to Analyze Stakeholders’ Interactions within a Large-Scale Rangeland Restoration Program Ecology and Society
Petursdottir, Thorunn; Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC); thorunn@live.com; Arnalds, Olafur; Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural University of Iceland; oa@lbhi.is; Baker, Susan; Cardiff School of Social Sciences; BakerSCM@cardiff.ac.uk; Montanarella, Luca; Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES), European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) ; luca.montanarella@jrc.ec.europa.eu.
Large-scale restoration projects are normally part of a complex social–ecological system where restoration goals are shaped by governmental policies, managed by the surrounding governance system, and implemented by the related actors. The process of efficiently restoring degraded ecosystems is, therefore, not only based on restoring ecological structure and functions but also relies on the functionality of the related policies, the relevant stakeholder groups, and the surrounding socioeconomic and political settings. In this research, we investigated the SES of rangeland restoration in Iceland to estimate whether social factors, such as stakeholders’ attitudes and behavior, can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of agri-environmental...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental policies; Ecological restoration; Evaluation; Natural resource management; Social– Ecological systems.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A stakeholder analysis for a water-energy-food nexus valuation in an Atlantic Forest area: implications for an integrated assessment and a participatory approach. Repositório Alice
TURETTA, A. P. D..
A water-energy-food (WEF) nexus assessment supports natural resource management by providing an integrated framework for evaluation and decision-making. The participation of a wide range of stakeholders is essential for achieving environmental, economic, and social sustainability in this framework. This analysis supports the decision-making process of the nexus assessment by facilitating dialogue between stakeholders in order to achieve long term efficiencies, especially in rural landscapes where most of the services connected to WEF securities are provided. We identify the most relevant stakeholders operating in the connection between agricultural practices and the WEF nexus to stimulate their engagement in the nexus governance. The study area was the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidade; WEF Nexus; Recurso Natural; Gestão; Natural resource management; Economic sustainability; Social sustainability; Environmental sustainability; Stakeholders.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1124446
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Typology of Indigenous Engagement in Australian Environmental Management: Implications for Knowledge Integration and Social-ecological System Sustainability Ecology and Society
Hill, Rosemary; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; James Cook University, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences; ro.hill@csiro.au; Grant, Chrissy; CTG Services; chrissy@webone.com.au; George, Melissa; Consultant; melissa@georgefenton.com.au; Robinson, Catherine J; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; catherine.robinson@csiro.au; Jackson, Sue; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; sue.jackson@csiro.au; Abel, Nick; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; nick.abel@csiro.au.
Indigenous peoples now engage with many decentralized approaches to environmental management that offer opportunities for integration of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge (IEK) and western science to promote cultural diversity in the management of social-ecological system sustainability. Nevertheless, processes of combining IEK with western science are diverse and affected by numerous factors, including the adaptive co-management context, the intrinsic characteristics of the natural resources, and the governance systems. We present a typology of Indigenous engagement in environmental management, derived through comparative analysis of 21 Australian case studies, and consider its implications for the integration of IEK with western science. Sociological and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Environmental planning; Indigenous ecological knowledge; Integration; Intercultural; Governance; Natural resource management.
Ano: 2012
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Adaptive Co-management Networks: a Comparative Analysis of Two Fishery Conservation Areas in Sweden Ecology and Society
Rova, Carl; Division of Social Science/Political Science Unit, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; carl.rova@ltu.se.
Co-management constitutes a certain type of institutional arrangement that has gained increased attention among both policy makers and researchers involved in the field of natural resource management. Yet the concept of co-management is broad, and our knowledge about how different kinds of management structures affect the ability to deal with challenges pertinent to the commons is limited. One of these challenges is to foster an adaptive management process, i.e., a process in which rules are continuously revised and changed according to what is known about the ecological system. We aim to address the relationship between different kinds of co-management structures and adaptive management. To this end, we conducted a comparative case study of two Fishery...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Co-management; Governance; Natural resource management; Social networks; Social network analysis; SNA.
Ano: 2010
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Adaptive Governance: An Introduction and Implications for Public Policy AgEcon
Hatfield-Dodds, Steve; Nelson, Rohan; Cook, David C..
Adaptive governance is a concept from institutional theory that deals with the evolution of institutions for the management of shared assets, particularly common pool resources and other forms of natural capital. This paper is the first of a set of four papers on adaptive governance, providing a brief overview of the history of the concept, the distinguishing features of the literature, and key insights provided for economists and policy advisors. We argue that adaptive governance provides an interesting lens for examining the political economy of policy responses – akin to the concept of market failure within economics, but applied to wider processes of social learning and collective choice, including collective choices about the scope and structure of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adaptive governance; Public policy; Common pool resources; Natural resource management; Wicked problems; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10440
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Addressing Trade-offs: Experiences from Conservation and Development Initiatives in the Mkuze Wetlands, South Africa Ecology and Society
Dahlberg, Annika C.; Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University; annika.dahlberg@natgeo.su.se; Burlando, Catie; Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba; umburlac@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Present-day conservation policies generally include the aim to integrate biodiversity conservation and local development, and describe this as a win–win solution that can satisfy all interests. This is challenged by research claiming that many efforts fail to match practice to rhetoric. South Africa has made strong commitments to fulfill the dual goals of conservation and development, and the iSimangaliso Wetland Park is promoted as an example of this. We explore present and potential outcomes of conservation and development interventions in a community bordering the Wetland Park through the perspective of different stakeholders, with the aim of uncovering opportunities and risks. In terms of improving local livelihoods as well as involvement in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Integrated conservation and development; Mkuze wetlands; Natural resource management; Protected area; Rural livelihoods; South Africa; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2009
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An interview methodology for exploring the values that community leaders assign to multiple-use landscapes. Ecology and Society
Hatton MacDonald, Darla; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; darla.hattonmacdonald@csiro.au; Bark, Rosalind; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; Rosalind.bark@csiro.au; MacRae, Andrea; University of Adelaide; andrea.snowden@gmail.com; Kalivas, Tina; Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University ; tina.kalivas@monash.edu; Strathearn, Sarah; University of Adelaide; sarah.strathearn@deewr.gov.au.
We report on a grounded theory research methodology to elicit the values that underpin community leaders’ advice on regional natural resource management. In-depth, semi-structured in-person interviews of 56 community leaders permitted respondents to explore their values and to elucidate some trade-offs. Furthermore, analysis of the coded transcripts provides evidence of the anthropocentric nature of values, and the importance of people, communities, and physical infrastructure. As well, the relative silence by community NRM leaders on supporting and regulating ecosystem services may reveal a lack of understanding of these functions rather than a discord in values. The tested methodology provides one approach to understanding the values of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Australia; Community leaders; Ecosystem services; Grounded theory; Natural resource management; Values.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ANALYZING NEGOTIATION APPROACHES IN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT - A CASE STUDY OF CROP-LIVESTOCK CONFLICTS IN SRI LANKA AgEcon
Birner, Regina.
Participatory approaches in natural resource management are increasingly being criticized for their tendency to neglect power relations and conflicts of interests. Negotiation approaches have been proposed as a strategy to overcome such shortcomings. Using the case of negotiations on crop-livestock conflicts in Sri Lanka as an empirical example, this paper proposes to apply the concept of political capital in combination with game theoretical modeling for an analysis of negotiation processes in natural resource management. The model serves to analyze both the incentive structure of the resource users, who are motivated by economic incentives, and the incentive structure of political decision-makers, who are motivated by political interests. The crucial...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Natural resource management; Negotiation; Political capital; Extensive form game; Sri Lanka; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q2.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25859
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Anpernirrentye: a Framework for Enhanced Application of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge in Natural Resource Management Ecology and Society
Walsh, Fiona J.; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; Fiona.Walsh@csiro.au; Dobson, Perrurle V.; senior Arrernte woman;; Douglas, Josie C.; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; josie.douglas@csiro.au.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Aboriginal economy; Australia; Biodiversity; Bush foods; Cultural values; Desert; Indigenous knowledge system; Natural resource management; Social– Ecological system.
Ano: 2013
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Applying the system viability framework for cross-scalar governance of nested social-ecological systems in the Guiana Shield, South America Ecology and Society
Berardi, Andrea; The Open University; andrea.berardi@open.ac.uk; Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Royal Holloway University of London; j.mistry@rhul.ac.uk; Bignante, Elisa; Department of Cultures, Politics and Society, University of Torino; elisa.bignante@unito.it; Davis, Odacy; Iwokrama International Centre; odacyd@gmail.com; Haynes, Lakeram; North Rupununi District Development Board; lakehays@gmail.com; Benjamin, Ryan; North Rupununi District Development Board; garybejamin@gmail.com; Albert, Grace; North Rupununi District Development Board; grace.albert.cobra@gmail.com; Xavier, Rebecca; North Rupununi District Development Board; rebeccaxavier86@gmail.com; Jafferally, Deirdre; Iwokrama International Centre; deirdre.jafferally@gmail.com.
Linking and analyzing governance of natural resources at different scales requires the development of a conceptual framework for analyzing social-ecological systems that can be easily applied by a range of stakeholders whose interests lie at different scales, but where the results of the analysis can be compared in a straightforward way. We outline the system viability framework, which allows participants to characterize a range of strategies in response to environment challenges for maintaining the long-term survival of their particular system of interest. Working in the Guiana Shield, South America, and with a range of local, regional, and international stakeholders, our aim was to use system viability to (1) investigate synergies and conflicts between...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Brazil; Environmental governance; Guiana Shield; Guyana; Natural resource management; Participatory video; Sustainability indicators; System viability.
Ano: 2015
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessing adaptation – Climate change and indigenous livelihood in the Andes of Bolivia JARTS
Vidaurre de la Riva, Marolyn; Lindner, André; Pretzsch, Jürgen.
Based on a case study of Charazani – Bolivia, this article outlines the understanding of adaptive strategies to cope with climate change and its impact on environmental and socioeconomic conditions that are affecting rural livelihoods. Mainly qualitative methods were used to collect and analyze data following the framework for vulnerability assessments of a socio-ecological system. Climate data reveals an increase of precipitation and temperature during the last decades. Furthermore the occurrence of extreme weather events, particularly drought, frost, hailstorms and consequently landslides and fire are increasing. Local testimonies highlight these events as the principle reasons for agricultural losses. This climatic variability and simultaneous social...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Natural resource management; Agroecology Andes; Climate change; Adaptation; Vulnerability assessment; Traditional knowledge.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2013081343342
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessing the Factors Underlying Differences in Group Performance: Methodological Issues and Empirical Findings from the Highlands of Central Kenya AgEcon
Place, Frank; Kariuki, Gatarwa; Wangila, Justine; Kristjanson, Patricia; Makauki, Adolf; Ndubi, Jessica.
This paper examines the performance of rural groups in Kenya and addresses the methodological issues and challenges faced in doing this, and presents the empirical evidence regarding various hypothesized explanatory factors for relative performance levels. Eighty-seven groups and 442 households were surveyed using several approaches. Various performance measures were tested. Both descriptive analysis and regression models were used to gain a better understanding of the group-level and household-level factors that explain performance. Collective action is desired and practiced for a large number of tasks. The findings highlight the incredible number, diversity and dynamic nature of groups in the highlands of Kenya (and we suspect this finding is not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Collective action; Natural resource management; Technology adoption; Institutions; Kenya; Calliandra; Farm Management.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50060
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessing the Sustainability of Small Farmer Natural Resource Management Systems. A Critical Analysis of the MESMIS Program (1995-2010) Ecology and Society
Sustainability assessment oriented to improve current systems and practices is urgently needed, particularly in the context of small farmer natural resource management systems (NRMS). Unfortunately, social-ecological systems (SES) theory, sustainability evaluation frameworks, and assessment methods are still foreign not only to farmers but to many researchers, students, NGOs, policy makers/operators, and other interested groups. In this paper we examine the main achievements and challenges of the MESMIS Program (Spanish acronym for Indicator-based Sustainability Assessment Framework), a 15-year ongoing effort with impact in 60 case studies and 20 undergraduate and graduate programs mainly in Ibero-America that is attempting to cope with the stated...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Complex systems; Latin America; Natural resource management; Small farmers; Social-ecological systems; Sustainability assessments.
Ano: 2012
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Assessment of land use and land cover changes during the last 50 years in oases and surrounding rangelands of Xinjiang, NW China JARTS
Dittrich, Andreas; Buerkert, Andreas; Brinkmann, Katja.
An analysis of historical Corona images, Landsat images, recent radar and Google Earth® images was conducted to determine land use and land cover changes of oases settlements and surrounding rangelands at the fringe of the Altay Mountains from 1964 to 2008. For the Landsat datasets supervised classification methods were used to test the suitability of the Maximum Likelihood Classifier with subsequent smoothing and the Sequential Maximum A Posteriori Classifier (SMAPC). The results show a trend typical for the steppe and desert regions of northern China. From 1964 to 2008 farmland strongly increased (+ 61%), while the area of grassland and forest in the floodplains decreased (- 43%). The urban areas increased threefold and 400 ha of former agricultural land...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Natural resource management; Agroecology; Landscape ecology Altay Mountains; LUCC; Landsat; Corona; NDVI; SMAPC; MLC.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2011052737598
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Challenging the win-win discourse on conservation and development: analyzing support for marine protected areas Ecology and Society
Chaigneau, Tomas; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; T.W.B.Chaigneau@exeter.ac.uk; Brown, Katrina; Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter; katrina.brown@exeter.ac.uk.
Conservation designations such as protected areas are increasing in numbers around the world, yet it is widely reported that many are failing to reach their objectives. They are frequently promoted as opportunities for win-win outcomes that can both protect biodiversity and lead to economic benefits for affected communities. This win-win view characterizes the dominant discourse surrounding many protected areas. Although this discourse and the arguments derived from it may lead to initial acceptance of conservation interventions, this study shows how it does not necessarily result in compliance and positive attitudes toward specific protected areas. Consequently, the discourse has important implications not just for making the case for protected area...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Attitudes; Behavior; Compliance; Fisheries; Natural resource management; Philippines.
Ano: 2016
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Climatic variability and cooperation in rangeland management: a case study from Niger AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy; Vanderlinden, Jean-Paul.
In this paper, we develop an empirical model of an agro-pastoral system subject to high climatic risk to test the impact of rainfall variability on livestock densities, land allocation patterns and herd mobility observed at the community level. Also, because grazing land is a common-pool resource, we determine the impact of cooperation on these decision variables. To capture different abilities of communities to manage these externalities, we construct indices comprised of factors considered to affect the costliness of achieving successful cooperation found in the collective action literature. We then test hypotheses regarding the impact of rainfall variability and cooperation using data collected in a semi-arid region of Niger. Results indicate that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rangelands; Environmental risk; Natural resource management; Pastoralism; Collective action; Cooperation; Institutions; Livestock stocking densities; Mobility; Niger; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50058
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Collective Action to Secure Property Rights for the Poor: A Case Study in Jambi Province, Indonesia AgEcon
Komarudin, Heru; Siagian, Yuliana L.; Colfer, Carol.
This study presents an approach to analyzing decentralized forestry and natural resource management and land property rights issues, and catalyzing collective action among villages and district governments. It focuses on understanding the current policies governing local people’s access to property rights and decision making processes, and learning how collective action among community groups and interaction among stakeholders can enhance local people’s rights over lands, resources, and policy processes for development. The authors applied participatory action research in two villages, one each in the Bungo and Tanjabbar districts of Jambi province (Sumatra), Indonesia, to facilitate identification of priorities through phases of planning, action,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decentralization; Natural resource management; Forest; Collective action; Property rights; Action research; Indonesia; Food Security and Poverty; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44363
Registros recuperados: 87
Primeira ... 12345 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional