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Registros recuperados: 5
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A contribuição de P&D Agropecuário para Convergência e Crescimento da Renda Agropecuária no Brasil AgEcon
Barreto, Ricardo Candéa Sá; Almeida, Eduardo Simões de.
Este artigo estuda o crescimento econômico e a convergência de renda Agropecuária dos estados Brasileiros de 1986 a 2004. Para este fim, utiliza-se um modelo econométrico de efeitos fixos, controlando-se a dependência espacial. Além de comprovar convergência condicional, o modelo econométrico revelou que o crescimento do PIB per capita agropecuário foi afetado por variáveis como capital físico agropecuário, infra-estrutura telefônica, infra-estrutura de armazenagem, crédito rural, número de trabalhadores rurais, e por externalidades espaciais. Além disso, ficou evidenciada a importância de P & D agropecuário para o crescimento e convergência de renda per capita no setor agropecuário e ainda a geração de externalidades espaciais...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Convergência de renda agropecuária; Nova geografia econômica; Modelo de efeitos fixos com dependência espacial; Income convergence; New economic geography; Fixed effect model with spatial dependence; Agricultural Finance; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O18; O47; R11; R23.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108170
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Divergence - Is it Geography? AgEcon
Straubhaar, Thomas; Suhrcke, Marc; Urban, Dieter.
This paper tests a geography and growth model using regional data for Europe, the US, and Japan. We set up a standard geography and growth model with a poverty trap and derive a log-linearized growth equation that corresponds directly to a threshold regression technique in econometrics. In particular, we test whether regions with high population density (centers) grow faster and have a permanently higher per capita income than regions with low population density (peripheries). We find geography driven divergence for US states and European regions after 1980. Population density is superior in explaining divergence compared to initial income which the most important official EU eligibility criterium for regional aid is built on. Divergence is stronger on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Threshold estimation; New economic geography; Regional income; Growth; Poverty trap; Regime shifts; Bootstrap; International Development; O41; R11; F12.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26350
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Enlargement and the EU Periphery: The Impact of Changing Market Potential AgEcon
Brulhart, Marius; Crozet, Matthieu; Koenig, Pamina.
We study the impact of changing relative market access in an enlarged EU on the economies of incumbent Objective 1 regions. First, we track the impact of external opening on internal spatial configurations in a three-region economic geography model. External opening gives rise to potentially offsetting economic forces, but for most parameter configurations it is found to raise the locational attractiveness of the region that is close to the external market. Then, we explore the relation between market access and economic activity empirically. We simulate the impact of enlargement on EU Objective 1 regions. Predicted market-access induced gains in regional GDP and manufacturing employment are up to seven times larger in regions proximate to the new...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New economic geography; Market potential; EU enlargement; Objective 1 regions; International Relations/Trade; F12; F15; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26330
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Market Access and Regional Disparities: New Economic Geography in Europe AgEcon
Niebuhr, Annekatrin.
New Economic Geography (NEG) has reached a theoretical consolidation while related empirical tests are still scarce. The present paper aims at providing some evidence on the validity of forces emphasised by NEG. The analysis starts from the nominal wage equation derived from the Krugman "core-periphery model" and focuses on one of the main propositions of NEG that access advantages raise factor prices. The paper investigates the significance of market access for regional wages and the geographic extent of demand linkages for a cross section of European regions, also taking into account the effects of national borders. The regression analysis covers the period between 1985 and 2000. The results are consistent with the implication of NEG that demand linkages...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New economic geography; Market access; Europe; International Relations/Trade; C21; F12; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26148
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Spatial Effects of European Integration: Do Border Regions Benefit Above Average? AgEcon
Niebuhr, Annekatrin.
A basic result of new economic geography (NEG) models is that the proximity to consumer markets impacts wages and employment within regions. The ongoing process of European integration, being targeted on the reduction of barriers to trade and factor mobility, has presumably changed relative market access in Europe. The present paper aims at providing some evidence on spatial effects of integration released by declining border impediments and changing market potentials. The analysis departs from a three-region economic geography model. We focus on the impact of integration on European border regions and the question whether they realise above average integration benefits. The empirical analysis concerns integration effects in the EU15 regions arising from a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New economic geography; Market access; European integration; Border regions; International Relations/Trade; C21; F15; R12.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26196
Registros recuperados: 5
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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