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A Global Mitigation Hierarchy for Nature Conservation ArchiMer
Arlidge, William N. S.; Bull, Joseph W.; Addison, Prue F. E.; Burgass, Michael J.; Gianuca, Dimas; Gorham, Taylor M.; Jacob, Celine; Shumway, Nicole; Sinclair, Samuel P.; Watson, James E. M.; Wilcox, Chris; Milner-gulland, E. J..
Efforts to conserve biodiversity comprise a patchwork of international goals, national-level plans, and local interventions that, overall, are failing. We discuss the potential utility of applying the mitigation hierarchy, widely used during economic development activities, to all negative human impacts on biodiversity. Evaluating all biodiversity losses and gains through the mitigation hierarchy could help prioritize consideration of conservation goals and drive the empirical evaluation of conservation investments through the explicit consideration of counterfactual trends and ecosystem dynamics across scales. We explore the challenges in using this framework to achieve global conservation goals, including operationalization and monitoring and compliance,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Adequacy; Biodiversity; Development; No net loss; Sustainability.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00442/55323/56831.pdf
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Ecosystem services assessment and compensation costs for installing seaweed farms ArchiMer
Cabral, Pedro; Levrel, Harold; Viard, F.; Frangoudes, Katia; Girard, Sophie; Scemama, Pierre.
In a global context of promotion and expansion of blue growth initiatives, the development of activities such as aquaculture calls for the assessment of the potential impacts on biodiversity at different levels and associated services. This paper presents an assessment of the potential impact of the installation of seaweed farms on ecosystem services and the induced compensation costs. Biophysical and socioeconomic indicators have been developed for helping decision makers to select the most suitable locations. The approach considers a multi-criteria approach based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Habitat Equivalency Analysis (HEA). The former is used to obtain biophysical ecosystem services and socioeconomic indicators and the latter to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Integrated marine policy; Habitat equivalency analysis; Compensation costs; No net loss; Blue growth.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45169/44602.pdf
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No net loss of biodiversity or paper offsets? A critical review of the French no net loss policy ArchiMer
Quetier, Fabien; Regnery, Baptiste; Levrel, Harold.
French regulations concerning the mitigation of development impacts have been progressively strengthened with offsets now required for impacts on forests, wetlands, and protected species, among others. In 2012, following a national consultative process called Grenelle de l’Environnement, legal requirements in terms of monitoring and effective implementation of measures aimed at avoiding, reducing and offsetting impacts were strengthened. This has created strong “demand” for offsets. The workability of these new requirements has come under scrutiny, not least because of their strong legal and financial implications for developers. In this context, official government guidance on implementing the mitigation hierarchy was published in 2012. Under this...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: No net loss; Biodiversity offsets; Ecological compensation; EU Habitats Directive; European biodiversity strategy; Environmental impact assessment; Ecological equivalencies; France.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27924/27267.pdf
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Selecting ecological indicators to compare maintenance costs related to the compensation of damaged ecosystem services ArchiMer
Vaissiere, Anne-charlotte; Levrel, Harold; Hily, Christian; Le Guyader, Damien.
The aim of this paper is to compare different maintenance costs of ecosystem service arising from a hypothetical case of environmental damage in order to help to understand how the different ecosystem services are considered in decision making processes. Compensatory measures are aimed precisely at maintaining the level of supply of ecosystem services. According to the literature, compensatory measures like restoration are usually applied to specific ecosystem services. We used the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA) categories of ecosystem service. For each MEA category, several ecological indicators are selected, and the cost of the compensatory measures required to fulfill the goal of no net loss is assessed using the Habitat Equivalency Analysis...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Maintenance costs; Compensatory measures; HEA; MEA; No net loss.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00134/24552/22997.pdf
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