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Aires marines protégées et récifs artificiels : méthodes d'évaluation, protocoles expérimentaux et indicateurs ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim.
Marine Protected Areas' (MPAs) and Artificial Reef's (ARs) management requires complex assessment and monitoring programmes, dealing with different sources of variability. We studied and developed experimental designs and analysis methods suited for the establishment of a monitoring of MPAs and ARs. This methodology is developed from existing data sets in the Northwestern Mediterranean. We build multi-criteria indicators allowing a statistically testable diagnosis of the impact of MPAs and ARs on reef fish assemblages. Using ecological performance indicators permits to monitor and to give an image of the assessed system to managers. It was possible to show the global response of the fish assemblages to the protection by a MPA. This response was evidenced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Northwestern Mediterranean; Statistical Power; Monitoring; Habitat; Multivariate; Indicators; Temperate Fish; Impact Assessment; Artificial Reefs; Marines Protected Areas; Gestion; Méditerranée Nord Occidentale; Puissance Statistique; Suivis; Habitat; Multivarié; Indicateurs; Poissons Tempérés; Evaluation d'Impact; Récifs Artificiels; Aires Marines Protégées.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-2132.pdf
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Assessing the effects of marine protected area (MPA) on a reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean marine reserve: Identifying community-based indicators ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Pelletier, Dominique; Jouvenel, J.y; Bachet, F; Galzin, R.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly envisaged as a tool to manage coastal ecosystems and fisheries. Assessment of their performance with respect to management objectives is therefore important. A number of WAS provided conservation benefits for fished species. Observed benefits do not apply to all species at all times, and responses to protection are also highly variable among fish taxa. Among the many empirical studies on marine reserves, only a few designs considered 'before and after data' and spatial variation. In this paper, we are interested in assessing the effect of a no-take reserve on the reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean example. Data were obtained from a three-year survey using underwater visual censuses (UVC),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northwestern Mediterranean; Reef fish assemblage; Multivariate regression trees; Permutational multivariate analysis of variance; Ecological indicator; Marine protected area; Impact assessment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1702.pdf
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Découverte de la surface d’érosion messinienne onshore/offshore dans deux lieux clés : le Promontoire Baléares (Ibiza) et la marge est-sarde (Orosei) ArchiMer
Maillard, Agnès; Gaullier, Virginie; Lézin, Carine; Chanier, Frank; Odonne, Francis; Lofi, Johanna.
As the Messinian sea-level draw down associated with the Messinian Salinity Crisis is still questioned, we propose to show that the widely spread erosion surface affecting the Mediterranean margins is indeed linked to an exondation demonstrated from offshore and onshore data. Our study presents a comprehensive onshore to offshore correlation of the Messinian erosional surface. It is focused on small drainage systems or interfluve areas, outside of evaporite basins or incised canyons, where the Messinian erosion had not yet been studied previously: around Ibiza on the Balearic Promontory and around Orosei on the Eastern Sardinian margin, Tyrrhenian Basin, both areas where new offshore data were recently acquired. We show that the late Messinian erosion...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crise de salinité messinienne; Méditerranée nord-occidentale; Surface d' Érosion; Ibiza; Marge est-sarde; Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC); Northwestern Mediterranean; Erosion surface; Ibiza; Eastern Sardinian margin.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00622/73392/72608.pdf
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Impact of atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic and natural trace metals on Northwestern Mediterranean surface waters: A box model assessment ArchiMer
Heimbuerger, Lars-eric; Migon, Christophe; Cossa, Daniel.
Under stratified oligotrophic conditions (May November), the surface mixed layer of the Northwestern Mediterranean constitutes a homogeneous water volume of 10-30 m depth. In other respects, the mean residence time of Ligurian surface waters (0-200 m) is 102 days. It is therefore possible to quantify the extent to which atmospheric deposition of trace metals affects surface waters. On the basis of literature data on anthropogenic and natural trace metals, we demonstrate that the ratios between total seawater labile atmospheric deposition during 102 days (Delta c) and dissolved TM concentrations in Ligurian surface waters (c) illustrate the impact of atmospheric deposition on surface seawater (Delta c/c). High ratios indicate surface TM enrichments, while...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Atmospheric deposition; Trace metal pollution; Box model; Northwestern Mediterranean; Impact evaluation; Environmental antipollution policies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16786/14308.pdf
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Space and time variations in zooplankton distribution south of Marseilles ArchiMer
Gaudy, R; Champalbert, G.
The mesozooplankton distribution in the upper water layer (up to 200 m) off Marseilles (NW Mediterranean Sea) was studied during 22 cruises performed between March 1992 and February 1995. Four stations (M1, M3, M5 and M7) were investigated along a coast-open sea transect. Spatial and seasonal variations of zooplankton were described using different quantitative parameters: biomass (dry weight, carbon, nitrogen), displacement volume (biovolume) and abundance of total organisms. C/N ratio, dry weight per individual and volume per individual were also calculated. The seasonal quantitative variations occurring at the four stations were not well synchronized. Annual maximum biomass was observed during spring and summer at M1 but only in early spring at the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Zooplancton; Distribution spatio-temporelle; Gradient côte-large; Méditerannée nord-occidentale; Zooplankton; Space-time distribution; Open-coast sea gradient; Northwestern Mediterranean.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43641/43225.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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