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Registros recuperados: 7
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Assessing the Impact of ACP/EU Economic Partnership Agreement on West African Countries AgEcon
Busse, Matthias; Grossmann, Harald.
The European Union is currently negotiating free trade agreements, called Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), with African countries as part of the Cotonou Agreement between the European Union and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. The paper empirically assesses the impact of the EPAs on trade flows and government revenue for 14 West African countries. The results indicate that the decline in import duties due to the preferential tariff elimination might be of some cause for concern and that complementary fiscal and economic policies have to be implemented before or at the time the EPAs come into force.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Partnership Agreements; EU; ECOWAS; Africa; International Relations/Trade; F15; O24; O55.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26198
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Autocracies and Development in a Global Economy: A Tale of Two Elites AgEcon
Akerman, Anders; Larsson, Anna; Naghavi, Alireza.
Current version uploaded April 2013.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Development; Economic Institutions; Political Institutions; Trade; Capital Mobility; Capital Accumulation; Comparative Advantage; Capital Mobility; F10; F20; P14; P16; O10; O24.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115848
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Climate Change and Agriculture In South Asia: Looking for An Optimal Trade Policy AgEcon
Laborde, David.
This paper aims to study how alternative trade policies will help mitigate the effects of climate change in agriculture in South Asia. We use a modified version of MIRAGE CGE for long term projections and allowing modeling of climate change effects (impact on yield) at a subregional level (163 geographical units at the world level) to simulate the effects of 13 SRES scenarios in 8 different trade policy landscapes. Based on these results, we discuss the ranking of trade policy options based on expected values but also in terms of variance using the theory of decision in uncertainty. Choices between unilateral and regional strategies for the countries of the sub regions are compared. Our results confirm that South Asia will be one of the most adversely...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Trade Policy; Computable General Equilibrium; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Q54; C68; N5; N75; O24; F13; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104526
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PERFECTION OF CURRENCY RESERVE POLICY TO INCREASE INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF KAZAKHSTAN AgEcon
Begentaev, Meiram.
Kazakhstan has accumulated essential foreign currency stocks from resource-based export earnings since gaining independency. These reserves can serve as base for creation of competitive industries. To realize the task the paper recommends policies of rational use of these funds to finance innovative investment projects in priority industries. The paper argues that rational channeling of foreign currency reserves in Kazakhstan can contribute to increase of innovative activity in industrial sector of economy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: State regulation; Foreign currency reserves; Currency rationing; Industrial sector; International Development; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O24; O25.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94538
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Relationship Between Trade Liberalisation, Economic Growth and Trade Balance: An Econometric Investigation AgEcon
Parikh, Ashok; Stirbu, Corneliu.
This is a study of 42 developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America in which we first examine the impact of trade liberalisation on economic growth, investment share of GDP, openness, trade balance and current accounts (as percentages of GDP). Both panel data and country by country data are used to measure the impact of liberalisation on domestic economic growth measured in PPP terms from the data available in Heston, Summers and Aten (2001) study. Domestic economic growth is often positively related to liberalisation for many countries of our sample. Next we analyse the impact of growth on trade balance and current account to examine whether higher economic growth due to liberalisation leads to adverse effect on balance of trade. Trade balance is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Liberalisation; Trade balance; Developing countries; Panel data estimation; International Development; International Relations/Trade; F32; F14; O24; C21; C23.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26267
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The Agricultural and the External (Net Barter) Terms of Trade in Bangladesh: Trends, Movements and Relationships, 1952-2006 AgEcon
Hossain, Akhand Akhtar.
This paper analyses the trends and movements of, and the relationship between, the agricultural and the external (net barter) terms of trade in Bangladesh for the period 1952-2006. The Pesaran bounds testing results suggest the presence of a cointegral relationship between the agricultural and the external terms of trade in Bangladesh. The forecasting ability of the error-correction model of the agricultural terms of trade is highly, satisfactory, irrespective of whether the level or the percentage change in the agricultural terms of trade is being forecasted. The overall results suggest that the agricultural terms of trade in Bangladesh is determined endogenously and does not seem to have been deployed by policy makers to ‘squeeze agriculture’ within...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Terms-of-trade; Cointegration; International Relations/Trade; C22; O24; Q11.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50011
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Who are the Real Gainers of Trade Liberalization in Kenya's Maize Sector? AgEcon
Nzuma, Jonathan M.; Sarker, Rakhal.
In Kenya, trade policy reforms in the cereals sector were initiated as a key component of the economy-wide structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) during the mid 1980s. The SAPs were later strengthened and made irreversible by Kenya’s commitments at the multilateral trade negotiations. However, the welfare effects of these trade policy reforms remain controversial. This paper to quantifies the market and welfare impacts of trade liberalization in Kenya’s maize sector using a partial equilibrium model with market interrelationships at the farm, wholesale and retail levels. The model is calibrated to simulate a 24 percent reduction in maize import tariffs and a complete abolition of tariffs. The simulations results suggest that tariff reductions yield price...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Maize; Partial equilibrium analysis; Welfare effects; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; F14; F16; I32; C68; O24; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95972
Registros recuperados: 7
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