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Registros recuperados: 8
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A Whole-Farm Profitability Analysis of Organic and Conventional Cropping Systems AgEcon
Delbridge, Timothy A.; Fernholz, Carmen; Lazarus, William F.; King, Robert P..
Replaced with revised version of paper 05/26/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Profitability; Farm Size; Machinery Cost; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103790
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Differentiation in Farm Labor Complement Profiles of Organic and Conventional Farms in the Southeast: Coping with a Changing Farm Labor Market AgEcon
Escalante, Cesar L.; Santos, Florence Ivy M..
The farm labor market is expected to experience supply deficiencies as a result of the displacement of foreign unskilled workers due to the impending implementation of stricter immigration policies in the United States. This study scrutinizes the farm labor hiring predicament of farm operators using data from the household survey we administered on organic and conventional farms in the Southeast U.S. Specifically, we used the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) approach to model and examine the level of difficulty experienced by farmers in hiring non-family farm workers and its influence on farm labor management decisions. We also explore the probable motivation of the extent of family members’ involvement in farm work and analyze the influence of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Conventional Farming; Farm labor; Immigration policies; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q12; Q13; J20.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61359
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ORGANIC FARMING IN DENMARK-PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNICAL CHANGE AND MARKET EXIT AgEcon
Sauer, Johannes; Park, Timothy A.; Graversen, Jesper T..
This paper attempts to quantitatively measure the change in the productivity of Danish organic farming in recent years. Based on a translog production frontier framework the technical and scale efficiency on farm level is analysed by following a time trends as well as a general index model specification. We further try to analyse the significance of subsidies for promoting long term growth in organic production by estimating a bootstrapped bivariate probit model with respect to factors influencing the probability of organic market exit. The results revealed significant differencies in the organic farms' technical efficiencies, no significant total factor productivity growth and even a slightly negative rate of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Total Factor Productivity; Market Exit; Agribusiness; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7618
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Quota Deregulation and Organic versus Conventional Milk – A Bayesian Distance Function Approach AgEcon
Sauer, Johannes.
Milk quota trading rules differ across EU member countries. In Denmark a biannual milk quota exchange was set up in 1997 to promote a more efficient reallocation of milk quotas as well as to reduce transaction costs related to the searching and matching of sellers and buyers. Using two comprehensive panel data sets on organic and conventional milk farms this study attempts to disentangle the effects of the introduction of an increased quota transferability on the production structure of those farms as well as the probability of market entry and exit. Bayesian estimation techniques are used to estimate an input oriented generalized Leontief distance function as well as a curvature constrained specification. The results suggest that the deregulation in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Milk Quota; Distance Function; Bayesian Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36869
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Study on the scope for reconstruction of the grazing livestock sector of Xinjiang based on organic farming methods AgEcon
Chai, Jun; Slee, William; Canavari, Maurizio; Chen, Tong; Huliyeti, Hasimu.
The authors acknowledge the support of the BEAN-QUORUM project (Building a Euro-Asian Network for Quality, Organic, and Unique food Marketing, TH/Asia-link/006), co-ordinated by Maurizio Canavari. We would like to express our deepest thanks to Grant Davidson (of the Macaulay Institute) for offering so many valuable suggestions. And a massive thanks to the library staff in the Macaulay Institute. Owing to their high professional ability we were able to get very useful material from so many different libraries.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grazing Livestock; Organic Farming; Xinjiang; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Q56.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36690
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Sustainable Farm Management Practices in the Enlarged EU: A Case Study of Integrated Ecofarm in the Central Hungary Region AgEcon
Voros, Mihaly; Gemma, Masahiko.
The integration to the EU markets has resulted in significant changes in production and market activities in Hungarian agriculture. Our case study found that efforts on product differentiation through quality improvement have been critical for staying competitive in the more liberalized market conditions. Diversification of farming and non-farming activities seems to be also important for farm management coping with production and price risks associated with agricultural production and marketing activities. Organic farming in Hungary is certainly one way of achieving success in competitive markets in the EU. Lack of appropriate policy tools and shortage of new institutions to support Hungarian farms, which are in search for survival in the EU markets,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic Farming; Hungary; EU; CAP; Sustainable Agriculture; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24246
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Technical efficiency of organic milk-farms in Germany - the role of subsidies and of regional factors AgEcon
Lakner, Sebastian.
This paper investigates the efficiency of organic milk farms in Germany based on data from 1994/95 to 2005/06. Five inputs and one output are analyzed by means of a stochastic frontier production function, allowing for heteroscedasticity and technical effects. The selection of determinants of technical efficiency includes 5 groups of indicators. The analysis is focused on the impacts of farm support of organic farms and of regional factors, that can influence technical efficiency. The results show, that the agri-environmental payments show a negative effect on efficiency. Farms, which receive investment aid, show lower efficiency scores. Finally, the implication for agricultural policy are discussed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Efficiency Analysis; Organic Farming; Agglomerations Effects; Subsidies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Q12; Q18; D24.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51301
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Values of Ecosystem Services on Arable Land and the Role of Organic Farming AgEcon
Takatsuka, Yuki; Cullen, Ross; Wilson, Matthew; Wratten, Steve D..
Nationwide mail surveys implemented in November 2004 report New Zealand residents‟ willingness to pay for improvement in ecosystem services and support for organic farming on arable land. The surveys were split into two subsets: Canterbury, which is the region with most arable farming in the nation, and the other New Zealand regions. Analysis of the data reveals that Canterbury residents‟ willingness to pay for reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from arable farming is greater than their willingness to pay for improvement in water quality, while it is the opposite for residents in other regions. In addition, residents‟ willingness to fund an organic farming project that enhances certain ecosystem services is analyzed. The results provide insights for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ecosystem Management; Organic Farming; Arable Farming; Choice Modeling.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98523
Registros recuperados: 8
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