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Registros recuperados: 5
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A relationship between antimicrobial peptide gene expression and capacity of a selected shrimp line to survive a Vibrio infection ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Goarant, Cyrille; Goyard, Emmanuel; Mugnier, Chantal; Fievet, Julie; Piquemal, D; Bachere, Evelyne.
Understanding of antimicrobial defence mechanisms of penaeid shrimp should help in the design of efficient strategies for the management and disease control in aquaculture. In this study, we have specifically analysed the expression in circulating hemocytes of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) encoding genes, such as PEN2 and PEN3, ALF, crustin, lysozyme and a putative cysteine-rich peptide. We evidenced a relationship between the level of expression of some AMPs and the successful response of the shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris, to circumvent a pathogenic Vibrio penaeicida infection. Additionally, significant differences in some AMP transcript amounts are evidenced between control, non-selected shrimp line and the third generation breeding of shrimp selected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Real time PCR; Cysteine rich peptide; Crustin; Anti LPS factor; Lysozyme; Penaeidins; Immune response; Vibrio penaeicida; Penaeid; Decapoda; Crustacean.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4524.pdf
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Homologous ELISA procedure for the determination of penaeid shrimp vitellogenin ArchiMer
Mendoza, Roberto; Guillaume, Jean-charles; Fauvel, Christian.
Vitellogenin (VTG) was isolated from the haemolymph of Penaeus vannamei by a three step procedure including ultracentrifugation, gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography. VTG was used to raise polyclonal antibodies that were purified by ion exchange chromatography. A two step competitive assay was developed in which VTG could be quantitated by its capacity to inhibit the binding of antibody to the VTG previously adsorbed onto a solid phase. Sensitivity from equilibrium and from non-equilibrium assays was 41 and 2.3 ng/ml respectively. Estimates of within-assay and between-assay variabilities of standard curves were 4.2 and 9.6% respectively. The inhibition curves for dilutions of haemolymph from vitellogenic females, egg yolk extracts and purified...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pénéidé; Vitellogénine; Vitelline; Immuno-essai (ELISA); Anticorps; Penaeid; Vitellogenin; Vitellin; Immunoassay (ELISA); Antibody.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29894/28333.pdf
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Ontogeny of osmoregulation in the Pacific blue shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris (decapoda, penaeidae): Deciphering the role of the Na+/K+-ATPase ArchiMer
Pham, Dominique; Charmantier, Guy; Boulo, Viviane; Wabete, Nelly; Ansquer, Dominique; Dauga, Clement; Grousset, Evelyse; Labreuche, Yannick; Charmantier-daures, Mireille.
The role of the main ion transporting enzyme Na +/K + − ATPase in osmoregulation processes was investigated in Litopenaeus stylirostris. The development and localization of the osmoregulation sites were studied during ontogenesis by immunodetection of Na+ K+-ATPase using monoclonal antibodies and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Osmoregulation sites were identified as the pleurae and branchiostegites in the zoeae and mysis stages. In the subsequent post-metamorphic stages the osmoregulatory function was mainly located in the epipodites and branchiostegites and osmotic regulation was later detected in the gills. The presence of ionocytes and microvilli in these tissues confirmed their role in ionic processes. The complete open reading frame of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeid; Litopenaeus stylirostris; Ontogeny; Osmoregulation; Na+/K+-ATPase; RNA interference.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42176/41477.pdf
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Purification and characterization of infectious myonecrosis virus of penaeid shrimp ArchiMer
Poulos, Bonnie; Tang, K; Pantoja, C; Bonami, Jean-robert; Lightner, D.
The causative agent of myonecrosis affecting cultured Penaeus vannamei in Brazil was demonstrated to be a virus after purification of the agent from infected shrimp tissues. Purified viral particles were injected into specific pathogen-free P. vannamei, resulting in a disease that displayed the same characteristics as those found in the original shrimp used for purification. The virus was named infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV). The viral particles were icosahedral in shape and 40 nm in diameter, with a buoyant density of 1(.)366 g ml(-1) in caesium chloride. The genome consisted of a single, double-stranded (dsRNA) molecule of 7560 bp. Sequencing of the viral genome revealed two non-overlapping open reading frames (ORFs). The 5' ORF (ORF 1, nt 136-4953)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Purification; Myonecrosis; Virus; Shrimp; Penaeid.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1504.pdf
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Salinity tolerance, ontogeny of osmoregulation and zootechnical improvement in the larval rearing of the Caledonian Blue Shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris (Decapoda, Penaeidae) ArchiMer
Pham, Dominique; Charmantier, Guy; Wabete, Nelly; Boulo, Viviane; Broutoi, Francis; Mailliez, Jean-rene; Peignon, Jean-marie; Charmantier-daures, Mireille.
The ontogeny of osmoregulationwas investigated in Litopenaeus stylirostris by studying salinity tolerance and osmoregulatory capacity. Shrimp at different larval and postlarval stages were exposed to various salinities and survival was monitored for 24 h. Survival rates exceeded 80% at salinity over 25 ppt (750 mOsm.kg(-1)) at all the stages. At salinities below to 25 ppt, salinity tolerance was higher in nauplii and zoeae than in mysis larvae. Postlarval stages were able to withstand lower salinities, e.g. 6.0 ppt (176 mOsm.kg(-1)) at PL9 stage, but they were more sensitive than larvae to salinities over 35 ppt (1035 mOsm.kg(-1)). Zoea and mysis larvae slightly hyper-regulated at all tested salinities. After metamorphosis, postlarvae progressively...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeid; Litopenaeus stylirostris; Ontogeny; Osmoregulation; Growth.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21843/20058.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
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