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Analyse du compartiment mésozooplanctonique et écologie alimentaire printanière de la sardine, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1782), et de l’anchois, Engraulis encrasicolus (Linné, 1758) adultes dans le Golfe de Gascogne ArchiMer
Dessier, Aurélie.
Dietary studies of marine species constitute an important key to improve the understanding of its biology and of its role in the ecosystem. Thus, prey-predator relationships structure and determine population dynamics and the trophic network at the ecosystem scale. Among the major study sites, the marine ecosystem is submitted to natural and anthropogenic constraints. In the North-Eastern part of the Atlantic Ocean, the Bay of Biscay is a large open area surrounded South by Spain and East by France. This bay is an historic place of intense fishery activities for which the main small pelagic species targeted are the pilchard, Sardina pilchardus and the anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus. The aim of this work is to analyze the trophic ecology of these two small...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Petits poissons pélagiques; Traceurs écologiques; Isotopes stables; Parasites; Mercure; Communauté mésozooplanctonique; Qualité du régime alimentaire; Golfe de Chaînes; Zooplancton marin; Isotopes stables; Expérience d’alimentation; Poissons pélagiques -- Gascogne; Small pelagic fish; Ecological tracers; Stable isotopes; Parasites; Mercury; Mesozooplanktonic community; Diet quality; Feeding experiment.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00353/46447/46197.pdf
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Évolution de l'écosystème pélagique du Golfe de Gascogne pendant la période 1990-2003. Conséquences sur la capturabilité des espèces ArchiMer
Villalobos, Hector.
Several small pelagic fish species contribute remarkably to world catch. Their populations are, however, characterized by large biomass fluctuations strongly affecting fisheries. The fishing gears and methods used to capture small pelagics have evolved to exploit the highly developed shoaling behavior of these species. Hence, faced to modern fishing this gregarious behavior becomes a disadvantage for fish. Fish behavior may be affected by environmental conditions and by fishing, at the same time that behavior impacts fishing. In this study, we seek to characterize the aggregative systems of small pelagic fishes inhabiting the Bay of Biscay by analyzing "acoustic images", defined as the group of echoes (planktonic layers, shoals, isolated targets) detected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biscay Bay; Hydrological landscapes; Fishery; Atlantic mackerel; Atlantic horse mackerel; European sardine; European anchovy; Small pelagic fish; Acoustic image; Agregation pattern; School descriptors; Golfe de Gascogne; Paysages hydrologiques; Pêcherie; Maquereau; Chinchard; Sardine; Anchois; Petits poissons pélagiques; Image acoustique; Type d'agrégation; Descripteurs de bancs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6083.pdf
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Une approche bioénergétique pour la comparaison des traits d'histoire de vie de l'anchois et de la sardine du golfe de Gascogne ArchiMer
Gatti, Paul.
Anchovy and sardine belong to the guild of small pelagic fish and are of peculiar importance at the scales of ecosystems and fisheries. Both species are worldwide spread and commonly occur in the same ecosystems. They display large interannual variability in biomass with markedly different trends or even asynchronous. A growing literature suggests that those dynamics are due to respective sensibility to environmental conditions driven by different biological traits. A priori both species are very similar but show slightly distinct feeding behaviours and reproductive strategies. Understanding divergences in both species biology and life history strategies is thus crucial to understand and predict past and future dynamics of these stocks. The aim of this PHD...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioénergétique; Modélisation individu centrée; Cycle de vie; Traits d'histoire de vie; Petits poissons pélagiques; Bioenergetics; Individual based model; Life cycle; Life history traits; Small pelagic fishes.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60917/64277.pdf
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