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Registros recuperados: 6
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Bioerosion of the coralline alga Hydrolithon onkodes by microborers in the coral reefs of Moorea, French Polynesia ArchiMer
Tribollet, A; Payri, C.
Calcareous skeletons of the coralline alga Hydrolithon onkodes are colonised by a variety of microboring organisms including euendolithic algae. The species composition of microboring organisms as well as the boring patterns and the boring activity differ between live and dead coralline crusts. The microborers inhabiting the live crusts form an obvious, macroscopically visible green layer in the basal part of the crust, which is in contact with the substratum underneath. Some species, primarily Plectonema terebrans (83 %) and Ostreobium quekettii (7 %) grow from the inside towards the crust's surface and produce a dense network of branched filaments. Following the death of the coralline alga, the skeletons are colonised at the surface and bored inward by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioérosion; Récifs coralliens; Algues corallinacées; Endolithes; Polynésie française; Bioerosion; Coral reefs; Coralline algae; Endoliths; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00322/43346/42880.pdf
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Developmental aspects of biomineralisation in the Polynesian pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera var. cumingii ArchiMer
Che, Lm; Golubic, S; Le Campion-alsumard, T; Payri, C.
The shell biomineralisation with special reference to the nacreous region is observed during the development of the Polynesian pearl oyster. Ultrastructural changes were studied and timed for the first time from planktonic larval shells to two-year-old adult shells. During the first two weeks following fertilization, the prodissoconch-I shell structure is undifferentiated and uniformly granular. The prodissoconch-II stage which develops during the next two weeks acquires a columnar organization. Metamorphosis is characterized by the formation of the dissoconch shell with all the elements of an adult shell and marks the onset of the development of the nacre. Nucleation starts within an organic matrix from point sources forming 'crystal germs' which expand...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biominéralisation; Couche nacrée; Huître perlière; Pinctada margaritifera; Polynésie française; Biomineralisation; Nacreous layer; Pearl oyster; Pinctada margaritifera; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00291/40268/38642.pdf
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Ecologie larvaire de l'huître perlière (Pinctada margaritifera, L.), croissance et dispersion dans un lagon d'atoll polynésien ArchiMer
Thomas, Yoann.
Understanding key factors determining the bentho-pelagic species larval growth and dispersal remains one of the challenges of marine ecology, notably to understand the adult population structure and dynamics. In the present study, we explore this determinism on the development and dispersal of the black-lip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera var. cumingii, Linné 1758) larvae in a French Polynesian atoll lagoon (Ahe, Tuamotu archipelago). Rearing of the pearl oyster for the production of black pearls takes on a major social and economic place in French Polynesia. However, the supply of pearl oyster seed to the farms depends entirely on the natural collection of wild spat of the only one specie P. margaritifera, and spatial and temporal variability of spat...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecologie larvaire; Hétérogénéité environnementale; Modélisation; Croissance; Dispersion; Huître perlière à lèvres noires; Pinctada margaritifera; Lagon d’atoll; Polynésie française; Larval ecology; Environmental heterogeneity; Modeling; Growth; Dispersal; Black-lip pearl oyster; Pinctada margaritifera; Atoll lagoon; French Polynesia.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11449/7999.pdf
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Etude et modélisation des mécanismes impliqués dans la croissance de l'huître perlière, Pinctada margaritifera, au sein de l'écosystème conchylicole du lagon de l'atoll de Takapoto (Polynésie Française) ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane.
L'huître perlière, Pinctada margaritifera (Linné, 1758) var. cumingi (Reeve), productrice de perles noires, fait l' objet d'une aquaculture florissante en Polynésie Française. Afin de pérenniser cette activité, un programme de recherche (le PGRN) a été lancé, en 1990, sur l' atoll de Takapoto. L' un des thèmes de ce programme réside dans l'étude de la capacité trophique d'un lagon soumis à une activité de perliculture. A cet égard, un modèle déterministe expliquant la croissance et la reproduction de P. margaritifera à partir des paramètres du milieu (notamment la nourriture disponible) a été mis au point. La construction de ce modèle a impliqué : ( 1) l'analyse de l'hydrobiologie du lagon; (2) l'étude de la physiologie de P. margaritifera; (3) le sui vi...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalves; Huîtres perlières; Pinctada margaritifera; Physiologie; Croissance; Reproduction; Hydrobiologie; Atoll; Lagon; Écosystème; Réseau trophique; Modélisation; Capacité trophique; Polynésie française; Bivalves; Pearl oyster; Pinctada ma rgaritifera; Physiology; Growth; Reproduction; Hydrobiology; Atoll; Lagoon; Ecosystem; Trophic web; Modelling; Carrying capacity; French Polynesia.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00034/14558/11856.pdf
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Gametogenic cycle and reproductive effort of the tropical blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Bivalvia : Pteriidae), cultivated in Takapoto atoll (French Polynesia) ArchiMer
Pouvreau, Stephane; Gangnery, Aline; Tiapari, Jerome; Lagarde, Franck; Garnier, Matthieu; Bodoy, Alain.
The gametogenic cycle and the reproductive effort of the blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, cultivated in Takapoto lagoon were studied for a 1-year period (March 1997-April 1998) by bimonthly observations of gonadal sections, dry tissue weights and gonadal index in a population of pearl oyster composed of three age-groups. pearl oysters attained sexual maturity in the end of their first year (height approximate to 40 mm), implying that P. margaritifera is a late-maturing species in comparison with other Pteriidae. This species was also confirmed to be a marked protandrous successive hermaphrodite in culture, with 100 % of males at first maturity and 75 % in older pearl oyster (height > 120 mm). The general pattern of gametogenic activity,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: French Polynesia; Reproductive effort; Reproductive cycle; Tropical aquaculture; Gametogenesis; Blacklip pearl oyster; Polynésie française; Effort de reproduction; Cycle de reproduction; Aquaculture tropicale; Gamétogenèse; Huître perlière.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1391.pdf
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Gestion des ressources génétiques de l'huître perlière Pinctada margaritifera de Polynésie française : caractérisation génétique des populations et optimisation du recrutement pour l'exploitation perlière ArchiMer
Arnaud, Sophie; Goyard, Emmanuel; Prou, Jean; Vonau, Vincent; Bonhomme, Francois; Boudry, Pierre.
Exploitation of the pearl oyster Pinetada margaritifera, which has developed in French Polynesia over the last twenty years, is based mainly on the collection of natural spat. Recruitment is highly variable in space and time and so spat is very often transferred by the farmers between atolls or even between archipelagos. In previous studies, anonymous nuclear markers demonstrated that This development has coincided with a genetic homogenisation of the wild stocks since the 1980s. This suggests a high level of reproductive success on farms, which is likely to be due to the high density of animaIs when compared to the density in the wild. We used the same markers to show that the level of genetic variability observed on farms is not significantly different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: French Polynesia; Genetic diversity; Spat; Pinctada margaritifera; Pearl oyster; Polynésie française; Diversité génétique; Naissain; Pinctada margaritifera; Huître perlière.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-3822.PDF
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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