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Registros recuperados: 7
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Achieving ecological restoration by working with local people: a Chinese scholar seeks win-win paths Ecology and Society
Zheng, Heran; College of Economic Management, Beijing Forestry University; zhengheran@foxmail.com; Wang, Guosheng; China Law Society; gshwang@126.com.
Environmental degradation and poverty are linked, and this means that conservation and poverty reduction must be tackled together. However, finding a successful integrated strategy has been an elusive goal. We describe the career of a Chinese scholar, Shixiong Cao, whose persistent efforts to find and follow win-win paths have led to ecological restoration accompanied by long-term benefits for local residents. Cao’s story illustrates how development that combines environmental and economic perspectives can both help people to escape the poverty trap and restore degraded environments. His experience demonstrates that when environmental managers find solutions that can mitigate or eliminate poverty through the development of green enterprises, they...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Environmental conservation; Environmental policy; Poverty trap; Scientific philosophy; Socioeconomic development.
Ano: 2014
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Adaptive Capacity and Traps Ecology and Society
Carpenter, Stephen R; University of Wisconsin-Madison; srcarpen@wisc.edu; Brock, William A.; University of Wisconsin-Madison; WBrock@ssc.wisc.edu.
Adaptive capacity is the ability of a living system, such as a social–ecological system, to adjust responses to changing internal demands and external drivers. Although adaptive capacity is a frequent topic of study in the resilience literature, there are few formal models. This paper introduces such a model and uses it to explore adaptive capacity by contrast with the opposite condition, or traps. In a social–ecological rigidity trap, strong self-reinforcing controls prevent the flexibility needed for adaptation. In the model, too much control erodes adaptive capacity and thereby increases the risk of catastrophic breakdown. In a social–ecological poverty trap, loose connections prevent the mobilization of ideas and resources...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Allostasis; Model; Poverty trap; Resilience; Rigidity trap; Transformation.
Ano: 2008
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Divergence - Is it Geography? AgEcon
Straubhaar, Thomas; Suhrcke, Marc; Urban, Dieter.
This paper tests a geography and growth model using regional data for Europe, the US, and Japan. We set up a standard geography and growth model with a poverty trap and derive a log-linearized growth equation that corresponds directly to a threshold regression technique in econometrics. In particular, we test whether regions with high population density (centers) grow faster and have a permanently higher per capita income than regions with low population density (peripheries). We find geography driven divergence for US states and European regions after 1980. Population density is superior in explaining divergence compared to initial income which the most important official EU eligibility criterium for regional aid is built on. Divergence is stronger on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Threshold estimation; New economic geography; Regional income; Growth; Poverty trap; Regime shifts; Bootstrap; International Development; O41; R11; F12.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26350
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Do cooperatives help the poor? Evidence from Ethiopia AgEcon
Rodrigo, Maria F..
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Poverty trap; Cooperatives; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124388
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Innovations in Index Insurance for the Poor in Lower Income Countries AgEcon
Skees, Jerry R..
This article focuses on innovation in weather insurance designed to fit the special circum-stances of the poor in lower income countries where rural and agricultural financial markets are largely underdeveloped. Index insurance is an innovation that circumvents many of the fundamental problems that hamper the development of insurance for weather risks in lower in-come countries. With index insurance, payments are made based upon an objective and inde-pendent index that serves as a proxy for significant losses to crops, livestock, or other prop-erty. For example, the index can be based upon extreme rainfall measures that create either drought or flooding. Weather stations or even satellite imagery coupled with computer models can be used to create reliable...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Index insurance; Financial innovation for the poor; Weather insurance; Correlated risk; Poverty trap; Ex ante risk managemen; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44733
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Recovering from conflict: an analysis of food production in Burundi AgEcon
D'Haese, Marijke F.C.; Speelman, Stijn; Vandamme, Ellen; Nkunzimana, Tharcisse; Ndimubandi, Jean; D'Haese, Luc.
This paper deals with the devastating food insecurity in two densely populated provinces in the north of Burundi as a result of overpopulation and low production capacity in the aftermath of conflict. We compare data that was collected in the Ngozi and Muyinga Province in 2007 with data of households interviewed on the same hills in 1996. Households live from subsistence farming, erratic surplus sales, sales of coffee and banana and occasional off- and non-farm work. We find that not only did production levels decrease but also total factor productivity (Malmquist indices calculated with DEA approach) dropped in 83% of the hills between 1996 and 2007.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food security; Post-conflict; Central Africa; Burundi; Subsistence farming; Poverty trap; International Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96829
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Vulnerability to Weather Disasters: the Choice of Coping Strategies in Rural Uganda Ecology and Society
Helgeson, Jennifer F; London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Geography and Environment; The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment; j.helgeson@lse.ac.uk; Dietz, Simon; London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Geography and Environment; The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment; s.dietz@lse.ac.uk; Hochrainer-Stigler, Stefan; IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis; hochrain@iiasa.ac.at.
When a natural disaster hits, the affected households try to cope with its impacts. A variety of coping strategies, from reducing current consumption to disposing of productive assets, may be employed. The latter strategies are especially worrisome because they may reduce the capacity of the household to generate income in the future, possibly leading to chronic poverty. We used the results of a household survey in rural Uganda to ask, first, what coping strategies would tend to be employed in the event of a weather disaster, second, given that multiple strategies can be chosen, in what combinations would they tend to be employed, and, third, given that asset-liquidation strategies can be particularly harmful for the future income prospects of households,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Coping strategies; Covariate risk; Education; Extreme weather; Poverty trap; Small-scale farming; Uganda; Vulnerability.
Ano: 2013
Registros recuperados: 7
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