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Registros recuperados: 10
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Education and Socioeconomic Well-Being in Racially Diverse Rural Counties AgEcon
Mykerezi, Elton; Mills, Bradford F.; Gomes, Sonya.
This paper examines trends in the socioeconomic well-being in rural counties where Black residents represent one third or more of the population. These racially diverse rural counties (RDRCs) are located exclusively in the rural South and generally have low levels of economic well-being. On a positive note, college education levels in RDRCs are found to have increased rapidly between 1990 and 2000. Regression analysis suggests that these increases were in part due to the concentration of Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the region. Local investments in K-12 education are also found to be linked to county education levels.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Blacks; Public education; Public investment; Rural South; R12; I21; R53.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37959
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Has the Return on Australian Public Investment in Agricultural Research Changed? AgEcon
Binenbaum, Eran; Mullen, John D.; Wang, Chang Tao.
We examine whether there has been a decline in the returns from Australian public investment in research on broadacre agriculture. Complementing a forthcoming paper by Mullen, we use alternative specifications for the regression equation, which employs the log of total factor productivity (TFP) as the dependent variable. The rate of return is computed on an annual basis rather than by using multi-year averages. In contrast to Mullen’s earlier preliminary analysis, we have now found some evidence of a decline in the rate of return on public R&D investment, lending some support to recently voiced concerns on this matter.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: R&D; Rate of return; Agricultural productivity; Public investment; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6016
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Irrigation sector in Sri Lanka: Recent investment trends and the development path ahead AgEcon
Kikuchi, Masao; Barker, Randolph; Weligamage, Parakrama; Samad, Madar.
Increasing the area under irrigation and the widespread adoption of seed-fertilizer technology were the major factors that contributed to enhanced rice production in Sri Lanka, enabling the country to achieve self-sufficiency in rice. In recent years, there has been a shift in emphasis from expanding the irrigated land base to enhancing the productivity of irrigated land through diversification of agriculture and improvement of rice production, with better water management in irrigation schemes. This report attempts to assess how the irrigation sector in Sri Lanka is adapting itself to these new challenges. It analyzes the future direction of irrigation in Sri Lanka in light of recent trends in public and private investment in this sphere, and the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigated farming; Public investment; Private investment; Cropping systems; Water management; Rehabilitation; Operating costs; Maintenance costs; Wells; Pumps; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44565
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Macroeconomic and welfare consequences of high energy prices AgEcon
Twimukye, Evarist P.; Matovu, John Mary.
The current wave of volatile international oil process coupled with the low hydro-energy generation continues to exert negative impacts on the Ugandan economy. This paper analyzes the extent to which changes in energy prices affect the economy and examines policy options that can be undertaken to circumvent the negative effects. The impact of higher oil prices takes a large toll on all sectors including agriculture, manufacturing and services. With the existing loses in productivity of generating hydro electricity, this has exacerbated the energy crisis. The combined output loss for the manufacturing sector due to increase in fuel prices and a shortage of electricity is estimated at 2 percent on annual basis. While the government has title control on the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Oil; Energy; Hydro-electricity; Public investment; Twimukye; Matovu; EPRC; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54803
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PUBLIC INVESTMENT AND CHINA'S GRAIN PRODUCTION COMPETITIVENESS UNDER WTO AgEcon
Zhu, Jing; Zhu, J..
China's accession to the WTO poses great challenges to the Chinese agricultural sector, especially to the grain producers. Compared with major grain exporters in the world, most grain crops in China are high in production cost and weak in market competitiveness. This can be partly attributed to the fact that Chinese farmers are facing with poorer agricultural production infrastructures and inadequate public investment in agricultural research and extension, which leads to the lower efficiency in private inputs and thus higher private cost per unit of product. After China joining the WTO, protective and administrative measures conflicted with the URAA cannot be utilized as before. Alternative measures should be explored to provide help to farmers to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Public investment; Agricultural research; Grain production; China; WTO; Crop Production/Industries; H540; Q170; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25825
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Raising the Productivity of Public Investments in Zambia’s Agricultural Sector. AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Shawa, Julius J.; Malawo, Emma; Jayne, Thomas S..
Agriculture provides the main support for Zambia’s rural economy, and because of this, growth in the agricultural sector is the clearest avenue through which poverty reduction can be achieved in Zambia. Yet despite widespread recognition of the strong connection between agricultural development and poverty reduction, there is continuing under-provision of public goods investments for over a decade. Zambia’s primary policy objective of achieving accelerated growth and competitiveness in the agricultural sector cannot be achieved unless adequate public resources are committed towards catalyzing the desired growth. Strong evidence from southern Africa as well as throughout the world indicates that long–term public investment in research and development,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Public investment; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54479
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Returns to Investment in Agriculture AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven.
Investment in agriculture is necessary for ensuring rapid economic growth and poverty reduction in Zambia, as elsewhere in Africa. Yet many of the key investments required to accelerate agricultural growth – technological research, rural infrastructure and market standards, organization and enforcement -- are public goods. Because the private sector cannot capture gains from these investments, they will not invest in amounts sufficient to ensure broad-based agricultural growth. Therefore, the public sector needs to provide the necessary research, transport and market infrastructure necessary to stimulate agricultural growth. Zambia currently allocates 6% of government outlays for agriculture. This is less that the 10% commitment Zambia has made under the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Agriculture growth; Public investment; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q19.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54625
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The Bang for the Birr: Public Expenditures and Rural Welfare in Ethiopia AgEcon
Mogues, Tewodaj; Ayele, Gezahegn; Paulos, Zelekawork.
This paper explores and compares the impact of different types of public spending on rural household welfare in Ethiopia. The analysis of public financial and household-level data reveals that returns to road investments are significantly higher than returns to other spending, but are much more variable across regions. This regional variability in returns to road investment suggests that the government should carefully consider region-differentiated investment priorities. Some evidence suggests that the returns to road spending are increasing over time, with higher returns to road investments seen in areas with better-developed road networks. Among the other types of public spending, the household expenditure impacts of per capita public expenditure in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public investment; Public spending; Ethiopia; Rural welfare.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42411
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Village Inequality in Western China AgEcon
Xing, Li; Fan, Shenggen; Luo, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Increased regional inequality has been a major concern in many emerging economies like China, India, Vietnam and Thailand. However, even a large inequality is observed within the lagging regions. The objective of this paper is to look into what are the sources of within region inequality using the community surveys and a census type of households in Western China. This snapshot view of inequality within and between rural villages in western China is based on a census-type household survey in three administrative villages and a sampling survey of 286 natural villages in the poor province of Guizhou in 2004. In contrast to coastal regions, nonfarm income is distributed unevenly in this inland western region. This acco unts for the largest share of overall...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Poverty; Inequality; Public investment; H54; O47; O53; R11; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25390
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Village inequality in Western China: implications for development strategy in lagging regions AgEcon
Xing, Li; Fan, Shenggen; Luo, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Xiaobo.
Increased regional inequality has been a major concern in many emerging economies like China, India, Vietnam and Thailand. However, even a large inequality is observed within the lagging regions. The objective of this paper is to look into what are the sources of within region inequality using the community surveys and a census type of households in Western China. This snapshot view of inequality within and between rural villages in western China is based on a census-type household survey in three administrative villages and a sampling survey of 286 natural villages in the poor province of Guizhou in 2004. In contrast to coastal regions, nonfarm income is distributed unevenly in this inland western region. This accounts for the largest share of overall...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Poverty; Inequality; Public investment; Community/Rural/Urban Development; H54; O47; O53; R11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55403
Registros recuperados: 10
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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