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Registros recuperados: 8
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Adoption and impacts of zero tillage as a resource conserving technology in the irrigated plains of South Asia AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Farooq, Umar; Malik, R.K.; Sharif, Muhammad.
The recent stagnation of productivity growth in the irrigated areas of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia has led to a quest for resource-conserving technologies that can save water, reduce production costs and improve production. The present synthesis of two detailed country studies confirmed widespread adoption of zero tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State (34.5% of surveyed households) and Pakistan’s Punjab province (19%). The combination of a significant “yield effect” and “cost-saving effect” makes adoption worthwhile and is the main driver behind the rapid spread and widespread acceptance of ZT in Haryana, India. In Punjab, Pakistan, adoption is driven by the significant ZT-induced cost savings for wheat...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zero tillage; Rice; Wheat; Water conservation; India; Pakistan; Haryana; Punjab; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91816
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Economic Viability of Organic Farming: An Empirical Experience of Wheat Cultivation in Punjab AgEcon
Singh, Inder Pal; Grover, D.K..
The present study has assessed the economic viability of organic wheat cultivation in Punjab by collecting primary data from 85 organic growers and 75 inorganic growers spread over 30 villages in the districts of Patiala and Faridkot for the period 2008-09. The area under organic farming has been found about 27 per cent of the total operational area in rabi season for the sample organic growers. The major share of organic area has been found under wheat crop, which accounted for 15 per cent of the total operational area of sample organic growers. The total variable cost on per acre basis for the cultivation of organic wheat has been found less as compared to inorganic wheat. The net returns over variable cost of organic and inorganic wheat have been...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Organic farming; Wheat cultivation; Organic wheat; Punjab; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119380
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Farm power availability for sustainable agriculture development in Punjab state of India CIGR Journal
Lohan, Shiv Kumar; Narang, Mahesh Kumar; Manes, Gursahib Singh; Grover, Nikhil.
It has transforming from subsistence farming which was dependent on human and animals, to mechanized farming using inanimate power sources like tractors, diesel engines, electric motors, etc. In Punjab agriculture, the human and animal power has substantially reduced from 7.5 to 0.69 % and 73 to 0.61% respectively due to increase in mechanical power from 17 to 76 % and electrical power from 1.7 to 23.5 from 1960-61 to 2012-13. The intensity of farm power availability has increased from 0.37 to 5.68 kW ha-1 during the same period. Correspondingly there has been increase in the cropping intensity (112 to 196%), production (3.16 to 28.58 mt) and productivity (668 to 3638 kg ha-1) of total food grains.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Farm Machinery & Power Engineering Farm Power; Farm energy; Agricultural Production; Punjab; India.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/3316
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Incentives and Constraints in the Transformation of Punjab Agriculture AgEcon
McGuirk, Anya M.; Mundlak, Yair.
The introduction of modern crops varieties in the mid-1960s caused a dramatic change, known as the “green revolution”, in agricultural production in Asia, as elsewhere. However, in spite of their yields, the process of adoption of these varieties has taken a long time, and even today traditional varieties are still widely grown. Various reasons, such as imperfect information, uncertainty, inadequate human capital, and institutional constraints, have been given for this slow diffusion. This research during 1960-79 emphasizes the role of economic incentives and resource availability in determining the pace of technology adoption. Only three years after their introduction, the modern wheat varieties accounted for 70 percent of the wheat area in Punjab....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; India; Punjab; International Development.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42125
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Marketing Efficiency of Green Peas under Different Supply Chains in Punjab AgEcon
Sidhu, R.S.; Sidhu, M.S.; Singh, J.M..
During the year 2007-08, the area under green peas in Punjab was 18.45 thousand hectares with a production of 1.11 lakh tonnes. The total consumption at the farm level being just 2.54 per cent, the marketed surplus was 97.46 per cent. The maximum quantity of green peas was sold by the growers in the wholesale market (about 89%) and the rest was sold at the farm, in the village and in Apni Mandi. The marketing of green peas has been studied by three supply chains, viz. I: Producer → wholesaler (through commission agent) → retailer → consumer; II: Producer → retailer (through commission agent) → consumer; III: Producer → consumer. The net price received by the producer was 67 per cent, 69 per cent and 94 per cent in supply chains I, II and III respectively...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Marketing efficiency; Green peas; Supply chains; Punjab; Price spread; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q13; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119379
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Smallholder Dairy Farmers’ Access to Modern Milk Marketing Chains in India AgEcon
Kumar, Anjani; Staal, Steven J.; Singh, Dhiraj Kumar.
The smallholder dairy farmers’ access to modern milk marketing chain has been assessed in India by collecting data at the farm level in two states, viz. Bihar and Punjab. These states are among the largest milk producing states of the country but depict stark variations in terms of milk productivity and per capita milk availability. Another significant feature is the emergences of modern milk marketing chains in both the states. The study has shown that in spite of the growing presence of modern milk supply chains, the traditional milk supply chain is still dominant in the Indian milk market. Its presence is even more pronounced in less-developed states like Bihar. However, the traditional milk supply chain is being replaced, albeit slowly, with the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Milk marketing chain; Smallholders; Dairy farmers; Modern milk marketing chain; Bihar; Punjab; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118232
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The Determinants of Rural Household Food Security in the Punjab, Pakistan: An Econometric Analysis AgEcon
Bashir, Muhammad Khalid; Schilizzi, Steven; Pandit, Ram.
Pakistan is one of the leading producers of important agricultural commodities in the world with a relatively high proportion of undernourished population (26 %). This study aims to examine the food security trends in Pakistan in general, and to find out the household level food security and its key determinants in the rural areas of the Punjab Province in particular. Both secondary and primary data were used. Secondary data were obtained from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Bank and Government of Pakistan’s data sources. Primary data were collected from 1152 households in 12 districts of the Punjab province using questionnaire survey. The analysis was done in two phases i.e. (Phase-A) identification of food security trends, at national...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Rural households; Logistic regression; Punjab; Pakistan; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; I30; Q18 and R20..
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122526
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The economic sustainability of cropping systems in Indian Punjab: A farmers' perspective AgEcon
Singh, Sukhwinder; Park, Julian R.; Litten-Brown, Jennie.
Food for all continues to be a key issue, especially in the developing world where every fifth person is chronically undernourished. India, a fast growing developing country has also experienced serious food shortages for example in the mid 1960s. Punjab, a small northern Indian state has developed, particularly since the Green Revolution in the mid 1960s, to be a key agricultural area producing 13% of the food grains of India. Increased productivity brought economic benefits to farmers and led to the establishment of Wheat-Rice Cropping Pattern (WRCP) as the main agricultural system of Punjab which more recently has become reliant on underground water resources, agricultural machinery, chemical fertilisers and pesticides. More recently stagnating yields...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Cropping systems; Punjab; Sustainability; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116007
Registros recuperados: 8
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