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Registros recuperados: 165
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1995 PRICING PERFORMANCE OF MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES FOR CORN AND SOYBEANS AgEcon
Jackson, Thomas E.; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L..
The purpose of this research report is to present an evaluation of advisory service pricing performance in 1995 for corn and soybeans. Specifically, the average price received by a subscriber to an advisory service is calculated for corn and soybean crops harvested in 1995. The average net advisory price across all 25 corn programs is $3.04 per bushel. The range of net advisory prices for corn is quite large, with a minimum of $2.34 per bushel and a maximum of $3.81 per bushel. The average net advisory price across all 25 soybean programs is $6.61 per bushel. As with corn, the range of net advisory prices for soybeans is substantial, with a minimum of $5.75 per bushel and a maximum of $7.92 per bushel.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Market Advisory Service (AgMAS) Project; D4; D7; D8; G1; G2; H4; H8; Q1; Z1; Marketing.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14790
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1996 PRICING PERFORMANCE OF MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES FOR CORN AND SOYBEANS AgEcon
Jackson, Thomas E.; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L..
The purpose of this research report is to present an evaluation of advisory service pricing performance in 1996 for corn and soybeans. Specifically, the average price received by a subscriber to an advisory service is calculated for corn and soybean crops harvested in 1996. The average net advisory price across all 26 corn programs is $2.63 per bushel. The range of net advisory prices for corn is quite large, with a minimum of $2.08 per bushel and a maximum of $3.12 per bushel. The average net advisory price across all 24 soybean programs is $7.27 per bushel. As with corn, the range of net advisory prices for soybeans is substantial, with a minimum of $6.80 per bushel and a maximum of $7.80 per bushel.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural Market Advisory Services; G1; D8; D7; D4; G2; H4; H8; Q1; Z1; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14787
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A Coasian Approach to Efficient Water Allocation of a Transboundary River AgEcon
Willis, David B.; Baker, Justin Scott.
The United States and Mexico recently resolved a decade-old water dispute that required Mexico to repay the accumulated water debt within one year. A Coasian analysis estimates the social welfare gains attainable to each country under an alternative debt repayment scheme that allows repayment over a longer time horizon and in a combination of dollars and water, instead of solely in water. Assuming average water supply conditions, under the agreed 1-year repayment contract, U.S. compensation value is 534% greater and Mexico’s compensation cost is 60% less relative to when compensation is paid exclusively in water.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coase; Water allocation; Water compensation; Water markets; Agribusiness; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46985
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A comparison of hypothetical survey rankings with consumer shopping behavior and product knowledge AgEcon
Grebitus, Carola; Colson, Gregory; Menapace, Luisa.
Hypothetical surveys are commonly used to elicit consumer behavior to guide product development, marketing, and labeling strategies. However, despite the prevalence of surveys in consumer food studies, previous work has not assessed the relationship between hypothetical responses and actual consumer behavior in real-world purchase situations.We explore whether attributes cited by consumers in surveys as being important to them when making decisions indeed factor into their product decision process in real-world markets. Evidence from a point of sale study of 702 pork purchasers indicates that there is a strong correspondence between hypothetical survey ratings and actual shopping behavior.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Attribute ranking; Consumer shopping behavior; Hypothetical surveys; Origin labeling; Pork; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing; C8; C9; Q1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120448
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A Cost-Effectiveness Study of Animal Disease Eradication Strategies: Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Ireland AgEcon
Dillon, Emma J..
The primary focus of this poster paper is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of alternative control strategies for a number of simulated outbreaks of Foot-and-Mouth disease (FMD) in four agriculturally diverse Irish regions, examining for the first time, the potential role of emergency vaccination in the country. With the increasing threat of transboundary animal diseases due to globalisation, wider market integration and increased animal movement it is important that such an evaluation of control and eradication strategies be undertaken and contingency plans be put in place. The new EU Directive (2003/85/EC) on FMD control permits the use of emergency vaccination as part of an FMD control strategy. The slaughter of infected animals and "dangerous...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Foot-and-Mouth disease; Control strategies; Transboundary animal diseases; Emergency vaccination; Computer simulation; Cost-effectiveness; Livestock Production/Industries; Q1; Q17; Q58.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25321
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A Framework for Estimating U.S. WTO Domestic Support to 2015 AgEcon
Quiroga, Jose.
The framework allows comprehensive and consistent measurement and classification of U.S. domestic support to 2015 under different assumptions. Projections of future U.S. domestic support patterns are made with estimates published in the USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections. We also use information from the OECD, FAPRI, NASS, and our own estimates. We present key elements and an overview of our analytical framework, assumptions of a baseline scenario, and some analytical results and observations arising from our analysis. The baseline scenario extends the classification of programs in WTO notifications to 2015. The framework consists of 65 spreadsheets, which are grouped into 4 analytical stages: calculation of program estimates by commodity; calculation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; AMS; De minimis; Domestic support; WTO; Framework; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1; Q17; Q18; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25412
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A PERSPECTIVE ON OREGON WHEAT GROWERS' INTERESTS IN THE MILLENNIUM ROUND OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Young, Linda M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat and wheat trade; GATT; WTO; Seattle; Agricultural trade; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29252
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A Watershed-Based Economic Model of Alternative Management Practices in Southern Agricultural Systems AgEcon
Paudel, Krishna P.; Hite, Diane; Intarapapong, Walaiporn; Susanto, Dwi.
We investigated the environmental impacts of alternative cultural practices within a watershed under different water quality standards. We used experimental data on nutrient runoff to determine the optimal amount of broiler litter application in hay production in Louisiana. To compensate for the lack of experimental data, we used biophysical simulation models to find the optimal combination of agricultural best-management practices in a watershed in Mississippi. The results indicated that stricter environmental standards lower total profit potential and litter utilization.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broiler litter; Cropping systems; Optimization; Watershed level modeling; Water quality; C6; Q1; Q25; D21.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43213
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About the Efficiency of Input vs. Output Quotas AgEcon
Merel, Pierre R..
Output quotas are known to be more efficient than input quotas in transferring surplus from consumers to producers. Input quotas, by distorting the shadow prices of inputs, lead to inefficient production and generate larger deadweight losses, for a given amount of surplus transferred. Yet, input quotas have been a ubiquitous tool in agricultural policy. Practicality considerations, as well as the difficulty to control outputs that heavily depend on stochastic weather conditions, are arguments that help understand why policy makers may favor input quotas over output quotas. In this paper, we offer an additional explanation that rests on efficiency considerations. Assuming that the regulator only has limited knowledge about the market fundamentals (supply...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; H2; L2; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25391
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Accounting for multiple impacts of the Common agricultural policies in rural areas: an analysis using a Bayesian networks approach AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Sardonini, Laura.
In evaluating the potential effects of the reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy, a particularly challenging issue is the representation of the complexity of rural systems either in a static or dynamic framework. In this paper we use Bayesian networks, to the best knowledge of the authors, basically ignored by the literature on rural development. The objective of this paper is to discuss the potential use of Bayesian Networks tools to represent the multiple determinants and impacts of the Common Agricultural Policies in rural areas across Europe. The analysis shows the potential use of BNs in terms of representation of the multiple linkages between different components of rural areas and farming systems, though its use as a simulation tool still...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bayesian Networks (BNs); Farm-household; Multiple outcomes; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q1; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99592
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Aggregation and Calibration of Agricultural Sector Models Through Crop Mix Restrictions and Marginal Profit Adjustments AgEcon
Wiborg, Torben; McCarl, Bruce A.; Rasmussen, Svend; Schneider, Uwe A..
All agricultural sector models must deal with aggregation and calibration somehow. The aggregation problem involves treating a group of producers as if they all responded in the same way as a single representative unit. The calibration problem concerns making a model reproduce as closely as possible an empirically observed set of decision maker actions. This paper shows how both calibration and aggregation are addressed through crop mix restrictions combined with marginal profit adjust-ments.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mathematical programming; Aggregation; Calibration; Crop mix; Marginal cost; Agricultural sector model; Agribusiness; C6; C61; Q1; Q11; Q17; Q18; R12; R13; R14.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24567
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AGGREGATION ISSUES IN THE ESTIMATION OF MALMQUIST PRODUCTIVITY MEASURES AgEcon
Shaik, Saleem.
The paper contributes by demonstrating the sensitivity of nonparametric programming productivity measures to the choice of model –time series versus panel models of Malmquist productivity, and to various levels of commodity aggregation compared to the traditional Tornqvist-Theil index approach employing U.S. state-level data from 1960-96. To illustrate the sensitive of nonparametric programming productivity measures, we compare the implicit shadow shares recovered from the dual values of the Malmquist productivity and total factor productivity methods to the observed shares of the Tornqvist-Theil index for U.S level data from 1948-1994.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tornqvist-Theil Index; Time series; And Panel models; Malmquist productivity and Malmquist total factor productivity programming; Share-weights.; Productivity Analysis; O3; C6; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46553
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Agricultural Production with Change and Uncertainty: A Temporal Case Study Simulation of Colorado Potato Beetle AgEcon
Heikkila, Jaakko; Peltola, Jukka.
Changes in climatic and policy environments combined with uncertainty related to stochastic environmental fluctuations make design of invasive pest policy challenging. These external changes are often exacerbated by changes in the species characteristics. We discuss facing local change and uncertainty when deciding ex ante on a specific policy strategy. Our empirical case deals with an invasive agricultural pest, Colorado potato beetle, and agricultural production in Finland. Invasions are modelled as temporally random events and stochasticity in key variables is built into the analysis. The viability of two specific policy options is evaluated given uncertainty and local change.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Colorado potato beetle; Protected zone; Zone protegee; Invasive alien species; Crop Production/Industries; Q1; Q28; Q58.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24679
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An Economic Study of Small Pigholders in Vietnam: Some Insights Gained and the Scope for Further Research AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Some relevant background to this research project is provided by outlining selected features of Vietnam’s pig industry. Then the main findings (in the view of the author) from this ACIAR-funded research are presented. These results include (1) natural protection given to Vietnam’s pig producers from imports as a result of the nature of the preferences of Vietnamese consumers: (2) the importance of household labour, especially that provided by females, in the husbandry of pigs held by households; (3) the existence, or otherwise, of scale economies as a function of the number of pigs held by households, (4) the import dependence for pig food of Vietnam’s pig industry and the way in which it varies with the number of pigs kept by households; (5)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Vietnam; Pigs; Household agriculture; Farm sizes; Agricultural policies; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90630
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An Optimal Surveillance Measure Against Foot-and-Mouth Disease in the United States AgEcon
van Ha, Pham; Che, Tuong Nhu; Kompas, Tom.
Surveillance programs on farms and in the local environment provide an essential protection against the importation and spread of exotic diseases. Combined with border quarantine measures, these programs protect both consumers and producers from major health concerns and disease incursions that can potentially destroy local agricultural production and supporting industries, as well as generate substantial losses in trade and tourism. However, surveillance programs also impose costs in the form of expenditures on the surveillance program itself, along with the costs of disease management and eradication should an incursion occur. Taking border quarantine expenditures as given, this paper develops a stochastic optimal control model (with a jump-diffusion...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Surveillance measures; Border quarantine; Disease incursion and spread; Foot- and-Mouth disease; Stochastic optimal control; Livestock Production/Industries; Q1; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10354
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Animal Disease Pre-Event Preparedness versus Post-Event Response: When is it Economic to Protect? AgEcon
Elbakidze, Levan; McCarl, Bruce A..
We examine the economic tradeoff between the costs of pre-event preparedness and post-event response to the potential introduction of an infectious animal disease. In a simplified case study setting, we examine the conditions for optimality of an enhanced pre-event detection system considering various characteristics of a potential infectious cattle disease outbreak, costs of postevent response actions. We show that the decision to invest in pre-event preparedness activities depends on such factors as probability of disease introduction, disease spread rate, relative costs, ancillary benefits, and effectiveness of mitigation strategies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Animal disease; Economic balance; Mitigation strategies; Preparedness; Response; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries; Q1; Q18; D81.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43768
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Aquaculture and Fisheries Interactions: Implications for the Global Supply of Fish AgEcon
Arnason, Ragnar.
Aquaculture, or more generally fish farming, and fisheries interact in several different ways. First, many types of fish farming require fish products as inputs, mostly for feeding purposes. Second, farmed fish and wild fish products compete in fish markets with consequences for both the industry and, of course, consumers. Third, fish farming generates various types of polluting agents that may affect wild fish stocks and their habitat. Several other interactions exist. This paper is primarily concerned with the implications of the first of these interactions, namely the input relationships, for the overall supply of fish products in the future. To the extent that the fish farming industry demands wild fish products such as fish meal, fish oil, etc....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Fisheries; Aquaculture and fisheries interactions; Global supply of fish; Livestock Production/Industries; Q0; Q1; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55996
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Area-Wide Management of Fruit-Flies: What are the Costs and the Benefits? AgEcon
Florec, Veronique; Sadler, Rohan; White, Benedict.
Increasing volumes and speed of agricultural trade and the opening of new markets for agricultural products create greater challenges to systems established to protect countries from invasive organisms that can be harmful to human and animal health, crops and natural environments. In reaction to the threat of exotic pests and diseases, the World Trade Organization recognises the right of country members to protect themselves from the risks posed by exotic pests and diseases through the application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures. One possible response from exporting countries facing SPS trade barriers is to obtain pest-free area (PFA) certification. While large benefits can potentially be achieved from greater access to world markets through...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Eradication; Surveillance; Queensland Fruit Fly; Area-Wide Management of Pests; Pestfree area; Invasive species; Biosecurity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q1; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100881
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Assessing Consumer Preferences for Organically Grown Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in Eastern New Brunswick AgEcon
Haghiri, Morteza; Hobbs, Jill E.; McNamara, Meaghan L..
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer preferences; Organic fresh produce; Willingness-to-pay; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92556
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Assessing the Comparative Advantage of Albanian Olive Oil Production AgEcon
Mane-Kapaj, Ana; Kapaj, Ilir; Chan-Halbrendt, Catherine; Totojani, Orkida.
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the comparative advantage of olive oil production in Albania using Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) method. The result indicates that olive oil production in Albania is profitable for the producers. Whereas the DRC ratio equals to 2.2, meaning that olive oil production in Albania does not have a comparative advantage for the given situation of production, prices and technology. This means that while it is profitable for private producers to manufacture olive oil for the domestic market, it does not have a comparative advantage with other EU countries. In order for Albania to develop an olive oil industry comparable to neighboring countries with similar climatic and soil conditions, the country will need to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Olive oil production; PAM; Comparative advantage; Albania; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92640
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