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Registros recuperados: 32
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A mixed-method approach for determining the risk and complexity farmers associate with using forward contracts AgEcon
Jackson, Elizabeth; Quaddus, Mohammed; Islam, Nazrul; Stanton, John.
This paper reports on a model that was developed to understand the behavioural determinants surrounding farmers’ adoption of forward contracts for agricultural commodities. Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Diffusion of Innovations, 28 hypotheses within the model were written and then tested via a telephone survey that gathered 305 responses from Western Australian wool producers. The data from the telephone survey were analysed using SPSS 14 and the Partial Least Squares approach to Structural Equation Modelling. Most relationships within the model could be explained after rigorous quantitative analysis, however, further explanation was required to understand two final aspects of adoption behaviour: firstly, the sources of risk wool...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Complexity; Forward contracts; Structural equation modelling; Partial least squares; Risk and Uncertainty; Q120; Q130.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42305
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Academic Perspectives on Agribusiness: An International Survey AgEcon
Detre, Joshua D.; Gunderson, Michael A.; Oliver Peake, Whitney; Dooley, Frank J..
The IFAMR is published by (IFAMA) the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Promotion and tenure; Agribusiness; Teaching; Grantsmanship; Research; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Productivity Analysis; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119979
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Agribusiness Extension: The Past, Present, and Future? AgEcon
Ward, Ruby A.; Woods, Timothy A.; Wysocki, Allen F..
The IFAMR is publish by (IFAMA) the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness extension; Future; Agribusiness; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119978
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Agricultural Growth, Poverty Reduction and Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Outcomes of AAAE Conference AgEcon
Nambiro, Elizabeth; Omare, Musa N.; Nkamleu, Guy Blaise.
This report is a summary of emerging issues affecting African agriculture, recent experiences and policy proposals that can guide interventions in improving the sector’s productivity. Agriculture is at the centre of rural poverty reduction in Africa and urgent measures are needed to increase farm yields and incomes in order to stem collapse of economies and societies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: AAAE; African Association of Agricultural Economists; Millennium development goals in Africa; Agricultural policies; Agricultural research systems; Poverty reduction; Agricultural productivity; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q010; Q130; Q170; Q180; Q560.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50144
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An Epistemology for Agribusiness: Peers, Methods and Engagement in the Agri-Food Bio System AgEcon
Peterson, H. Christopher.
The IFAMR is published by the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Epistemology; Research methods; Wicked problems; Engaged scholarship; Research rigor; Grounded theory; Agribusiness; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119968
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Are consumers beef quality perceptions in accordance with objective beef quality? AgEcon
Banović, Marija; Cristina Monteiro, Ana; Lemos, Jose Pedro Cardoso; Madalena Barreira, Maria; Fontes, Magda Aguiar.
The consumer has the final word in food choice, which is determined by his perceived quality. Within a project coordinated by the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine we tried to relate objective quality with the consumer quality evaluation. To do so, we have measured the expected and experienced quality of a sample of Portuguese consumers towards three types of beef (PDO, national and imported) at the shop, and compared this subjective evaluation with the beef objective quality. Results at the consumer level show that respondents perceived PDO beef to be of higher quality than the two other types of beef for different attributes and for overall quality at the shop location. In terms of objective quality results, the three types of beef showed highly similar...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: PDO beef; Perceived quality; Objective quality; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q130.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91680
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Assessing Consumer Preferences and Attitudes toward Imported Pork in Urban China AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping.
China’s transition into a developed economy is driving changes in consumer preferences and demand for foods. To evaluate consumer preferences for imported pork in urban China, primary data were collected in two metropolitan areas- Beijing and Shanghai. Estimated logit models revealed that an individual’s age, shopping location and food safety concerns significantly influenced their willingness-to-pay for U.S. pork. A proportional linear model was developed to evaluate factors affecting purchasing behavior of western-style pork cuts vs. traditional Chinese cuts. Food safety concerns were linked to a previous lean-meat additive scare and a lack of consumer confidence on the Chinese food inspection system.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Imported Pork; Willingness-to-pay; Ordered Logit; Food Safety; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development; Marketing; D120; D190; M390; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49993
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Consumer Preferences for U.S. Pork in Urban China AgEcon
Ortega, David L.; Wang, H. Holly; Wu, Laping.
China’s transition into a developed economy is driving changes in consumer preferences and demand for foods. To evaluate consumer preferences for U.S. pork in urban China, primary data were collected in two metropolitan areas- Beijing and Shanghai. Estimated logit models revealed that an individual’s age, shopping location and food safety concerns significantly influenced their willingness-to-pay for U.S. pork. A proportional linear model was developed to evaluate factors affecting purchasing behavior of western-style pork cuts vs. traditional Chinese cuts. Food safety concerns were linked to a previous lean-meat additive scare and a lack of consumer confidence on the Chinese food inspection system.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; U.S. Pork; Willingness-to-pay; Ordered Logit; Food safety; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing; D120; D190; M390; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49184
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COST OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACQUIS COMMUNAUTAIRE IN THE HUNGARIAN DAIRY SECTOR AgEcon
Kiss, Piroska; Weingarten, Peter.
The implementation and enforcement of the acquis communautaire is a precondition for joining the European Union (EU). However, there is only little information on the compliance costs in the acceding countries. In this paper, the investment needs and annual costs of compliance with the part of the acquis communautaire relevant for the dairy sector is assessed at different stages of the agri-food chain in Hungary. The assessment is mainly based on a classification of farms and processors according to their level of compliance with EU standards concerning milk hygiene in 2000/01 and calculations of necessary investments in buildings, milking and cooling facilities and delivery trucks. The raw milk quality in Hungary has steadily improved since the early...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Hungary; Acquis communautaire; Milk hygiene; Dairy sector; Modernisation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14881
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Costes de transacción e integración vertical: una aplicación al sector de denominación de origen calificada Rioja AgEcon
Fernandez-Olmos, Marta; Rosell-Martinez, Jorge; Espitia-Escuer, Manuel Antonio.
El presente trabajo desarrolla y comprueba empíricamente un modelo de integración vertical de la primera etapa de la cadena de valor del vino, la viticultura. El modelo, derivado del análisis de costes de transacción, desarrollado principalmente por Williamson, se formula como una función tobit que se estima con datos de la industria del vino en la denominación de origen calificada (DOC) de Rioja. También se ha establecido la naturaleza de la relación entre la calidad del producto y la integración vertical. De acuerdo con la teoría de los costes de transacción, la integración vertical está positivamente relacionada con la especificidad y con la incertidumbre. Nuestros resultados también encuentran que el tamaño de la bodega es una variable a considerar en...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Integración vertical; Industria del vino; Teoría de costes de transacción.; Agricultural and Food Policy; L220; Q130.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57285
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ESTIMATION OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND ELASTICITIES OF CALIFORNIA COMMODITIES AgEcon
Russo, Carlo; Green, Richard D.; Howitt, Richard E..
The primary purpose of this paper is to provide updated estimates of domestic own-price, cross-price and income elasticities of demand and estimated price elasticities of supply for various California commodities. Flexible functional forms including the Box-Cox specification and the nonlinear almost ideal demand system are estimated and bootstrap standard errors obtained. Partial adjustment models are used to model the supply side. These models provide good approximations in which to obtain elasticity estimates. The six commodities selected represent some of the highest valued crops in California. The commodities are: almonds, walnuts, alfalfa, cotton, rice, and tomatoes (fresh and processed). All of the estimated own-price demand elasticities are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis; Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Agriculture: Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; D120; Q130; Q110.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37629
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Exclusivity of Agrifood Supply Chains: Seven Fundamental Economic Characteristics AgEcon
Sporleder, Thomas L.; Boland, Michael A..
The IFAMR is published by the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association. IFAMA. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Agrifood supply chains; Exclusive economic characteristics; Risk; Market power; Globalization; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119969
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Farm and Retail Prices in the South African Poultry Industry: Do the Twain Meet? AgEcon
Mkhabela, Thulasizwe S.; Nyhodo, Bonani.
The IFAMR is the Official Journal of the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association: www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poultry; Price transmission; Farm and retail prices; Time series; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries; Q100; Q110; Q120; Q130; Q180.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114713
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Food Risks and Type I & II Errors AgEcon
Nganje, William E.; Skilton, Paul F..
The IFAMR is published by (IFAMA) the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. www.ifama.org
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food safety; Food defense; Error based disruption; Control oriented supply networks; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Risk and Uncertainty; Q130.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119977
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FORECASTING MARKET SHARE USING A FLEXIBLE LOGISTIC MODEL AgEcon
Quagrainie, Kwamena K..
There is a strong competition from low-priced imported catfish fillets resulting in a declining market share for domestic farm-raised catfish fillets. To match the competition, catfish processors are embarking on pricing policy measures that are volume-oriented instead of profit- or image-oriented. This could be an effective short-run pricing policy measure for optimal long-run sustainability and profitability of the industry. Volume pricing strategies are aimed at meeting target sales volumes or market shares. This paper explores and compares the performance of the standard logit, the inverse power transformation (IPT) logit and the logarithmic version of the inverse power transformation logit models in terms of generating forecasts for market share...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Market share; Forecasting; Flexible logit; Marketing; Q130; C250; C530.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34724
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Forward Pricing Behavior of Corn and Soybean Producers AgEcon
Davis, Todd D.; Patrick, George F.; Coble, Keith H.; Knight, Thomas O.; Baquet, Alan E..
Forward pricing behavior of random samples of Indiana, Nebraska, and Mississippi crop producers was analyzed using Heckman’s two-step limited information maximum likelihood estimation procedure. Producers who forward priced during the 1995-1998 period generally expected to forward price in 1999 using similar techniques. Probit models were estimated for cash forward contracts and taking a direct position in futures or options separately and combined. Results provide limited support for the hypothesis that forward pricing should be analyzed as an adoption decision. Variables reflecting risk attitudes do affect the decision to use forward pricing, while variables to economic position affect the level of forward pricing.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Forward contracts; Futures; Grain marketing; Heckman procedure; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Q130; Q120.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43722
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Impacts of Retailers’ Pricing Strategies for Produce Commodities on Farmer Welfare AgEcon
Li, Chenguang; Sexton, Richard J..
The typical model of retail pricing for produce products assumes retailers set price equal to the farm price plus a certain markup. However, observations from scanner data indicate a large degree of price dispersion in the grocery retailing market. In addition to markup pricing behavior, we document three alternative leading pricing patterns: fixed (constant) pricing, periodic sale, and high-low pricing. Retail price variations under these alternative pricing regimes in general have little correlation with the farm price. How do retailers’ alternative pricing behaviors affect farmers’ welfare? Using markup pricing as the baseline case, we parameterize the model to reflect a prototypical fresh produce market and carry out a series of simulations under...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Retail price; Produce commodity; Farmer welfare; Expected utility; Harvest cost; Risk averse; Mean-variance utility; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; Marketing; Risk and Uncertainty; Q110; Q130; L100; M310.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51720
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INTEGRATING AND ASSESSING EXISTING AGRIBUSINESS COURSEWORK INTO A NEW UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT CONCENTRATION AgEcon
MacDougall, Neal A..
The purpose of this paper is to use Cal Poly's example of the design and assessment of a new agribusiness concentration as a means to develop a process by which subsequent change can be managed within the context of coordinating change with the ongoing curriculum and employment needs of a department's students.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Teaching; Agribusiness; International; Assessment; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; A100; A220; Q130; Q170.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20768
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IS SOY MILK? THE ECONOMICS OF THE SOY MILK MARKET AgEcon
Dhar, Tirtha Pratim; Foltz, Jeremy D..
This study uses revealed preferences of consumers to study the consumer benefits from soy milk. The study specifies and estimates structural demand and reduced form models of competition for different milk types using US supermarket scanner data. The introduction of soy milk is used to estimate consumer benefits and valuations. We decompose benefits into two components, competitive and variety effects. Results show relatively small consumer benefits from soy milk.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand Systems; Q-AIDS; Milk markets; Biotechnology; Soy milk; Food Labeling; Demand and Price Analysis; Q130; C300; D120; D400.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20337
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Market and Welfare Effects of GMO Introduction in Small Exporting Countries AgEcon
Plastina, Alejandro S.; Giannakas, Konstantinos.
This paper analyzes the market and welfare effects of the introduction of GM products in small open developing economies that, prior to the adoption of GM crops, were net exporters of non-GM products. It explicitly accounts for differences in consumer attitudes towards GM products and producer agronomic characteristics as well as for the structure and conduct of the GM seed suppliers. Different scenarios concerning different labeling regimes in the small exporting country and the world market of the products are considered. A positive welfare effect of the introduction of GM products to small open economies should not be taken for granted. While yield increases and cost reductions associated with the GM technology are certainly important, their presence...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; L150; Q130; Q170.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19484
Registros recuperados: 32
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