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Registros recuperados: 52
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A Binary Logit Estimation of Factors Affecting Adoption of GPS Guidance Systems by Cotton Producers AgEcon
Banerjee, Swagata (Ban); Martin, Steven W.; Roberts, Roland K.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Larson, James A.; Paxton, Kenneth W.; English, Burton C.; Marra, Michele C.; Reeves, Jeanne M..
Binary logit analysis was used to identify the factors influencing adoption of Global Positioning System (GPS) guidance systems by cotton farmers in 11 Mid-south and Southeastern states. Results indicate that adoption was more likely by those who had already adopted other precision-farming practices and had used computers for farm management. In addition, younger and more affluent farmers were more likely to adopt. Farmers with larger farms and with relatively high yields were also more likely to adopt. Education was not a significant factor in a farmer’s decision to adopt GPS guidance systems.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Binary logit; Cotton; GPS guidance system; Marginal effect; Precision farming; Technology adoption; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Q2; Q16; Q19; Q20; Q24.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45530
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A Comparative Study of China's and Australia's Cotton Production AgEcon
Zhao, Xufu; Tisdell, Clement A..
After providing information about the global importance of cotton as a textile and China’s and Australia’s contribution to global cotton production, this paper examines and compares trends in the time-series of cotton production of China and Australia for the period 1980-2007. In doing so, it takes account of changes in the area planted with cotton and its yield. Correlation estimates and decomposition analysis are used to determine the relative contribution to variations in the total output of cotton of changes in the total area planted with cotton and its yield in both countries. These relative contributions are found to be quite different for Australia and China. In addition, there is a comparative analysis of fluctuations in the production of cotton,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural economics; China; Cotton production; Cotton supply responses; Fibre markets; Fluctuations in agricultural production; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q00; Q10; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90622
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Agricultural Employment Trends in an Enlarged European Union: Does the CAP Reform/Introduction Matter? AgEcon
Baum, Sabine; Cook, Peter; Stange, Henriette; Weingarten, Peter.
In the course of economic development there is a general downward trend of agricultural employment, although structural change in agriculture is often delayed. In the EU-15, agricultural employment decreased by -2.3% p.a. (measured in regular persons) and -3.0% p.a. (measured in annual working units) between 1995 and 2000. In some of the new EU Member States, employment in agriculture plummeted in the early 1990s, whereas in others it increased during the first years of transition and has served as a social buffer in times of economic hardship. The most important determinants of agricultural employment changes are labor saving technical progress, the macroeconomic environment, the farm structure, socio-economic characteristics of the farmer and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural labor market; Agricultural policy; European Union; Transition countries; Case studies; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; J43; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25395
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Análise espacial da produtividade agrícola no Estado do Paraná: implicações para o seguro agrícola AgEcon
Ozaki, Vitor Augusto.
This paper analyses the spatial pattern of the agricultural yield data. Using the spatial statistics, it is possible to estimate some parameters of the semivariogram to study the problem of the systemic risk, which has great implications for the crop insurance program in Brazil. In particular, the “range” parameter was estimated. This parameter measures the distance, in which the spatial correlation tends to zero. For the empirical analysis, county yield data was used provided by IBGE, for soybean and corn, in the state of Paraná, through 1990 and 2002. The results showed that there is spatial dependence in every year analysed, going to zero in relatively long distances (in km).
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Systemic risk; Spatial correlation; Semivarioram.; Agribusiness; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61239
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Analyzing of Special Hungarian Micro-Regions from the Point of View of a New Rural Category AgEcon
Ritter, Krisztian.
There is no universally accepted definition of the category of "rural area" in Hungary and this issue is the subject of controversy. The EU or OECD standards cannot be fully applied due to unique national characteristics. As a) the role of agriculture in the national economy has drastically decreased in the last 15 years in Hungary - due to the political transition and globalisation, and as b) this decreasing importance causes heavy and pressing problems, especially in agricultural and ex-agricultural areas and regions, job loss is a characteristic sign of the underprivileged areas, and that affects mainly the villages and rural people who have lost their jobs in the agricultural sector. Main goal of the author's Ph.D. research is an analysis of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural employment; EU; Job loss; Rural area; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q19.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24448
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Animal Health Economics. What Can It Do? What Are the Big Questions? AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
It is argued that while considerable development of animal health economics has occurred in recent decades, it has not yet achieved its potential coverage. It has been mostly applied to livestock, particularly livestock used for commerce, and its application to a range of other animals has been relatively neglected. Extending its coverage also requires widening the type of objectives taken into account in the analysis. Furthermore, the main focus of animal health economics has been on the economics of controlling and managing the occurrence of diseases. The economic role of genetics, the environment, nutrition and the comfort of animals in their health ought to be given greater attention. In the case of zoonoses, the economic analysis should be extended to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Animal health economics; Diseases; Health economics; Information economics; Precautionary principle; Public economics; Zoonoses; Farm Management; Health Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries; Public Economics; I10; Q19.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97472
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ASSESSMENT OF SECOND PILLAR PROGRAMS AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL AgEcon
Elsholz, Rudiger.
The second pillar of the CAP is expected to play a key role for rural development – especially for less favoured areas. Conservation of biodiversity and the cultural landscape and the competitiveness of farmers are important objectives addressed by different measures. The importance of the second pillar has been heavily emphasised for all the different objectives. The aim of the present paper is to analyse the programs of the second pillar for the federal state of Hesse, Germany. To give an overview of the programs the design of the measures is illustrated in detail. The programs are assessed from a theoretical point of view. Furthermore, the programs are classified into three axes in regard to the main objectives. The findings are threefold. Firstly, the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural Policy; Second Pillar and Regional Policy Impact; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44792
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Canadian Consumer Attitudes and Purchasing Behaviour of Omega-3 Products AgEcon
Nilsson, Tomas K.H.; Chase, Darren; Emunu, John Paul; McCann-Hiltz, Diane; Peng, Yanning.
The development of innovative functional food products is a major trend in today's food industry. The growth of this industry is driven by increased consumer awareness of their own health deficiencies, increased understanding of the possible health benefits of functional foods, development in formulation technologies, a positive regulatory environment and changing consumer demographics and lifestyles. While there has been a proliferation of omega-3 products such as milk, eggs, yogurt, and margarine in the Canadian food market, very little is known about consumers of omega-3 products. In our study we use ACNielsen HomescanTM data combined with ACNielsen Panel TrackTM survey data to develop profiles of omega-3 consumers in Canada. The focus of the study is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Omega-3 fatty acids; Nutritional labelling; Health benefits; Ordered probit model; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; C81; D12; I19; Q19.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7713
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CATTLE STOCK AND THE ANALYSIS OF TOTAL MEAT PRODUCTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AgEcon
Arsić, Slavica; Kljajic, Natasa; Vukovic, Predrag.
Professional paper
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Cattle breeding; The production of beef; Pork; Mutton and poultry meat; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Q10; Q19.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123962
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Comparison of Perception of Risk and Willingness to Consume GM Foods AgEcon
Wachenheim, Cheryl J.; Nganje, William E.; Lesch, William C..
The dichotomy between perceptions of the acceptability of risk associated with genetically modified (GM) foods and willingness to consume GM foods is investigated. Results indicate that some consumers are willing to consume GM foods even though they may perceive such foods as somewhat unsafe, with determinants such as self-perceived knowledge about the availability of GM foods and altruistic motives having positive and significant impacts on their consumption decision. Efforts towards decreasing perceptions of risk and ultimately increasing acceptance of, and demand for, GM foods should address issues related to their altruistic characteristics and outrage.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetic modified foods; Multinomial logit; Risk perception; Willingness to consume GM foods; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q19; D12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6876
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Demand for Multimedia in the Classroom AgEcon
Boyer, Tracy A.; Briggeman, Brian C.; Norwood, F. Bailey.
This study elicits preferences for multimedia in the classroom for students and faculty members in agricultural economics. Employing an Internet-based conjoint ranking survey, the results show that students prefer multimedia instructional tools over a traditional chalkboard/whiteboard lecture format while faculty members do not. Neither students nor faculty members are enthusiastic about electronic textbooks, and students will accept them only if they save $80. Finally, preferences for multimedia are shown to differ with students who self-report differing note-taking abilities, preferences for chalkboard lectures, and the need for an engaging class. Successful multimedia adoption requires appropriate use and lowering costs for students.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conjoint ranking; Instruction; Microeconomics; Multimedia instruction; Valuation; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; A22; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56663
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Does Gibrat's Law Hold Amongst Dairy Farmers in Northern Ireland? AgEcon
Kostov, Philip; Patton, Myles; Moss, Joan E.; McErlean, Seamus.
This paper tests whether the Law of Proportionate Effects (Gibrat, 1931), which states that farms grow at a rate that is independent of their size, holds for the dairy farms in Northern Ireland. Previous studies have tended to concentrate on testing whether the law holds for all farms. The methodology used in this study permits investigation of whether the law holds for some farms or all farms according to their size. The approach used avoids the subjective splitting of samples, which tends to bias results. The finding shows that the Gibrat law does hold except in the case of small farms. This is in accordance with previous findings that Gibrat's law tends to hold when only larger farms are considered, but tends to fail when smaller farms are included in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gibrat's law; Quantile regression; Sample selection bias; Integrated Conditional Moments test; Agricultural and Food Policy; C12; C14; O49; Q19.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24775
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Double Transplanting: Economic Assessment of an Indigenous Technology for Submergence Avoidance in the Flood-Prone Rice Environment in Bangladesh AgEcon
Azad, Md Abdus Samad; Hossain, Mahabub.
In the northern part of Bangladesh a large proportion of land is medium and low-lying which are subjected to the risk of flooding from heavy rains during the month of August and September. Consecutive days of heavy rains after the crop establishment causes flash floods leading to death of seedlings and additional costs for re-transplanting. In response to this environmental problem, farmers practice a system of double transplanting of rice, locally known as Bolon to avoid crop failure from submergence. One-month old seedlings are transferred to another field with dense transplanting, and then re-transplanted to the main after the risk of flash flood is over. Scientists argue that the system would have lower yield and higher costs, thereby lower profits...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop establishment method; Productivity; Profitability; Technical efficiency; Crop Production/Industries; O3; Q16; Q18; Q19; Q55.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25448
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Effect of Menu Labeling on Caloric Intake and Restaurant Revenue in Full-Service Restaurants AgEcon
Ellison, Brenna D.; Lusk, Jayson L.; Davis, David W..
Paper removed at the request of the author.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Menu labeling; Numeric and symbolic calorie labels; Restaurant revenue; Full service restaurant; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q19; I18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123325
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Em busca de um novo paradigma para o seguro rural no Brasil AgEcon
Ozaki, Vitor Augusto.
The implementation of a crop insurance program is an old requirement of the agricultural sector. After the failure of the National Crop Insurance Company (CNSA), in the period of 1954 through 1966, the federal government started to stimulate the agricultural insurance market. Aiming increase the crop insurance operations the Government approved Law n. 10.823 which subsidize part of the premium paid by farmers. The nature of this work is essentially analytical, such that any quantitative model has been established. Over the years, government risk management tools, such as, Proagro and some private insurance companies have had unsatisfactory financial results suggesting that the current crop insurance model presents signals of decline. This article shows the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop insurance; Paradigm; Subsidy; Agribusiness; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61274
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Evaluating Multifunctional Activities as Rural Institution in Japan AgEcon
Ohe, Yasuo.
The relationship between multifunctionality and the roles of rural communities has not been discussed fully although the connection between the two is an essential issue in the rural policy arena. Pursuing this issue, this paper considers that multifunctional hamlet activities are generated as institutional joint products within the hamlet. Also evaluated is the connection between multifunctional activities and institutional hamlet conditions under the Japanese direct payment program for less favored areas. Results of conceptual considerations and empirical evaluations reveal that specific multifunctional hamlet activities depend on hamlet conditions; those on the least favorable level tend to perform land preservation activities while those under the most...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Multifunctionality; Rural community; Institution; Jointness; Diversification; Human resources; Direct payment; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q19; R0; Z13; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25468
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Evaluating the 1996 EU food aid reform: Did it really lead to better targeting? AgEcon
Maas, Sarah.
The paper analyses the 1996 EU food aid reform and addresses the question of its impact on improving EU food aid allocation in terms of reaching those countries which are most vulnerable to food insecurity. Using a two-stage regression model the analysis finds that EU food aid in kind is increasingly targeted towards developing countries affected by food insecurity. Most importantly, characteristics such as low calorie supply and balance-of-payments difficulties gained in importance in EU food aid allocation during the recent years. However, even though progress is noticeable, the results suggest a lack of coordination between the EU and other food aid donors which exacerbates food aid variability and may lower aid effectiveness.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU food aid; Policy reform; Political economy; Two-stage model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Political Economy; O13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51618
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Fallstudie zur Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage im Altmarkkreis Salzwedel (Sachsen­Anhalt) AgEcon
Pohl, Christian.
Zusammenfassung: Ziel dieser Fallstudie ist, die Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage auf verschiedene Bereiche der Landwirtschaft und des ländlichen Raumes in einem „typischen“ benachteiligten Gebiet vertieft zu untersuchen. Die Region steht dabei stellvertretend für eine Ackerbauregion mit Roggenanbau auf leichten Böden in den neuen Bundesländern. Dazu wurden vorhandene Statistiken, relevante Literatur und die Daten des BMELV­Testbetriebsnetzes ausgewertet sowie Befragungen mit Landwirten und Experten durchgeführt. Anhand einer schriftlichen Befragung von Beratern aus strukturell ähnlichen Landkreisen wurde die Übertragbarkeit der Fallstudie geprüft und alle Ergebnisse anschließend auf einem Workshop mit den zuständigen Fachreferenten der Länder und des Bundes...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benachteiligte Gebiete; Ausgleichszulage; Fallstudie; Less Favoured Areas; Compensatory allowance; Case study; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103254
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Fallstudie zur Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage im Landkreis St. Wendel (Saarland) AgEcon
Gasmi, Samy.
Zusammenfassung: Ziel dieser Fallstudie im Landkreis St. Wendel ist es, die Wirkung der Ausgleichszulage auf verschiedene Bereiche der Landwirtschaft und des ländlichen Raumes in einem „typischen“ benachteiligten Gebiet vertieft zu untersuchen. Dazu wurden vorhandene Statistiken, relevante Literatur und die Daten des Testbetriebsnetzes ausgewertet sowie Befragungen mit Landwirten und Experten durchgeführt. Anhand einer schriftlichen Befragung von Beratern aus strukturell ähnlichen Landkreisen wurde die Übertragbarkeit der Fallstudie geprüft und alle Ergebnisse anschließend auf einem Workshop mit den für die Ausgleichszulage zuständigen Fachreferenten der Länder und des Bundes diskutiert. Die Benachteiligung im Landkreis St. Wendel ist in erster Linie der...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benachteiligte Gebiete; Ausgleichszulage; Kleine Gebiete; Fallstudie; Less Favoured Areas; Compensatory allowance; Case study; Areas with specific handicaps; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103253
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Farm Household Income and On-and-Off Farm Diversification AgEcon
McNamara, Kevin T.; Weiss, Christoph R..
The paper analyzes the relationship between off-farm labor allocation and on-farm enterprise diversification as farm household income stabilization strategies with census data from the federal state of Upper Austria, Austria. The results suggest that both on-farm diversification and off-farm labor allocation are related to farm and household characteristics. Larger farm households tend to allocate more labor to off-farm income activities.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Enterprise diversification; Farm income risk; Off-farm income; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; J20; O13; Q12; Q19; R19.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43711
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