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Registros recuperados: 108
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A COMPARATIVE ESTIMATION OF THE COUNTRY REGIONS’ DEVELOPMENT STATE AgEcon
Baliuk, Sviatlana.
The article studies issue of a comparative estimation of the country regions’ development level. The author offers a set of indicators for defining competitive advantages and drawbacks of social and economic development of territories on the basis of integrated estimations. The basis of the author’s approach is a principle of extraction of the regional rent in modern conditions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Region; Regional economic development; Rent.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; R11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94566
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A contribuição de P&D Agropecuário para Convergência e Crescimento da Renda Agropecuária no Brasil AgEcon
Barreto, Ricardo Candéa Sá; Almeida, Eduardo Simões de.
Este artigo estuda o crescimento econômico e a convergência de renda Agropecuária dos estados Brasileiros de 1986 a 2004. Para este fim, utiliza-se um modelo econométrico de efeitos fixos, controlando-se a dependência espacial. Além de comprovar convergência condicional, o modelo econométrico revelou que o crescimento do PIB per capita agropecuário foi afetado por variáveis como capital físico agropecuário, infra-estrutura telefônica, infra-estrutura de armazenagem, crédito rural, número de trabalhadores rurais, e por externalidades espaciais. Além disso, ficou evidenciada a importância de P & D agropecuário para o crescimento e convergência de renda per capita no setor agropecuário e ainda a geração de externalidades espaciais...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Convergência de renda agropecuária; Nova geografia econômica; Modelo de efeitos fixos com dependência espacial; Income convergence; New economic geography; Fixed effect model with spatial dependence; Agricultural Finance; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O18; O47; R11; R23.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108170
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A SPATIAL ECONOMETRIC STAR MODEL WITH AN APPLICATION TO U.S. COUNTY ECONOMIC GROWTH, 1969–2003 AgEcon
Pede, Valerien O.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; Holt, Matthew T..
Spatial regression models incorporating non-stationarity in the regression coefficients are popular. We propose a spatial variant of the Smooth Transition AutoRegressive (STAR) model that is more parsimonious than commonly used approaches and endogenously determines the extent of spatial parameter variation. Uncomplicated estimation and inference procedures are demonstrated using a neoclassical convergence model for United States counties.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Spatial autoregression; Smooth transition; Spatial econometrics; STAR; GWR; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C21; C51; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48117
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Agglomeration, Spatial Interaction and Convergence in the EU AgEcon
Brauninger, Michael; Niebuhr, Annekatrin.
We investigate the convergence process among EU regions between 1980-2002 taking into account the effects of spatial heterogeneity and spatial spillover effects. The spatial regimes model allows for different steady-state growth paths. In contrast to previous analyses, the regimes in this paper refer to spatial categories, i.e. we assume that agglomerations, urbanised and rural regions are characterised by group-specific steadystates. Moreover, the regression analysis considers the effects of interaction among neighbouring regions, possibly leading to a spatial dependence of regional growth rates. We check whether spatial dependence is caused by spatial spillovers or based on country effects.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Convergence; Agglomeration; European Union; Spatial econometrics; Quantile regression; International Development; C21; O52; R11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26150
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Agricultural Research Impact Assessment: The Case of Maize Technology Adoption in Southern Mali AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Frahan, Bruno Henry de.
Adoption of the improved maize package was particularly rapid during the period 1980-86 when an attractive guaranteed price was offered and extension activities were reinforced by a maize project that included the establishment of a seed multiplication program. Following cereal market price liberalization in 1986, maize prices fell and have been subject to considerable variability. Area has continued to expand, but farmers have greatly reduced fertilizer use, switched back to maize-late millet intercropping, and substituted early maturing varieties better suited to their own food security needs. The estimated internal rate of return (IRR) to investment in maize research and extension in southern Mali over the period 1969-90 is 135%. This high rate can be...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Downloads June 2008 - June 2009: 26; R11.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54729
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Agriculture and Rural Economic Growth AgEcon
Deller, Steven C.; Gould, Brian W.; Jones, Bruce L..
The role of farm dependence and size on rural economic growth is examined with data from 2,240 nonmetropolitan U.S. counties for the period 1990-1995. A simple neoclassical model of regional economic growth is set forth with a central question relating to the role of agriculture on rural economic convergence. Traditional neoclassical theory predicts that poor rural areas should grow proportionally faster than rich areas. As interpreted in the academic literature and popular press, a preponderance of small family farms should enhance growth. Results suggest that a higher level of local dependence on production agriculture could lower growth rates.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic growth; Production agriculture; Rural development; O47; Q18; R11.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43153
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Agro-food chain: an innovative paradigm for food and rural policy analysis and agro-food chain segments’ systemic performance at regional level AgEcon
Samoggia, Antonella; Maccani, Paola; Marchi, Alan.
The food chain concept is an increasingly common theoretical instrument for food and rural development policy and many countries adopt the so-called “new rural paradigm”, so to integrate different sectoral policies. This paper aims at adopting the food chain paradigm in order to analyse the regional agro-food system and to sustain the design and delivery of consistent inter-sectoral policies. It adopts the netchain concept (Lazzarini et al, 2001) and the theory of governance patterns in global value chains (Gereffi et al, 2005). Results show this innovative approach contributes to better understand and stimulate economic performance of the whole agro-food network.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural policy; Region; Agro-food chain; Performance; Intersectoral approach; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18; Q18; R11; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94900
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AMENITIES IN AN URBAN EQUILIBRIUM MODEL: RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT IN PORTLAND, OREGON AgEcon
Wu, JunJie; Adams, Richard M.; Plantinga, Andrew J..
This paper analyzes the effect of open space and other amenities on housing prices and development density within the framework of an urban equilibrium model. The model is estimated as a system of equations that includes households' residential choice decisions and developers' development decisions and emphasizes the importance of amenities in the formation of development patterns and property values. The model is applied to Portland, Oregon, where ambitious open space programs have been implemented. The results suggest that amenities are important: households are willing to pay more for newer houses located in areas of less dense development, with more open space, better views, less traffic congestion, and near amenity locations. For the developer,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; R21; R31.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21961
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An Economic Analysis of Research and Technology Transfer of Millet, Sorghum, and Cowpeas in Niger AgEcon
Mazzucato, Valentina; Ly, Samba.
This study analyzes returns to investments in Niger's research and technology transfer system for millet, sorghum, and cowpea between 1975 and 1991. Sixty-eight percent of the country's public-sector outlays for agricultural research and 58% of its agricultural researchers were devoted to research on these three crops between 1986 and 1990. Most of this research was done by INRAN, the national agricultural research institute of Niger (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Millet; Sorghum; Cowpeas; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Downloads July 2008 - July 2009: 11; R11.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54730
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Are poor, remote areas left behind in agricultural development: the case of Tanzania AgEcon
Minot, Nicholas.
In Tanzania, as in many other developing countries, the conventional wisdom is that economic reforms may have stimulated economic growth, but that the benefits of this growth have been uneven, favoring urban households and farmers with good market access. This idea, although quite plausible, has rarely been tested empirically. In this paper, we develop a new approach to measuring trends in poverty and apply it to Tanzania in order to explore the distributional aspects of economic growth and the relationship between rural poverty and market access. We find that, between 1991 and 2003, a period of extensive economic reforms, the overall rate of poverty fell about 9 percentage points. The degree of poverty reduction was similar between rural and urban areas,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tanzania; Poverty; Market access; Agricultural development; Rural areas; Economic reform; Measurement; Rural poverty; International Development; I32; O18; O55; Q13; R11.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59829
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Austrian Border Regions and Eastern Integration A Low Competitiveness - High Growth Paradoxon AgEcon
Mayerhofer, Peter.
Many regions on the EU Eastern borders have developed favourably after the opening up of the border and the implementation of association agreements with the CEECs. This was often seen as a positive sign for the further perspectives of these regions after EU enlargement. In this paper we take a closer look at the mechanisms involved in a case study for Austria. Based on a very disaggregated data set at a regional as well as sectoral level we find that neither sectoral preconditions nor locational advantages can explain the good performance of (rural) border regions after 1989. Using multivariate cluster analyses we group 3-digit-industries to theoretically founded typologies indicating different sector characteristics and find that (fast growing) rural...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Border Regions; Integration; EU Enlargement; Regional Competitiveness; Austria; International Relations/Trade; F02; F15; R11; R12.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26234
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Bayesian Model Averaging in the Context of Spatial Hedonic Pricing: An Application to Farmland Values AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Stobbe, Tracy; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Since 1973, British Columbia created an Agricultural Land Reserve to protect farmland from development. In this study, we employ GIS-based hedonic pricing models of farmland values to examine factors that affect farmland prices. We take spatial lag and error dependence into explicit account. However, the use of spatial econometric techniques in hedonic pricing models is problematic because there is uncertainty with respect to the choice of the explanatory variables and the spatial weighting matrix. Bayesian model averaging techniques in combination with Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition are used to allow for both types of model uncertainty.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian model averaging; Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition; Spatial econometrics; Hedonic pricing; GIS; Urban-rural fringe; Farmland fragmentation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; R11; R15; C50; R14.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37046
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Belize Rural Development Programme (BRDP): Strategy, achievements and lessons learnt AgEcon
Avila, Marcelino.
Bridgetown, Barbados 6th – 10th July, 2009
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Belize; 9th EDF; Agriculture; Rural development; Poverty reduction; Small and micro enterprises; Empowerment of stakeholders; Institutional strengthening; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122666
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Business Establishment Growth in the Appalachian Region, 2000-2007: An Application of Smooth Transition Spatial Process Models AgEcon
Xu, Wan; Lambert, Dayton M..
Business establishment growth in the Appalachian region (2000–2007) was regressed on industry sector composition controlling for demographic, physical, and economic determinants. We test the hypothesis that local response to growth determinants is geographically heterogeneous using Smooth Transition spatial process models. This class of models exhibiting endogenous regime switching behavior provides another tool for exploring the spatially heterogeneous effects of local determinants on economic growth.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Appalachia; Business establishment growth; Smooth transition models; Spatial processes; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C21; C51; O47; R11.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113517
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Changes in rural areas of Ukraine: problems and opportunities AgEcon
Moroz, Serhiy Mykolayovych.
The paper describes the main tendencies and perspectives of development of rural areas in Ukraine. It emphasizes that the key reason of existing socio-economic issues in rural regions is the absence of well-defined rural development policy. Thus, it is necessary for Ukraine to implement long-term rural policy, as it takes place in countries of the European Union. Rural development should be based on the territorial approach. The special attention should be paid to the creation of local action groups. Hence, it is essential to introduce a program, similar to the LEADER initiative, to use local possibilities, and to implement the bottom-up approach for the solution of rural issues. Also, special strategies should be developed to expand non-farm rural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; Rural policy; Ukraine; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94624
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CIVIC COMMUNITY APPROACHES TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOUTH: ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH PROSPERITY AgEcon
Robinson, Kenneth L.; Lyson, Thomas A.; Christy, Ralph D..
The free market-based policies of the corporate community model have skewed economic development across the South. For many small, rural communities, the consequences of global capitalism have resulted in declining real wages, high underemployment, and increasing rates of income inequality. Backed by recent scholarship and grassroots movements that suggest both civic engagement and the presence of smaller-scale, locally controlled enerprises can help determine whether communities prosper or decline, this paper explores the links between social structure and rural development in the South. The goal is to expand our understanding of civic community theory as an alternative to the neoclassical economic model of development. Using a local problem-solving...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Civic community; Economic growth; Rural development; Social capital; Southern United States; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; O21; R58.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15468
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Clubes de convergência nos municipios mineiros: uma análise via modelo threshold AgEcon
Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos; Amorim, Airton Lopes; Coronel, Daniel Arruda; Braga, Marcelo Jose.
This paper is makes an analysis of the process of convergence of income between the municipalities of the Minas Gerais (Brazil) in the period of 1980 to 2005, trying to identify the existence of clubs of convergence using a model threshold. Results indicated for the formation of four clubs of convergence, among them shows a process of convergence between the all clubs. Human capital proved to be significant in explaining the process of growth of the intermediate groups of municipalities richer. The results also indicated that the physical capital was significantly negative for explaining the process of economic growth of most rich clubs of convergence, demonstrating in this way, a negative role for public investment undertaken in the districts of the region.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income Convergence; Threshold Effect; Minas Gerais (Brazil); Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; R11.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114400
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Community and Labor Issues in Animal Agriculture AgEcon
Goldsmith, Peter D.; Martin, Philip L..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; Livestock Production/Industries; Q13; R11; J61; J43; J28.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94387
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¿Cómo enfrentar una geografía adversa?: el rol de los activos públicos y privados AgEcon
Escobal D'Angelo, Javier; Torero, Maximo.
En el Perú, país con una asombrosa diversidad ecológica, con 84 zonas climáticas y paisajes distintos, con selvas tropicales, altas cordilleras y desiertos, puede que el contexto geográfico no sea suficiente para explicar las variaciones regionales en ingresos y bienestar, pero si es muy significativo. La pregunta más importante que este trabajo trata de responder es: qué rol juegan las variables geográficas - tanto naturales como antropogénicas - al explicarse las diferencias de gasto per cápita entre las diversas regiones del Perú. Cómo han cambiado estas influencias en el tiempo, a través de qué medios han sido transmitidas, y si el acceso a los activos privados y públicos ha compensado los efectos de una geografía adversa.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Nivel de vida; Ingresos de hogares; Gastos de consumo; Bienestar social; Analisis regional; Crecimiento económico; Perú; Standard of living; Household income; Consumer expenditure; Social welfare; Regional analysis; Economic growth; Peru; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; D91; R11; Q12.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37771
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Convergence and the Effects of Spatial Interaction AgEcon
Niebuhr, Annekatrin.
Since the beginning of the 1990s, the issue of income convergence has received considerable attention in economic research. Although a vast number of empirical studies has emerged, evidence on the role of spatial interaction is still rather scarce. The present paper is an attempt to provide additional information on the spatial aspect of convergence. Spatial econometric methods are used to investigate regional convergence in West Germany. The results indicate that spatial interaction is an important element of regional growth. However, considering spatial effects does not alter the general conclusion that regional income growth is characterised by a process of convergence.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional convergence; Spatial interaction; Spatial econometrics; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C21; C52; O18; R11.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26351
Registros recuperados: 108
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