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Registros recuperados: 42
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Agriculture and Income Distribution: Insights from a SAM of the Italian Economy AgEcon
Rocchi, Benedetto; Romano, Donato; Stefani, Gianluca.
The paper presents the results of the first SAM analysis of the agricultural sector in Italy. A SAM of the Italian economy has been properly modified in order to focus the analysis on agriculture. Two type of analysis have been carried out: (i) a multiplier analysis, and (ii) an assessment of the distributive impacts of different agricultural policies. This paper proposes also a new method for disaggregating the institutional sectors and production factors in order to analyze income distribution within the economy, with special emphasis on the agricultural sector. Main results are: (i) "fully" decoupled income supporting schemes (transfers to agricultural households) are the most equitable interventions and determine a perfect targeting of the distributive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social accounting matrix; Agriculture; Income distribution; Italy; Labor and Human Capital; R13; R15; Q18; E25.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24919
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Análisis del impacto medioambiental derivado de las actividades económicas. Aplicación a una economía regional AgEcon
Flores, Monica; Mainar, Alfredo J..
The goal of this paper is to analyse the households’ environmental impact in a regional economy, including the household direct impact as well as the impact associated with the production of goods and services of the household demand. Moreover, per capita ecological impacts for each household category according to income level are obtained. We focus on water consumption, and water and atmospheric pollution. The framework is based on a regional SAMEA (Social Accounting Matrix and Environmental Accounts), and vertically integrated environmental indicators using the Leontief model. An application is carried out for the Aragon case.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; C67; D57; Q51; Q53; R15; R30.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99093
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Analysing Regional Sustainability Through a Systemic Approach: The Lombardy Case Study AgEcon
Caratti, Pietro; Ferraguto, Ludovico.
The intrinsic complexity of the sustainability concept challenges research towards more sophisticated ways to model and assess the dimensions underlying it. However, currently adopted modelling techniques and indicators frameworks are not able to give an integrated assessment through the different components of sustainability, providing incomplete visuals of the reality that they aim to catch. This paper tries to assess how the INSURE methodology can provide a contribution in the analysis of sustainability through indicator frameworks, describing its application to the Lombardy region (Italy). Developed on the course of a 6th European Framework Program – financed project to measure sustainability in the European regions, the methodology provides two...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Sustainable Development; Regional Economics; Econometric and Input Output Models; Development Planning and Policy; Regional Analyses; Q01; R; R15; O2; O18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37670
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Assessing the Consequences of Natural Disasters on Production Networks: A Disaggregated Approach AgEcon
Henriet, Fanny; Hallegatte, Stephane.
This article proposes a framework to investigate the consequences of natural disasters. This framework is based on the disaggregation of Input-Output tables at the business level, through the representation of the regional economy as a network of production units. This framework accounts for (i) limits in business production capacity; (ii) forward propagations through input shortages; and (iii) backward propagations through decreases in demand. Adaptive behaviors are included, with the possibility for businesses to replace failed suppliers, entailing changes in the network structure. This framework suggests that disaster costs depend on the heterogeneity of losses and on the structure of the affected economic network. The model reproduces economic...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Natural disasters; Economic impacts; Economic Network; Production Economics; D20; Q54; R15.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46657
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Bayesian Model Averaging in the Context of Spatial Hedonic Pricing: An Application to Farmland Values AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Stobbe, Tracy; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Since 1973, British Columbia created an Agricultural Land Reserve to protect farmland from development. In this study, we employ GIS-based hedonic pricing models of farmland values to examine factors that affect farmland prices. We take spatial lag and error dependence into explicit account. However, the use of spatial econometric techniques in hedonic pricing models is problematic because there is uncertainty with respect to the choice of the explanatory variables and the spatial weighting matrix. Bayesian model averaging techniques in combination with Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition are used to allow for both types of model uncertainty.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bayesian model averaging; Markov Chain Monte Carlo Model Composition; Spatial econometrics; Hedonic pricing; GIS; Urban-rural fringe; Farmland fragmentation; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; R11; R15; C50; R14.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37046
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems as a Strategy for Mitigating Climate Change AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Wang, Yichuan; Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna.
Under Kyoto, forestry activities that sequester carbon can be used to create CO2 offset credits that could obviate the need for lifestyle-changing reductions in fossil fuel use. Credits are earned by storing carbon in forest ecosystems and wood products, although CO2 emissions are also mitigated by delaying deforestation, which accounts for one-quarter of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Non-permanent carbon offsets from forest activities are difficult to compare with each other and with mitigation strategies because they differ in how long they prevent CO2 from entering the atmosphere. In this paper, we investigate issues of carbon sequestration in detail, but in particular we expand in comprehensive fashion on earlier work comparing carbon mitigation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Carbon offset credits from forestry activities; Meta-regression analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q54; R15; Q23; Q27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9931
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China's New Rural Income Support Policy: Impact on Grain Production and Rural Income Inequality AgEcon
Heerink, Nico; Kuiper, Marijke H.; Xiaoping, Shi.
The impact of China's new rural income support policy and recent price trends on grain production and rural income inequality is assessed for two villages with different degrees of market access in Northeast Jiangxi Province. Two village-level general equilibrium models are used to analyze household decision making and interactions between households within these villages. Parameter estimation and model calibration is based on data collected during an extensive survey held in these villages in the year 2000. The household classification used in these models allows us to draw conclusions that are relevant for many other villages and regions in China. Simulation results show that the income support policy does not reach its goal of promoting grain...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income policy; Grain production; Income inequality; Villages; CGE model; China; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; O20; Q12; R15.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25625
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Costs of Creating Carbon Offset Credits via Forestry Activities: A Meta-Regression Analysis AgEcon
van Kooten, G. Cornelis; Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna; Wang, Yichuan.
The main focus of efforts to mitigate climate change is on the avoidance of fossil fuel emissions. However, the Kyoto rules permit the use of forestry activities that create carbon offset credits. These could obviate the need for lifestyle-changing reductions in fossil fuel use. It is necessary for policy purposes, therefore, to determine the cost effectiveness of creating forest sink carbon credits. In this study, meta-regression analyses with 1047 observations from 68 studies are used to determine factors that affect carbon sequestration costs. Results indicate that soil carbon is not very important, but that forest plantations and use of biomass for energy make forestry activities more attractive. It also turns out that forestry activities are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Climate mitigation; Forest carbon offset credits; Meta-regression analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q54; R15; Q23; Q27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37039
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Determinants of Land-Use Change In the United States 1982-1997 AgEcon
Lubowski, Ruben N.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Stavins, Robert N..
Changes in the use of land in the United States produce significant economic and environmental effects with important implications for a wide variety of policy issues, including protection of wildlife habitat, management of urban growth, and mitigation of global climate change. In contrast to previous descriptive and qualitative analyses of the trends in national land use, this paper uses an econometric approach to isolate the importance of historical changes in land-use profits and key government policies in determining national land-use changes from 1982 to 1997. The policies we examine are the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and total government payments to crop producers. We estimate a national-level discrete choice model of changes among the major...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land use; Econometric model; Counterfactual simulation; Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); Land Economics/Use; C53; Q1; Q24; R14; R15.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10714
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Determinants of Timberland Use by Ownership and Forest Type in Alabama and Georgia AgEcon
Nagubadi, Rao V.; Zhang, Daowei.
Land use changes and timberland use by ownership and forest type in Alabama and Georgia between 1972 and 2000 are analyzed using a modified multinomial logit approach. Low average land quality, federal cost-share incentives, and favorable returns to forestry relative to agriculture were the main factors associated with timberland increase. Higher forestry returns helped increase industrial timberland but not nonindustrial private forests. An increase in hardwood forests at the expense of softwood and mixed forests was driven by increasing hardwood returns. Increasing softwood returns and tree planting assistance programs alleviated declines in softwood forests. Because factors influencing timberland use changes differ by ownership and forest type,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Forest type; Land use determinants; Modified multinomial logit; Timberland ownership; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q23; R15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43726
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Distributional Impacts of Agritourism in the Arkansas Delta Byways region AgEcon
Das, Biswa R.; Rainey, Daniel V..
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/16/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: ARIMA; Agritourism Demand; Economic Impact Analysis; Rural Economic Development; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R15; R58.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6436
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Dynamic Spatial Modelling of Regional Convergence Processes AgEcon
Kosfeld, Reinhold; Lauridsen, Jorgen.
Econometric analysis of convergence processes across countries or regions usually refers to a transition period between an arbitrary chosen starting year and a fictitious steady state. Panel unit root tests and panel cointegration techniques have proved to belong to powerful econometric tools if the conditions are met. When referring to economically defined regions, though, it is rather an exception than the rule that coherent time series are available. For this case we introduce a dynamic spatial modelling approach which is suitable to trace regional adjustment processes in space instead of time. It is shown how the spatial error-correction mechanism (SEC model) can be estimated depending on the spatial stationarity properties of the variables under...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Regional convergence; Dynamic spatial models; Spatial unit roots; Spatial error-correction; Community/Rural/Urban Development; C21; R11; R15.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26211
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Economic Competitiveness of Bioenergy Production and Effects on Agriculture of the Southern Region AgEcon
English, Burton C.; Torre Ugarte, Daniel de la; Walsh, Marie E.; Hellwinckel, Chad M.; Menard, R. Jamey.
The economic competitiveness of biobased industries is discussed by comparing the South relative to other regions of the United States and biomass as a feedstock source relative to fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum. An estimate of the biomass resource base is provided. Estimated changes in the agricultural sector over time resulting from the development of a large-scale biobased industry are reported, and a study on the potential to produce electricity from biomass compared with coal in the southern United States is reviewed. A biobased industry can increase net farm income and enhance economics development and job creation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Biobased industries; Biomass; Cofire; Energy; Ethanol; Lignocellulosic; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; Q41; R15; Q11.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43775
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Economic Impact of Wildlife-Associated Recreation Expenditures in the Southeast United States: A General Equilibrium Analysis AgEcon
Hussain, Anwar; Munn, Ian A.; Holland, David W.; Armstrong, James; Spurlock, Stanley R..
The economic impact of wildlife-associated recreation in the Southeast United States was evaluated using a general equilibrium model. Exogenous demand shocks to the regional economy were based on estimates of expenditures by wildlife recreationists on hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching activities. Counterfactual simulations were carried out, making alternative assumptions about labor and capital mobility and their supply. Without wildlife-associated recreation expenditures, regional employment would have been smaller by up to 783 thousand jobs, and value added would have been $22 to $48 billion less. These findings underscore the significance of regional factor market conditions in economic impact and general equilibrium analysis.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: General equilibrium modeling; Input-output analysis; Regional economic impact; Wildlife-associated recreation activities; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; R13; R15; Q26.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120456
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Economic Impacts of Carbon Taxes and Biomass Feedstock Usage in Southeastern United States Coal Utilities AgEcon
English, Burton C.; Jensen, Kimberly L.; Menard, R. Jamey; Walsh, Marie E.; Brandt, Craig; Van Dyke, Jim; Hadley, Stanton.
The Southeastern United States depends on coal to supply 60% of its electricity needs. The region leads in CO2 emissions and ranks second in emissions of SO2 and NO2. Compared with coal, biomass feedstocks have lower emission levels of sulfur or sulfur compounds and can potentially reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. This study examines the economic impacts of cofiring level scenarios. Economic impacts are estimated for producing, collecting, and transporting feedstock; retrofitting coal-fired utilities for burning feedstock; operating cofired utilities; and coal displaced from burning the feedstock.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q42; R15.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6634
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Effects of Non-farm Employments on Poverty among Small Households in Developed Villages of Bangladesh: A Case of Comilla Sadar Upazila AgEcon
Malek, Mohammad Abdul; Usami, Koichi.
The study aims at estimating comprehensive effects of non-farm employments (NFEs) on poverty based on an intensive field survey conducted in 2008 on about 175 small landholding households in developed four villages of Comilla Sadar Upazila. We analyze participating factors of small household workers in NFEs and their effects on household production (farming and non-farm activities) and consumption (both food and non-food). For estimating consumption effects (poverty), we focus on food adequacy, income poverty and education poverty (as a part of human poverty). At each level of estimation, we depend on appropriate econometric regressions. Results find the significant positive role of overall NFEs on household NFAs rather faming. Remittance incomes do not...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-farm employments; Household economy; Production; Consumption; Income poverty; Education poverty; Bangladesh; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; J43; O15; Q12; Q17; R15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52811
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Effects of Tourism Upon the Economy of Small and Medium-Sized European Cities. Cultural Tourists and “The Others” AgEcon
del Corpo, Barbara; Gasparino, Ugo; Bellini, Elena; Malizia, William.
The paper presents the results of the application of an Input-Output-based approach for the estimation of direct, indirect and induced effects of tourist spending on local economies, in a static partial equilibrium setting. The methodology has been successfully applied in three case studies – Bergen (Norway), Elche (Spain), Syracuse (Italy) –, in the framework of the 6th FP project PICTURE (Pro-active management of the Impact of Cultural Tourism upon Urban Resources and Economies), in order to quantify the monetary impact of cultural tourism upon urban economies. The analysis was carried out in two major steps: firstly, interviews to tourists in each case study city, in order to estimate the scale and variability of the spending patterns of different...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tourism; Cultural Tourism; Economic Impacts; Input-Output Analysis; C67; R15; L83; D12.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37522
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El Paso Housing Sector Econometric Forecast Accuracy AgEcon
Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Kelley, Brian W..
There is comparatively little empirical evidence regarding the accuracy of regional housing sector forecasts. Much of the recent analysis conducted for this topic is developed for housing starts and indicates a relatively poor track record. This study examines residential real estate forecasts previously published for El Paso, TX using a structural econometric model. Model coverage is much broader than just starts. Similar to earlier studies, the previously published econometric predictions frequently do not fare very well against the selected random walk benchmarks utilized for the various series under consideration.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Applied econometrics; Metropolitan housing sector forecasts; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Political Economy; C53; R15; R31.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45534
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Environmental Performance and Regional Innovation Spillovers AgEcon
Costantini, Valeria; Mazzanti, Massimiliano; Montini, Anna.
The achievement of positive environmental performance at national level could strongly depend on differences in local capabilities of both institutions and the private business sector. Environmental regulation alone is a weak instrument if the institutional and business environment cannot transform regulation strengths into opportunities. In this paper, we use the new environmental accounting matrix for polluting emissions now available for the 20 Italian Regions that covers 24 sectors and combines a shift-share approach with spatial econometric modelling. We provide evidence of the role played by internal innovation, innovation spillovers and regional policies in shaping the geographical distribution of environmental performance achievements.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Performance; Technological Innovation; Regional Spillovers; Polluting Emissions; Italian Regions; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q53; Q55; Q56; R15.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94790
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Evaluating the Economic Impact of Farmers’ Markets Using an Opportunity Cost Framework AgEcon
Hughes, David W.; Brown, Cheryl; Miller, Stacy; McConnell, Tom.
Farmers’ markets presumably benefit local economies through enhanced retention of local dollars. Unlike other studies, the net impact of farmers’ markets on the West Virginia economy is examined. Producer survey results are used in estimating annual direct sales ($1.725 million). Using an IMPLAN-based input-output model, gross impacts are 119 jobs (69 full-time equivalent jobs) and $2.389 million in output including $1.48 million in gross state product (GSP). When the effect of direct revenue losses are included (primarily for grocery stores), the impact is reduced to 82 jobs (43 full-time equivalent jobs), $1.075 million in output, and $0.653 million in GSP.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farmers’ markets; Input-output models; Net economic impact; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; R15; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45523
Registros recuperados: 42
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