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Registros recuperados: 15
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A Retail Sales / Sales Tax Paradox AgEcon
Lansford, Notie H., Jr.; Brorsen, B. Wade; Woods, Michael D..
Small communities experiencing slow to negative growth sometimes increase their local sales tax rate in order to maintain or expand public services. A cross-sectional, time series model is used to investigate possible unintended consequences. Negative elasticities are found for tax rates above the norm, resulting in reduced retail trade.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community development; Sales tax; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; Q00; R51.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92071
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A Review of Municipal Bond Issues in Michigan AgEcon
Scorsone, Eric; Plerhoples, Christina.
Municipal bonds have recently been of national interest and Michigan’s strained economy over the past decade has made bond issuance in the state of particular interest to a variety of stakeholders. Given the close connection between municipal bonds and property taxes, the fall-off in the housing market has placed significant strain on bonds within the state. This paper reviews the Michigan municipal bond condition and develops a new debt assessment indicator system. This system was tested using over 700 Michigan local governments. Based on this indicator system, a number of communities are experiencing significant fiscal stress. However, further examination reveals that at least some of these communities have in place short term plans to address such...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Municipal bonds; Public finance; Regional economics; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; R5; R51.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103093
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A Socioeconomic Survey for the Recovery and Exploitation of the Terraced Vineyards of the Costa Viola (Calabria, Italy) AgEcon
Nicolosi, Agata; Cambareri, Domenico; Petulla, Mariangela.
The new model of rural development, based on the recognition of the economic, social and environmental function of the European agriculture, mainly headed to make strategies of intervention concerning about, from one side, the competitive ability of the agricultural and agro-industrial enterprises, and, from the other, the increasing of the economic, human, environmental and historical-cultural resources. In such context the multi-functional role of agriculture becomes central and the agricultural operators have to adapt themselves to items (the territories, the rural societies, the consumers, etc.) and to different prescriptions related to demands linked up with the productivity and/or the territory (defence of the ground, of the landscape, of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agro-environmental measures; Multi-functionality; Landscape safeguard; Agribusiness; Q32; Q56; R51.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24486
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Assessing the Role of Microfinance in Fostering Adaptation to Climate Change AgEcon
Agrawala, Shardul; Carraro, Maelis.
Much of the current policy debate on adaptation to climate change has focussed on estimation of adaptation costs, ways to raise and to scale-up funding for adaptation, and the design of the international institutional architecture for adaptation financing. There is however little or no emphasis so far on actual delivery mechanisms to channel these resources at the sub-national level, particularly to target the poor who are also often the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is in this context that microfinance merits a closer look. This paper offers the first empirical assessment of the linkages between microfinance supported activities and adaptation to climate change. Specifically, the lending portfolios of the 22 leading microfinance...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Climate Change; Financing; Adaptation; Bangladesh; Nepal; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q56; Q54; R51.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92709
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Coastal Erosion Management from a Community Economics Perspective: The Feasibility and Efficiency of User Fees AgEcon
Kriesel, Warren; Landry, Craig E.; Keeler, Andrew G..
Coastal communities cannot depend on funding from the state or federal government to maintain high-quality beaches that benefit the public and attract tourist revenues. This article investigates the feasibility and efficiency of beach improvement projects at two Georgia barrier islands through the alternative funding mechanisms of general-revenue financing and user fees. Benefits are calculated from observable sources. The analyses presented support beach improvement as an effective policy on both islands under all scenarios considered.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Beach nourishment; Coastal erosion; Relocation; User fees; Q26; R51; R53.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43520
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Culture and Finance in a Globalised World - An Uneasy Relation AgEcon
Reszat, Beate.
At the turn of the century, the role of culture in society is changing. One facet of this change is the relation between culture and finance. Globalisation has led to an increasing competition between financial centres worldwide and culture has become one determinant of competitiveness. But, culture is also adapting to finance in that it responds to the requirements of globalisation and to the needs and desires of a place's financial community. The paper analyses these two sides of interaction between finance and culture emphasising the role of collective memory and cultural identity for the representation of financial centers and taking a closer look at the role of the arts among the variety of forms of cultural practices. Then the attention is drawn to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Finance; Finance in Urban Economies; Cultural Economics; Financial Economics; F3; R51; Z1.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26268
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Economics of Sugar-Based Ethanol Production and Related Policy Issues AgEcon
Outlaw, Joe L.; Ribera, Luis A.; Richardson, James W.; da Silva, Jorge; Bryant, Henry L.; Klose, Steven L..
The feasibility of integrating ethanol production into an existing sugar mill was analyzed by a stochastic spreadsheet model. As the price of corn continues to rise, ethanol producers will eventually need to look at other feedstock alternatives. Sugarcane has been proven to work well in the production of ethanol in Brazil. The results indicated existing U.S. sugar mills could economically switch to ethanol production. As imports into the United States threaten to undermine the U.S. sugar program, sugarcane producers have a viable alternative. At the very least, the alternative exists to diversify their income streams with ethanol production.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Ethanol; Feasibility analysis; Simulation analysis; Sugarcane; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; R51; R58; O22.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6515
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Effective Environmental Protection in the Context of Government Decentralization AgEcon
Zhang, ZhongXiang.
China has shifted control over resources and decision making to local governments and enterprises as the result of the economic reforms over the past three decades. This devolution of decision-making to local levels and enterprises has placed environmental stewardship in the hands of local officials and polluting enterprises who are more concerned with economic growth and profits than the environment. Therefore, effective environmental protection needs their full cooperation. Against this background, this paper discusses a variety of tactics that China’s central government has been using to incentivize local governments, and a number of market-based instruments, supporting economic policies, environmental performance ratings and disclosure and cooperation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Effective Environmental Protection; Incentive Structure; Economic Instruments; Industrial Policy; Financial Institutions; Government Decentralization; China; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q53; Q56; Q58; Q43; Q48; H23; H75; R51.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101295
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Fiscal Trends: Implications for the Rural South AgEcon
Henry, Mark S.; Barkley, David L.; Li, Haizhen.
Key demographic trends in the rural South over the next decade-the aging of the population as baby boomers enter retirement, continued migration to the South, and rapid increases in shares of Hispanic residents-may have profound consequences for the financing of rural community public services. In this paper, we provide an overview of demographic and economic trends that are expected to influence the ability of rural communities to provide essential public services. In addition, we provide econometric evidence on the impacts that these trends are likely to have on the financing of K-12 education in South Carolina.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demographic trends; Fiscal trends; Government services; Rural South; R11; R23; R51.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37958
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Going Digital: Computerized Land Registration and Credit Access in India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Goyal, Aparajita.
Despite strong beliefs that property titling and registration will enhance credit access, empirical evidence in support of such effects remains scant. The gradual roll-out of computerization of land registry systems across Andhra Pradesh’s 387 sub-registry offices (SROs) allows us to combine quarterly administrative data on credit disbursed by all commercial banks for a 11 year period (1997-2007) aggregated to the SRO level with the date of shifting registration from manual to digital. Computerization had no credit effect in rural areas but led to increased credit-supply in urban ones. A marked increase of registered urban mortgages due to computerization supports the robustness of the result. At the same time, estimated impacts from reduction of stamp...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Registration; Credit; Transactions; Computerization; India; International Development; Land Economics/Use; G28; Q24; R51; R52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61257
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Interactive programming of rural development funds – lessons from the field AgEcon
Schmid, Julia Christiane; Hager, Astrid; Kirschke, Dieter.
Within this paper, we present an interactive modelling approach to support budgeting decisions at the program level and discuss its potential and limitations to contribute to more objective-oriented policy-making. The central feature of the approach is a linear optimisation model which is interactively defined and used together with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. We show how the current EAFRD framework can be translated into a model, and how this provides positive learning effects and increases in-house communication and transparency. From a conceptual point of view, the case study underlines the necessity to provide a simple and applicable methodology causing certain compromises with regard to theoretical...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development policy-making; Interactive programming; Budgeting; Decision aid; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q18; H72; R51.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94892
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Is Income Inequality Endogenous in Regional Growth? AgEcon
Hailu, Yohannes G.; Kahsai, Mulugeta S.; Gebremedhin, Tesfa G.; Jackson, Randall W..
This study focuses on testing the relationship between income inequality and growth within U.S. counties, and the channels through which such effects are observed. The study tests three hypotheses: (1) income inequality has an inverse relationship with growth; (2) regional growth adjustments are the channels through which the inequality and growth are equilibrated; and (3) income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and its adjustment. Results, based on a system of equations estimation, confirm the hypotheses that income inequality has a growth dampening effect; income inequality is endogenous to regional growth and growth adjustment; and the channels through which income inequality determines growth are regional growth adjustments, such as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income inequality; Economic growth; Gini coefficient; Growth modeling; Population change; Per capita income; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; I32; J15; O18; P25; R11; R23; R25; R51; R53; R58.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46320
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Oligopsony/Oligopoly Power and Factor Market Performance: The Case of U.S. Old Newspapers AgEcon
Hervani, Aref A..
This paper derives price-cost margins for the old newspaper (ONP) input market for newsprint manufacture and then examines the effects of two government policies and two variables measuring the market performances of ONP input and newsprint output on the oligopsonist’s ONP price-cost margins. In the wastepaper recycling market in particular, the ONP input market has not been successful in using the ONP generated. The outcomes of the study are that various degrees of price distortions existed in the ONP input markets in four regions of the United States during 1972-1995. Demand-side policy had a positive effect and supply-side policy had a negative effect on ONP price-cost margins in all regions.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Buyer and seller market shares; Mandated recycling programs; Minimum content standards; Oligopsony; R51; R58; O21; R11; R38.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43163
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Retaining Financial Capital for Rural Community Development: A Case Study of the Town of Olds, Alberta AgEcon
Financial capital is an important component of rural community development and a key aspect of community resilience. Yet residents often transfer their wealth into investment vehicles such as GICs and bonds that are external to their community. This exodus of financial capital is often in contrast to a deep commitment to the local community in which these residents lived and worked for the majority of their lives. With a focus on the Town of Olds, Alberta, this project seeks to understand the possibilities for local financial capital retention for community development. We compare several approaches to capital retention that include the transition towns movement, community currency and community bonds; we explore perspectives from municipal, provincial,...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Rural finance; Community investment; Impact assessment; Social research methods; Rural development; Community resilience; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R51; R11; Q38.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119055
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TAX INCENTIVES: AN EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES? AgEcon
Rainey, Daniel V.; McNamara, Kevin T..
As national and local economies become more globalized, many rural areas are going to find it more difficult to compete for private capital investments. A traditional tool, modifications to tax policy, of state and local governments will not be as effective (for many communities it has never been effective) in the future. These communities will need to seek other avenues of growth. However, for many rural communities even alternative avenues will not lead to enhanced economic opportunity.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agglomeration; Rural development; Tax policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R51; R58; O21; O23; R11; R38.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15463
Registros recuperados: 15
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