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Registros recuperados: 7
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Continuous Improvement and Innovation as an Approach to Effective Research and Development: A 'Trident' Evaluation of the Beef Profit Partnerships Project AgEcon
Madzivhandila, T.P.; Groenewald, Izak; Griffith, Garry R.; Fleming, Euan M..
Effective socio-economic service delivery is vital for alleviating poverty in developing countries. Increased financial support without complementary investment in service delivery mechanisms often results in little or no impact. This paper contributes to the discussion on how to maximize the impact of agricultural R&D. The case study examined is the South African Beef Profit Partnerships project that is underpinned by the Continuous Improvement and Innovation process. The evidence is presented using a ‘trident’ evaluation approach: a description and analysis of the process followed; the measurement of the outcomes achieved (impact); and the perspectives of the stakeholders involved.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Continuous Improvement and Innovation; Beef Profit Partnerships project; Socio-Economic Development; Sustainable Livelihoods; Research and Development; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6017
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IWRM and Food Security Project in Kafue Basin: Process Documentation AgEcon
Chisaka, Jonathan.
The purpose of this report is to show the process of the intervention made through the implementation of the IWRM and Food Security Demonstration Project in Zambia. The report gives details of the project processes, showing the steps the project went through, the outcomes and its impact on the communities where it was implemented. The report is the result of a number of field visits made to the completed project sites, the sources of information have been; focus group meetings, interviews, discussions with key informants, beneficiaries the youth, male and female stakeholders and reviews of project activity reports, and direct observations. Therefore, what is presented here is a cumulative “factual and real time” opinion as to what has been observed and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water resource management; Project planning; Project management; Water storage; Pumping; Wells; Participatory management; Leadership; Water policy; Central government; Local government; Irrigation water; Zambia; Kafue River Basin; Katuba; Namwala; Chibombo; Agribusiness; Community; Rural; Urban Development; Crop Production; Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics; Land Use; Production Economics; Research and Development; Emerging Technologies; Research Methods; Statistical Methods; Resource; Energy Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; Community involvement; Tech Change.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91805
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Light Duty Vehicle Transportation and Global Climate Policy: The Importance of Electric Drive Vehicles AgEcon
Bosetti, Valentina; Longden, Thomas.
With a focus on establishing whether climate targets can be met under different personal transport scenarios we introduce a transport sector representing the use and profile of light domestic vehicles (LDVs) into the integrated assessment model WITCH. In doing so we develop long term projections of light domestic vehicle use and define potential synergies between innovation in the transportation sector and the energy sector. By modelling the demand for LDVs, the use of fuels, and the types of vehicles introduced we can analyse the potential impacts on the whole economy. We find that with large increases in the use of vehicles in many regions around the globe, the electrification of LDVs is important in achieving cost effective climate targets and...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Light Duty Vehicles; Transportation; Climate Change Policy; Electric Drive Vehicles; Research and Development; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q54; R41; O3.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121948
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Linking Environmental and Innovation Policy AgEcon
Gerlagh, Reyer; Kverndokk, Snorre; Rosendahl, Knut Einar.
This paper addresses the timing and interdependence between innovation and environmental policy in a model of research and development (R&D). On a first-best path the environmental tax is set at the Pigouvian level, independent of innovation policy. With infinite patent lifetime, the R&D subsidy should be constant and independent of the state of the environment. However, with finite patent lifetime, optimal innovation policy depends on the stage of the environmental problem. In the early stages of an environmental problem, abatement research should be subsidized at a high level and this subsidy should fall monotonically over time to stimulate initial R&D investments. Alternatively, with a constant R&D subsidy, patents’ length should...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Policy; Research and Development; Innovation Subsidies; Patents; H21; O30; Q42.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37847
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Optimal Timing of Environmental Policy; Interaction Between Environmental Taxes and Innovation Externalities AgEcon
Gerlagh, Reyer; Kverndokk, Snorre; Rosendahl, Knut Einar.
This paper addresses the impact of endogenous technology through research and development (R&D) and learning by doing (LbD) on the timing of environmental policy. We develop two models, the first with R&D and the second with LbD. We study the interaction between environmental taxes and innovation externalities in a dynamic economy and prove policy equivalence between the second-best R&D and the LbD model. Our analysis shows that the difference found in the literature between optimal environmental policy in R&D and LbD models can partly be traced back to the set of policy instruments available, rather than being directly linked to the source of technological innovation. Arguments for early action in LbD models carry over to a second-best...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Policy; Technological Change; Research and Development; Learning by Doing; Environmental Economics and Policy; H21; O30; Q42.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9329
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Relatório técnico e de atividades da Embrapa Semiárido 2016. Infoteca-e
EMBRAPA SEMIÁRIDO.
Em seus 42 anos de história a Embrapa Semiárido se tornou uma referência na geração de conhecimentos e de tecnologias para segmentos de agricultores e de empreendedores que são relevantes na economia e na segurança alimentar da região Nordeste. Seja pelas elevadas produtividades que repercutem na competitividade das atividades agrícolas, seja pela possibilidade de fomentar a inclusão social de parcelas siginificativas na nossa população, do campo e da cidade. A capacidade técnica instalada na Unidade responde por uma programação de pesquisa e de desenvolvimento focada em aplicações relevantes à sustentabilidade dos sistemas agrícolas e do meio ambiente. Nos últimos anos é evidente a quantidade de informações e de inovações que deram sustentação a...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Pesquisa e desenvolvimento; Processo de gestão; Gestão orçamentária; Infraestrutura; Parceria; Gestão de risco; Desenvolvimento territorial; Produção técnico científica; Agricultura; Pesquisa agrícola; Transferência de Tecnologia; Adoção de inovação; Mudança tecnológica; Programa de pesquisa; Instituição de pesquisa; Administração de pesquisa; Comunicação; Agricultural research; Research and Development; Research and development institution; Semiarid.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1087670
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The Nature and Extent of Innovation in the Canadian Food Processing Industry AgEcon
Bonti-Ankomah, Samuel.
Innovation is considered one of the critical determinants for improved competitiveness and economic performance of the food processing industry, if Canada is to meet the challenges of the rapidly changing global food market and to exploit niche markets for products and remain competitive in the long run. The report provides useful information about innovation in the food processing industry by examining the nature and extent of innovation, drivers behind its implementation, the challenges facing innovating establishments and the significance of support services. The report shows that the tendency of establishments to conduct R&D or innovate may be influenced by their characteristics, and there are several challenges to innovation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Processing; Product innovation; Process innovation; Research and Development; Innovation impediments; Collaboration; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52701
Registros recuperados: 7
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