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Registros recuperados: 11
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An Economic Evaluation of a Pest Management Control Program: "Outfox the Fox" AgEcon
Jones, Randall E.; Saunders, Glen; Balogh, Suzy.
Foxes are regarded as a serious pest of environmental and grazing systems in Australia. The fox is a recognised predator of native wildlife and has been a significant contributor to the population decline of many native mammal, bird and reptile species. There are also claims that foxes may account for up to 30% of lamb mortalities in some areas, while mortality due to predation of 2 to 5% is more likely in most regions. The ‘Outfox the Fox’ program was established by NSW Agriculture in conjunction with a number of Rural Land Protection Boards to achieve a more strategic and coordinated fox baiting program. This program relies on a community driven and integrated management approach to the problem. The main features are to synchronise baiting across...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Research evaluation; Economic surplus; Fox; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42653
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An Economic Evaluation of Research into the Improved Management of the Annual Grass Weed Vulpia in Temperate Pastures in South-Eastern Australia AgEcon
Vere, David T.; Jones, Randall E.; Dowling, Peter.
NSW Agriculture has a history of research investment in managing weed problems in the temperate pasture areas. One focus of that research has been on the development of improved management practices for the major annual grass weed vulpia. Recent surveys have found that weeds comprised up to 80% of pasture biomass in some temperate areas and that typical vulpia contents are between 30 and 40% of pasture biomass. Temperate pasture degradation is recognised as being a major contributor to the wider environmental problems of soil erosion, salinity and acidity. This evaluation related to a project (1996-2002) that focussed on the vulpia problem in the New South Wales temperate pasture areas. The benefits of that research were measured as the difference in the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Research evaluation; Annual grass weeds; Vulpia; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42503
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Measuring the Impact of Staple Strength-Enhancing Technologies on Australian Wool Producer Profits: A Duality-Based Approach AgEcon
Templeton, Deborah J.; Griffith, Garry R.; Piggott, Roley R.; O'Donnell, Christopher J..
Wool tenderness is a significant problem in Australia, especially in areas where sheep graze under highly seasonal conditions. In this study, a duality-based modeling framework is implemented to assess the economic impact of staple strength-enhancing research on the profits of Australian woolgrowers. Within this framework, a normalized quadratic profit function is specified and estimated. The model is based on a number of fundamental characteristics of the Australian wool industry and the staple-strength enhancing technology being assessed. The model consists of a system of equations that are specified in terms of effective, rather than actual, prices. The interrelationships between the netputs are allowed for in the model in a manner that is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Profit function approach; Research evaluation; Wool; Staple strength; Economic analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12922
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Priorities and Principles for Investment in Aquaculture Research by NSW Department of Primary Industries AgEcon
Gibson, Trevor S.; Allan, Geoff L.; File, Geoff; Mullen, John D.; Scott-Orr, Helen.
This review examined the characteristics of the main aquaculture industries in NSW with respect to current impediments to growth, market development and future opportunities. Within this context, it examined the nature, funding and impacts of the NSW Department of Primary Industries’ current and proposed investments in aquaculture R&D and industry development, as well as its alignment with DPI and industry priorities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Research evaluation; Public good; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37665
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Productivity Growth and the Returns from Public Investment in R&D in Australian Broadacre Agriculture AgEcon
Mullen, John D..
Investment in R&D has long been regarded as an important source of productivity growth in Australian agriculture. Perhaps because research lags are long, current investment in R&D is monitored closely. Investment in R&D has been flat while productivity growth has remained strong, relative both to other sectors of the Australian economy and to the agricultural sectors of other countries. Such productivity growth, at a time when the decline in terms of trade facing Australian farmers has slowed, may have enhanced the competitiveness of Australian agriculture. The econometric results presented here suggest no evidence of a decline in the returns from research from the 15- 40 percent per annum range estimated by Mullen and Cox. In fact the marginal...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Research and development; Research evaluation; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9451
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Productivity growth and the returns from public investment in R&D in Australian broadacre agriculture AgEcon
Mullen, John D..
Investment in R&D has long been regarded as an important source of productivity growth in Australian agriculture. Perhaps because research lags are long, current investment in R&D is monitored closely. Investment in R&D has been flat while productivity growth has remained strong, relative both to other sectors of the Australian economy and to the agricultural sectors of other countries. Such productivity growth, at a time when the decline in terms of trade facing Australian farmers has slowed, may have enhanced the competitiveness of Australian agriculture. The econometric results presented here suggest no evidence of a decline in the returns from research from the 15 to 40 per cent per annum range estimated by Mullen and Cox. In fact the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Productivity; Research and development; Research evaluation; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118518
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Research Evaluation to Increase Impact AgEcon
Templeton, Deborah J..
Research evaluation, undertaken throughout the life of the research activity, is an important tool for research managers. When correctly implemented, research evaluation can help to increase the success of existing and future research projects and programs, thereby increasing the social, economic and/or environmental impact of the research. The relationship between the life-cycle of the research project and the type of evaluation determines the appropriate type of evaluation to be undertaken. Given the value of research evaluation, and the recent development of user-friendly evaluation procedures and models, management of a R&D portfolio can benefit from increased evaluation effort at the project, program and organisational levels.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research evaluation; Research-to-impact pathway; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58264
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Size and Distribution of Research Benefits in the Australian Dairy Industry AgEcon
Liu, Esther; Tarrant, Katherine A.; Ho, Christie K.M.; Malcolm, Bill; Griffith, Garry R..
An equilibrium displacement model of the Australian dairy industry is being developed for estimating the net benefits from dairy research undertaken by DPI Victoria. In this initial version, the dairy industry is represented by a system of aggregate demand and supply relationships for two input sectors, raw milk and milk processing inputs, and three output sectors, export and domestic manufactured milk and domestic fluid milk. Quantities and prices are calibrated in terms of milk equivalents. The vertical and horizontal disaggregation of the industry in the model enables the distribution of benefits from farmers to consumers to be assessed. The results for a 1% hypothetical shift in the supply curve in the farm and processing sectors are presented....
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Australian dairy industry; Research evaluation; Equilibrium displacement model; Livestock Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124326
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The Distribution of Gains from Cattle Development in a Multi-Stage Production System: The Case of the Bali Beef Industry AgEcon
Zhao, Xueyan; Ambarawati, I Gusti Agung Ayu; Piggott, Roley R.; Griffith, Garry R..
Beef production in Bali is dominated by small-holders, like the majority of Indonesian agriculture. A number of different policies have been implemented to enhance development of this and other parts of the Bali beef industry. Knowledge about the returns from these options for the development of the cattle and beef industry, and their distribution among producers, consumers and others, would better inform policy decision making. This paper examines the benefits from cattle development in a multi stage production representation of the Bali beef industry using equilibrium displacement modelling (EDM). For a 1 per cent exogenous shift in the relevant market, improved productivity of Bali cattle production has the largest total benefits (Rp 3.02 billion,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Equilibrium displacement model; Research evaluation; Bali; Cattle and beef industry; Economic analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12920
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Trends in Research, Productivity Growth and Competitiveness in Agriculture in New Zealand and Australia AgEcon
Mullen, John D.; Scobie, Grant M.; Crean, Jason.
Investment in R&D has long been regarded as an important source of productivity growth in New Zealand and Australian agriculture. Perhaps because research lags are long, current investment in R&D is monitored closely. In this paper trends in public investment in R&D and in productivity growth are reviewed. Investment in R&D has been flat in both countries although in recent years investment in New Zealand has increased. Nevertheless research intensity in Australia has been significantly higher than that in New Zealand. Productivity growth is also likely to have been higher. Econometric evidence about the sources of productivity growth is rarely clear. We develop some scenarios about the importance of domestic and foreign R&D and other...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity; Research and development; Research evaluation; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31965
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VALUATION OF INTANGIBLE CAPITAL IN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
White, Fred C..
This study examines the valuation of research as intangible capital in agriculture using Tobin's q theory. The market value of public research capital is estimated to be 8.6 times higher than conventional assets. Private research capital is valued 5.2 times higher than conventional assets. The estimated valuation multiplier for all farm assets dropped 1/3 over the last decade. In recent years the valuation multiplier has dropped below a dollar, which indicated the market is undervaluing farm assets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm assets; Flexible intercept model; Principal components; Research evaluation; Ridge regression; Tobin's q theory; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15276
Registros recuperados: 11
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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