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Registros recuperados: 12
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A Test of the New Variant Famine Hypothesis: Panel Survey Evidence from Zambia AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chapoto, Antony; Myers, Robert J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/04/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Food security; Rural livelihoods; New variant famine hypothesis; Zambia; Africa; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51485
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Addressing Trade-offs: Experiences from Conservation and Development Initiatives in the Mkuze Wetlands, South Africa Ecology and Society
Dahlberg, Annika C.; Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University; annika.dahlberg@natgeo.su.se; Burlando, Catie; Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba; umburlac@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Present-day conservation policies generally include the aim to integrate biodiversity conservation and local development, and describe this as a win–win solution that can satisfy all interests. This is challenged by research claiming that many efforts fail to match practice to rhetoric. South Africa has made strong commitments to fulfill the dual goals of conservation and development, and the iSimangaliso Wetland Park is promoted as an example of this. We explore present and potential outcomes of conservation and development interventions in a community bordering the Wetland Park through the perspective of different stakeholders, with the aim of uncovering opportunities and risks. In terms of improving local livelihoods as well as involvement in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Integrated conservation and development; Mkuze wetlands; Natural resource management; Protected area; Rural livelihoods; South Africa; Trade-offs.
Ano: 2009
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Are Direct Payments for Environmental Services Spelling Doom for Sustainable Forest Management in the Tropics? Ecology and Society
Wunder, Sven; Center for International Forestry Research; s.wunder@cgiar.org.
Over the past several decades, significant donor funding has been directed to sustainable forest management in the tropics, in the hope of combining forest conservation with economic gains through sustainable use. To date, this approach has produced only modest results in terms of changed silvicultural and land-use practices in this area. Direct payments for environmental services (PES) have been suggested as a promising alternative but still remain widely untested in the tropics. This paper first provides a conceptual assessment of PES, comparing the main features of this practice with those of other conservation instruments. Second, the paper discusses a series of critical questions that have been raised about both the environmental and livelihood...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Forest management; Payments for environmental services; Rural livelihoods; Conservation; Economic incentives.
Ano: 2006
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Company–Community Logging Contracts in Amazonian Settlements: Impacts on Livelihoods and NTFP Harvests Ecology and Society
Menton, Mary C. S.; University of Oxford, Department of Plant Sciences; mcsmenton@gmail.com; Merry, Frank D; Woods Hole Research Center; fmerry@whrc.org; Lawrence, Anna; Social and Economic Research Group, UK Forestry Commission; anna.lawrence@forestry.gsi.gov.uk; Brown, Nick; University of Oxford, Department of Plant Sciences; nick.brown@plants.ox.ac.uk.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amazonian frontier; Non-timber forest products; Rural livelihoods; Sustainable forest management.
Ano: 2009
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From basic raw material goods to cultural and environmental services: the Chinese bamboo sophistication path Ecology and Society
Gutierrez Rodriguez, Lucas; Department of Ecology, Autonomous University of Madrid; Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia; L.GRodriguez@cgiar.org; Yang, Xiaosheng; Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, China; yxiaosheng@263.net; Xie, Jinzhong; Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, China; jzhxie@163.net; Fu, Maoyi; Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, China; fumy1@163.net.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Bamboo culture; Bamboo economy; Bamboo farmers; Bamboo forests; Bamboo industry; Bamboo plantations; Bamboo tourism; China; Cultural services; Economic services; Forestry; Rural development; Rural livelihoods.
Ano: 2014
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Geographic Space, Assets, Livelihoods and Well-Being in Rural Central America: Empirical Evidence from Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua AgEcon
Alwang, Jeffrey Roger; Jansen, Hans G.P.; Siegel, Paul B.; Pichon, Francisco.
This paper uses an asset-base framework to analyze the determinants of rural growth and sustainable poverty reduction for the three poorest countries in Central America: Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua…Using a combination of GIS mapping techniques, quantitative household analysis, and qualitative analyses of assets and livelihoods, the authors generate a description of rural territories that recognizes the differential effects of policies and asset bundles across space and households. They identify the combinations of human, natural and physical, social and location-specific assets that matter most to raise household well-being and take advantage of prospects for poverty-reducing growth.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Poverty reduction; Rural livelihoods; Households; Economic aspects; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55408
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Impact of HIV/AIDS-Related Deaths on Rural Farm Households' Welfare in Zambia: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
Using comprehensive rural farm household longitudinal data from Zambia, this paper measures the impacts of prime-age (PA) adult morbidity and mortality on crop production and cropping patterns, household size, livestock and non-farm income. The paper adopts and extends the counterfactual (difference-in-difference) approach by controlling for initial (pre-death) household conditions that may influence the severity of the impacts of adult mortality. In particular, the study controls for initial poverty status, landholding size, effective dependency ratios, and the gender and position of the deceased person. Moreover, the possibility that PA death in the household is endogenous is taken into account by conceptualizing the measurement of effects of...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; HIV/AIDS; Prime-age mortality; Endogeneity; Rural livelihoods; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54473
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Livelihoods at Risk: Coping Strategies of War-affected Communities in Sri Lanka JARTS
Korf, Benedikt.
Rural societies in war-affected areas can be described as ’distressed livelihoods’: they experience a dramatic increase in risk and uncertainty. How does this affect land use and agricultural coping strategies of small-scale farm households? This was the key research question of a multi-disciplinary, comparative village study carried out in the war-torn areas of Sri Lanka. The study employed the analytical framework of rural livelihoods promoted by DFID. In addition, theoretical models of risk management were instrumental in illustrating behavioural patterns of households in the war zones. The study shows that changed patterns of mobility are a key response of people to adjust to the risk-prone environment. These strategies place heavy demands on the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Economics; Social sciences war-affected communities; Sri Lanka; Rural livelihoods; Risk management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/22
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Rural Livelihood Strategies and Social Capital in Latin America: Implications for Rural Development Projects AgEcon
Winters, Paul C.; Corral, Leonardo; Gordillo, Gustavo.
Evidence from studies across Latin America show that rural households in the region are increasingly employing a diverse set of activities to maintain and improve livelihoods suggesting that households use multiple paths to get out of poverty. Of particular importance in household livelihood strategies are the assets households own and the context in which they operate. Recent development literature has highlighted the important role of social capital in development and particular emphasis is place on the role of this asset in this paper. The objective of this paper is to examine these trends in order to inform project design and implementation in the region. Based on the conceptual framework and evidence from Latin America, the paper offers a number of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural livelihoods; Social capital; Latin America; Rural development projects; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12947
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Rural Non-farm Livelihoods in Transition Economies: Emerging Issues and Policies AgEcon
Davis, Junior.
This article reviews key conceptual issues related to the development of the rural non-farm economy (RNFE) in a transition context and analyses available empirical evidence on the role of RNFE during recovery from the transition recession. Growth in the RNFE in the transition countries took place during the recession transition, which shows that it may be distress driven, but the paper explores other factors which may be driving the RNFE. It looks at the RNFE in light of the factors driving income growth and inequality, i.e. endowments and institutions. It concludes that, although not uniform across transition countries, the RNFE should be seen as a component of a growth strategy rather than as a temporary “refuge” or survival one. The patterns of growth...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Transition economies; Rural livelihoods; Rural non-farm economy; Rural poverty; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/112606
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Small-Scale Beef Cattle Production in East Java, Indonesia AgEcon
Priyanti, Atien; Hanifah, Vyta W.; Mahendri, I.G.A.P.; Cahyadi, F.; Cramb, Rob A..
Despite its small area and intensively cropped landscape, East Java accounts for 30% of Indonesia’s beef cattle population. About two million households draw on family labour to raise cattle in backyard sheds and small enclosures, largely for cash income. The paper reports on a study in two contrasting sites – irrigated lowlands and rainfed uplands – to explore the constraints facing cattle producers in these environments and possible means to enhance their production systems and incomes. In particular, the paper focuses on the issue of feed supply and the local market that has emerged for agricultural by-products (rice straw, maize stover, and legume residues) and planted forage grasses. The research shows that intensive cattle production can provide a...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Smallholders; Beef cattle; Crop by-products; Integrated farming systems; Rural livelihoods; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124411
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The Darwin Initiative and the whitefish Chirostoma estor estor: A link between aquaculture, biodiversity and rural livelihoods Biocell
Ross,Lindsay G.; Martínez-Palacios,Carlos A.; Rodríguez De Sousa,Maria Luisa; Campos-Mendoza,Antonio.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chirostoma; México; Biodiversity; Rural livelihoods; Darwin Initiative.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-95452006000100014
Registros recuperados: 12
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