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Registros recuperados: 11
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A NEW STRUCTURE FOR AGRICULTURE: A REVOLUTION FOR RURAL AMERICA AgEcon
Drabenstott, Mark.
U.S. agriculture is undergoing a tidal wave of change in its structure. A shift to supply chains and away from commodities and commodity markets is the hallmark of this new wave. The new agriculture of the 21st century will bring with it a new geography that may be nothing short of a revolution for rural America. Supply chains will tend to concentrate activity geographically and change the local economic dynamic where they do locate. Finally, the tide of change in agriculture's structure means a whole new slate of policy issues. Concentration, market access, and the delivery mechanism for government support all become bigger concerns with supply chains. But perhaps the biggest policy challenge looming ahead is addressing rural America's economic...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Rural economy; Rural policy; Structural change; Supply chain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14705
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Agro-food chain: an innovative paradigm for food and rural policy analysis and agro-food chain segments’ systemic performance at regional level AgEcon
Samoggia, Antonella; Maccani, Paola; Marchi, Alan.
The food chain concept is an increasingly common theoretical instrument for food and rural development policy and many countries adopt the so-called “new rural paradigm”, so to integrate different sectoral policies. This paper aims at adopting the food chain paradigm in order to analyse the regional agro-food system and to sustain the design and delivery of consistent inter-sectoral policies. It adopts the netchain concept (Lazzarini et al, 2001) and the theory of governance patterns in global value chains (Gereffi et al, 2005). Results show this innovative approach contributes to better understand and stimulate economic performance of the whole agro-food network.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural policy; Region; Agro-food chain; Performance; Intersectoral approach; Community/Rural/Urban Development; O18; Q18; R11; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94900
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Changes in rural areas of Ukraine: problems and opportunities AgEcon
Moroz, Serhiy Mykolayovych.
The paper describes the main tendencies and perspectives of development of rural areas in Ukraine. It emphasizes that the key reason of existing socio-economic issues in rural regions is the absence of well-defined rural development policy. Thus, it is necessary for Ukraine to implement long-term rural policy, as it takes place in countries of the European Union. Rural development should be based on the territorial approach. The special attention should be paid to the creation of local action groups. Hence, it is essential to introduce a program, similar to the LEADER initiative, to use local possibilities, and to implement the bottom-up approach for the solution of rural issues. Also, special strategies should be developed to expand non-farm rural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; Rural policy; Ukraine; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; R58.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94624
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Cisterna: água de chuva para consumo humano. Infoteca-e
BRITO, L. T. de L.; PEREIRA, L. A..
Oaproveitamento da água de chuva, como uma prática para o abastecimento doméstico e comunitário de água potável, compõe uma das diretrizes de segurança hídrica da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS). Neste sentido, em vários países a cisterna se tornou a tecnologia mais apropriada para o armazenamento da água de chuva para atender a demanda por água das famílias no meio rural, pelas vantagens comparativas com outras tecnologias, como baixo custo, facilidade de construção, localização próximo da residência, além de a água da chuva apresentar qualidade que, com tratamento simples (filtragem e cloração), se torna adequada para o consumo.
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Abastecimento doméstico; Segurança hídrica; Água de chuva; Armazenamento de água; Cisterna; Abastecimento de Água; Água Potável; Consumo; Disponibilidade de Água; Águas Pluviais; Captação D´água; Rural water supply; Water; Rural development; Rural population; Rural policy.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1098562
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Devolution and delivery: recent rural policy-making in Scotland AgEcon
Thomson, Kenneth J..
Since 1999, Scotland has (re)gained a considerable degree of political independence from the rest of the UK, and a minority nationalist government since 2007 has determined a strong general policy agenda, including ambitious climate change commitments. This new political framework is being exploited in various ways as regards agricultural and rural policy. Recent developments in Scottish agricultural and rural policy (e.g. implementation of the CAP’s Pillars 1 and 2, especially the latter’s “Rural Priorities” scheme, and “land reform”) and its governance (public administration and private involvement) are described, with conclusions about the implications of devolution.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Scotland; Rural policy; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94899
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Elementos para formulação de um programa de convivência com a seca no Semi-Árido brasileiro. Infoteca-e
GUIMARÃES FILHO, C.; LOPES, P. R. C.; SILVA, P. C. G. da.
Em função da profunda diversidade de condições agroecológicas e sócioeconômicas que caracteriza a região semi-árida e da extrema complexidade que envolve a natureza dos fatores responsáveis pela condição de pobreza das comunidades que nela habitam, a concepção de um programa de convivência com a seca requer, antes de tudo, uma visão abrangente na definição do caminho a ser seguido. A sua execução, portanto, exigirá uma ampla ação cooperativa transdisciplinar e multiinstitucional. A base para o desenvolvimento econômico e social do Semi-Árido e, por conseguinte, o conviver com seca, não deve se limitar ao desenvolvimento da atividade agrícola. Este deve estar associado ao crescimento das atividades econômicas rurais (agrícolas e não agrícolas) que se...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Convivência com a seca; Semiárido; Desenvolvimento local; Espaço agronômico; Produção local; Seca; Resistência a Seca; Alimentação Na Seca; Recurso Natural; Desenvolvimento Sustentável; Projeto de Desenvolvimento; Desenvolvimento Socio-Econômico; Social environment; Rural development; Rural economics; Rural policy; Drought; Drought tolerance.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1093481
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Food Chain Concept in Food and Rural Policy AgEcon
Bertazzoli, Aldo; Ghelfi, Rino; Rivaroli, Sergio; Samoggia, Antonella.
Food chain concept was firstly used as a private sector concept applied in order to optimise chain organisation and to create value along the chain. It is now becoming an approach to understand relations within a socio-economic area, both for economic and production aims and to gain a territorial and rural development perspective. Currently food chain policy is often the result of a negotiating process involving different socio-economic policy areas and many stakeholders. The objective of the present paper is to analyse the food chain concept in rural and food policy context, to explore its interconnections with other socio-economic policy areas, and to identify the main policy perspectives in which the concept of food chain was used. A significant number...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food chain; Food policy; Rural policy; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Risk and Uncertainty; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59037
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Intézményi innováció az európai vidékpolitikában AgEcon
Feher, Istvan.
A vidékfejlesztési hálózatok a vidékpolitika európai dimenziójú eszközévé váltak. Információt szolgáltatnak a 27 tagországnak és harmadik országoknak. A hálózatokban partnerségi alapon együttműködnek a vidék szereplői, a különféle szakér¬tői csoportok, valamint a mezőgazdasági és erdészeti szervezetek. Cél a vidéki térsé¬gek eredményes fejlesztése. A „Contact Point” olyan brüsszeli szervezet, amely szolgáltatásokat nyújt a Mezőgazdasági és Vidékfejlesztési Igazgatóságok (DG-AGRI) részére, és egyik kiemelt feladata európai szinten a hálózatok működtetése, a koordináció és az információcsere, a jó gyakorlat elterjesztése, valamint a nemzetközi együttműködések elősegítése. A nemzeti hálózatok nem egységesen jöttek létre. A tagországok többségében egy hálózat...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: EU; Vidékpolitika; Vidékfejlesztési hálózatok; "Contact Point"; EU; Rural policy; Networks for rural development; Contact Point; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92480
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Modelling Policies for Multifunctional Agriculture and Rural Development in a Remote EU Region (Caithness & Sutherland, Scotland, UK) AgEcon
Bergmann, Holger; Thomson, Kenneth J..
A modified version of a system dynamics model constructed for an EU-wide case-study project (TOPMARD) using STELLA software was used to simulate the effects of a number of development scenarios for a remote rural area in Northern Scotland, i.e. Caithness & Sutherland, which is characterised by multifunctional agriculture. In this paper, the context of the modelling work in policy and socioeconomic terms is first described. This is followed by the specification of the model and of the modelling scenarios, one of which relates to the “decommissioning” (run-down) of a major industrial site (Dounreay) within the area. The modelling results are discussed, in terms of regional population, land use, economic and other terms, from 2001 to 2015/2031. Finally,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Modelling; Multifunctionality; Input-output; Systems dynamics; Rural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6596
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Perspectives on 21st Century Agriculture: A Tribute to Walter J. Armbruster AgEcon
Contents: The enduring legacy of Farm Foundation, by David P. Ernstes; Passing the torch: The generational transition for nonadvocacy public education and outreach, by Otto C. Doering III; Collaboration and institutional innovation, by Mark A. Edelman; The alternatives-consequences approach, by Harold M. Harris; Role of Farm Foundation in policy education, by Charles W. Stenholm; Enhancing small and minority farm profitability and rural community viability through new partnerships, by Walter A. Hill; Will Extension be relevant in the 21st Century? by Edward G. Smith and Roland D. Smith; U.S. agricultural research and technology policy for the 21st Century, by Julian M. Alston and Philip G. Pardey; Agricultural research and extension policy in retrospect:...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Research policy; Extension policy; Policy; Rural conditions; Rural policy; Globalization; Agricultural structure; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36830
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Rural Development and the Declining Coherence of Rural Policy: An American and Canadian Perspective AgEcon
Freshwater, David.
Rural development policy in North America has moved from a position of national importance to one of marginality as Canada and the United States grew. While rural policy and agricultural policy are no longer synonymous there is no firm consensus on what national governments should play. While national governments can operate effective commodity based policy they are less capable of managing people based policies and quite weak in operating place based policy. However as rural communities evolve in a variety of ways, it is the latter two types of policy that are most useful. Moreover social change has resulted in broad public policy being more concerned with the “ecological function” of rural areas and less concerned with the economic and social well-being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Rural policy; North America; Local development; Policy coherence; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42314
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