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Registros recuperados: 24
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A PARTIAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL OF THE LINKAGES BETWEEN ANIMAL WELFARE, TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN SCOTLAND AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; Ashworth, Cheryl J.; Stott, Alistair W..
This research analyses the impacts of a scientific advance that improves animal welfare, upon the environment and trade in Scotland using partial equilibrium (PE) modelling. The science improves pig neonatal survival through improved (high fibre) sow diets used before mating. Our model simulates the effects of animal welfare changes on the pig production systems (pig meat) and further on trade flows (trade in pig meat) and environment (water and air pollution). We consider two animal welfare simulation scenarios, namely the status quo – no animal welfare change as regards pig neonatal mortality (baseline scenario) and the case of improving pig neonatal survival (alternative scenario) and compare the impacts on trade and environment between the two...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Pig Welfare; Trade; Environment; Scotland; Partial Equilibrium Model.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q18; Q50.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44825
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A Structural Equation Model of Farmers Operating within Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ) in Scotland AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; Barnes, Andrew Peter; Willock, J.; Hall, Clare.
Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) offers a theoretical basis for developing an understanding of the relationships between attitudes and behaviour. This paper imposes the SEM framework to a compulsory regulation which focuses on reducing diffuse water pollution, namely Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ). We use a data set collected through a farm survey within NVZs in Scotland in 2007. The model includes six latent variables expressing farmers’ nitrate reducing behaviour, nitrate reducing and profit maximizing behavioural propensities and the underlying determining factors, namely attitude (risk perception) and socio-economic latent variables (access to information and stocking density). The results indicate that the model has an adequate fit to the data and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Nitrate Vulnerable Zones; Structural equation modeling with latent variables; Scotland; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43643
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An analysis of Marketing Channels of Local Food in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Watts, D.; Leat, Philip M.K..
Local food and its possibilities for addressing sustainable regional growth, food availability, accessibility and affordability has received considerable attention in the discussion on and development of the National Food Policy in Scotland. In terms of methodology, the paper continues the analysis of the local food database for Scotland constructed in Watts et al (2010) by exploring the marketing outlets used by the local food enterprises. This subject is important because it may provide information about the degree of entrepreneurship of the involved firms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Local food; Scotland; Marketing outlets.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95223
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AN ANALYSIS OF MARKETING CHANNELS OF LOCAL FOOD IN SCOTLAND AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Watts, D.; Leat, Philip M.K..
Local food and its possibilities for addressing sustainable regional growth, food availability, accessibility and affordability has received considerable attention in the discussion on and development of the National Food Policy in Scotland. In terms of methodology, the paper continues the analysis of the local food database for Scotland constructed in Watts et al (2010) by exploring the marketing outlets used by the local food enterprises. This subject is important because it may provide information about the degree of entrepreneurship of the involved firms.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Local food; Scotland; Marketing outlets; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109409
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An analysis of milk quota abolition impact on Scottish farmers’ behaviour AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; Barnes, Andrew Peter; Renwick, Alan W..
This paper analyses factors influencing Scottish dairy farmers’ intentions to change size of business in response to milk quota abolition. The analysis uses structural equation modelling and is based on survey data collected in 2009 through telephone interviews with 533 farmers. Results suggest that farmers who (1) intend to leave their farm to children; (2) have not inherited their farm from previous generation; (3) perceive a lower impact of milk quota abolition on business; (4) have less negative attitudes towards policies/regulations; and (5) perceived a lower influence of policies/markets on business during the past decade are most likely to increase farm size.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy industry; Scotland; Farmer behaviour; Milk quota abolition; Structural equation model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61091
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An Analysis of the Consumption of Sausages in Scotland using Supermarket Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Wrieden, Wendy; Davis, Victoria; Milne, Anne; Leat, Philip M.K..
This paper addresses consumers’ choices by looking into: current food choices made by different socio-economic groups; price barriers for diet improvement; and ways in which marketing may affect product choice. The study seeks: first, to analyze the differences in consumption of sausages of different nutritional composition among different socio-demographic and lifestage groups; and second, to measure whether it is possible to improve diet quality without affecting household expenditure. Sausages represent a relatively high proportion of red and processed meat purchases in Scotland, contributing significantly to the fat and sodium in the Scottish diet. The data used consisted of two-years of weekly information from a top-4, UK supermarket. The results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Scotland; Saturated fats; Sodium; Consumer choices; Sausages consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91678
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An Analysis of the Consumption of Sausages in Scotland using Supermarket Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Wrieden, Wendy; Davis, Victoria; Milne, Anne; Leat, Philip M.K..
This paper addresses consumers’ choices by looking into: current food choices made by different socio-economic groups; price barriers for diet improvement; and ways in which marketing may affect product choice. The study seeks: first, to analyze the differences in consumption of sausages of different nutritional composition among different socio-demographic and lifestage groups; and second, to measure whether it is possible to improve diet quality without affecting household expenditure. Sausages represent a relatively high proportion of red and processed meat purchases in Scotland, contributing significantly to the fat and sodium in the Scottish diet. The data used consisted of two-years of weekly information from a top-4, UK supermarket. The results...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Scotland; Saturated fats; Sodium; Consumer choices; Sausages consumption; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109402
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Bread Prices, Consumption and Nutrition Implications for Scotland: A Regional Analysis Using Supermarket Scanner Data AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Leat, Philip M.K.; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased the concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the discussion around the formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has brought back the interest in the price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical ways of cereals use in the UK and nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. This paper aims to answer whether changes in bread prices affect the quantity and composition of the Scottish demand for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109393
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61121
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Cereal Prices, Bread Consumption and Health in Scotland AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Lamprinopoulou-Kranis, Chrysa; Toma, Luiza; Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Cacciolatti, Luca.
The recent rise in food prices has increased concern about the choice of a healthy food basket, especially in the context of the current formulation of a National Food Policy for Scotland. This concern has revived interest in food price and expenditure demand systems as they provide information about consumers’ food decisions. The paper focuses on the consumption of brown and white bread, as they are the most typical forms of cereals use in the UK. Moreover, nutritionists recommend the consumption of wholemeal or brown bread in contraposition to white bread as part of an appropriate diet due to its health benefits. The overall purpose of the paper is to measure the impact that the increase in the price of cereals during the period 2005 to 2008 would have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bread consumption models; Scotland; Food prices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51069
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Collaborative Supply Chain Initiatives as Devices to Cope with Income Variability in the Scottish Red Meat Sector AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K..
The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether collaborative supply chain initiatives may help to provide income stability for farmers, focussing the analysis on the red meat supply chain in Scotland. Collaborative supply chains may contribute with two elements to attain higher income stability: first, greater demand stability and market access, and second, less variability in the price received for carcasses, as the produced output fits better the required specifications (i.e., no lost premia). The analysis of a survey applied to Scottish red meat producers showed that farmers that are part of a producers’ club do not differ from other farmers in their perception of marketing problems (e.g., price stability, etc.). However, in terms of their marketing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Income instability; Producers’ clubs; Red meat sector; Scotland.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48110
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Collaborative supply chain initiatives as devices to cope with income variability in the Scottish red meat sector AgEcon
Revoredo-Giha, Cesar; Leat, Philip M.K..
The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether collaborative supply chain initiatives may help to provide income stability for farmers, focussing the analysis on the red meat supply chain in Scotland. Collaborative supply chains may contribute with two elements to attain higher income instability: first, greater demand stability and market access, and second, less variability in the price received for carcasses, as the produced output fits better the required specifications (i.e., no lost premia). The analysis of a survey applied to Scottish red meat producers showed that farmers that are part of a producers’ club do not differ from other farmers in their perception of marketing problems (e.g., price stability, etc.). However, in terms of their marketing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries; Income instability; Producers’ clubs; Red meat sector; Scotland.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61105
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Community cohesion: constructing boundaries between or within communities-of-place? AgEcon
Vergunst, Petra.
This paper is concerned with how communities are constructed symbolically and the relation between such symbolically constructed communities and communities-ofplace. Analysis of literature on the symbolic construction of Scottish communities shows that the boundaries of these communities do not necessarily coincide with the boundaries of the geographically defined community-of-place. People identify, and are identified, with more than one community, and such identification is temporary in character. Which community is identified with is dependent on the specific time, place, group of people and activities engaged in.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community cohesion; Scotland; Symbolic and geographical boundaries of community; Dialectic of identification; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45994
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Devolution and delivery: recent rural policy-making in Scotland AgEcon
Thomson, Kenneth J..
Since 1999, Scotland has (re)gained a considerable degree of political independence from the rest of the UK, and a minority nationalist government since 2007 has determined a strong general policy agenda, including ambitious climate change commitments. This new political framework is being exploited in various ways as regards agricultural and rural policy. Recent developments in Scottish agricultural and rural policy (e.g. implementation of the CAP’s Pillars 1 and 2, especially the latter’s “Rural Priorities” scheme, and “land reform”) and its governance (public administration and private involvement) are described, with conclusions about the implications of devolution.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Scotland; Rural policy; Rural development; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94899
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Food production, distribution and culture: public views, interests and concerns AgEcon
Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
A basic right of both a consumer and a citizen is the right to be heard, and their voiced concerns have to be taken into account when developing policies and obtaining trust for government actions. Therefore this study focuses on consumers’ interests, opinions and expectations which are identified and categorised according to subject area, degree of involvement and political agenda of a consumer. The paper draws on the responses of individual members of the public in the National Food Policy discussion initiated by the Scottish Government in 2008. Altogether 246 responses were subjected to quantitative analysis of texts, supported by text mining. A variety of interests and opinions underpinning the political agendas of individuals responding to the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Scotland; Text analysis; Consumer research; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109391
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Food production, distribution and culture: public views, interests and concerns AgEcon
Kupiec-Teahan, Beata; Leat, Philip M.K.; Revoredo-Giha, Cesar.
A basic right of both a consumer and a citizen is the right to be heard, and their voiced concerns have to be taken into account when developing policies and obtaining trust for government actions. Therefore this study focuses on consumers’ interests, opinions and expectations which are identified and categorised according to subject area, degree of involvement and political agenda of a consumer. The paper draws on the responses of individual members of the public in the National Food Policy discussion initiated by the Scottish Government in 2008. Altogether 246 responses were subjected to quantitative analysis of texts, supported by text mining. A variety of interests and opinions underpinning the political agendas of individuals responding to the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Policy; Scotland; Text analysis. Consumer research; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51061
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Identifying farmer attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in Scotland AgEcon
Hall, Clare.
Consumer attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) food are well documented but there has been much less focus on farmer attitudes to GM technology in agriculture. This paper reports findings from a study investigating farmers’ attitudes to GM crops in Scotland. Results from a Q methodology study reveal three discourses, one apparently pro-GM and demonstrating an expectation of benefits, the second representing a more uncertain position, wary of the potential risks of the technology but likely to be reluctant adopters, and the third describing a group who demonstrate a somewhat fatalistic attitude towards the issue of GM technology adoption and impact. The paper also reports findings from a postal survey conducted as part of the Q methodology study....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Farmers; Q methodology; Attitudes; Scotland; Technology adoption; Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45993
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INVESTIGATING USER PREFERENCES FOR SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS OF SCOTLAND: A TERRITORIAL APPROACH AgEcon
Hall, Clare; Moran, Dominic; McVittie, Alistair.
Territorialisation of rural policies requires moving from a sectoral approach to service provision, and policies that focus exclusively on health and education, for example, to an understanding of overall service provision and quality, differentiated by rural area definition, not primarily by sector. An investigation of the expectations of stakeholders in rural Scotland, relating to availability, quality and accessibility of services, revealed that preferences were often different within different areas. The results input to the debate about the need to territorialise rural policy, and provide information for allocation decisions relating to resources aimed at creating sustainable rural communities in Scotland.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Services; Participatory methods; Scotland; User preferences; Territorial rural policies; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61120
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Policy Implications of a Behavioural Economics Analysis of Land Use Determinants in Rural Scotland AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; Sutherland, Lee-Ann; Barnes, Andrew Peter; Renwick, Alan W.; McCrum, Gillian; Blackstock, Kirsty.
The paper analyses the land use behaviour of Scottish land managers and the factors influencing it in the current context of the EU rural land use policies. The analysis employs a frequently used behavioural economics method, namely structural equation modelling (SEM). Central to the empirical analysis in this paper is a cross-section database containing data collected in May to June 2009 through telephone interviews of 600 land managers in Scotland. The model tests and estimates the relationships between land use behaviour, i.e., behavioural intentions to change the size of business/holding, and several of its a priori determinants found significant in the scientific literature. The results indicate that a stronger propensity to change size of their...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land use; Rural policies; Scotland; Structural equation modelling; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116086
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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPTIONS ON A LOCAL SCALE BEYOND 2013 – THE CASE OF CAITHNESS AND SUTHERLAND (SCOTLAND, UK) AgEcon
Bergmann, Holger; Thomson, Kenneth J..
With the latest reform of EU Structural Policy, the Highlands and Islands have been excluded from further support by Structural Funds beyond 2013, but the new Scottish Rural Development Programme has increased CAP Pillar 2 expenditures in Scotland. A modified version of a system dynamics model constructed for an EU-wide case-study project (TOP-MARD) was used to simulate the effects of these and other policy changes in Caithness and Sutherland (C&S), a remote rural area in Northern Scotland. Several alternative modelling scenarios were developed, mostly relating to reconfigurations of Pillar 2 spending within the area. The modelling results, i.e. projections from 2001 to 2021, are discussed in terms of agricultural employment, regional population, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural development; CAP reform; Scotland; Pillar 2; Regional modelling; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Q01; Q18; R23; R50.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50935
Registros recuperados: 24
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