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Registros recuperados: 115
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A comparative analysis of the purchase motivations of Fair Trade products: the impact of social capital AgEcon
De Devitiis, Biagia; D'Alessio, Massimiliano; Maietta, Ornella Wanda.
Objective of this paper is to analyse the motivations in the purchase of Fair Trade (FT) food products sold in the World Shops (WS) in order to characterize WS consumer profiles according to the ethical content of their motivations. A questionnaire has been distributed, at this end, to a sample of consumers in Emilia Romagna, Puglia and in Campania. A principal component analysis has been performed in order to identify the main motivations in the purchase. On the basis of these results, consumers have been classified, by applying a cluster analysis, in homogenous segments. The cluster analysis reveals that 76% of consumers in Emilia Romagna buy FT products for an ethical motivation, 56% of consumers in Puglia and 43% of consumers in Campania buy these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ethical consumer; Fair trade; Social capital; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44148
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Acción colectiva y capital social en las Organizaciones Agrarias. El caso de la Cooperativa Agropecuaria Cholollan en el valle de Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
Rincón Pérez, Fernando.
La organización social en las áreas rurales adquiere especial relevancia en las dos últimas décadas, en las cuales se han diseñado una serie de políticas que buscan aprovechar esta capacidad como una alternativa para mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población de estas áreas. La presente investigación se realizó en localidades pertenecientes a la región del Valle del Estado de Puebla, durante el año 2007. El propósito de la investigación consistió en el análisis del papel del capital social en un proceso de acción colectiva. Para ello fue necesario definir los aspectos del capital social a estudiar e identificar su presencia en dos momentos de un proceso organizativo. El estudio se sustenta en la teoría de la acción colectiva, y del capital social como...
Palavras-chave: Acción colectiva; Capital social; Organizaciones agrarias; Valle de Puebla; Collective action; Social capital; Rural organization; Puebla; EDAR; Maestría; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/333
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ADOÇÃO DE NOVOS PARADIGMAS NA ORGANIZAÇÃO E GESTÃO DE EMPREENDIMENTOS SOLIDÁRIOS: UM ESTUDO SOBRE O PROCESSO PRODUTIVO DO AÇAÍ ATRAVÉS DAS ASSOCIAÇÕES E COOPERATIVAS NO TERRITÓRIO RURAL DO BAIXO TOCANTINS – PARÁ – BRASIL AgEcon
Andrade, Lucia Cristina; Portela, Roselene Souza; Ferrao, Euzalina Silva; Souza, Armando Lirio; Reis, Adebaro Alves.
As transformações no mundo do trabalho vividas, desde o final da década de 60, pelos países capitalistas e os impactos daí resultantes sobre a reestruturação do sistema produtivo têm definido novas práticas produtivas, que precarizam as relações de trabalho, favorecem o desemprego, baixos salários e exigem novas e melhores qualificações dos trabalhadores. Nesse contexto, estes se vêem diante de um novo padrão de acumulação capitalista, no qual valores como a competitividade e o individualismo são reivindicados. Isto leva à necessidade de uma organização dos trabalhadores em outras bases produtivas e gestão pautada na cooperação e no desenvolvimento de ações que gerem alternativas de trabalho e renda. É neste cenário que surge a Economia Solidária, baseada...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trabalho; Cooperativismo; Economia solidária; Capital social; Empreendimentos solidários; Work; Cooperativismo; Solidary economy; Social capital; Enterprises solidary; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114020
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AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT: HUNGARY AFTER EU ACCESSION AgEcon
Kovacs, Judit Katona.
In Hungary, similarly to developed countries, the share of agriculture in the GDP has declined. Even so, preparation of the sector’s long term strategy is crucial, as the role of agriculture exceeds the results represented in the GDP. Environmental and social functions of agriculture are revaluated in developed countries, and consumers at the end of the food chain actually govern the entire process. This is why information plays an increasingly important role, and gives signals (Verbeke, 2005) to the actors in the economy and society. This research area is diverse (including agricultural policy, environmental policy, rural development and sustainable development), and so I applied an interdisciplinary approach and conducted an integrated examination. The...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agri-environment; Leader; Rural development; Social capital; Sustainability; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43574
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APPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY AgEcon
Schmid, A. Allan; Robison, Lindon J..
Experiments and studies were conducted to investigate the role of social capital. Social capital (relationship to others) is a productive asset which is a substitute for and complement to other productive assets. The productivity of social capital leads to the expectation that firms and individuals invest in relationships. Data were collected to answer the following questions: Does the identity (relationship) of trading partners affect selling and buying prices; the acceptance of catastrophic risk; the choice of share or cash leases in agriculture; loan approval; and the banks investment to retain customers? The evidence is in the affirmative.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Behavioral economics; Institutional economics; Social capital; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15352
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ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF MAIZE IN RESETTLEMENT AREAS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Bourdillon, Michael; Hebinck, Paul; Hoddinott, John; Kinsey, Bill; Marondo, John; Mudege, Netsayi; Owens, Trudy.
This study is part of a larger effort to explore the impact of agricultural research on poverty reduction. It examines the diffusion and impact of hybrid maize in selected resettlement areas of rural Zimbabwe, paying particular attention to varieties made widely available from the mid-1990s onwards. While “Zimbabwe’s Green Revolution” of the early 1980s was characterized by the widespread adoption of hybrid maize varieties and significant increases in yields, the subsequent diffusion of newer varieties occurred more slowly and had a more modest impact. Several factors account for this. Government now plays a much-reduced role and one that increasingly focuses on “better farmers.” Private-sector institutions that have entered the maize sector operate mainly...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty; Agricultural research; Sustainable livelihoods; Vulnerability; Agricultural extension; Social capital; Hybrid maize; Zimbabwe; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16407
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Assets, Activities and Income Generation in Rural Mexico: Factoring in Social and Public Capital AgEcon
Winters, Paul C.; Davis, Benjamin; Corral, Leonardo.
In recent years, there has been increasing emphasis in the rural development literature on the multiple income-generating activities undertaken by rural households and the importance of assets in determining the capacity to undertake these activities. Controlling for endogeneity choice and applying Lee's generalization of Amemiya's two-step estimator to a simultaneous equation model, household returns to assets from multiple activities are explored for the Mexico ejido sector. To incorporate the multiple variables representing social and public capital into the analysis, factor analysis is used. The results indicate that the asset position of the household has a significant effect on household participation in income generating activities and returns to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livelihoods; Mexico; Social capital; Public capital; Agricultural households; Censored regression; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12898
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Avaliação de impacto das tecnologias da Embrapa: uma medida de desempenho institucional. Repositório Alice
FRANCISCO, M. S.; ALENCAR, J. R. de.
O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o enfoque multidimensional de avaliação de impactos da pesquisa agrícola utilizado pela Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa) como medida de desempenho institucional, a fim de prestar contas à sociedade dos retornos econômico, social, ambiental e avanço do conhecimento, oriundos dos recursos públicos utilizados nesta atividade. Os resultados destes impactos são publicados anualmente no Balanço Social da empresa, que também se disponibiliza na web.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Retornos econômicos; Capital social; Pesquisa agropecuária; Avaliação de desempenho; Social capital; Agricultural research.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1065044
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Beef Reproductive Technology Adoption- Impact of Production Risk and Capitals AgEcon
Rees, Lisa; Parcell, Joseph L.; Patterson, David J.; Smith, Michael F.; Poock, Scott.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Beef; Artificial insemination; Estrus synchronization; Social capital; Production risk; Technology adoption; Farm Management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56492
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Beyond Economic Instruments - Social Capital, Governance and Rural Institutional Innovation AgEcon
Murray, Catherine.
Economic instruments, or market based instruments try to bring market advantages to social dilemma situations, where private actions do not lead to socially optimal outcomes. Economic instruments try to redress such market failure. They try to create incentives for firms and individuals to act in the public interest. Such situations can be regarded as ‘social dilemma’. An alternative mechanism to solve social dilemma is to use cooperation amongst individuals, by facilitating and utilising social capital. The use of social capital is remains largely underexplored as a policy option, although this trend is changing, most notably in European rural development. Using evidence from research conducted on agricultural and rural institutions in central and Eastern...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social capital; Institutions; Governance; Central and eastern Europe; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96662
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Building ties: social capital network analysis of a forest community in a biosphere reserve in Chiapas, Mexico Ecology and Society
Dahringer, Guillaume; Pronatura-Sur A.C.; dahringer@pronatura-sur.org; Reyes, Felipe; Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas; felipe.reyes@unicach.mx.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Collective action; Community forest management; Ejido; Mexico; Social capital; Social network analysis.
Ano: 2012
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CAPITAL SOCIAL COMO FATOR DE SUSTENTABILIDADE DAS COOPERATIVAS AGROINDUSTRIAIS, ESTUDO DE CASO. AgEcon
Moreira, Jose Cesar Pontes; Mera, Ruben Dario Mayorga; Khan, Ahmad Saeed; Mayorga, Maria Irles De Oliveira; Menezes, Adriano Sarquis Bezerra De.
O presente trabalho busca relacionar a presença ou ausência de capital social como recurso para a sustentabilidade de cooperativas agroindustriais. Supõe-se que as cooperativas dotadas de elevado nível de estoque de capital social têm maior sustentabilidade que as que possuem um menor nível de capital social. O objetivo é verificar o impacto da existência ou não de capital social no andamento das cooperativas agroindustriais COOPEMOVA e COCEDRO, para isso este trabalho utilizou o estudo de caso das duas cooperativas agroindustriais. Os dados foram conseguidos mediante observação na ambiência das cooperativas e de aplicação de dois questionários. Verificou-se neste trabalho que a COOPEMOVA dotada de maior nível de capital social foi também a que revelou...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capital social; Sustentabilidade; Cooperativa; Agroindústria; Social capital; Sustainability; Cooperative; Agribusiness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114172
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CAPITAL SOCIAL E DESENVOLVIMENTO DAS COMUNIDADES PISCATÓRIAS DE CABO VERDE: ESTUDO DE CASO DA ILHA DE SANTIAGO AgEcon
Baptista, Antonio Jose Medina dos Santos; Brito, Olga Ludemilla Leite; Tavares, Victor Henrique Gomes; Lopes, Higino Gomes; Varela, Alcides Sanches.
Este trabalho analisou o capital social nas comunidades piscatórias da Ilha de Santiago. Os resultados indicam que o estoque de Capital Social é diferente nos Concelhos da Ilha de Santiago sendo que o Concelho do Tarrafal foi o que apresentou maior indice de Capital Social e o Concelho de Ribeira Grande foi o que apresentou menor indice. O Acesso á informação, confiança e ajuda de vizinhos são os pontos negativos que mereceram destaque em praticamente todos os Concelhos da Ilha. Sendo o Capital Social um factor importante no processo de desenvolvimento, deve-se adoptar politicas que possam aumentar o estoque de capital social comunitário propiciando o surgimento de iniciativas colectivas baseadas na cooperação e confiança no sentido de possibilitar o...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Capital social; Pesca; Ilha de Santiago; Social capital; Fishing; Island of Santiago; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118710
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CIVIC COMMUNITY APPROACHES TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOUTH: ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH PROSPERITY AgEcon
Robinson, Kenneth L.; Lyson, Thomas A.; Christy, Ralph D..
The free market-based policies of the corporate community model have skewed economic development across the South. For many small, rural communities, the consequences of global capitalism have resulted in declining real wages, high underemployment, and increasing rates of income inequality. Backed by recent scholarship and grassroots movements that suggest both civic engagement and the presence of smaller-scale, locally controlled enerprises can help determine whether communities prosper or decline, this paper explores the links between social structure and rural development in the South. The goal is to expand our understanding of civic community theory as an alternative to the neoclassical economic model of development. Using a local problem-solving...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Civic community; Economic growth; Rural development; Social capital; Southern United States; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R11; O21; R58.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15468
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Collapse and Reorganization in Social-Ecological Systems: Questions, Some Ideas, and Policy Implications Ecology and Society
Abel, Nick; CSIRO; nick.abel@csiro.au; Cumming, David H. M.; University of Zimbabwe; dcumming@science.uz.ac.zw; Anderies, John M; Arizona State University; m.anderies@asu.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Key words: resilience collapse; Recovery; Social-ecological systems; Adaptive cycle; Natural capital; Social capital; Human capital; Zimbabwe; Australia.
Ano: 2006
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Community Development and Local Social Capital AgEcon
Jordan, Jeffrey L.; Anil, Bulent; Munasib, Abdul B.A..
While a substantial amount of research has been devoted to showing what social capital does, research explaining social capital itself lags behind. The literature has a long tradition of examining the effect of social capital on local economic growth and development. In this paper we examine whether local economic development can explain the variation in social capital across various geographical clusters in the state of Georgia. We begin by devising a measurement tool, a Human Development Index (HDI), to measure community development. Our social capital measure includes associational memberships, voluntary activities, and philanthropy obtained from the Georgia Social Capital Survey. The findings show that even after accounting for various demographic and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Economic development; Human development; Social capital; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Public Economics; R00.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57159
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CONTRIBUCIÓN DEL CAPITAL SOCIAL EN LA MICROEMPRESA RURAL AgEcon
Ojeda Lopez, Ruth Noemi; Mul Encalada, Jennifer; Lopez Canto, Leonor Elena; Jimenez Diez, Olivia.
The present study research identified the level of social capital in a small enterprise and its impact in the company itself. In Latin America, the importance of this concept lies in its relevance because diverse disciplines uses it as a reference setting, today it is used not only as part of political science and sociology, but also as part of the organization theory, economics, human behavior and management. It put emphasis in the relationships among people, among organizations and not in the individuals as isolated subjects. One of its advantages is that the social capital can contribute in the analysis of the small local communities from a social perspective and economical development. Because of the nature of the data handled in this study a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Social capital; Small enterprise; Social development; Network; Learning; Knowledge generation and innovation.; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93909
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COOPERATION, COLLECTIVE ACTION AND NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN BURKINA FASO: A METHODOLOGICAL NOTE AgEcon
McCarthy, Nancy; Dutilly-Diane, Celine; Drabo, Boureima.
This paper presents a detailed description of the applied methodology used to study collective action in natural resource management (NRM). Data were collected in 48 villages in northeastern Burkina Faso, at the community, institutional, household and market levels. The paper first discusses the analytical framework underlying the study of collective action, and then describes in detail the methods used to measure collective action and community-level cooperative capacity, and the determinants of cooperative capacity. We also describe data collection methods as well as potential problems in eliciting unbiased information. The impact of cooperative capacity on a variety of outcomes observed at both the community and household level is then presented in...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Collective action; Natural resource management; Burkina Faso; Cooperation; Social capital; Rangelands; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55441
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Decálogo del ambientalismo estéril Ecología austral
Fernández,Roberto J..
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Buenas prácticas; Capital social; Catastrofismo; Cientificismo; Corrupción; Ecologismo; Globalización; Multidisciplinariedad; Tecnocracia; Tragedia de los comunes; Best practices; Corruption; Crying wolf; Globalization; Multidisciplinarity; Policy; Scientism; Technocracy; Tragedy of the commons; Social capital.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1667-782X2014000300012
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Determinants of Fertiliser Use by Smallholder Maize Farmers in the Chinyanja Triangle in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia AgEcon
Mapila, Mariam A.T.J.; Njuki, Jemimah M.; Delve, Robert J.; Zingore, Shamie; Matibini, Josephine.
Farm surveys in Malawi, Zambia and Mozambique were carried out to assess the determinants of fertiliser use given continued low yields, low organic matter and general poor soil health in Southern African soils. Regression modelling showed that fertiliser use was influenced by household and farm characteristics. In addition, it was also influenced by social and human capital and farmers’ perceptions of the effect of fertilisers on soil fertility. Farmers who perceived fertilisers as bad for their soil were less likely to adopt their use. This is a key result, as the emerging discussions on a green revolution for Africa, as well as the continued food crisis discussion, are prompting increased fertiliser use as an immediate intervention for increasing...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: African green revolution; Farmer perceptions; Fertiliser subsidies; Fertiliser use; Human capital; Social capital; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123354
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