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Registros recuperados: 20
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Agricultural policies in India: Producer Support Estimates 1985-2002 AgEcon
Mullen, Kathleen; Orden, David; Gulati, Ashok.
Since the early 1990s, India has undergone substantial economic policy reform and economic growth. Though reforms in agricultural policy have lagged those in other sectors, they have nonetheless created a somewhat more open economic orientation. In this study, we evaluate the protection and support versus disprotection of agriculture in India. Our methodology involves examining market price support (MPS) for eleven crops, the expenditures on input subsidies benefiting farmers (for fertilizer, electricity and irrigation), and product-specific and total producer support estimates (PSEs) over the period 1985-2002. We draw on the extensive price-comparison and subsidy-measurement data sets and analysis developed earlier by Gulati and his co-authors, often...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: South Asia; South Asia and Central Asia; Agricultural policy; Producer Support Estimates (PSEs); Agricultural support; Agricultural production; Scaling up; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59821
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Agricultural Sustainability in Marginal Areas: Principles, Policies and Examples from Asia AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: South Asia; Agricultural sustainability; Natural resource conservation; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53635
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Basin-level use and productivity of water: examples from South Asia AgEcon
Molden, David J.; Sakthivadivel, Ramasamy; Habib, Zaigham.
Discusses and illustrates concepts for identifying ways of improving productivity of water within basins. The results of applying a water accounting procedure to four sub-basins in South Asia (Bhakra in India; Chishtian in Pakistan; Huruluwewa in northern Sri Lanka; and Kirindi Oya in southern Sri Lanka) are presented. The methodology used identifies the quantities and productivity of various uses of water within a basin. This information is then used to identify the water-saving potential, and the means of improving the productivity of the managed supplies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water management; Water conservation; River basins; Water use; Productivity; Case studies; Irrigated farming; Indicators; Water scarcity; South Asia; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Bhakra; Chishtian; Kirindi Oya; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61099
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Building skills for sustainability: a role for regional research networks Ecology and Society
Mukhopadhyay, Pranab; Goa University; South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE); pm@unigoa.ac.in; Nepal, Mani; South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE); Tribhuvan University; manin@sandeeonline.org; Shyamsundar, Priya; South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE); priyas@sandeeonline.org.
In South Asia, as local and regional environment problems grow, societal demand for new sustainability knowledge has outpaced its supply by traditional institutions and created a niche for research networks and think tanks. We discuss the role of networks in producing knowledge by using the South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE) as a case study. We argue that geographic research networks can contribute to the growth of sustainability knowledge through (1) knowledge transfer, (2) knowledge sharing, and (3) knowledge deepening. By analyzing qualitative and quantitative information, we showed that although SANDEE participants gained significant intangible advantages from the network, there was also a noted tangible gain is in...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Environment and economics; Research networks; South Asia; Sustainability knowledge.
Ano: 2014
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Calling patterns of Western purple-faced langurs (Mammalia: Primates: Cercopithecidea: Trachypithecus vetulus nestor) in a degraded human landscape in Sri Lanka Naturalis
Eschmann, C.; Moore, R.; Nekaris, K.A.I..
The study of calling patterns is a useful non-invasive method for determining population densities and the taxonomic relationships of rare or cryptic animal species. The Western purple-faced langur Trachypithecus vetulus nestor, endemic to Sri Lanka’s lowland rainforests, is severely impacted by forest fragmentation, with most remaining populations living almost completely in home gardens. Due to their shy nature, little is known about the behaviour of this subspecies; analysing the regular loud calls emitted by these langurs could allow for improvement of census techniques, clarification of their taxonomy, and an understanding of the impact of forest destruction on their behaviour. In 2007, we recorded the calling patterns of five male T. v. nestor at...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Bioacoustics; Taxonomy; Colobinae; South Asia; Fragmentation; 42.84.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/280454
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Delivering the Goods: Scaling out Results of Natural Resource Management Research Ecology and Society
Harrington, Larry; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT); l.harrington@cgiar.org; White, Jeffrey; ; j.white@cgiar.org; Grace, Peter; Sinclair Knight Merz, Brisbane, Australia; pgrace@skm.com.au; Hodson, David; ; d.hodson@cgiar.org; Hartkamp, Agnes Dewi; Product Organisation Grains, Seeds and Pulses, The Hague, Netherlands; d.hartkamp@wisint.org; Vaughan, Christopher; CO MET Directorate of Environmental Affairs, Namibia; kit@africaonline.com.na; Meisner, Craig; ; cmeisner@bttb.net.bd.
To help integrated natural resource management (INRM) research "deliver the goods" for many of the world's poor over a large area and in a timely manner, the authors suggest a problem-solving approach that facilitates the scaling out of relevant agricultural practices. They propose seven ways to foster scaling out: (1) develop more attractive practices and technologies through participatory research (2) balance supply-driven approaches with resource user demands, (3) use feedback to redefine the research agenda, (4) encourage support groups and networks for information sharing, (5) facilitate negotiation among stakeholders, (6) inform policy change and institutional development, and (7) make sensible use of information management tools, including models...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Mexico; South Asia; Southern Africa; Conservation tillage; Diffusion of research; Environments; Geographic information systems; Natural resource management; Participatory research; Scaling out; Simulation models; Technology transfer.
Ano: 2001
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Home gardens and Dioscorea species – A case study from the climatic zones of Sri Lanka JARTS
Sangakkara, Ravi; Frossard, Emmanuel.
Home gardens are considered as vital units for enhancing food security particularly in developing nations of South Asia, such as Sri Lanka. Although the yam crop Dioscorea spp. constitute a popular but still minor component in Sri Lankan home gardens, they have the potential of producing large quantities of edible material with minimal inputs. However, their real value in South Asian home gardens is not yet reported. Hence, this study was carried out to get insights into home garden characteristics, gardener demography as well as current management practices within 300 Sri Lankan home garden systems that are located along a climatic gradient. By using interviews and field observations, gardeners, who cultivated in particular Dioscorea species, were studied...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agroecology; Agronomy and Crop Science food security; Productivity; Smallholder farming; South Asia; Tropics; Yams; Dioscorea.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2014020344898
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Human geography of rice in South Asia International Rice Research Institute
Huke, R.E.; Huke, E.H..
23 p. : 2 fold maps (in pocket)
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Human geography; Farming; Farmers; Acreage; South Asia; India.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/268
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Income Growth and Gender Bias in Childhood Mortality in Developing Countries AgEcon
Ueyama, Mika.
With poverty studies having shifted their focus from household poverty to individual poverty, a number of studies have started to examine intrahousehold resource allocation, especially gender bias within the household as potential causes of poverty. The literature has highlighted the existence of gender inequalities in South Asia, attributed to strong preferences for male offspring stemming from cultural and traditional customs. Only a few studies focused on the regional difference in the extent of gender bias and its response to income growth. To fill a void in previous studies, this study analyzes regional differences in gender discrimination, taking into account time-series variations. Furthermore, we test whether economic factors are responsible for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender bias; Intrahousehold resource allocation; Childhood mortality; South Asia; Sub-Saharan Africa; Developing countries; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42360
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Is Food Insecurity More Severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa?: A Comparative Analysis Using Household Expenditure Survey Data AgEcon
Smith, Lisa C.; Wiesmann, Doris M..
This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability to access sufficient food: the prevalence of food energy deficiency and the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency. It also employs two indicators of the diet quality dimension, indicating lack of access to nutritious food: the prevalence of low diet diversity and the percent of energy from staple foods. It finds the regions’ food energy deficiency prevalences to be quite close (51 percent in South Asia, 57 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa). However, the prevalence of severe food energy deficiency, which is more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food energy deficiency; Diet quality; Sub-Saharan Africa; South Asia; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42401
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Property Rights and the Management of Animal Genetic Resources AgEcon
Anderson, Simon; Centonze, Roberta.
Genetic erosion in animal genetic resources (AnGR) is of concern where livelihoods of the poor are affected and option values for society are being lost. The poor often live in marginal areas and their livestock maintain adaptive characteristics. However, processes leading to genetic erosion do not precipitate adaptation through natural selection. This paper explores how local property rights systems in poor communities for AnGR are organized. The dynamism and dialectical aspects of these systems are considered and the impact of their breakdown assessed in terms of AnGR diversity. The conservation of AnGR option values through livestock husbandry by the poor is a hitherto unrecognized and unrewarded service to society.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Animal genetic resource; Property rights; Poverty; Pastoralists; Option value; India; South Asia; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42497
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REDD+ policy making in Nepal: toward state-centric, polycentric, or market-oriented governance? Ecology and Society
Bushley, Bryan R; University of Hawai'i at Manoa; East-West Center; bushley@hawaii.edu.
Over the past 40 years, Nepal has become renowned for its community-based forestry policies, initiatives, and institutions, characterized by local autonomy in decisions about forest management and use and a gradual shift toward more inclusive national policy processes. In recent years, the government, international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), donors, and some civil society organizations have instigated policy and piloting initiatives for an international climate change mitigation scheme known as “reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries” (REDD+). Although many people see REDD+ as a means of bolstering forest conservation efforts and enhancing...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Climate change; Conservation; Decentralization; Forest governance; Policy networks; South Asia.
Ano: 2014
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Rice and problem soils in South and Southeast Asia International Rice Research Institute
Senadhira, D..
186 p. : ill. IRRI Discussion Paper Series no. 4
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Problem soils; Saline soils; Sodic soils; Alcaline soils; Acid sulfate soils; Peat soils; South Asia; Southeast Asia.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/156
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Rice area by type of culture: south, Southeast and East Asia International Rice Research Institute
Huke, Robert E..
32 p. : col. ill.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Farm area; Cultivation; Geographical distribution; Maps; South Asia; South East Asia; East Asia.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/247
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Sectoral Change, Urbanisation and South Asia's Environment in Global Context AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: South Asia; Ubanisation; Globalisation; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53633
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Systems research for optimizing future land use in south and southeast Asia. International Rice Research Institute
Roetter, R.P.; Keulen, H. van; Laborte, A.G.; Hoanh, C.T.; Laar, H.H. van.
xiii, 266 p. : ill.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Research; Systems analysis; Land use; South Asia; South East Asia.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/895
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Technologies for improving rural livelihoods in rainfed systems in South Asia. International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute.; Islam, Z.; Hossain, M.; Paris, T.; Hardy, B.; Gorsuch, J..
124 p. : col. ill.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Technology; Rainfed rice; Technology trasnfer; Innovations; Rural development; Rural areas; South Asia.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/949
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Transitions Out of Poverty: Drivers of Real Income Growth for the Poor in Rural Pakistan AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Malik, Sohail J..
In spite of rapid overall economic growth in the 1990s, rural poverty in Pakistan did not decline. Panel data covering rural households in four districts in Pakistan suggest that real incomes of many households declined between the early 1990s and 2002, in spite of modest gains in agricultural output at the provincial and national levels. Net crop income increased by 38 percent for the total sample and by 81 percent growth for poor farmers, whose total incomes rose by 23 percent. Nevertheless, rural non-agricultural incomes fell by 30 percent overall and by 16 percent for poor households, indicating that the income and employment multipliers of agricultural growth were insufficient to lead to substantial gains in rural non-farm incomes. A decline in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural Development; Poverty; South Asia; Food Security and Poverty; I3; O18; O2.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25387
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Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia International Rice Research Institute
Moody, Keith; International Rice Research Institute.
442 p.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Weeds; South Asia; Southeast Asia.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10269/259
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古・中期インド・アーリア文献「Veda文献」「Pāli聖典」に基づいた南アジアの古代乳製品の再現と同定 OAK
平田, 昌弘; 板垣, 希美; 内田, 健治; 花田, 正明; 河合, 正人; HIRATA, Masahiro; ITAGAKI, Nozomi; UCHIDA, Kenji; HANADA, Masaaki; KAWAI, Masahito.
本研究は,BC1200~BC300年頃に編纂されたVeda文献/Pāli聖典をテキストに用い,古代インドの乳製品を再現・同定し,それらの乳加工技術の起原について推論することを目的とした.再現実験の結果,dadhi/dadhiは酸乳,navanīta/navanīta・nonītaはバター,takra/takkaはバターミルク,ājya/—はバターオイル,āmikṣā/—はカッテージチーズ様の乳製品,vājina/—はホエイと同定された.sarpiṣ/sappihaはバターオイル,sarpirmaṇḍa/sappimaṇḍaはバターオイルからの唯一派生する乳製品として低級脂肪酸と不飽和脂肪酸の含有量が多い液状のバターオイルであると類推された.Veda文献・Pāli聖典は,「kṣīra/khīraからdadhi/dadhiが,dadhi/dadhiからnavanīta/navanītaが,navanīta/navanītaからsarpiṣ/sappiが,sarpiṣ/sappiからsarpirmaṇḍa/sappimaṇḍaが生じる」と説明する.再現実験により示唆されたことは,この一連の加工工程は「生乳を酸乳化し,酸乳をチャーニングしてバターを,バターを加熱することによりバターオイルを加工し,静置することにより低級脂肪酸と不飽和脂肪酸とがより多く含有した液状のバターオイルを分離する」ことである.さらに,ユーラシア大陸の牧畜民の乳加工技術の事例群と比較検討した結果,Veda文献・Pāli聖典に記載された乳加工技術の起原は西アジアであろうことが推論された.
Palavras-chave: Historical document; Indo-Aryan; Milk product; Reproduction experiment; South Asia.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3864
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