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AGRARIAN REGIONS IN SERBIA AS NATURAL FOUNDATION AND MARKET CHANCE IN CIRCUMSTANCES OF TRANSITION AgEcon
Simonovic, Zoran; Simonovic, Dragoljub; Gligic, Perica.
Process of transition movements in Republic of Sebia is in progress. Transition movements have not bypassed agrarian sector. Market agriculture should gain significance along this process. On this occasion we would like to emphasis two elements which affect development of Market Agriculture. Those are regionalization and specialization of agriculture. In study about agrarian regions in conditions of transition two charts are given, that pinpoint the essence of natural foundation and market opportunities in transition circumstances. Study of agro-identities starts with introspection of each reagion in respect of its natural values: plain (Vojvodina), hilly ( Sumadija), mountain-hilly (Pester). Therefore, plain region is specialized for production of stable...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agrarian regions; Regionalization; Specialization; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57417
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Brazilian infectious diseases specialists: who and where are they? BJID
Cassenote,Alex Jones Flores; Scheffer,Mario César; Segurado,Aluísio Augusto Cotrim.
Abstract Background The infectious diseases specialist is a medical doctor dedicated to the management of infectious diseases in their individual and collective dimensions. Objectives The aim of this paper was to evaluate the current profile and distribution of infectious diseases specialists in Brazil. Methods This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data obtained from institutions that register medical specialists in Brazil. Variables of interest included gender, age, type of medical school (public or private) the specialist graduated from, time since finishing residency training in infectious diseases, and the interval between M.D. graduation and residency completion. Maps are used to study the geographical distribution of infectious diseases...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Communicable diseases; Infectious disease medicine; Specialization; Internship and residency; Brazil.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702016000200141
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Central Banks’ Interest Rate and International Trade in BRIC Countries: Agriculture vs. Machinery Industry? AgEcon
Borodin, Konstantin; Strokov, Anton.
The paper investigates interrelations between the dynamics of national central banks’ interest rates and international trade within the BRIC countries. It shows that countries with lower interest rates experience growth of the share of machinery industry exports rather than agriculture and food products, and, on the contrary, in countries with higher interest rates the share of agriculture and food exports increases and the share of machinery industry products declines. The investigation has shown that a relative shift in the interest rate can affect the specialization of countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Central banks’ interest rate; Exports; Specialization; Agribusiness; F1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115528
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FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, RISK, AND SPECIALIZATION AgEcon
Purdy, Barry M.; Langemeier, Michael R.; Featherstone, Allen M..
A sample of Kansas farms was used to examine the impact of risk and specialization on mean financial performance. Mean financial performance was hypothesized to be influenced by risk, age of the operator, percentage of acres owned, financial efficiency, leverage, specialization, and farm size. Risk, age of operator, financial efficiency, and farm size had the largest impacts on mean financial performance. Specializing in swine, dairy, or crop production increased mean financial performance, while specializing in beef production decreased mean financial performance. Farms with both crops and a livestock enterprise (beef, swine, or dairy) tended to have less variability in financial performance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Financial efficiency; Return on equity; Specialization; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15535
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Footloose Capital, Market Access, and the Geography of Regional State Aid AgEcon
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P..
The global welfare implications of home market effects in trade models with imperfect competition are little understood. This paper proposes a simple model in which such implications can be easily analyzed. It shows an overall tendency of imperfectly competitive sectors to inefficiently cluster in locations that offer market access advantages. The more so the stronger the market power of firms as well as the intensity of increasing returns to scale and the lower the trade costs. As such features are likely to differ widely across sectors, those results provide theoretical ground to the promotion of regional policies that are also sectorspecific and not only region-specific as currently in the EU.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic integration; Specialization; Home market effect; Regional disparities; Regional policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F12; L13; R13.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26387
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Individual diet variation in a marine fish assemblage: Optimal Foraging Theory, Niche Variation Hypothesis and functional identity ArchiMer
Cachera, Marie; Ernande, Bruno; Villanueva, Ching-maria; Lefebvre, Sebastien.
Individual diet variation (i.e. diet variation among individuals) impacts intra- and inter-specific interactions. Investigating its sources and relationship with species trophic niche organization is important for understanding community structure and dynamics. Individual diet variation may increase with intra-specific phenotypic (or “individual state”) variation and habitat variability, according to Optimal Foraging Theory (OFT), and with species trophic niche width, according to the Niche Variation Hypothesis (NVH). OFT proposes “proximate sources” of individual diet variation such as variations in habitat or size whereas NVH relies on “ultimate sources” related to the competitive balance between intra- and inter-specific competitions. The latter implies...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Specialization; Trophic similarity; Size-dependent diet variation; English Channel; Semi-enclosed sea.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00349/45986/46031.pdf
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MANUFACTURING SPECIALIZATION IN THE SOUTHEAST: RURAL NECESSITY, RURAL POSSIBILITY OR RURAL VESTIGE? AgEcon
Lackey, Steven Brent; Wojan, Timothy R..
This paper examines three alternative explanations for manufacturing specialization in rural areas: 1) the greater efficiency of very large plants; 2) the "localization" advantages identified with a number of firms in the same industry locating near each other; or 3) a strategy to gain bargaining power by a dominant employer in the county.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural manufacturing; Specialization; Economies of scale; Localization; Monopsony; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21605
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Markets Drive the Specialization Strategies of Forest Peoples Ecology and Society
Belcher, Brian; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); b.belcher@cgiar.org; Achdiawan, Ramadhani; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); r.achdiawan@cgiar.org; Alexiades, Miguel; University of Kent at Canterbury; mna@kent.ac.uk; Campbell, Bruce; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); b.campbell@cgiar.org; Cunningham, Tony; World Wildlife Fund/UNESCO/Kew People and Plants Initiative; peopleplants@bigpond.com; Fantini, Alfredo; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina; afantini@cca.ufsc.br; Gautam, Krishna H; Hokkaido University; khgautam@yahoo.com; de Jong, Wil; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); w.de-jong@cgiar.org; Kusters, Koen; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); k.kusters@cgiar.org; Kutty, M. Govindan; Sylva conS; sylvacon@md5.vsnl.net.id; Fu, Maoyi; Chinese Academy of Forestry; fmy@fy.hz.zj.cn; Nair, T.K. Raghavan; Sylva conS; tkrnair@hotmail.com; Ndoye, Ousseynou; CIFOR-Cameroon; o.ndoye@cgiar.org; Ocampo, Rafael; ; quassia@racsa.co.cr; Rai, Nitin; ; nitinrai@vsnl.com; Schreckenberg, Kate; Overseas Development Institute; k.schreckenberg@odi.org.uk; Shackleton, Sheona; Rhodes University; s.shackleton@ru.ac.za; Shanley, Patricia; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); p.shanley@cgiar.org; Sunderland, Terry; African Rattan Research Programme; afrirattan@aol.com; Youn, Yeo-Chang; Seoul National University; youn@snu.ac.kr.
Engagement in the market changes the opportunities and strategies of forest-related peoples. Efforts to support rural development need to better understand the potential importance of markets and the way people respond to them. To this end, we compared 61 case studies of the commercial production and trade of nontimber forest products from Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The results show that product use is shaped by local markets and institutions, resource abundance, and the relative level of development. Larger regional patterns are also important. High-value products tend to be managed intensively by specialized producers and yield substantially higher incomes than those generated by the less specialized producers of less managed, low-value products....
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Commercialization; Forest use; Market development; Nontimber forest products; Poverty; Resource management; Specialization.
Ano: 2004
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Membership: an Organizational View AgEcon
Gray, Thomas W..
This study examines the membership structure of a large centralized cooperative from an organizational workability view. Structure is created by dividing membership organizationally, i.e., assigning different roles and tasks to different groups of members, as well as to individual members, and bringing coordination to these differentiations. The membership structure of the case cooperative was found large in number of members, highly differentiated, and well coordinated. The structuring, i.e., creating a division of labor among the membership, and the coordinating of these divisions is done in response to conditions in the membership environment.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Cooperative; Organization; Paradigm; Specialization; Coordination; Complexity; Stability/instability; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52016
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ON MONOCULTURE AND THE STRUCTURE OF CROP ROTATIONS AgEcon
Hennessy, David A..
While rotation strategies are important in determining agricultural commodity supply and environmental benefits from land use, little has been said about the economics of crop rotation. An issue when seeking to identify rotation dominance is whether yield and input-saving carry-over effects persist for one or more years. Focusing on length of carry-over, expected profit maximization, and the monoculture decision, this paper develops principles concerning choice of rotation structure. For some rules that we develop, rotations may be discarded without reference to price levels while other rules require price data. We also show how risk aversion in the presence of price uncertainty can alter preferences over rotations. A further consideration in rotation...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dominance; Jointness; Quasiconvexity; Rotation algebra; Specialization; Time rationing; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18562
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Scale, Scope, and Specialization Effects on Retailers’ Procurement Strategies: Evidence from the Fresh Produce Markets of São Paulo AgEcon
Mainville, Denise Y.; Reardon, Thomas; Farina, Elizabeth Maria Mercier Querido.
Worldwide, the emergence of large supermarket chains in food retail markets is often associated with the marginalization of smaller retailers. A notable exception exists in Brazil, however, where small retailers have held their place in the market and recently even gained ground. The literature investigating how retail concentration has affected agrifood chains has focused activities of the largest retail chains, implicitly holding the scale, scope and specialization of retailers’ input needs constant, and overlooking the influence of these factors on retailers’ procurement strategies. This paper tests hypotheses regarding these variables’ effects on retailers’ fresh produce procurement strategies. Data is drawn from a survey of retailers in metropolitan...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Scale; Scope; Specialization; Procurement strategy; Fresh produce; Retail; Political Economy; L22.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61282
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Scale, scope, and specialization effects on retailers’ procurement strategies: evidence from the fresh produce markets of São Paulo Rev. Econ. Sociol. Rural
Mainville,Denise Y.; Reardon,Thomas; Farina,Elizabeth M.M.Q..
Worldwide, the emergence of large supermarket chains in food retail markets is often associated with the marginalization of smaller retailers. A notable exception exists in Brazil, however, where small retailers have held their place in the market and recently even gained ground. The literature investigating how retail concentration has affected agrifood chains has focused activities of the largest retail chains, implicitly holding the scale, scope and specialization of retailers’ input needs constant, and overlooking the influence of these factors on retailers’ procurement strategies. This paper tests hypotheses regarding these variables’ effects on retailers’ fresh produce procurement strategies. Data is drawn from a survey of retailers in metropolitan...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Scale; Scope; Specialization; Procurement strategy; Fresh produce; Retail.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-20032008000100009
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The foraging behavior of the Large-headed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon megacephalum and the Dusky-tailed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon fuscicauda (Aves: Tyrannidae) Rev. Bras. Zool.
Melo,Tomaz Nascimento de; Guilherme,Edson.
ABSTRACT Southwestern Amazonia has great bird diversity which includes birds specialized in bamboo forests. In this region, bamboo is considered a key element of the landscape. The objective of this study was to investigate and describe the foraging behavior of the Large-headed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon megacephalum (Swainson, 1835) and the Dusky-tailed Flatbill, Ramphotrigon fuscicauda Chapman, 1925, which occur sympatrically in the region and are considered bamboo specialists. This study was conducted between November 2013 and September 2014, within two fragments in the eastern portion of the state of Acre: Fazenda Experimental Catuaba, in the municipality of Senador Guiomard; and Reserva Florestal Humaitá, in Porto Acre. A total of 109 and 97 foraging...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bamboo; Feeding; Flycatchers; Guadua; Specialization.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1984-46702016000600301
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Transformações recentes do agronegócio mineiro: uma análise de indicadores de comércio exterior no período de 1996 a 2006 AgEcon
Rocha, Luiz Eduardo de Vasconcelos; Leite, Wilson Teixeira de Andrade.
The present development in the Brazilian Agro-business, which regards this country as one the most competitive nations in terms of agro industrial commodities, had its best expansion moments from 2006 on especially with the fall of Real currency and due to an increasingly demand in the international market. The aim of this article is to analyze the specialization and competitiveness of the agro-industry in the state of Minas Gerais and its contribution to the increase in the Brazilian exportations. To that end, indexes based on commercial flux will be used so that we are able to identify the trends in the international marked in terms of specializations. The analyses of the international business structure and the profitable competitiveness have shown...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitive advantage; Specialization; Agribusiness; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54594
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