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Registros recuperados: 39
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A status report on delamination resistance testing of polymer-matrix composites ArchiMer
Brunner, A; Blackman, B; Davies, Peter.
The development of fracture mechanics test methods for the determination of delamination resistance or fracture toughness of fiber-reinforced, polymer-matrix composites is an active area of research. The emphasis in this review is on standardisation of test methods. Recent developments leading towards new standardized test procedures will be presented, complementing and updating earlier reviews. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Review; Standards; Test procedure; Polymer matrix composites; Delamination resistance; Fracture toughness.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3950.pdf
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A Strategic Perspective on the Impact of Food Safety Standards on Developing Countries AgEcon
Henson, Spencer J.; Jaffee, Steven.
This paper explores the competing concepts of 'standards as barriers' and standards as catalysts' in the context of food safety standards in international trade in agricultural and food products. It is suggested that food safety standards can act as both a barrier to trade and the basis of competitive positioning for developing countries in international markets. This suggests that the application of a strategic framework to analyze and assess alternative responses to evolving food safety standards can throw some light on the circumstances under which standards act to prohibit trade or, alternatively, create competitive trade opportunities. The use of such a framework is illustrated through a brief case study of fish and fishery product exports from...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Food; Trade; Food Safety; Standards; Technical barriers to Trade; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; K32; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25456
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A Theory of Standards-Driven Rural Development AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Rozelle, Scott; Xiang, Tao; Vandemoortele, Thijs.
Consumers have increasing demands for product standards. This has important implications for development. This paper develops a formal theory of the process of the introduction of high product standards in developing countries. The model endogenizes the introduction of high standards. Initial differences in income, the nature of capital constraints and transaction costs, the initial production structure and policies and institutions are shown to affect the likelihood of and the size of the high standards economy. Initial differences in some of these same factors—as well as inter-country differences in the distribution of the sizes of farmers—are also shown to determine which producers are included, and which not.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Standards; Rural Development; Vertical Differentiation; Partial Equilibrium; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51475
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Aflatoxin Redux: Does European Aflatoxin Regulation Hurt Groundnut Exporters from Africa? AgEcon
Xiong, Bo; Beghin, John C..
Replaced with revised version of paper 07/02/10.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Standards; Aflatoxin; Maximum Residues Limit; Groundnut; Gravity equation; Africa; Market access; EU; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q17; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61314
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Ambiente institucional e acesso aos mercados internacionais para produtores brasileiros: comparando a legislação americana e o européia. AgEcon
Pereira, Paulo Rodrigues Fernandes; Flexor, Georges Gerard; Funcke, Andre Luis.
O trabalho pretende abordar a problemática do acesso aos mercados internacionais sob a ótica da questão da qualidade e segurança dos alimentos. Procura nesse sentido apresentar uma comparação dos arcabouços institucionais dos Estados Unidos da América e da União Européia no que diz respeito a normas e padrões de seguranças e qualidade dos alimentos. Esses elementos que estruturam o ambiente institucional do acesso aos mercados representam desafios importantes para os produtores dos países em desenvolvimento, sobretudo para os pequenos agricultores.------------------------The work aims to address the problem of access to international markets from the perspective of the quality and food safety. From a institutional approach, it presents a comparison of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Normas; Cadeia; Ambiente institucional; Qualidade; Standards; Chain; Institution; Quality; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108082
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Construção de curvas analíticas para determinação dos principais carotenoides de alimentos por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. Repositório Alice
PACHECO, S.; NASCIMENTO, L. da S. de M. do; GODOY, R. L. de O.; BORGUINI, R. G.; SANTIAGO, M. C. P. de A..
2015
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Padrões; Carotenoides; Curvas analíticas; Standards; Carotenoids; Analytical curves.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1029810
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Databases, Scaling Practices, and the Globalization of Biodiversity Ecology and Society
Turnhout, Esther; Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; esther.turnhout@wur.nl; Boonman-Berson, Susan; Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; susan.boonman-berson@wur.nl.
Since the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1992, biodiversity has become an important topic for scientific research. Much of this research is focused on measuring and mapping the current state of biodiversity, in terms of which species are present at which places and in which abundance, and making extrapolations and future projections, that is, determining the trends. Biodiversity databases are crucial components of these activities because they store information about biodiversity and make it digitally available. Useful biodiversity databases require data that are reliable, standardized, and fit for up-scaling. This paper uses material from the EBONE-project (European Biodiversity Observation Network) to illustrate how biodiversity databases are...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Classification; Databases; Scaling practices; Standards; Statistics; Volunteer recorders.
Ano: 2011
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Disentangling the Demand-enhancing Effect and Trade-cost Effect of Technical Measures in Agricultural Trade among OECD countries AgEcon
Xiong, Bo; Beghin, John C..
Domestic technical measures such as SPS and TBTs can enhance import demand via information disclosure and quality improvement, or hamper foreign export supply via imposing sizeable compliance costs, or both. The traditional gravity equation model estimates the net effect of these measures on international trade with a loss of useful inference on separate effects. We stipulate a generalized gravity equation model to disentangle the two effects. We apply the augmented approach to agricultural trade among OECD countries in 2004. We find that technical measures in agriculture often jointly enhance import demand and hinder export supply with the net effect of promoting the propensity to trade. Further disaggregated data analysis reveals heterogeneity across...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sanitary and phytosanitary; SPS; Technical measures; NTM; TBT; Standards; Gravity equation; Protectionism; OECD; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116898
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Economics of Water Quality Protection from Nonpoint Sources: Theory and Practice AgEcon
Ribaudo, Marc; Horan, Richard D.; Smith, Mark E..
Water quality is a major environmental issue. Pollution from nonpoint sources is the single largest remaining source of water quality impairments in the United States. Agriculture is a major source of several nonpoint-source pollutants, including nutrients, sediment, pesticides, and salts. Agricultural nonpoint pollution reduction policies can be designed to induce producers to change their production practices in ways that improve the environmental and related economic consequences of production. The information necessary to design economically efficient pollution control policies is almost always lacking. Instead, policies can be designed to achieve specific environmental or other similarly related goals at least cost, given transaction costs and any...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water quality; Nonpoint-source pollution; Economic incentives; Standards; Education; Liability; Research; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33913
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Estado de situación de los recursos pesqueros del Golfo San Matías, sus pesquerías, especies asociadas y ambiente: informe ad hoc para la evaluación preliminar de las pesquerías marinas de Río Negro con vistas a la certificación de su sustentabilidad OceanDocs
Coller, M.; Osovnikar, P.; Narvarte, M.; Perier, R.; González, R.A.; Di Giácomo, E.; Morsan, E.M.; Braicovich, P.; Curtolo, L.; Ocampo, M..
Se realiza una sinopsis del estado de situación de los recursos pesqueros del Golfo San Matías, de sus pesquerías y especies asociadas a las mismas y del ecosistema marino. El objetivo de este informe es presentar información histórica y actualizada sobre los recursos pesqueros y las pesquerías marinas de Río Negro, a los fines de su empleo como guía de análisis para la evaluación de las mismas con vistas a la potencial certificación de una gestión sustentable de las mismas a partir de los estándares del Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Se presenta información sobre la organización y estructura del sector institucional y del marco legal en el que se desarrolla la actividad. Se desarrolla una caracterización de las pesquerías a partir de diferentes...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fishery resources; Fishery management; Clam fisheries; Coastal fisheries; Biodiversity; Environments; Associated species; Yield; Potential yield; Fishery regulations; Certification; Standards; Sustainability; Fishing fleet; Fishery management; Certification; Fishery resources; Coastal fisheries; Biodiversity; Sustainability.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3719
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European System Related to Good Agricultural Practice (EUREPGAP) AgEcon
Baghasa, Hajar.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: EUREPGAP; Standards; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48602
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European System Related to Good Agricultural Practice (EUREPGAP) AgEcon
Baghasa, Hajar.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: اليوروكاب، المعايير; EUREPGAP; Standards; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48803
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Explaining Quality Differences at the Procurement Stage in the Polish Milk Sector AgEcon
Pieniadz, Agata; Hockmann, Heinrich.
The challenge of implementing EU quality and safety standards for food production and trading is one of the driving forces behind the restructuring of the agrofood chains in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC). The progress made in the compliance process not only varies amongst sectors and countries, but also among particular chains due to differences in their internal structure and strategies, and features of their political and economic surroundings. We construct a models to identify determinants of the diffusion rate of standards in a food chain under pre-accession conditions. We argue that adoption decisions in the food chain are determined by farmers' and processors' economic considerations. Factors such as pricing behavior, compliance costs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Product quality; Standards; EU enlargement; Industrial organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25315
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Food Quality Standards in Equilibrium Models: A Discussion of Current Modeling Approaches AgEcon
Nolte, Stephan; Rau, Marie-Luise.
Throughout recent year food quality standards have become a ubiquitous phenomenon that nationally and globally influences agri-food markets. With equilibrium models commonly used in the quantitative analysis of market and trade effects, we review possible approaches to modeling standards existent in the literature, elaborate the reasoning behind them and discuss their suitability to reflect "real world" situations. While the modeling approaches identified may respectively depict a specific situation, they may not be appropriate in others. That is they capture certain effects of standards only. With increasing ability to account for the various effects of standards, the modeling approaches become more complex and the data requirements increase.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food quality; Standards; Modeling approaches; Equilibrium models; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; F1; C6; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25653
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Front office: Role positions and risks of maintaining standards of service quality AgEcon
Baronene, Svetlana.
Studies show that one of the key reasons for this development lays in the fact, that the effects of the value added and customer satisfaction appears in the process of communicating with the so-called contact personnel. This article observes the role repertoire used by contact personnel during a service, formulates the requirements for standardization procedures and define the risks that arise at various stages of the process from development to implementation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Standards; Competencies; Services; Risks of service quality; Role repertoire of contact staff.; Consumer/Household Economics; L80; M12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94676
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Implementación de la Norma internacional ISO 9001:2008 en las Ayudas a la Navegación Marítima OceanDocs
Salinas Viera, J. M..
Describe los estándares de calidad ISO para la eficiencia de los servicios en la Dirección de Hidrografia y Navegación y también a la Asociación Internacional de Ayudas a la Navegación y de autoridades de Faros (IALA).
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Navigation; Standards.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5738
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Incentive Compatible Pricing and Quality Adoption: The Case of the Polish Dairy Sector AgEcon
Pieniadz, Agata; Hockmann, Heinrich.
We construct a model to identify determinants of the diffusion rate of standards in a food chain. We argue that adoption decisions in the food chain are determined by farmers’ and processors’ economic considerations. Factors such as pricing behavior, compliance costs and market structure, all of which influence the adoption of standards, are identified and discussed in the paper. The findings are used to test an econometric model utilizing data on Polish milk processing firms in the period between 2000 and 2002. The results indicate that input and output prices have a significant influence on the diffusion rate of standards. The dominance of large-scale holdings in the relevant procurement market significantly increases, whereas high compliance costs...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Product quality; Standards; EU enlargement; Industrial organization.; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7833
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International Harmonization and the Gains from Trade AgEcon
Kerr, William A..
International harmonization of standards and regulations is often a goal expressed in trade agreements because it is expected to yield gains from trade. Absence of progress toward harmonization is often interpreted as being motivated by protectionism, with differences in standards and regulations seen as non-tariff barriers. While protectionism may well be the source of resistance to harmonization, there may be other reasons it is not pursued. These alternative explanations have not received much attention from economists. In this article some of these alternatives are outlined - demand effects from altering standards, switching costs, proprietary technologies. The article concludes that proposals for international harmonization need to be scrutinized...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Demand effects; Harmonization; Regulation; Standards; Switching costs; TBT; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23843
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International Marine Data and Information Systems conference IMDIS-2008 OceanDocs
Iona, Sissy; Maillard, Catherine; Tosello, Vanessa.
Session 1 – Marine environmental data bases: infrastructures, metadata and data systems Session 2 – Standards and interoperability Session 3 – User Oriented services and products Session 4 - Databases and tools for education
Tipo: Conference Material Palavras-chave: Marine sciences; Databases; Standards; Oceanography.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4469
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JCOMM Capacity Building Strategy 2007, Version 1.1: presented at the 2007 IODE Officers Meeting, Oostende, Belgium, 27 -30 November 2007 OceanDocs
Pissierssens, Peter.
JCOMM's vision to benefit the global community is long-term, far-reaching and innovative: JCOMM coordinates, and develops and recommends standards and procedures for, a fully integrated marine observing, data management and services system that uses state-of-the-art technologies and capabilities; is responsive to the evolving needs of all users of marine data and products; and includes an outreach programme to enhance the national capacity of all maritime countries. JCOMM aims to maximize the benefits for its Members/Member States in the projects, programmes and activities that it undertakes in their interest and that of the global community in general.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Standards.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5555
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