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Registros recuperados: 93
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A NEW STRUCTURE FOR AGRICULTURE: A REVOLUTION FOR RURAL AMERICA AgEcon
Drabenstott, Mark.
U.S. agriculture is undergoing a tidal wave of change in its structure. A shift to supply chains and away from commodities and commodity markets is the hallmark of this new wave. The new agriculture of the 21st century will bring with it a new geography that may be nothing short of a revolution for rural America. Supply chains will tend to concentrate activity geographically and change the local economic dynamic where they do locate. Finally, the tide of change in agriculture's structure means a whole new slate of policy issues. Concentration, market access, and the delivery mechanism for government support all become bigger concerns with supply chains. But perhaps the biggest policy challenge looming ahead is addressing rural America's economic...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Rural economy; Rural policy; Structural change; Supply chain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14705
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Actuarial Implication of Structural Changes in El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index Dynamics AgEcon
Chen, Shu-Ling.
The influence of climate variability on agricultural production and financial risks faced by an individual or an institution has been the center of the public discussion in the recent years. The changing weather patterns and environmental conditions could cause substantial unpredicted economic loss. Failure to capture the changing climate would underestimate the insurance contract’s expected indemnity and further create a major obstacle for insurance sectors. In this paper, we undertake a case study of El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index insurance for coastal Peru proposed by Skees. We examined the behavior of El Niño dynamics and found El Niño indices are changing over time. A class of generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH)...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Actuarial rating; Climate variability; El Niño; Fractional integration ARCH; FIGARCH; Index insurance; Structural change; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; G21; G22; Q10; Q14.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61384
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Advertising, Structural Change, and U.S. Non-Alcoholic Drink Demand AgEcon
Xiao, Hui; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Kaiser, Harry M..
The dominant pattern in U.S. non-alcoholic drink: consumption over the past 25 years has been a steady increase in per capita soft-drink: consumption, largely at the expense of coffee (and to a lesser extent) milk consumption. Our findings suggest that the major factor governing this pattern is structural change. Specifically, trend was found to be statistically significant in three of the four equations estimated in the Rotterdam system. Moreover, the estimated trend-related changes in per capita consumption (-1.0 percent per year for milk, 2. 1 percent for soft drinks, and 3.7 percent for coffee and tea) leave at most 28 percent ofthe observed quantity variation for 1990-1994 to be accounted for by changes in relative prices, income, and advertising....
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Advertising; Beverage demand; Milk consumption; Structural change; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122688
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Agent-Based Modelling and Sensitivity Analysis by Experimental Design and Metamodelling: An Application to Modelling Regional Structural Change AgEcon
Happe, Kathrin.
This paper presents the application of the sensitivity analysis techniques Design of Experiments (DOE) and metamodelling to the agent-based model AgriPoliS, which is a spatial and dynamic simulation model of regional structural change. DOE and metamodelling provide a more systematic analysis of results of complex simulation models. When summarising the results, it becomes clear that interest rates, technical change and managerial ability influence average economic land rent the most.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Simulation; Design of experiments; Metamodelling; Structural change; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C9; C15.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24464
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Agricultural Development in Traditional Asian Economies: Observations Prompted by a Livestock Study in Vietnam AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
China began its economic reforms in 1979 and Vietnam followed in 1986. Since then both countries have experienced rapid economic growth, falling poverty rates and significant rises in per capita income. At the same time, substantial restructuring of their economies has occurred, a feature of which has been a decline in the relative contribution of agriculture to total employment and output. These changes are outlined. Significant changes have also occurred in the agricultural sectors of China and Vietnam and these are reviewed. In both countries, the livestock sector has grown in relative importance. Households are the main contributors to agricultural production but their individual holdings of land are small and households keeping livestock mostly only...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural development; Asia; China; Economic transition; Farm employment; Land reforms; Land rights; Livestock; Non-farm employment; Structural change; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Livestock Production/Industries; Q10; Q15; Q18; O2.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90629
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An Empirical Analysis of the Demand for Wholesale Pork Primals: Seasonality and Structural Change AgEcon
Parcell, Joseph L..
This study focuses on estimating wholesale pork primal demand relationships in order to determine their own-quantity flexibilities, whether these flexibilities have changed over time, and seasonal price fluctuations. A set of equations for pork loin, rib, butt, ham, pork belly, and picnic primals was estimated. Monthly data over an 11-year period were used to determine that own-quantity flexibilities varied across months, that they increased in absolute value over time for some primal cuts, and cold-storage stocks were used as an inventory control measure to reduce price variation for some primal cuts.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Seasonality; Structural change; Wholesale pork primals; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31102
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An Empirical Investigation of Live-Hog Demand AgEcon
Parcell, Joseph L.; Mintert, James R.; Plain, Ronald L..
An inverse live-hog model was estimated to analyze whether there has been a recent increase in the magnitude of live-hog, own-quantity demand flexibility. Estimating the impact of processing capacity-utilization rate changes on live-hog prices was a second objective of this research. Results indicate that live hog prices have become more responsive to changes in hog slaughter, slaughter weight, cold storage stocks, and changes in the processing capacity-utilization rate. Finally, model results indicate that the sharp increase in processing capacity-utilization rates, the increase in average dressed weight, and the increase in hog slaughter all had a negative effect on the live-hog prices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Capacity utilization; Live hog demand; Structural change; Q11; Q12; Q13; D40.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43476
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Bringing Growth Theory "Down to Earth" AgEcon
Lopez, Ramon E.; Stocking, Andrew.
Explicitly accounting for certain basic physical laws governing the “earth” sector dramatically enriches our ability to explain a high degree of diversity in observed patterns of economic growth. We provide a theoretical explanation of why some countries have been able to sustain a more or less constant and positive rate of economic growth for many decades while so many others have failed to do so. The analysis predicts that countries that have an over abundance of physical capital (a concept that is precisely defined in the text) may be unable to sustain a positive rate of economic growth over the long run. Too much physical capital may affect the dynamics of the economy ultimately leading to stagnation. The plausibility of the growth model introduced...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Endogenous growth theory; Unbalanced growth; Structural change; Stagnation; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; E22; Q01; O41.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48944
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CAP REFORM AND THE EFFECTS OF DIRECT PAYMENTS ON HETEROGENEOUS FARM STRUCTURES IN EAST GERMANY AgEcon
Zier, Patrick; Petrick, Martin.
B3_1
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Structural change; Dynamic panel data models; Common Agricultural Policy; East Germany; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93948
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Challenges for chain based finance in the Romanian dairy chain AgEcon
Pieniadz, Agata; Hanf, Jon Henrich; Voicilas, Dan Marius; Goetz, Linde.
This paper investigates the different types of vertical coordination mechanism and the spread institutional arrangements (i.e. contracting) as well as identifies opportunities to expand innovative solutions that help to create and maintain the linkages among the famers and downstream businesses for dairy in Romania. In particular, we address the various modes of access to production factors, such as capital, specific inputs and know-how, as reasons for the varied development of Romanian dairy supply chains and its respective actors (farmers, processors). The paper draws on results from a recent study supported by the World Bank. The findings are based on semi-structured telephone and face-to-face interviews conducted in January-March 2009. The interviews...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vertical coordination; Structural change; Farm assistance; Romania; Dairy.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58112
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Changes in Manure Management in the Hog Sector AgEcon
Key, Nigel D.; McBride, William D.; Ribaudo, Marc.
In recent years, structural changes in the hog sector, including increasing farm size and regional shifts in production, have altered manure management practices. Over the same period, changes to the Clean Water Act, new state regulations, and increasing local conflicts over odor have influenced manure management decisions. This study uses data from two national surveys of hog farmers to examine how hog manure management practices vary with the scale of production and how these practices evolved between 1998 and 2004. The findings provide insights into the effects of structural changes and recent policies on manure management technologies and practices, the use of nutrient management plans, and manure application rates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hog production; Manure management; Structural change; Environmental regulation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6071
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CHANGES IN THE STRUCTURE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, FARM STRUCTURE AND INCOME IN HUNGARY IN THE PERIOD OF 2004-2006 AgEcon
Szabo, Gabor G..
This study reviews the major changes in Hungarian agriculture that occurred between 2004 and 2006. Subjects investigated will include the structural shift towards crop production, the drastic decrease in the foreign food trade balance, and agriculture’s deteriorating capacity to sustain and retain a rural population. (Hereinafter: sustaining and retaining capacity of agriculture). The author will diagnose related problems, but will not offer any solutions. Nevertheless, he will present a perspective stipulating that Hungarian agriculture’s chronic problems require an agricultural strategy based on political consensus.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: EU accession; Structural change; Foreign food trade; Sustaining and retaining capacity of agriculture; Agricultural strategy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7789
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Changing Diets in China's Cities: Empirical Fact or Urban Legend? AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Dong, Fengxia.
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/12/07.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Demand models; Food consumption; Nonparametric analysis; Parametric tests; Structural change; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18382
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Changing Farm Structure and the Distribution of Farm Payments and Federal Crop Insurance AgEcon
White, T. Kirk; Hoppe, Robert A..
The distribution of commodity-related payments and Federal crop insurance indemnities to U.S. farmers has shifted to larger farms as more and more U.S. agricultural production is done on those farms. Since the operators of larger farms tend to have higher household incomes than other farm operators, commodity-related program payments and Federal crop insurance indemnities also have shifted to higher income households. By 2009, half of commodity-related program payments went to farms operated by households earning over $89,540, a quarter went to farms operated by households with incomes greater than $209,000 and 10 percent went to farms operated by households with incomes of at least $425,000. Current income eligibility caps and payment limits affect few...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Farm program payments; Federal crop insurance; Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Structural change; Income caps; Payment limits.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization; Public Economics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120309
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Communication Processes in Agro-environmental Policy Development and Decision-Making: Case Study Sachsen-Anhalt AgEcon
Prager, Katrin; Nagel, Uwe Jens.
The development of a decision support approach with regard to agro-environmental programmes is part of a larger research project on agricultural transformation and structural change processes. Research objective are improved communication processes and an enhanced quality of political decision-making. The investigation is based on the assumption that the success of agro-environmental programmes depends largely on their acceptance by all major stakeholders. This implies an early integration of varying interests in the decision-making process. Introducing participatory approaches into a bureaucratic setting poses particular problems. In order to achieve greater efficiency and effectiveness, the introduction of interactive modelling approaches has to be...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Communication processes; Agro-environmental programmes; Decision-making support; Conflict resolution; Participation and acceptance; Rural areas; Agricultural extension; Sustainable agriculture; Structural change; Transformation processes; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18819
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CONSOLIDATION IN U.S. MEATPACKING AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Ollinger, Michael; Nelson, Kenneth E.; Handy, Charles R..
Meatpacking consolidated rapidly in the last two decades: slaughter plants became much larger, and concentration increased as smaller firms left the industry. We use establishment-based data from the U.S. Census Bureau to describe consolidation and to identify the roles of scale economies and technological change in driving consolidation. Through the 1970's, larger plants paid higher wages, generating a pecuniary scale diseconomy that largely offset the cost advantages that technological scale economies offered large plants. The larger plants' wage premium disappeared in the 1980's, and technological change created larger and more extensive technological scale economies. As a result, large plants realized growing cost advantages over smaller plants, and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Concentration; Consolidation; Meatpacking; Scale economies; Structural change; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34021
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DER SLOWAKISCHE MARKT FUR MILCH UND MILCHPRODUKTE -- VOM BEGINN DER TRANSFORMATION BIS ZUM EU-BEITRITT AgEcon
Glitsch, Kristina; Eerits, Alena.
Like in other CEEC, transition in the beginning of the 1990s had significant consequences for the agricultural and food sectors in Slovakia. For example, Slovakian consumers reacted to the abolition of consumer subsidies by drastically reducing their consumption of milk and milk products. Concurrently, milk production declined and now stands at fifty percent of its 1989 level. Dairies were closed down while those remaining carried on producing under constantly increasing overcapacities. In the years prior to EU accession, activities in the milk sector were primarily aimed at the adoption of EU standards. Meanwhile, the Slovakian milk processing industry is predominantly in the possession of foreign investors. Present per capita consumption of milk and milk...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Slovakia; Dairy industry; Milk consumption; Milk production; Milk processing; Structural change; Livestock Production/Industries; L11; L66; Q13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14873
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DER SLOWAKISCHE MARKT FÜR MILCH UND MILCHPRODUKTE – VOM BEGINN DER TRANSFORMATION BIS ZUM EU-BEITRITT AgEcon
Glitsch, Kristina; Eerits, Alena.
Like in other CEEC, transition in the beginning of the 1990s had significant consequences for the agricultural and food sectors in Slovakia. For example, Slovakian consumers reacted to the abolition of consumer subsidies by drastically reducing their consumption of milk and milk products. Concurrently, milk production declined and now stands at fifty percent of its 1989 level. Dairies were closed down while those remaining carried on producing under constantly increasing overcapacities. In the years prior to EU accession, activities in the milk sector were primarily aimed at the adoption of EU standards. Meanwhile, the Slovakian milk processing industry is predominantly in the possession of foreign investors. Present per capita consumption of milk and milk...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Slovakia; Dairy industry; Milk consumption; Milk production; Milk processing; Structural change; Slowakei; Milchbranche; Milchkonsum; Milcherzeugung; Milchverarbeitung; Strukturwandel.; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Marketing; L11; L66; Q13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92026
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Detecting COOL Impacts on US-Canada Bilateral Hog and Pork Trade Flows AgEcon
Rude, James; Gervais, Jean-Philippe; Felt, Marie-Helene.
Country of Origin Labelling (COOL) regulation has been applied in the United States meat sector since October 2008. The industry must label beef, lamb and pork (ground meat and muscle cuts) sold through retail outlets according to its country of origin. The labelling requirements create differentiation at the retail level and may impose additional costs on producers, processors and retailers in the U.S. and elsewhere. The purpose of this analysis is to investigate whether there has been structural change in U.S. import demand for Canadian hog/pork products. Given that COOL has been in place for a limited period of time, we implement statistical procedures that are robust to structural change occurring at the end of the sample. We find evidence that COOL...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Country of origin labelling; Structural change; North American hog/pork sector; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95811
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ECONOMIC AND STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS IN U.S. HOG PRODUCTION AgEcon
McBride, William D.; Key, Nigel D..
Rapid change in the size and ownership structure of U.S. hog production has created new and varied challenges for the industry. This report describes an industry becoming increasingly concentrated among fewer and larger farms, and becoming more economically efficient. These changes have not come without problems. The increasing market control and power concentrated among packers and large hog operations, and the manure management problem posed by an increasing concentration of hog manure on fewer operations, are paramount concerns. Addressing these concerns through regulations would likely impose economic costs that could be passed on to consumers. In addition, the relative mobility of the hog industry means that regulations could result in significant...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hog production; Industry structure; Structural change; Production costs; Contract production; Manure management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33971
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