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Registros recuperados: 39
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A Computer Simulation Model of Knowledge Management in Small and Medium Agri-Food Enterprises AgEcon
Martinez Soto, Moises E.; Monroy, Carlos Rodriguez; Fuentes-Pila, Joaquin; Morris Diaz, Anne; Araujo, M. Gil.
System dynamics is an appropriate tool to build management models due to its ease of application in solving unstructured problems. In the twenty-first century the sustainability of organizations is influenced by the way it manages its knowledge. In this sense, knowledge management (KM) represents a strategy that contributes to improving the production supply chain (SC) of the agri-food industry (AFI). The objective of this research is to develop a computer model to simulate the effect of KM on the production of AFI. The methodology applied was that of the system dynamics by using the Vensim PLE ® v. 5.10 software, whose determining indicators were selected through an empirical study of KM in the SC of precooked corn flour industry in Venezuela. The study...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Small and Medium Enterprises; System Dynamics; Supply Chain; Knowledge Management; Food Industry.; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122029
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A Dynamic Resource Allocation on Service Supply Chain InTech
Soo Wook Kim; Kanghwa Choi.
Through the study, 6 variables for interactions between causes and effects are found, related to the profit maximization of an internet based company in management aspect from the internet bookstore, which is one of the most common types of internet shopping malls. And by connecting all the variables in complex, the map for the cause and effect is systematically constructed. Furthermore, by verifying the necessary information of system dynamics model for the purpose of testing the resource distributed decision making model, it made the resource distributed decision making possible. Based on these contents, the relation between the variable, related to the level of customer's purchase / loyalty in the internet bookstore, and the resource distribution...
Tipo: 19 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/a_dynamic_resource_allocation_on_service_supply_chain
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A Framework for Assessing and Managing Large Purchaser - Minority Supplier Relationships in Supplier Diversity Initiatives InTech
Nicholas Theodorakopoulos; Monder Ram.
Supplier diversity initiatives can function as platforms for EMSs strategic learning (Theodorakopoulos et al., 2005; Theodorakopoulos & Ram, 2006) and the scant research in supplier diversity underscores the importance of relationship factors to the success of supplier diversity/development programmes (e.g. Pearson et al., 1993). However, purchaser-supplier relationship management as a vehicle for enhancing EMSs learning and supply capabilities has not been examined to any length within the context of supplier diversity. Hence, the aim of this chapter was to consider the characteristics of the relationship between LPO and EMS that enable or constrain such learning. Our emerging tentative
Tipo: 3 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/a_framework_for_assessing_and_managing_large_purchaser_-_minority_supplier_relationships_in_supplier
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A MODEL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR CREDENCE ATTRIBUTES AgEcon
Noelke, Corinna M.; Caswell, Julie A..
We develop a model of the impact of food quality management systems (QMS) on competitiveness and markets. QMS seek to control the quality of a product as determined by the array of individual attributes it possesses. To date only a few studies have attempted to better understand the effect of the introduction of quality management systems. No model has been introduced which captures the interactions within the supply chain and at the interface with consumers when these systems are introduced. Keywords: Product Quality, Quality Assurance, Supply Chain
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Product Quality; Quality Assurance; Supply Chain; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21874
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Align Agile Drivers, Capabilities and Providers to Achieve Agility: a Fuzzy-Logic QFD Approach InTech
Chwei-Shyong Tsai; Chien-Wen Chen; Ching-Torng Lin.
The agility of an enterprise is perceived as the dominant competitive vehicle. This report has highlighted the following questions: How close is the enterprise to becoming agile? How can the enterprise effectively improve its agility? Deploying and integrating agility providers, capabilities and drivers and transforming them into strategic competitive edges are critical for an enterprise to achieve agility. Although important concepts and steps for achieving agility have been identified, there is still no systematic tool for integrating these steps. Most of the existing approaches for agility development are structural in nature. Also, conventional (crisp) evaluation approaches which are unsuitable and ineffective for handling situations which by nature...
Tipo: 12 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/align_agile_drivers__capabilities_and_providers_to_achieve_agility__a_fuzzy-logic_qfd_approach
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An Evaluation Framework for Supply Chains Based on Corporate Culture Compatibility InTech
Khalid Al-Mutawah; Vincent Lee.
We have presented a framework to evaluate the lead-performance of the supply chain management based on the corporate culture compatibility system. The goal is to implement a supply chain simulation model that has the capability to measure the corporate culture compatibility of supply chain organizations to achieve an effective supply chain performance. We also described the first step towards this goal in the form of a simulation study to support our proposition. Therefore, we modelled the proposed framework as a multi-agent system. In the near future we plan to integrate the current version of the multi-agent model of the simulation with other supply chain agent based models. According to the literature, corporate culture is defined with different views,...
Tipo: 4 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/an_evaluation_framework_for_supply_chains_based_on_corporate_culture_compatibility
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Assessing Improvement Opportunities and Risks of Supply Chain Transformation Projects InTech
Alessandro Brun; Maria Caridi.
Over the last 5 years, the model has been applied to more than a dozen manufacturing and service organizations belonging to different sectors. The cases were useful to identify strengths and weaknesses of the methodology. The objectives of completeness and objectivity are reached and many of the hypotheses of relations between management activities and KPIs were confirmed. Yet, the methodology in its present form shown a major limitation, in that the analysis considers as given (and, therefore, deterministic) the characteristics of the APS/SCM solution.
Tipo: 23 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/assessing_improvement_opportunities_and_risks_of_supply_chain_transformation_projects
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Competence Based Taxonomy of Supplier Firms in the Automotive Industry InTech
Krisztina Demeter; Andrea Gelei; Istvan Jenei.
Companies can change place in this taxonomy. The best signal that they want to do that is the level of proactive thinking. Also, the lack of proactive thinking can lead to step back. Company 6, for example, lost its position as an innovation based supplier since it did not make efforts to make improvements is seat design. The build-up and characteristics of supplier types are summarized in Figure 2.
Tipo: 26 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/competence_based_taxonomy_of_supplier_firms_in_the_automotive_industry
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Concurrent Design of Product Modules Structure and Global Supply Chain Configuration InTech
H. A. ElMaraghy; N. Mahmoudi.
Present competitive global market with ever increasing demand for high quality customized product, calls for a more agile response from the organization and its partners in the supply chain along with an optimized and globally integrated configuration for the supply network. The idea in the past was that marketing success was based upon strong brands and innovative technologies. Instead today the winning combination is strong brands and innovative technologies supported by an integrated supply chain capable of responding more quickly to volatile market demand and changing conditions. Manufacturing enterprises need to focus their effort on achieving greater agility and responsiveness planning, predicting and reacting quickly to the market changes by...
Tipo: 16 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/concurrent_design_of_product_modules_structure_and_global_supply_chain_configuration
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Configuring Multi-Stage Global Supply Chains with Uncertain Demand InTech
Guoqing Zhang; Behnaz Saboonchi.
In this chapter we presented an integrated optimization model to provide a decision support tool for managers. The logistic decisions consist of the determination of the suppliers and the capacity of each potential manufacturing facility, and also the optimization of the material flow among all the production, distribution and consumer zones in global supply chains with uncertain demand. The model is among the few models to date than can be conveniently customized to capture real world supply chains with different characteristics. A hypothetical example was given to assess whether it is better for a company to go global or to expand its existing facilities and it was shown that outsourcing the whole production to the countries with lowest production costs...
Tipo: 9 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/configuring_multi-stage_global_supply_chains_with_uncertain_demand
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Design, Management and Control of Logistic Distribution Systems InTech
Riccardo Manzini; Rita Gamberini.
This chapter presents original analytical models and supporting decision tools for the optimization of multi-echelon production distribution systems. In particular strategic models and methods have been discussed, applied and compared to tactical and operational approaches and applications. Nowadays industrial and service companies need effective and reliable supporting decision tools for the rapid planning, design, and execution of new production system from a strategic, tactical and operational point of view. The literature continuously presents original models for product, process, and system design but these models are rarely based on integrated and system-oriented approaches, so future studies need to integrate simultaneous contributions from...
Tipo: 15 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/design__management_and_control_of_logistic_distribution_systems
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Design of Multi-Behavior Agents for Supply Chain Planning: An Application to the Lumber Industry InTech
Pascal Forget; Sophie D'Amours; Jean-Marc Frayret; Jonathan Gaudreault.
This chapter proposes a framework to design multi-behavior agents in a supply chain agentbased planning system. The basic steps are described to give a design framework, including (1) the identification of environment characteristics which require a change of behavior, (2) the description of the different planning behaviors available to the agent, (3) an experiment methodology, (4) a test simulation phase and (5) an on-line implementation with continuous learning. An application from the lumber industry has been tested on an agent-based planning platform and results are presented. By following this design framework for multi-behavior agents, the planning system designer gives a system's agents the possibility to change their planning behavior according to...
Tipo: 27 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/design_of_multi-behavior_agents_for_supply_chain_planning__an_application_to_the_lumber_industry
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Designing the Last Mile of the Supply Chain in Africa: Firm Expansion and Managerial Inferences from a Grocer Model of Location Decisions AgEcon
Weatherspoon, Dave D.; Ross, Anthony.
The recent interest in the expansion of retail food chains and the perceived problems resulting from competition between these new, sophisticated supply chains and the most basic of food distribution networks in emerging economies have been greatly debated in the literature. This paper is a seminal approach to examining South-South food firm (grocer) foreign direct investment by incorporating data on the informal market into a facility location decision model. There are unique environmental complexities that developing/transitioning economies present. The unique finding of this model is that informal employment patterns, in both Agricultural and non-Agricultural sectors, influence the firm’s location. Given the absence of data, South-South foreign direct...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Supply Chain; Africa; Informal Markets; Facility Location Model; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53625
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Developing Supply Chain Management System Evaluation Attributes Based on the Supply Chain Strategy InTech
Chun-Chin Wei; Liang-Tu Chen.
In this chapter, we proposed a framework to select an adequate SCM system based on the decision-analysis process. By the proposed procedures, the company can identify the elements of SCM project selection problem and formulate the fundamental objectives hierarchy and means objectives network, which are aligned with the goals and strategies of the company. The pertinent attributes for evaluating a variety of SCM systems and vendors can be derived according to these objectives structures. Some suggested attributes also were introduced. The development process of the SCM fundamental objectives and means objectives are the most critical step in a SCM system selection project. The objective development method can fit to any quantitative and qualitative...
Tipo: 7 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/developing_supply_chain_management_system_evaluation_attributes_based_on_the_supply_chain_strategy
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ERFOLGSFAKTOREN IN DER WERTSCHÖPFUNGSKETTE FÜR ÖKOLOGISCHE ÄPFEL AgEcon
Zander, Katrin.
Der Anteil einheimischer Ware ist bei Öko-Tafeläpfeln in den letzten Jahren weitgehend unverändert bei etwa 60% geblieben. Damit ist die Situation in diesem Marktsegment deutlich besser als in anderen Bio-Obst- und Gemüsemärkten, in denen von steigenden Importanteilen in Deutschland ausgegangen wird. Um die Erfolgsfaktoren herauszuarbeiten, wurden strukturierte Interviews mit ausgewählten Akteuren der Wertschöpfungskette für Öko-Äpfel durchgeführt. Es hat sich gezeigt, dass vor allem der hohe Organisationsgrad und eine weit reichende Kooperation auf Erzeuger- und Erfassungsebene einerseits und andererseits die hohe Präferenz für einheimische Ware auf der Abnehmerseite Erfolg bestimmend sind. Das dadurch erreichte relativ konstante Preisniveau gibt den...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Supply Chain; Wertschöpfungskette; Wettbewerbssituation; Ökologischer Landbau; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115356
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Fuzzy Multiple Agent Decision Support Systems for Supply Chain Management InTech
Mohammad Hossein Fazel Zarandi; Mohammad Mehdi Fazel Zarandi.
This chapter proposes a proper modular architecture for the information agent, based on the inputs, functions, and outputs of the agent, for supply chain management. The proposed architecture has nine different modules, each of which is responsible for one or more function(s) for the information agent. Then, we explored the occurrence of bullwhip effect in supply chains, in a fuzzy environment. We built an agent-based system which can operate in a fuzzy environment and is capable of managing the supply chain in a completely uncertain environment. They are able to track demands, remove the bullwhip effect almost completely, and discover policies under complex scenarios, where analytical solutions are not available. Such an automated supply chain is...
Tipo: 11 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/fuzzy_multiple_agent_decision_support_systems_for_supply_chain_management
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Fuzzy Parameters and Their Arithmetic Operations in Supply Chain Systems InTech
Rajan Alex.
Tipo: 10 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/fuzzy_parameters_and_their_arithmetic_operations_in_supply_chain_systems
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How Negotiation Influences the Effective Adoption of the Revenue Sharing Contract: A Multi-Agent Systems Approach InTech
Ilaria Giannoccaro; Pierpaolo Pontrandolfo.
The revenue sharing contract is a coordination mechanism adopted by supply chains, wherein the decision making process is decentralized, to assure channel coordination. It has been mainly used in the video-rental industry by firms such as Blockbuster or Hollywood Planet. Despite the ease of this coordination mechanism, based on two parameters, the RS contract is not much widespread in other industries due to implementation problems. We have then analyzed this issue. First, we have defined the features of the video rental industry which we believe critical with respect to the RS contract adoption. This has allowed other industries to be identified as potential users of the contract. Then, we have described the design of a RS contract for a two-stage SC that...
Tipo: 5 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/how_negotiation_influences_the_effective_adoption_of_the_revenue_sharing_contract__a_multi-agent_sys
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Impact of Hybrid Business Models in the Supply Chain Performance InTech
C. Martinez-Olvera.
The international supply chain (SC) is the way to compete in today's market. The business model used by the SC members must be dynamic in order to respond to changes in the customers' demands, at an appropriate cost. For this reason is that in practice, SC members have opted to use hybrid business models. The objective of this chapter was to quantitatively evaluate the influence these hybrid business models have on the performance of the supply chain. For this purpose, a systems dynamics (SD) simulation model was built and used to test a series of different scenarios (i.e. the effect of varying the level of demand uncertainty and lead time variation, and the effect of varying the business model integration ratio). Statistical data was collected regarding...
Tipo: 8 Palavras-chave: Supply Chain.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/impact_of_hybrid_business_models_in_the_supply_chain_performance
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LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN STRATEGIES IN GRAIN EXPORTING AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Carlson, Donald C.E.; Dahl, Bruce L..
During the past decade, the grain shipping industry has become highly competitive and technologically advanced. These changes, along with the introduction of innovative shipping mechanisms, have made logistics management an important source of opportunity and risk for grain shippers. In this study, a stochastic simulation model was developed to evaluate the tradeoffs and effects of key variables on logistical performance in managing the grain supply chain. Average demurrage cost for the supply chain was $2.03 million with the greatest cost being for railcars and the least cost being for barges. Of the stochastic variables modeled, changes in export demand had the greatest impact on demurrage costs.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Supply Chain; Grain Shipping; Logistics; Demurrage; Guaranteed Freight; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23614
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