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Registros recuperados: 25
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A Comparison of Technical Efficiency in Alabama’s Nursery and Greenhouse Sector from 2003 to 2008 AgEcon
Reynolds-Allie, Kenesha; Fields, Deacue; Hartarska, Valentina M..
Replaced with revised version of paper 02/10/10
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; Green industry; Horticulture; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56516
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A Farm Level Analysis of the Economic Impact of the MARENA Program in Honduras AgEcon
Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; de Almeida, Alexandre; Solis, Daniel; Inestroza, Aaron.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Impact Evaluation; Propensity Score Matching; Fixed Effects; Internal Rate of Return; Technical Efficiency; Honduras; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55658
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A META-ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN NIGERIAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Ogundari, Kolawole.
This study sheds light on how study specific-characteristics impact mean technical efficiency (MTE) in Nigerian agriculture. Also the paper extracts consensus message about MTE and its drivers in Nigerian agriculture based on studies covering the period 1999-2008. A meta-analysis using truncated regression was employed on a total of sixty four studies which yield eighty six observations for the econometric analysis. The regression results show that MTE in Nigerian agriculture increased significantly over the years. Study specific-characteristics such as sample size, number of inputs used as well as studies with focus on crop and livestock production were found to significantly impact MTE. Further analyses show that studies in the Northcentral, Southwest,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Meta-regression; Technical Efficiency; Truncated Regression; Agriculture; Nigeria; Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; D24; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50327
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Deforestation Impact on the Household Sustainable Local Development: Nicaragua case, 1998-2005. AgEcon
Zúniga-González, Carlos Alberto.
CENTRAL AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, CAU V INTERNATIONAL MEETING OF THE ENCUENTRO JOURNAL
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: LSMS Survey; MECOVI; Technical Efficiency; Stochastic Frontier; Sustainable Local Development.; Environmental Economics and Policy; Productivity Analysis; Q: 56; Q: 58..
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96911
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Effect of rural transportation system on agricultural productivity in Oyo State, Nigeria JARTS
Rabirou, Kassali; Obafemi Awolowo University; Ayanwale, Adeolu Babatunde; Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria; Idowu, Ezekiel Olukayode; Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria; Williams, Stella Bola; Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
Food farming in Oyo North, Nigeria is characterised by an increasing use of Intermediary Mode of Transportation (IMT) to ease inputs and outputs mobility and farm access. To assess the influence on food farmer’s productivity, a random sample of 230 respondents was selected and data collected on their socio-economic and farm specific characteristics. Descriptive statistics, Herfindhal Index and Technical Efficiency Approach were used to analyse the data. The results indicate that majority of food farmers were in their middle age with mean age of 50 years and most of them used one plot at a location between 5 and 10km to their village of residence. They acquired land by inheritance and practiced intensive crop diversification as risk management strategy. The...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Economics Food farming; IMT; Farm access road; Technical Efficiency; Nigeria.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2012061541307
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Efficiency and Productivity Changes in the Indian Food Processing Industry: Determinants and Policy Implications AgEcon
Ali, Jabir; Singh, Surendra P.; Ekanem, Enefiok P..
This paper analyses efficiency and productivity changes in 12 broad segments of food manufacturing industries during pre and post liberalisation periods, covering a period of two decades, from 1980-1981 to 2001-2002. The nonparametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach is used to compute the Malmquist Total Factor Productivity (TFP) change, which has been further decomposed into efficiency and technical change. This paper also evaluates the performance of major inputs used in the food processing industry and identifies the causes of inefficiency across various segments. Based on the findings, the paper gives suggestions that can be used by policy makers and food processors in making decisions regarding various technical and managerial aspects to...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; Total Factor Productivity (TFP); Food Processing; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); India; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q10; Q11; Q13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53745
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EFICIÊNCIA NA INDÚSTRIA DE MÓVEIS NO BRASIL: O IMPACTO DA ABERTURA COMERCIAL NOS ESTADOS E REGIÕES DO BRASIL. AgEcon
Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos; Santos, Francivane Teles Pampolha Dos; Sousa, Alexandre Gervasio.
Com a abertura comercial na década de 90, muitos setores da economia que estavam em processo de industrialização se viram em dificuldade em enfrentar uma nova estrutura de competição, isso por sua vez acarretou numa industrialização tardia para algumas empresas do setor industrial, principalmente para as empresas de fabricação de móveis. Analisando esta entrada, este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar se o processo de abertura comercial causou impactos na eficiência dos estados nas indústrias de móveis, bem como o impacto na produtividade física. Para atingir esse objetivo, foi utilizado o Modelo de Análise Envoltória de Dados (DEA), que se baseia em programação matemática. Como insumos foram utilizados pessoal ocupado no setor, salários e remunerações...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Eficiência Técnica; DEA; Índice Malmiquist de Produtividade; Technical Efficiency; DEA; Malmiquist of Productivity Index; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115542
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Intensive versus Extensive Dairy Production Systems: Dairy States in the Eastern and Midwestern U.S. and Key Pasture Countries the E.U.: Determining the Competitive Edge AgEcon
Nehring, Richard F.; Sauer, Johannes; Gillespie, Jeffrey M.; Hallahan, Charles B..
In recent years, significant structural and production system changes have been noted in the U.S. and European Union, as well as increased interest in pasture-based dairy systems. Technical efficiency, returns to scale, and farm characteristics are compared by size and production system in traditional U.S. dairy states and E.U. countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: U.S.; EU Countries; Dairy Systems; Technical Efficiency; Returns To Scale; Size; Technology; Land Prices; Production Economics; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98824
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Measurement and Sources of Technical Inefficiency in the Tunisian Citrus Growing Sector AgEcon
Dhehibi, Boubaker; Lachaal, Lassaad; Elloumi, Mohamed; Messaoud, Emna B..
This paper investigates farm level technical inefficiency of production and its determinants in a sample of 150 citrus producing farms in Tunisia using a stochastic frontier production function approach applied to cross section data. Results indicate that technical efficiency of production in the sample of citrus producing farms investigated ranges from a minimum of 26.84% to a maximum of 97.98% with an average technical efficiency estimate of 86.23%. This suggests that citrus producers may increase their production by as much as 13.77% through more efficient use of production inputs. Further, the estimated coefficients in the technical inefficiency model indicate the positive effect on technical efficiency of the share of productive trees, the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; Stochastic frontier production function; Citrus farms; Tunisia; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9391
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Nonparametric approach for measuring the productivity change and assessing the water use efficiency in the irrigated areas of Tunisia AgEcon
Chemak, Fraj.
In order to cope with the water scarcity, Tunisia has to manage efficiently the demand of the economic and social sectors mainly that of the agricultural irrigated activities. Within this context our investigation aims to analyze the technical efficiency, the water use efficiency and the dynamic of the productivity of the irrigated areas in the Sidi Bouzid region. Hence, farm surveys, regarding the cropping years 2003 and 2007, were carried out. We have assessed the technology performance using the Data Envelopment Analysis approach and we have computed the Malmquist index in order to characterize the productivity change. Our empirical findings showed that the technical efficiency of the farms has increased by 17% during this period leading to an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigated Area; Technical Efficiency; Water Use Efficiency; Productivity Change; Data Envelopment Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C14; Q12; Q25.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97046
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O que significam as medidas de produtividade da agricultura? AgEcon
Alves, Eliseu Roberto de Andrade.
Some productivity measures area analyzed. The emphasis is on concepts, limitations and on some empirical results. Software is not discussed. The productivity measures are classified in optimized, whenever obtained by an optimization procedure, and not optimized, as yield, labor productivity and total factor productivity (ptf). The work shows when yields and total factor productivity say the same thing to conclude that this is possible only in a primitive agriculture where labor and land are the only factors of production used. This type of agriculture is present only in backward regions of Brazil. Hence yield, except in this situation, is a poor measure of profitability. Empirical works show that the development of Brazilian agriculture follows a path of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Yield; Labor Productivity; Total Factor Productivity; Technical Efficiency; Production Frontier; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102083
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RECENT EVIDENCE ON AGRICULTURAL EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY IN CHINA: A METAFRONTIER APPROACH AgEcon
Rungsuriyawiboon, Supawat; Xiaobing, Wang.
Economic reform in China helped transform the structure and volume of agricultural production and resulted in significant changes in efficiency and productivity. This paper measures agricultural technical efficiency (TE) and total factor productivity (TFP) in China by allowing producers operating under their own technologies. A metafrontier function approach is applied using a panel data set on 28 provinces during 1991-2005. The provinces are categorized into advanced- technology and low-technology provinces. Based on the metafrontier estimation, TFP growth is decomposed into TE change (TEC), technical change (TC) and scale efficiency change (SEC). This information is useful for policy makers to design suitable policies in enhancing agricultural TE and TFP...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Metafrontier; Agriculture; China; Technical Efficiency; Total Factor Productivity.; Agribusiness; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q16; Q18; P27.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90863
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Scale Effects, Technical Efficiency and Land Lease in China AgEcon
Wang, Xiaobing; Yu, Xiaohua.
Using a panel dataset from Zhejiang province in China over the period 1995-2002, we propose a two-step estimation procedure to investigate the links between land lease activity and production efficiency. We find that the output elasticity with respect to land, the scale effect and the technical efficiency are higher for farmers involved in land-lease activities. In addition, technical efficiency and land-lease activity are endogenous, and farmers with higher technical efficiency are more likely to lease more land and adopt advanced technologies to achieve higher profits, which in turn alters the technical efficiency.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Lease; Land Use Rights; Technical Efficiency; Scale Effect; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Q15; P23; D50.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115736
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STOCHASTIC FRONTIER ANALYSIS OF NEW ZEALAND'S MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES: SOME EMPIRICAL RESULTS AgEcon
Gounder, Rukmani; Xayavong, Vilaphonh.
This paper examines the sources of total factor productivity growth (TFP) in New Zealand's manufacturing industries over the period 1978-98 and over various sub-periods. Examination of the data adopts two stages using a stochastic frontier approach. The first stage involves the specification and estimation of the stochastic frontier production function and the prediction of technical efficiency effects. The second stage involves the specification of a regression model for the predicted technical efficiency effects. The sources of TFP growth have been decomposed into four components; i.e. technical progress, changes in technical efficiency, scale effects, and change in allocative efficiency. The empirical results show that productivity has been largely due...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: New Zealand Manufacturing Sector; Total Productivity Growth; Technical Progress; Technical Efficiency; Scale Components; Allocative Efficiency; Industrial Organization; D24; C23; O47.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23714
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Technical Change Performance and Water Use Efficiency in the Irrigated Areas: Data Envelopment Analysis Approach AgEcon
Chemak, Fraj.
In order to cope with the water scarcity, Tunisia has to manage efficiently the water demand of the economic and social sectors mainly that of the agricultural irrigated activities. Within this context, this investigation aims to analyze the technical efficiency, the water use efficiency and the dynamic of the productivity of the irrigated areas in the Sidi Bouzid region. Farm surveys have been carried out during 2003 and 2007 cropping years and technology performance has been assessed using Data Envelopment Analysis approach. Malmquist index has been also computed in order to characterize the productivity change. Empirical findings showed that the technical efficiency of the farms has increased by 17% during this period leading to an improvement of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigated Area; Technical Efficiency; Water Use Efficiency; Productivity Change; Data Envelopment Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114311
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Technical Efficiency and Adoption of Soil Conservation in El Salvador and Honduras AgEcon
Solis, Daniel; Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; Quiroga, Ricardo E..
A household-level switching regression model is implemented to examine potential selectivity bias for rural households under high and low levels of investments in soil conservation in El Salvador and Honduras. In the presence of selectivity bias, separate stochastic production frontiers are estimated for low and high adopters. The main results indicate that households with higher levels of investments in soil conservation show higher average TE than those with a lower level of investments. Constrains in the rural land and credit markets are likely explanations for these differences. The results also indicate that for farms with lower levels of investments in soil conservation access to credit is a significant factor explaining the sources of inefficiency....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic Frontiers; Technical Efficiency; Switching Regression; Central America; Soil Conservation; Land Economics/Use; D24; Q12; O13; C21.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25784
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Technical Efficiency in the Chilean Agribusiness Sector AgEcon
Aedo, Edinson Rivera; Lakner, Sebastian; Brümmer, Bernhard.
The reform-process towards a higher world-market orientation has a long tradition in Chile, with all its strengths and weaknesses. The food processing industry is highly competitive on the worldmarket. The following paper investigates the technical efficiency of the Chilean food processing industry between 2001 and 2007. We used a data-set from the 5,941 of firms in food processing industry. The observations are taken of the ‘Annual National Industrial Survey’. The method of stochastic frontier analysis is applied; the heteroscedasticity-model is used in order to analyze the determinants of technical efficiency. We included variables capturing different effects before and after the introduction of a liberalization policy in 2004. Raw materials and labor...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; Food Processing Industry; Chile; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115520
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Technical efficiency of Organic Fertilizer in small farms of Nicaragua: 1998-2005 AgEcon
Zúniga-González, Carlos Alberto.
This article applies frontier production function analysis to small farms in Nicaragua during 1998-2005 (Battese and Coelli, 1988). The objective of this study is to estimate an average function that will provide a picture of the shape of the organic fertilizer technology of an average firm (in our case, agricultural production units). Furthermore I present a best-practice of organic fertilizer against which the efficiency of the firms within the primary sector can be measured (Coelli, T: 1995). The results show an average of technical efficiency acceptable which the makers of public policy in Nicaragua must considerer for the future. It is imperative if we consider an economy activity indexes that have increased during this period.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical Efficiency; LSMS; Organic Fertilizer; Small Farm; Panel Data; Agribusiness; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53078
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The Impact of Trade Openness on Technical Efficiency in U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Miljkovic, Dragan; Shaik, Saleem.
This study addresses the impact of trade openness on technical efficiency in the U.S. agricultural sector. The results indicate that trade protectionism illustrated with a decrease in the share of agricultural imports in agricultural GDP led to an increase in technical efficiency. A change in the share of agricultural exports in agricultural GDP had no impact on technical efficiency. These results are partially consistent with the premise of the new trade theory, but also seem to be driven by the intricacies of the agricultural sector and agricultural policy in the US and internationally.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Technical Efficiency; Trade Openness; United States; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics; Q17.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56334
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The Role of Institutional Environments on Technical Efficiency: A Comparative Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Cotton Farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali AgEcon
Theriault, Veronique.
This paper examines the role of institutional environments on cotton farmer technical efficiency scores in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali using a stochastic frontier production approach. First, the key institutional changes that have occurred with the recent market-oriented reforms are discussed. Then, farm efficiency per country is measured using cross-sectional data collected by the Cotton Sector Reform Project of the Africa, Power, and Politics Programme in 2009. Results from a one-stage estimation procedure suggest that while no technical inefficiency exists in Benin, an average technical efficiency of 69% and 46% is found in Burkina Faso and Mali, respectively. Agricultural development policies focusing on reducing the inefficiency at the farm level in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Technical Efficiency; Institutional Changes; Reforms; Benin; Burkina Faso; Mali; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103436
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