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ANALYSIS OF HOUSEWIVES' GROCERY SHOPPING BEHAVIOR IN TAIWAN: AN APPLICATION OF THE POISSON SWITCHING REGRESSION AgEcon
Kan, Kamhon; Fu, Tsu-Tan.
The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate Taiwanese married women's grocery shopping behavior in relation to their labor force participation status. In this study, focus is limited to their grocery shopping frequency which is meant to be a proxy for an input to household production, i.e., food at home. A Poisson switching regression model is developed to estimate parameters of married women's shopping behavior. The results show that the labor force participation status does have a great impact on time allocation behavior.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Household production; Labor supply rationing; Poisson switching regression; Shopping frequency; Time allocation; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15064
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Do decoupled payments really encourage farmers to work more off farm? A micro-level analysis of incentives and preferences AgEcon
Douarin, Elodie.
According to neo-classical theory, farm operators’ labour allocation is determined by the relative wage they can earn from their labour on and off the farm. At the equilibrium, time should be allocated so that the marginal returns from on- and off-farm work are equal. Thus, a move from coupled to decoupled payments should have important impacts on labour allocation, as it reduces the return to farm labour and increases the unearned income of operators. However, empirical studies on decoupling have shown so far only limited impact from decoupling and sometimes contradictory findings. In this paper, individual preferences and constraints are taken into account to try and identify potential barriers to labour allocation adjustment. Empirical analysis based on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Time allocation; Farm operators; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44024
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FARM HOUSEHOLD LABOR ALLOCATION AND HIRED LABOR DEMANDS IN THE MIDWEST U.S.: THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Roucan-Kane, Maud; Keeney, Roman.
In addition to farm work, most farm households in developed countries have at least one person working off-farm. The purpose of this paper is to examine if, and how, government payments, personal characteristics and household characteristics affect labor allocation of farm operators and their spouses, and the decisions to hire labor. We estimate an 8-regime multinomial logit model and a three equation multivariate probit model to quantify these impacts. Results indicate that age of household members is consistent with the life-cycle hypothesis on increasing then decreasing labor market par, and is positively associated with demand for hired labor. Hired farm labor and off farm activities increase with the operator education levels. As household size...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Government subsidies; Government programs; Time allocation; Labor allocation; Off-farm labor; Farm labor; Hired labor; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; J22; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6711
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Household Production and the Demand for Food and Other Inputs: U.S. Evidence AgEcon
Huffman, Wallace E..
The paper develops a new productive household model and a consistent household fullincome/ expenditure demand system for inputs and leisure of U.S. households. The demand system is fitted to U.S. annual aggregate data over the last half of the 20th century and findings include that the price and income elasticity of demand for food-at-home are roughly two times larger than for food-away-from-home and that food-at-home and away-from-home are substitutes. The price and income elasticity of demand for men’s unpaid housework are twice as large as for women’s unpaid housework and women’s and men’s unpaid housework are shown to be complements.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: U.S. household sector; Production; Models of behavior; Input demand system; Food demand; Time allocation; Post-war II; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119158
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Impact of Program Payments on Time Allocation and Farm Household Income AgEcon
Dewbre, Joe; Mishra, Ashok K..
Using a model farm household resource allocation and data from the USDA-ERS Agricultural Resources Management Survey (ARMS), this study compares the effects of various categories of farm program payments on time allocation by farm operators and spouses. Results suggest that agricultural market transition payments (AMTA) increase leisure hours of both farm operators and spouses. Loan deficiency payments (LDP) and payments that combine market loan assistance (MLA) and disaster payments are shown to reduce leisure. The study also finds that AMTA payments exhibit a much higher degree of income transfer efficiency than the LDP and MLA payments.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Resource Management Survey; Decoupled payments; Government programs; Income transfer efficiency; Time allocation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; D13; J22; Q12; Q22.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6296
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India's Firewood Crisis Re-examined AgEcon
van 't Veld, Klaas; Narain, Urvashi; Gupta, Shreekant; Chopra, Neetu; Singh, Supriya.
Households in rural India are highly dependent on firewood as their main source of energy, partly because non-biofuels tend to be expensive. The prevailing view is therefore that, when faced with shortages of firewood in the village commons, such households, and especially the women in them, have to spend more and more time searching for firewood and eventually settle for poorer-quality biomass such as twigs, branches and dry leaves. Using data from a random sample of rural households in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, we come to very different conclusions, however. We find that households in villages with degraded forests do not spend longer hours searching for firewood, but instead switch to either using firewood from private trees or to using...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Firewood crisis; Time allocation; Fuel switching; JFM; India; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; O13; O18; Q23; Q42.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10591
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OFF-FARM WORK PARTICIPATION, OFF-FARM LABOR SUPPLY AND ON-FARM LABOR DEMAND OF U.S. FARM OPERATORS AgEcon
Huffman, Wallace E.; El-Osta, Hisham S..
An agricultural household model provides the framework for modeling off-farm work participation and off-farm and on-farm work decisions of farm operators. The empirical results are obtained from fitting the econometric model to data from a large national survey. In the estimated structural off-farm work participation equation, the operator's off-farm wage offer has a strong positive effect and other household income has a negative effect on the probability of off-farm work. For farm operators who participate in off-farm work, the wage elasticity of their off-farm labor supply is positive but of their on-farm labor demand is zero. The income elasticity of off-farm work for those who participate in off-farm work and of on-farm work for those who...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Farm operator; Off-farm work; On-farm work; Off-farm wage; Time allocation; Farm family labor; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18280
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