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A FRAMEWORK FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIAL PRODUCTS WITHIN THE WTO: A CLOSER LOOK AT FOUR COMMODITIES IN BARBADOS AgEcon
Marcus-Burnett, Emalene.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Special products; Sensitive commodities; WTO; CARICOM Single Market and Economy; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36951
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A SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Atici, Cemal.
Complete agricultural trade liberalization between the United States and the European Union is examined with respect to the agricultural sector. A static, partial equilibrium model, distinguishing among the European Union, the United States, and a politically passive rest of the world, is used to simulate agricultural free trade. The results of this research reveal how European Union and United States adoption of free trade affects domestic and world prices, production, consumption, self-sufficiency, and welfare.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; European Union; Trade liberalization; United States; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15559
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ABERTURA COMERCIAL: COMPARAÇÃO ENTRE SIMULAÇÕES DE DIFERENTES MODELOS DE EQUILÍBRIO GERAL COMPUTÁVEL AgEcon
Correa, Ludmila Macedo; Brandão, Antônio Salazar P..
O comércio internacional é marcado pelo elevado nível de protecionismo, contrariando o teorema das vantagens comparativas. A agricultura é o setor mais atingido, devido à existência, além de elevadas tarifas, de outros mecanismos de proteção comercial que fortalecem ainda mais as distorções do comércio internacional. Levando em conta a necessidade dos negociadores e governantes em informações robustas sobre o efeito da liberalização, o presente trabalho apresenta um estudo comparativo entre simulações de liberalização total e parcial utilizando diferentes modelos de equilíbrio geral computável. Com isso, foi possível identificar as convergências e divergências dos resultados, discernindo o que existe de robusto nesse assunto, e quais características dos...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Liberalização comercial; Liberalização do setor agrícola e modelos de equilíbrio geral computável; Trade liberalization; Agricultural sector’s liberalization and Computable General Equilibrium model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109071
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AGRICULTURAL MARKETS LIBERALIZATION AND THE DOHA ROUND AgEcon
Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Beghin, John C.; de Cara, Stephane; Fang, Cheng; Isik, Murat; Matthey, Holger.
Using a partial equilibrium model of world agriculture, we investigate the multilateral removal of all border taxes and farm programs and their distortion of world agricultural markets. These distortions have significant terms-of-trade effects. World trade is also significantly impacted by both types of distortions. Trade expansion is substantial for most commodities, especially dairy, meats, and vegetable oils. Net agricultural and food exporters (Brazil, Australia, and Argentina) emerge with expanded exports; whereas net importing countries with limited distortions before liberalization are penalized by higher world markets prices and reduced imports. The US gains significant export shares in livestock products and imports more dairy products....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Doha; Agriculture; Trade liberalization; Domestic policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25875
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Agricultural Trade and Freshwater Resources AgEcon
Reimer, Jeffrey J..
Approximately 75% of all water used by humans goes towards food production, much of which is traded internationally. This study formally models how this works in the case of crop agriculture, making use of recent advances in international trade theory and new data on the productivity by which countries use water for crop agriculture. The strength of the model lies in its ability to predict, when there is a shock to the system, how trade between pairs of specific countries changes for products that use water intensively. In one application of the model, international trade in final products is shown to be a means for countries to deal with short- and long-run shocks to water resources that are too big for one country to handle by itself in isolation. In...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Simulation; Trade liberalization; Water; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; F11; F18; Q25; Q54.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123944
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Agricultural transition and integration to the world economy: NIS case AgEcon
Serova, Eugenia.
The paper studies the major trends in the agri-food trade in the NIS countries. It describes the trade flows, production cooperation and trade regimes within NIS countries; trade with the rest of the world and accession to the WTO. The key tested hypothesis of the paper is that intra-region trade dominate international trade in the NIS region, however this centrifugal tendency is forced by nation’s specialization set in the Soviet period. The development process in the NIS countries will cause more deep international integration. Also paper measure IIT for the NIS countries both for trade within the region and beyond it as well as IIT for some particular groups af agri-food commodities. It allowed an author to understand whether product variety explain the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: NIS countries; Agri-food trade; Trade liberalization; Intra-industry trade (IIT); Agricultural and Food Policy; P33; O13.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8513
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Agriculturally Related Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
The consideration of environmental matters in trade liberalization agreements has become an issue since they were included in NAFTA and recognized Uruguay round agreement that created the WTO. Many WTO members, especially the less developed countries, remain opposed to including environmental issues in trade agreements. However, Canada, the U.S. and a few other countries now include environmental provisions in their bilateral and regional trade agreements; the U.S. is required to do so under its 2002 Trade Promotion Act (PL 107-210). Furthermore, the declaration establishing the Doha Round of multilateral negotiations recognizes a role, albeit a limited one, for the environment in negotiating the next multilateral trade liberalization agreement....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade and environment; Agricultural trade; Trade liberalization; Doha Round; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25756
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Agriculture and Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Including environmental issues in trade agreements is controversial, although these issues are an integral part of the NAFTA and WTO agreements as well as being the subject of numerous multilateral environmental treaties and agreements. Despite its inclusion, many members are opposed to allowing the environment an extensive role in the WTO. Nonetheless, the Doha Ministerial Declaration recognizes the environment in negotiating the next trade liberalization agreement. Agriculture and agricultural trade, which were integrated with international trade disciplines in the Uruguay Round, have environmental implications, and the inclusion of agriculture in the WTO introduces complex issues that also have environmental consequences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Doha Round; Environment; Trade liberalization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23879
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Assessing Model Assumptions in Trade Liberalization Modeling: An Application to SWOPSIM AgEcon
Herlihy, Michael; Haley, Stephen L.; Johnston, Brian G..
This report reviews research on the effectiveness of acreage reduction programs and describes the methodology developed for the Static World Policy Simulation (SWOPSIM) modeling framework to capture the effect of removing these programs. It also analyzes the results of several sensitivity tests of a SWOPSIM model used by the Economic Research Service to study the effects of agricultural trade liberalization. Assumptions concerning how U.S. acreage reduction programs are modeled significantly influence predictions as to how trade liberalization affects commodity prices, production, and trade. However, these assumptions do not significantly influence predictions of how trade liberalization affects producer welfare. In terms of trade liberalization analysis,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Acreage reduction programs; Slippage; Deficiency payments; Economic model; Trade liberalization; Supply elasticity; SWOPSIK; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51134
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Brazil Agriculture Policy Review AgEcon
Quiroga, Jose; Brooks, Jonathan; Melyukhina, Olga.
In June 2005, OECD members met with senior government officials from Brazil to discuss Brazilian agricultural policies and future directions, as a part of a comprehensive agricultural policy review. Ongoing dialogue with Brazil on policy issues is important to fostering a better understanding of global challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. Results of the review will be published by the OECD in 2005. This policy note provides a preview of key findings.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: OECD; Policy issues; Reforms; Economy; Macroeconomic stabilization; Structural reforms; Trade liberalization; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52068
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Canadian Agriculture and the Doha Development Agenda: The Challenges AgEcon
Rude, James; Meilke, Karl D..
The WTO Framework Agreement that negotiators accepted in July 2004, and built upon at the 2005 Hong Kong Ministerial meeting provides a guide to the commitments a Doha Development Agenda agreement may contain. These commitments will relate to direct and indirect export subsidies, domestic support and market access. Commitments in each of these areas will have implications for Canadian agriculture. This article explores these implications for supply management, the Canadian Wheat Board and domestic support programs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Canadian agriculture; Doha; Trade liberalization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23825
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China's Accession to the WTO: What Is at Stake for Agricultural Markets? AgEcon
Fuller, Frank H.; Beghin, John C.; de Cara, Stephane; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fang, Cheng; Matthey, Holger.
We analyze the impact of China's accession to the World Trade Organization on major crop and livestock markets using the FAPRI modeling framework. We incorporate expected changes in consumer income, textile production, and trade policies as exogenous shocks to the baseline model. Following accession, revenues decline in China's livestock, grain, and oilseed industries, while cotton production prospers despite increased cotton imports. Chinese consumers benefit from lower food prices, with vegetable oil, dairy, and meat consumption increasing significantly. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, the European Union, and the United States are the greatest beneficiaries from expanded agricultural trade with China.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Accession; Agricultural trade; China; Policy analysis; Simulation models; Trade liberalization; World Trade Organization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18522
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Citrus trade liberalization with Japan AgEcon
Bedigian, Karen J.; Fairchild, Gary F..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Japan; Citrus; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52723
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DEMAND FOR MEAT AND FISH PRODUCTS IN KOREA AgEcon
Jung, Jione; Koo, Won W..
The Korean livestock industry is currently facing the critical challenge of the market liberalization trend under the World Trade Organization. This study analyzes the consumption behavior of meat and fish products in Korea, by estimating the Linear Approximate Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). The empirical results indicate that beef imports in Korea would increase in the future under trade liberalization. If cheap and better quality imported beef are introduced to Korean consumers, Hanwoo (Korean domestic cattle) beef would not maintain its market share. Key words: Meat, fish, trade liberalization, per capita consumption, demand, separability, and price elasticity.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Meat; Fish; Trade liberalization; Per capita consumption; Demand; Separability; And price elasticity.; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19895
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Dinâmica da ocupação e da qualificação da mão de obra na agropecuária brasileira AgEcon
Maia, Katy; Rodrigues, Rossana Lott; Souza, Solange de Cassia Inforzato de; Moretto, Antonio Carlos; Kureski, Ricardo.
The article analyses the effect of trade liberalization, of final consumption and of technological change on employment structure of Brazil and sector agro cattle raising, by skill level, between 1985 and 2003. Therefore, were used input-output and PNAD data of respective years. The results obtained show important change on the employment structure of sector agro cattle raising in this period, in favor the skilled workers, yet that in less proportion relative to others economic sectors, caused by technological change and trade foreign. The agro cattle raising sector revealed dynamic in its employment structure, benefiting more the skill labor with raised labor productivity
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Agro cattle raising sector; Skilled workers; Technological change; Labor productivity; Agribusiness; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114177
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Economic Loss to the Brazilian Regions Due to the Doha Round Failure AgEcon
Pereira, Matheus Wemerson Gomes; Teixeira, Erly Cardoso; Gurgel, Angelo Costa.
We build a database and model to develop general equilibrium analysis of the Brazilian economy at the level of the five macro regions. The model is multiregional at global level as also at the Brazilian level. The project is coupled to the GTAP model through disaggregation of the original Brazilian input-output matrix and trade flows and follows the GTAPinGAMS structure and syntax to generate the General Equilibrium Analysis Project for the Brazilian Economy (PAEG). The regional database is that of the GTAP version 6 and represent the 2001 world economy. We aggregate the data in seven regions plus the five Brazilian sub-regions and nineteen commodities/sectors to apply the scenario Doha Round to determine the probable losses to the Brazilian regions from...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Brazilian regions; General equilibrium; Agribusiness; Trade liberalization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; F13; F15; Q17.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53247
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Effects of the Free Trade Area of the Americas on Forest Resources AgEcon
Turner, James A.; Buongiorno, Joseph; Zhu, Shushuai.
The effects of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement on the forest sectors and resources of member countries are investigated. A model of wood supply within the spatial partial-equilibrium Global Forest Products Model is developed to link international trade and deforestation. The direct effects of tariff changes and the indirect effects of income changes induced by trade liberalization are considered. The FTAA has a small positive impact on the region's forest resources. Higher harvests of industrial roundwood in most countries are offset by increased afforestation due to the income effect of trade liberalization (captured by the environmental Kuznets curve).
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; International trade; Forest resources; Forest sector trade model; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10197
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Effects of Trade Liberalization on Agriculture in Asia; Proceeding of a Workshop Held in Bogor, Indonesia, October 5-8, 1999 AgEcon
Contents: Foreword Acknowledgements Opening address, by Haruo Inagaki Opening remarks, by Yukio Kawauchi Message of Mr. Adrianus Mooy, read by Nibhon Debavalya Opening address, by Joko Budianto Trade Liberalization and World Food Prospects in the 21st Century, by Keji Ohga Project Report: Effects of Trade Liberalization in Selected Asian Countries with Special Focus on CGPRT Crops (TradeLib), by Michio Kanai Agricultural Trade Liberalization in China, by Jikun Huang and Chunlai Chen Comments on Chinese Country Report: Trade Protection or Free Trade in the Agricultural Economy of China?, by Chen Dongsheng Effects of Trade Liberalization on Indian Agriculture, by Ramesh Chand Effects of Trade Liberalization on Selected Food Crops in Indonesia, by Erwidodo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; International trade; Agricultural products; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32735
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Effects of Trade Liberalization on Agriculture in China: Commodity Aspects AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Chen, Chunlai.
This book analyzes commodity aspects of the effects of trade liberalization on agriculture in China. The study describes the effects of trade liberalization on selected commodities namely rice, wheat, maize, soybean, sweet potato, potato, other grains, pork, beef, mutton, poultry, egg, milk and fish at the national level and farm level. The analysis included ex-ante and ex-post welfare gain and loss at the national level and profitability at the farm level.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Agricultural products; Production; Consumption; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32665
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Effects of Trade Liberalization on Agriculture in China: Institutional and Structural Aspects AgEcon
Huang, Jikun; Chen, Chunlai.
This book analyzes institutional and structural aspects of the effects of trade liberalization on agriculture in China. The study stresses the analysis of trade-related policies, physical infrastructure, institutions and performance in international trade. It discusses such commodities as rice, maize, soybean, peanuts, frozen pork, canned food, raw silk, wheat, vegetable oils, sugar and raw wool. This book gives readers a general view of trade liberalization in China.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Trade policies; Trade; Trade liberalization; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32722
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