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Biotechnological potential of the Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excelsa and Copaifera spp. oils. Repositório Alice
MENEGUETTI, N. F. S. P.; MENEGUETTI, D. U. de O.; SIVIERO, A..
The use of vegetable species for treatment or prevention of diseases is one of the most ancient medicine techniques in humanity. In Amazon rainforest, there are numerous of plant species that possess biotechnological potential, and due to this, this study aimed at carrying out a bibliographic review describing the biotechnological potential in Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excels, and Copaifera spp. oils. This study is a systematic review of literature in the databases: SCIELO, VHL and PUBMED, by using the descriptors: C. guianensis oil, B. excelsa oil and Copaifera spp. After the selection, 87 articles were selected; 48 on C. guianensis, 9 on B. excels, and 30 on Copaifera spp. Oil seeds from Amazon rainforest possess a good biotechnological potential...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Aceites esenciales; Revisión bibliográfica.; Revisão bibliográfica; Literature review; Plantas medicinales; Nuez del Brasil; Medicina tradicional; Produto florestal não madeireiro (PFNM); Castanha do brasil; Andiroba; Bertholletia Excelsa; Óleo Essencial; Copaíba; Planta Medicinal.; Carapa Guianensis; Castanha do Para; Nontimber forest products.; Medicinal plants; Traditional medicine; Brazil nuts; Copaifera; Essential oils.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1113202
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Caracterización fenotípica, producción y uso tradicional de gallinas locales en Los Altos de Chiapas. Colegio de Postgraduados
Zaragoza Martínez, María de Lourdes.
El trabajo analiza la producción avícola que se desarrolla en comunidades indígenas del estado de Chiapas. La investigación se realizó con el empleo de metodologías cualitativa y cuantitativa, dirigida a mujeres identificadas como propietarias de los recursos avícolas, quienes además determinaron el nivel de acercamiento que se podía tener con los animales. Con la información recabada en 108 hogares, se realizó la caracterización del subsistema de producción avícola inmerso en el sistema pecuario que desarrollan las familias de las comunidades indígenas. Se obtuvo información sobre la situación socioeconómica, características de los productores, tipos de gallinas, manejo zootécnico y sobre los servicios de apoyo proporcionados. En los gallineros, de...
Palavras-chave: Comunidades indígenas; Medicina tradicional; Produccion avícola local; Recursos zoogenéticos locales; Indigenous communities; Local animal genetic resources; Local poultry production; Traditional medicine; Doctorado; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/763
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Cartilha de plantas medicinais (Rau Xarabu): Terra Indígena Kaxinawá Nova Olinda, Feijó, Acre, Brasil. Infoteca-e
HAVERROTH, M.; LOPES, B. P. S.; SILVA, M. P. da; FERREIRA, A. B..
Esta cartilha traz um levantamento etnobotânico das plantas medicinais utilizadas pelos Kaxinawá e, por meio de seu registro, busca contribuir para o fortalecimento da resiliência do sistema tradicional de saúde indígena. Traz uma amostra significativa das plantas medicinais dentro do contexto do conhecimento dos pajés, parteiras e demais especialistas da Terra Indígena Kaxinawá Nova Olinda (TIKNO), cujo conteúdo está voltado para os próprios Kaxinawá a fim de servir como meio de incentivo e orientação aos jovens aprendizes da medicina desse povo, bem como a todo o público interessado no tema, como acadêmicos, indigenistas, gestores na área de saúde e estudantes em geral.
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Conhecimento tradicional; Traditional knowledge; Comunidades tradicionais; Povos indígenas; Medicina tradicional; Plantas medicinales; Conocimiento tradicional; Terra Indígena Kaxinawá de Nova Olinda (TIKNO); Feijó (AC); Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Etnobôtanica; Planta Medicinal; Ethnobotany; Medicinal plants; Indigenous knowledge; Traditional medicine.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1124578
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Conocimiento tradicional sobre plantas medicinales en huertos familiares en la Mixteca Poblana, México. Colegio de Postgraduados
Gómez Calderón, Hilaria Angélica.
Las plantas medicinales son recursos naturales disponibles en el ambiente silvestre y en los huertos familiares. Las plantas medicinales son la opción inmediata y en muchos casos la única para tratar las enfermedades comunes. El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar el papel que juegan las plantas medicinales en los huertos familiares, y los conocimientos alrededor de ellas. Pretende contribuir al diseño de estrategias de desarrollo rural que promuevan alternativas para el desarrollo local de las comunidades. El trabajo de campo se realizó del 2010 al 2013 en dos diferentes entornos, uno rural y otro urbano, en el municipio de Tepexi de Rodríguez, Puebla, México (Agua de la Luna, Huejonapan, y Tula) y en el sur de la Ciudad de Puebla, México. Se...
Palavras-chave: Decisiones de salud; Medicina tradicional; Plantas medicinales; Health treatment decisions; Medicinal plants; Traditional medicine; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2205
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Decrease in Dengue virus-2 infection and reduction of cytokine/chemokine production by Uncaria guianensis in human hepatocyte cell line Huh-7. Repositório Alice
MELLO, C. da S.; VALENTE, L. M. M.; WOLFF, T.; LIMA JUNIOR, R. S.; FIALHO, L. G.; MARINHO, C. F.; AZEREDO, E. L.; OLIVEIRA PINTO, L. M.; PEREIRA, R. de C. A.; SIANI, A. C.; KUBELKA, C. F..
bitstream/item/177377/1/ART18008.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Medicina tradicional; Imunomodulação; Antivirais; Kaempferitrin; Antivirals; Uncaria guianensis; Traditional medicine; Immunomodulation; Dengue.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1090388
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El sector de bienestar individual integral de salud en el desarrollo endógeno de Tepexi de Rodríguez, Puebla. Colegio de Postgraduados
Miranda Trejo, Gabriel.
El desarrollo implica mucho más que los aspectos económicos. El concepto involucra además cuestiones sociales como educación, vivienda, servicios y salud, entre otros; en general todo aquello que tiene relación con el bienestar de los integrantes de la sociedad. La salud es un importante indicador del grado de desarrollo y bienestar. Las unidades familiares, particularmente las indígenas, establecen estrategias particulares para el cuidado y recuperación de su salud, basándose en sus conocimientos tradicionales, recursos naturales y económicos. Para incrementar el bienestar y el desarrollo, es necesario conocer el sistema de bienestar individual de salud en las zonas rurales de origen indígena, al igual que las estrategias de vida a fin de integrarlas en...
Palavras-chave: Desarrollo; Estrategias de salud; Medicina tradicional; Sistema de bienestar individual de salud; Development; Health strategies; System of Individual Well-being of Health; Traditional medicine; EDAR; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; Doctorado.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2110
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Estudio etnofarmacológico de especies vegetales con actividad hipoglucemiante en la comunidad de Malpasito en Huimanguillo, Tabasco. Colegio de Postgraduados
Villarreal Ibarra, Edelia Claudina.
Ante el incremento de enfermedades crónico-degenerativas uno de los recursos terapéuticos por excelencia lo representa la medicina tradicional, la presente investigación documenta y evalúa farmacológicamente las plantas utilizadas para el control de la Diabetes Mellitus (DM) en la comunidad de Malpasito, dentro de la Reserva Ecológica de Agua Selva en Huimanguillo, Tabasco, México como un aporte a la validación científica. Registra un inventario del conocimiento tradicional de las plantas medicinales, con información sobre el uso terapéutico, forma de preparación y parte vegetal utilizada. La información se recabó mediante entrevistas estructuradas TRAMIL. Se registraron 128 especies distribuidas en 63 familias botánicas, los usos medicinales se agruparon...
Palavras-chave: Medicina tradicional; Diabetes; Citotoxicidad; Artemia salina; Traditional medicine; Cytotoxicity; Ciencias por Investigación; Doctorado.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/2278
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Ethnobiology and health among the Kulina People from the Upper Envira River, State of Acre, Brazil. Repositório Alice
HAVERROTH, M.; NEGREIROS, P. R. M.; BARROS, L. C. P..
This article is about an ethnobiological and ethnoecological research among Kulina People from the Upper Envira River, located in the Amazon Region, State of Acre, Brazil. The data was collected during two work trips to 10 villages of three Indian Lands (IL) in 2008 and 2009. The field work was based on participant observation, open, semi-structured and structured interviews and walk-in-the-woods technique. The total population was 423 distributed in 77 dwellings. The gender proportion is 49,7% of women to 50,3% of men. Fifty one per cent are under 15 years old. The most important health problems are respiratory and digestive signs and symptoms, dermatosis and ophidian attacks. Kulina diet is based on cultivated foods, hunt and fishes. There is a variety...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Índios Kulina; Etnobiologia; Ethnobiology; Conhecimento tradicional; Alto rio Envira; Acre; Amazônia Ocidental; Western Amazon; Amazonia Occidental; Pesquisa; Planta medicinal; Traditional medicine; Indigenous knowledge; Medicinal plants; Medicina tradicional; Plantas medicinales; Conocimiento tradicional.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/856186
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Evaluation of in vitro biological properties of Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Biological Sciences
Lombardo, Márcia; Kiyota, Sumika; Kato, Edna Tomiko Miyake; Mathor, Monica Beatriz; Pinto, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli; Kaneko, Telma Mary.
Senna species have been widely used by American, African and Indian ethic groups mainly in the treatment of feebleness, constipation, liver disorders and skin infections. Senna occidentalis (L.) Link is a perennial shrub native to South America and indigenous to tropical regions throughout the world. Current study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts from S. occidentalis prepared from different parts of the plant. Antimicrobial activity was assessed against standard pharmaceutical microorganisms by spectrophotometry and microdilution technique. Escherichia coli was sensitive only to compounds extracted from seeds which may be proteinaceous. A broader antimicrobial spectrum was demonstrated by the hydroalcoholic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: 2.10.06.00-8 Cassia occidentalis; Leguminosae; Traditional medicine; Antibacterial; Antifungal; Fibroblasts Etnofarmacologia.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/22525
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In vitro antifungal activity of Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão against human vaginal Candida species Anais da ABC (AABC)
OLIVEIRA,FERNANDO A. DE; RORATO,VANESSA C.; ALMEIDA-APOLONIO,ADRIANA A.; RODRIGUES,ALLAN B.; BARROS,ALINE L. DE; SANGALLI,ANDRÉIA; ARENA,ARIELLE C.; MOTA,JONAS S.; GRISOLIA,ALEXÉIA B.; OLIVEIRA,KELLY M.P. DE.
ABSTRACT Myracrodruon urundeuva is a plant native to Brazil, which is used by the indigenous population for the treatment of candidiasis. The aims of this study were to evaluate the antifungal activity of extract against human vaginal Candida species and evaluate the possible toxicological activities of M. urundeuva. Initially, ethanol extracts, ethyl acetate fractions, and hydroalcoholic fractions of the bark and leaf of M. urundeuva were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration. The extracts that showed antifungal activity were characterized by liquid chromatography and subjected to toxicity assessment. Toxic, cytotoxic, genotoxic, and mutagenic testing were performed using Allium cepa and Ames assays with the ethanol extracts of the bark...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Anacardiaceae; Candidiasis; Myracrodruon urundeuva; Traditional medicine.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652017000502423
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Medicinal plants in cultures of Afro-descendant communities in Brazil, Europe and Africa Acta Botanica
Pasa,Maria Corette; Hanazaki,Natalia; Silva,Olga Maria Duarte; Agostinho,Adelaide Bela; Zank,Sofia; Esteves,Maria Inês Pires Neves.
ABSTRACT Ethnomedicine focuses on empirical and traditional knowledge of healing practices of different human groups, including the use of plants as medicine. We aimed to determine whether there is consensus regarding the use of plants in traditional medicine of Afro-descendant communities in Brazil, Europe and Africa. Data were obtained through interviews, walks-in-the-woods, participant observations and bibliographic searches. We analyzed similarities among data sets to determine whether there is convergence in the use of traditional medicinal plants among these communities considering that they share influence from African culture and a common spoken language (Portuguese). Similarities among communities were assessed through cluster analysis using...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: African diaspora; Cultural exchange; Ethnobotany; Medicinal plants; Traditional medicine.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062019000200340
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Phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin determination by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of six stonebreaker species from different regions of Brazil. Repositório Alice
NOVELLINO, K. V. A.; BERNARDO, S. R.; TAPPIN, M. R. R.; ALVES, R. de B. das N.; SILVA, D. B. da; SILVA, M. J. da; VIEIRA, R. F.; BEHRENS, M. das D. D.; MOREIRA, D. de L..
bitstream/item/215923/1/DA7245363398.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Stonebreaker; Quebra-pedra; Traditional medicine; Urolithiasis; Phyllanthus; Lignans; Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Ano: 2020 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1124893
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Plants used to treat malaria in the regions of Rio Branco - Acre state and southern Amazonas state - Brazil. Infoteca-e
FERREIRA, A. B.; MING, L. C.; HAVERROTH, M.; DALY, D. C.; CABALLERO, J.; BALLESTÉ, A. M..
Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by organisms of the genus Plasmodium. The present study examined wild and cultivated plants used to treat malaria and associated symptoms by riparian communities in the Municipalities of Pauini and Xapuri in Amazonas and Acre states, respectively. During the year 2013 86 persons were interviewed in 9 rural communities in Pauini and Xapuri that were known for their knowledge and use of medicinal plants, After each interview, walks were made (walk in the woods), with the main informant of the family, for identification of plants and to collect the samples of the species indicated. A total of 86 plant species were indicated by seringueiros and ribeirinhos for the treatment of malaria and for associated symptoms, while 26...
Tipo: Artigo de divulgação na mídia (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Conhecimento tradicional; Comunidade ribeirinha; Doença tropical; Tropical disease; Enfermedad tropical; Malária; Xapuri (AC); Acre; Pauini (AM); Amazonas; Etnobotânica; Planta medicinal; Tratamento; Parasito; Protozoário; Indigenous knowledge; Traditional medicine; Medicinal plants; Plasmodium; Etnobotánica; Conocimiento tradicional; Medicina tradicional; Plantas medicinales.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1028209
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Popular medicinal uses of Calea uniflora Less. (Asteraceae) and its contribution to the study of Brazilian medicinal plants Anais da ABC (AABC)
RAMOS,LUAN S.; CARDOSO,PAULA S.; FREITAS,MICHELE D.; PAGHAN,RENATO; BORGES,MARÍLIA S.; CITADINI-ZANETTE,VANILDE; BARLOW,JAMES W.; AMARAL,PATRÍCIA A.; DALBÓ,SILVIA.
ABSTRACT Calea uniflora Less. is widely used in southern Santa Catarina (Brazil), but there are no scientific studies which support its use. Then, this study was proposed to determine of the percentage use of C. uniflora in a city of southern Brazil and documentation of the knowledge that the population has about this species. The survey was conducted with semi-structured interviews using a questionnaire applied to 372 participants. In analyzing the results, it was observed that of the 94.1% who recognized C. uniflora, 74.3% utilize it as a medicinal plant and 65.4% of such knowledge originates in childhood, mainly through the family (84.6%). 93% reported using inflorescences macerated in alcohol or rum; this extract is generally used topically for wound...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Brazil; Calea uniflora; Ethnobotanical studies; Semi-structured interviews; Traditional medicine.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000602319
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Protective role of Syzygium cumini leaf extracts against paraquat-induced oxidative stress in superoxide-dismutase-deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains Biological Sciences
Soares, Jefferson de Jesus; Rosa, Anderson da Silva; Motta, Paola Ribeiro; Cibin, Francielli Weber Santos; Roehrs, Rafael; Denardin, Elton Luís Gasparotto.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of three different extracts prepared from Syzygium cumini leaves against paraquat-induced toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains deficient in superoxide dismutase (SOD). Additionally, the extracts phenolic and flavonoid contents, in vitro antioxidant activity, and phytochemical composition (using high-pressure liquid chromatography) were determined. Bioactive compounds from S. cumini leaves were extracted with infusion (traditional method) or ultrasound (aqueous or hydroalcoholic). Compared to the infusion extract, the ultrasound extracts exhibited a greater protective capacity against paraquat toxicity in the yeast cells as well as higher antioxidant activity. These results may be directly...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Traditional medicine; Antioxidant activity; Phenolic compounds; Flavonoids; Syzygium cumini; Saccharomyces cerevisiae..
Ano: 2019 URL: http://periodicos.uem.br/ojs/index.php/ActaSciBiolSci/article/view/47139
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Reptiles traded in markets for medicinal purposes in contemporary Morocco Naturalis
Nijman, V.; Bergin, D..
Reptiles are traded globally for medicinal purposes. Historic qualitative accounts of reptiles used as medicine in Morocco are numerous, but contemporary quantitative data are rare. In 2013-2014, we surveyed 49 wildlife markets in 20 towns throughout Morocco, plus the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. We recorded 1,586 specimens of at least nine species for sale in 14 of the Moroccan markets with a combined value of about US $100,000. The most prominent markets were those in Marrakesh, Meknes, Casablanca, and Fez, with the former two cites trading equal quantities of dried and live specimens and the latter two trading mainly dried specimens. Common species were the Mediterranean chameleon (Chamaeleo chamaeleon) with 720 specimens (506 dried, 214...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Bern Convention; CITES; Ethnozoology; Traditional medicine; Wildlife trade.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/627511
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The gastroprotective effect of Memora nodosa roots against experimental gastric ulcer in mice Anais da ABC (AABC)
SILVA,DAYANE M.; MARTINS,JOSÉ L.R.; FLORENTINO,IZIARA F.; OLIVEIRA,DANILLO R.; FAJEMIROYE,JAMES O.; TRESNVENZOL,LEONICE M.F.; PAULA,JOSÉ R.; COSTA,ELSON A..
ABSTRACT Memora nodosa is popularly known as "caroba" and widely found in the Cerrado regions of Brazil. In traditional medicine, the leaves and stems are used for the healing of external ulcer and the roots for abdominal pain. This study investigated the effect of ethanolic roots extract of Memora nodosa (EMN) on the gastric mucosa of mice. In the indomethacin induced gastric ulcer model, the treatments of the animals with EMN at doses of 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg, p.o., markedly reduced the index of lesions. In the gastric ulcer models induced by ethanol and cold restraint-stress the previous treatment with EMN at dose of 300 mg/kg showed 69% and 43% of protection, respectively. Seven days after food-restriction, the animals treated with EMN (300 mg/kg...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Gastric lesion; Gastroprotection; Medicinal plants; Memora nodosa; Mucus; Traditional medicine.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652016000501819
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Total phenolic, flavonoid, alkaloid and iridoid content and preventive effect of Lider-7-tang on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rats BJMBR
Erdenechimeg,Ch.; Guiqide,A.; Dejidmaa,B.; Chimedragchaa,Ch.; Purevsuren,S..
Lider-7-tang, a medicine used for the treatment of respiratory diseases especially pneumonia and fever in Mongolian Traditional Medicine, was selected for this phytochemical and pharmacological study. The objectives of the study were to determine total biological active substances and analyze the effects of Lider-7-tang treatment in rats with acute lung injury (ALI). Quantitative determination of the total active constituents (phenolic, flavonoid, iridoid and alkaloid) of the methanol extract of Lider-7-tang was performed using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, aluminum chloride reagent, Trim-Hill reagent, and Bromocresol green reagent, respectively. A total of fifty 8–10-week-old male Wistar rats (200–240 g) were randomized into three groups: control group,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Traditional medicine; Lider-7-tang; Phenolic; Acute lung injury; Lipopolysaccharide.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2017001200609
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