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Registros recuperados: 11
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A Conflict of Legitimate Concerns or Pandering to Vested Interests? Conflicting Attitudes Towards the Regulation of Trade in Genetically Modified Goods - The EU and the US AgEcon
Perdikis, Nicholas.
The success of multilateral negotiations in reducing explicit trade barriers has focused the attention of policy makers and other interest groups on the impact domestic policies and attitudes may have on trade flows. In the area of genetically modified goods the principal area of dispute between the U.S. and the EU involves fundamental differences in the perception of these goods and consumer attitudes towards them. The current dispute settlement mechanisms do not provide a way of dealing with this type of issue. Existing bodies were designed to deal with "producer vested" interests and so cannot deal with "legitimate" consumer concerns. The paper concludes that a new body should be established to deal with these within the ambit of the WTO.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conflicts; EU; GMOs; Trade; U.S.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23835
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A study of U.S. orange juice imports and exports AgEcon
Lee, Jonq-Ying.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Orange juice; U.S.; Imports; Exports; Rotterdam price; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52895
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COMPETITIVENESS IN THE WORLD SUGAR INDUSTRY: A COMPARISON OF THE EU AND U.S. SUGAR SECTORS AgEcon
Kennedy, P. Lynn; Harrison, R. Wes.
The EU and U.S. have historically been insulated from volatilities in the world sugar market. This paper reviews changes in WTO and regional trade agreements and interactions with domestic policies. A framework is developed to analyze the competitive positions of these sugar industries given world sugar policy reforms.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Sugar; EU; U.S.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21649
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Farm Income Stabilization: A Central Goal for American and European Policies AgEcon
Tyner, Wallace E.; Jacquet, Florence; Gray, Allan W..
The central thesis developed in this paper is that snapshot views of the global measures of agricultural support mask what is really happening in U.S. and E.U. agricultural policies. We demonstrate that American and European farmers are effectively protected from market risk by these policies. The level of PSE is largely determined by the level of world price. Most economists do not pay much attention to the role of agricultural policies in income stability. Yet farm income stability is clearly a prime objective of government policy both in the E.U. and the U.S. and probably elsewhere. We need to turn out attention to this objective if we are to produce policy analysis relevant to real world policy decisions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Market risks; Agricultural income; U.S.; E.U.; Agricultural and natural resource economics; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24683
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Impacts from Government Regulations on the Canadian-U.S. Basis for Fed Cattle AgEcon
Ward, Clement E.; Schroeder, Ted C.; Schulz, Lee L..
Replaced with revised version of paper 09/01/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Canada; Fed Cattle; Government Policy; International Trade; Prices; U.S.; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Q13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49327
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Impacts of Gluten Imports on U.S. Food Wheat Use AgEcon
Zhang, Caiping; Marsh, Thomas L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gluten imports; Wheat food demand; U.S.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21283
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IMPORT TENDERS AND BIDDING STRATEGIES IN WHEAT AgEcon
Wilson, William W.; Dahl, Bruce L..
Bidding competition plays an important role in price discovery and the determination of suppliers in international grains. In this paper we analyze international bidding competition for wheat for a specific importer. Tender data over the period 1993-1999 were analyzed and bid functions estimated by class of wheat (hard red spring, hard amber durum, and hard red winter denoted as HRS, HAD, and HRW, respectively) and by selling firm. A stochastic simulation model was developed to determine the optimal bid and to analyze factors affecting bidding behavior and competition. The tender data indicated there was a surprisingly wide range of bids. Variation of bids across firms submitted for individual HRS tenders had standard deviations that ranged from $5/mt...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Auction; Bidding; Wheat tenders; Optimal bid; U.S.; Canada; Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23285
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Intensive versus Extensive Dairy Production Systems: Dairy States in the Eastern and Midwestern U.S. and Key Pasture Countries the E.U.: Determining the Competitive Edge AgEcon
Nehring, Richard F.; Sauer, Johannes; Gillespie, Jeffrey M.; Hallahan, Charles B..
In recent years, significant structural and production system changes have been noted in the U.S. and European Union, as well as increased interest in pasture-based dairy systems. Technical efficiency, returns to scale, and farm characteristics are compared by size and production system in traditional U.S. dairy states and E.U. countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: U.S.; EU Countries; Dairy Systems; Technical Efficiency; Returns To Scale; Size; Technology; Land Prices; Production Economics; Q12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98824
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MEASURING MARKET INTEGRATION IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AgEcon
Bolling, H. Christine.
The increased level of market integration in the processed food industry through trade, foreign direct investment, and the expanded use of intellectual property rights are an observed phenomenon of the past three decades. Measurement of market integration is problematic, and the role of FDI in market integration has not been adequately taken into consideration. This study measures the growth in the market shares of multinationals in selected countries and industries to indicate the degree of market integration. We also employ a market share convergence type model to estimate whether the market shares of the multinationals and domestically owned firms in key markets have converged to some steady state during the years 1991 to 2003.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Processed food industry; Global integration; Market shares; Argentina; Brazil; U.S.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20269
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Sino-U.S. Price Transmission in Agricultural Commodities: How Important are Exchange Rate Movements? AgEcon
Mutuc, Maria Erlinda M.; Pan, Suwen; Hudson, Darren.
Commodity price transmissions between China and the U.S. are examined. The results indicate that variations in Chinese cotton and soybean prices are transmitted to U.S. cotton and soybean prices while variations in Chinese wheat and rice prices do not get transmitted to U.S. wheat and rice prices. The effects of volatilities in oil prices and in the exchange rate on the price transmission are also assessed.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice; Soybean; Cotton; Wheat; China; U.S.; Price transmission; Exchange rate; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Q11; Q17.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103459
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The New Model of Foreign Aid Drawn from the Experiences of Japan and the United States AgEcon
Ranis, Gustav; Kosack, Stephen; Togo, Ken.
This paper compares Japan and the US as they provide different types of capital to the developing world, focusing especially on foreign aid and, to some extent, also on remittances and the role of NGOs. The main focus is on the quality of aid and on past conceptual differences and on an emerging convergence between these two major donors, with Japan having the potential advantage of being able to bring its own historical experience in development to bear.
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Foreign Aid; Remittances; NGO; Japan; U.S.; International Development; O11; O15; O16; O23.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118648
Registros recuperados: 11
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