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Registros recuperados: 11
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Agricultural water management in a water stressed catchment: lessons from the RIPARWIN project AgEcon
McCartney, Matthew P.; Lankford, Bruce A.; Mahoo, Henry F..
With contributions from Julien Cour, Reuben Kadigi, Japhet Kashaigili, Magayane Machibya, Abraham Mehari, Sylvie Morardet, Kossa Rajabu, Charles Sokile, Siza Tumbo, Barbara van Koppen, Thalia Vounaki and Daniel Yawson
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: River basin management; Water stress; Irrigation programs; Irrigation management; Irrigation efficiency; Water use; Water allocation; Wetlands; Water rights; Water law; Economic aspects; Water rates; User charges; Water users associations; Decision support tools; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37668
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Charging for irrigation water: The issues and options, with a case study from Iran AgEcon
Perry, Christopher J..
Inadequate funding for maintenance of irrigation works and emerging shortages of water are prevalent. The use of water charges to generate resources for maintenance and to reduce demand is widely advocated. Examples from other utilities, and from the domestic/industrial sectors of water supply suggest the approach could be effective. In developing countries, the facilities required for measured and controlled delivery of irrigation are rarely in place, and would require a massive investment in physical, legal and administrative infrastructure. To be effective in curtailing demand, the marginal price of water must be significant. The price levels required to cover operation and maintenance (O&M) costs are too low to have a substantial impact on demand,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Productivity; Water allocation; Water use efficiency; Operations; Maintenance; Cost recovery; User charges; Water rates; Pricing; River basins; Water shortage; Economic aspects; Salinity; Case studies; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44567
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China’s water pricing reforms for irrigation: effectiveness and impact AgEcon
Liao, Yongsong; Gao, Zhanyi; Bao, Ziyun; Huang, Qingwen; Feng, Guangzhi; Xu, Di; Cai, Jiabin; Han, Huijing; Wu, Weifeng.
Irrigation occupies a central position in China’s crop production. However, due to low per capita water resources, much worse, unevenly distributed over regions and time and the rapid increase of water diversions to non-irrigation sectors, irrigation water shortages have become a very serious problem. Without the adoption of effective measures this problem may even threaten China’s food security. Currently, irrigation efficiency is very low in general, irrigation water prices cannot fully recover water supply costs, and irrigation facilities are aging due to the lack of funding for O&M (operation & maintenance). Since water prices are regulated by the government, and not determined by the market, water prices did not work effectively in water...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water rates; Pricing; Price policy; Cost recovery; Farmers attitudes; Water rights; Water market; Water supply; User charges; Irrigation water; Water allocation; Irrigation management; Participatory management; Water conservation; Institutions; Organizations; Water users associations; Cereals; Yields; Models; Labor; Cost benefit analysis; Irrigation requirements; Investment; Groundwater management; Wells; Irrigation canals; Food security; Legal aspects; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91872
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Efficient Public Provision of Commodities: Transaction Costs, Bounded Rationality and Other Considerations AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
After briefly reviewing recent economic theories about the economic welfare consequences of public provision of private commodities, this article examines the cost efficient supply of publicly provided commodities. In the light of the presence of transaction costs and bounded rationality, and consequences for the competence of public bodies, it considers whether the following are cost effective: (1) increased out-sourcing of government funded work and supplies using market and competitive mechanisms; (2) greater contestability of employment in the public sector; (3) more widespread imposition of user charges for publicly supplied commodities; and (4) the increased use of performance budgeting and accounting in the public sector. These measures are often...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bounded rationality; Competence; Economic efficiency; Transaction costs; User charges; Public Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90529
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Energy-irrigation nexus in South Asia: Improving groundwater conservation and power sector viability AgEcon
Shah, Tushaar; Scott, Christopher A.; Kishore, Avinash; Sharma, Abhishek.
2nd rev. ed.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Groundwater irrigation; Energy consumption; Irrigation systems; Pumps; Tube wells; Policy making; User charges; Costs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44557
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Financing irrigation services: a literature review and selected case studies from Asia AgEcon
Small, Leslie E.; Adriano, Marietta S.; Martin, Edward D.; Bhatia, Ramesh; Shim, Young K.; Pradhan, Prachanda.
This study results from a two years' intensive research into a hitherto unexplored area of irrigation management - the aspect of financing irrigation in some Asian countries. The authors have analyzed the relationship between investment costs, level of irrigation fees, cropping intensity, type of crop, and secondary income. The studies conclude that the quality of irrigation system operations and maintenance is affected not only by the amount of resources made available to operate and maintain systems, but also by the institutional arrangements under which they are provided.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation operation; Financing; Resource management; Rehabilitation; User charges; Maintenance costs; Operating costs; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114041
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Intersectoral management of river basins; Proceedings of an International Workshop on "Integrated Water Management in Water-Stressed River Basins in Developing Countries: Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Agricultural Growth," Loskop Dam, South Africa, 16-21 October 2000 AgEcon
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water management; River basins; Watercourses; Poverty; Agricultural development; Developing countries; Water policy; Water use efficiency; Political aspects; Water allocation; User charges; Privatization; Water users' associations; Water scarcity; Investment; Financing; Institutional constraints; Water law; Gender; Social aspects; Conflict; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Food Security and Poverty; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118386
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Irrigation management transfer in Mexico: A strategy to achieve irrigation district sustainability AgEcon
Johnson, Sam H., III.
Describes the process of transfer of irrigation districts in Mexico from public ownership to joint management, where responsibility for irrigation O&M is shared between the public irrigation agency and water user associations. It evaluates the sustainability of transferred systems and discusses needed changes.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Privatization; Participatory management; Agricultural production; Sustainability; Private sector; Public sector; Economic aspects; Water users' associations; Investment; Agricultural policy; Irrigated farming; Water law; User charges; Land ownership; Mexico; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52799
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Pro-poor intervention strategies in irrigated agriculture: lessons from the Asian experience AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Irrigated agriculture has contributed greatly to food security in Asia - and irrigation projects present new opportunities for reducing poverty. This requires that projects deliberately tilt towards the poor. Moreover, policymakers, implementers and managers need to adopt an integrated approach when using irrigation as a pro-poor intervention strategy. With the right institutional and technical conditions, an effective incentives structure and proper implementation and management practices, pro-poor irrigation projects can make a significant difference to poverty in the region.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Poverty; Women; Water rights; Water allocation; User charges; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113057
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The baseline survey of 3 pilot water user associations in the Ferghana Valley AgEcon
Takubov, Murat; Matyakubov, Bakhtiyar.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Water users associations; Surveys; Water resource management; Farm income; Crop production; Livestock; Cropping systems; Watercourses; Irrigation management; User charges; Farmers attitudes; Water delivery; Irrigation canals; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113509
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
The Efficient Public Provision of Commodities: Transaction Cost, Bounded Rationality and Other Considerations AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
After briefly reviewing recent economic theories about the economic welfare consequences of public provision of private commodities, this article examines the cost efficient supply of publicly provided commodities. In the light of the presence of transaction costs and bounded rationality, and consequences for the competence of public bodies, it considers whether the following are cost effective: (1) increased out-sourcing of government funded work and supplies using market and competitive mechanisms; (2) greater contestability of employment in the public sector; (3) more widespread imposition of user charges for publicly supplied commodities; and (4) the increased use of performance budgeting and accounting in the public sector. These measures are often...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bounded rationality; Competence; Economic efficiency; Transaction costs; User charges; Public Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90524
Registros recuperados: 11
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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