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Registros recuperados: 40
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A takarmányárak hatásaa pulykahús-előállításra AgEcon
Csordas S., Tibor; Szentirmay, Andras; Trojan, Szabolcs.
A tanulmányban bemutatott takarmányárak és a pulykahús-előállítás jövedelme közötti rendkívül szoros kapcsolat elgondolkodtató, mert a takarmány – mint a legfontosabb inputtényező – árának változása vállalatcsoportok átrendeződését eredményezheti. A takarmányárak fokozatos és lassú ütemű emelkedése ugyan különböző költséggazdálkodási eszközökkel egy bizonyos pontig ellensúlyozható, de a jelen tanulmányban vizsgált időtartam alatt két ízben is tapasztalt rendkívül drasztikus mértékű takarmányár-emelkedés által okozott hatások kivédésére az ágazat szereplőinek nincsen eszköze. Amennyiben a jövőben is előfordulnak hasonló mértékű takarmányáremelkedések, akkor azok vállalati csődökkel kísért szerkezeti átrendeződést is okozhatnak az ágazatban....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Takarmányár; Pulykahús-előállítás; Vertikális integráció; Changes in feedstuff prices; Vertical integration; Poultry sector; Turkey meat production; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99147
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Agricultural Contracting Update: Contracts in 2003 AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Korb, Penelope J..
Marketing and production contracts covered 39 percent of the value of U.S. agricultural production in 2003, up from 36 percent in 2001 and a substantial increase over estimated values of 28 percent for 1991 and 11 percent in 1969. Large farms are far more likely to contract than small farms; in fact, contracts cover over half of the value of production from farms with at least $1 million in sales. Although use of both production and marketing contracts has grown over time, growth is more rapid for production contracts, which are largely used for livestock.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Contracts; Contracting; Marketing contracts; Production contracts; Vertical integration; Vertical coordination; Market structure; Risk analysis; Price signals; Industrial Organization; Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33903
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Alleged Transmission Undersupply: Is Restructuring the Cure or the Cause? AgEcon
Brennan, Timothy J..
Widespread concern over transmission capacity requires theoretical support to infer inadequacy from observed trends indicating reductions in the ratio of transmission to generation capacity over time. If integrated utilities had been regulated with allowed returns exceeding capital costs, transmission generation ratios would have been excessive, and observed trends might be a correction. However, numerous commentators claim that post-restructuring transmission rates have been too low, with NIMBY also discouraging investment. We model the possibility that inadequate separation between generation and transmission may result in reduced investment, in order to preserve incumbent market power in generation. However, consideration of transmission price caps and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Electricity transmission; Regulation; Deregulation; Vertical integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; L94; L51; L22.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10723
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ANALYSIS OF CHANGING METHODS OF VERTICAL COORDINATION IN THE PORK INDUSTRY AgEcon
Martinez, Stephen W.; Smith, Kevin E.; Zering, Kelly D..
This study examines the motivation behind contracts and vertical integration in the pork industry, and simulates the effects of potential improvements in coordination. Incentives related to lowering costs of measuring and sorting hogs, and protecting against opportunistic behavior associated with specific assets, can result in hog quality improvements. A framework for simulating the effects of increased coordination through contracts and vertical integration was developed and used to evaluate potential improvements in leanness. Although simulations suggest only modest changes in pork prices and supplies, gains in consumers' surplus could be substantial for larger demand shifts due to quality improvements.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contracts; Hogs; Lean pork; Simulation model; Vertical coordination; Vertical integration; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15561
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Analysis of some important cost factor of poultry meat production AgEcon
Szentirmay, Andras.
Cost efficiency is one of the most important influencing factors of competitiveness in poultry business because the international price competition of poultry meat products is getting tightly year by year. This study would like to open up some property of the cost structure of chicken meat production, and try to draw up some interesting analysis about the correlation of the different cost factors of poultry meat producing. The starting point of the study is the vertically integrated poultry chain where different supply chain elements working together. The analysed supply chain elements are the chicken growing (broiler growing) and the chicken slaughtering (producing fresh chicken meat products). The study analysing the cost structure of these activities...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poultry industry; Cost efficiency; Cost structure; Correlation analysis; Vertical integration; Profitability; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51952
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Analysis of the Competitiveness of the Pork Industry in Denmark AgEcon
Selva, Gianluca.
Now days in the pig industry as well as in other agro food sectors is the competitiveness that declare the success or failure on the global market. In the case of the pig industry, to be competitive it means to be able to offer a product of higher quality than rivals, but at similar price. The Danish pig industry has reached this level of competitiveness mainly thanks to its forward vertical integrated production chain. This specific coordination, besides than to reduce the transaction costs, push toward a production of excellent quality, that can be promptly adjusted according to the consumers demand.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Danish pork industry; Vertical integration; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24618
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CONCENTRATION AND MERGERS IN U.S. WHOLESALE GROCERY MARKETS AgEcon
Connor, John M..
This report analyzes a large sample of U.S. grocery warehouse operators in 54 well defined grocery marketing areas. Almost all grocer retail chains with more than 40 supermarkets and $500 million in retail sales in 1990 are vertically integrated into wholesaling. More than four-fifths of the market areas display high levels of sales concentration (four-firm concentration greater than 60 percent). The 1992 merger between Super Value and Wetterau violated federal merger enforcement guidelines in at least four market areas, and several more horizontal mergers between merchant grocery wholesalers have been consummated since then.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Grocery wholesale trade; Food retail trade; Market concentration; Mergers and acquisitions; Vertical integration; Antitrust policy; Food distribution; Geographic market definition; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28683
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COOPERATIVE FORMATION AND FINANCIAL CONTRACTING IN AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AgEcon
Hueth, Brent; Marcoul, Philippe; Ginder, Roger G..
Cooperative formation in agriculture sometimes occurs in response to the exit of a private firm and typically requires substantial equity investment by participating farmers. What economic rationale can explain why farmers are willing to contribute capital to an activity that (apparently) fails to attract non-farm or "private" investment? We hypothesize that farm capital is high cost, relative to that provided by private entrepreneurs (or in other words, that there is a degree of asset fixity in farm capital) but that it engenders greater organizational commitment-which is particularly important when expected market returns are low-on the part of producers. This commitment arises from the indirect incentive properties associated with at-risk capital. We...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cooperative; Corporate financing; Moral hazard; Vertical integration; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18478
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Cooperative Formation and Financial Contracting in Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Hueth, Brent; Marcoul, Philippe; Ginder, Roger G..
Cooperative formation in agriculture sometimes occurs in response to the exit of a private firm and typically requires substantial equity investment by participating farmers. What economic rationale can explain why farmers are willing to contribute capital to an activity that fails to attract non-farm, or "private" investment? We hypothesize that doing so is a costly mechanism for increasing the maximum penalty farmers face in the case of business failure. For a given market environment, exposing farmers to this risk increases the amount of surplus that can be used to repay lenders, thus expanding the set of market environments in which financing is available. We show how equity investment of this sort can be an efficient organizational response to a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Cooperative; Corporate finance; Moral hazard; Vertical integration; Agribusiness; Marketing.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18610
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“Co-operative identity”: A theoretical concept for economic analysis of practical co-operation dynamics AgEcon
Szabo, Gabor G..
Farmers’ problems and co-ordination of agricultural activities cannot be solved simply by EU and/or government support, or by private market co-ordination institutions. Emerging producer groups and co-operatives seem vital in achieving bargaining power. Theoretically, and according to Western European (Dutch, Danish etc.) and US practical experience, one of the major important private institutions that can strengthen producers and help co-ordinate (agricultural) chains is the co-operative entity. To fulfill the basic co-operative aims and to compete in a more market-oriented environment (e.g. more liberal agricultural policies, opening European and world market, etc.) they will initiate new marketing strategies. To implement such new marketing strategies,...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Co-operation; Co-operative identity; Co-operative principles; Strategy; Marketing; Co-ordination; Vertical integration; Agriculture; Farm Management; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/107648
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Cooperative Meat Packing, lessons learned from Sterling Colorado Beef Company AgEcon
Ward, Clement E..
Integration into meatpacking is a marketing alternative for livestock producers. For those considering such a step, Sterling Colorado Beef Co. provides a valuable learning experience. Feeders willing to commit capital, cattle, and time established the cooperative. Members said primary benefits were having a guaranteed market outlet and receiving a fair market price, rather than receiving a higher price or obtaining additional returns from meatpacking. Members attributed the cooperative's success to competent management and strong member management relations. The major problems encountered involved issues of environmental protection and lack of commitment by some members.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cooperative; Meatpacking; Vertical integration; Cattle marketing; Cattle procurement; Cattle pricing; Beef marketing; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49822
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Determinants of Farm Household Income Diversification in the United States: Evidence from Farm-Level Data AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Erickson, Kenneth W.; Harris, James Michael; Hallahan, Charles B.; Uematsu, Hiroki.
This study examines the determinants of income diversification of farm households in the United States. Farm households allocate their time between farm and off-farm activities to help stabilized household income (consumption). What characterizes those households who engage in off-farm activities? Is there any pattern over time? Using 1999, 2003 and 2007 farm-level data from the USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), this study estimates intensity of off-farm income (or income diversification). The results show that older operators, full owners, and small farms have higher intensity of off-farm income in total household income. In contrast, dairy farms, vertically coordinated farms and farms located in the Southern and Pacific regions have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Tobit; Income diversification; Vertical integration; Tenure; Farm households; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; D1; J2; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61632
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Does Vertical Integration Effect Market Power? Evidence from U.S. Food Manufacturing Industries AgEcon
Bhuyan, Sanjib.
Vertical Integration
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food industries; Market power; Vertical integration; Vertical merger; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; L13; L22; Q13.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43737
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Exploring the Relations, Bargaining Forms and Dynamics of the EU Food Supply Chain under the Perspective of the Key Actors: Evidence from Greece and Denmark AgEcon
Galanopoulos, Konstantinos; Karantininis, Konstantinos; Mattas, Konstadinos; Karelakis, Christos.
The objective of this paper is to offer qualitative and quantitative insights on the perceptions of the actors in the EU food supply chain on a broad spectrum of topics that characterise its operation and conduct, highlighting also potential differences in North and South European countries. Issues explored pertained to actors’ relations with up- and downstream partners, the future dynamic and challenges of the food sector, the influence of policy intervention and attitudes towards genetically modified products (GMPs) and organic production. For this purpose, a total of 34 food supply chain actors in Denmark and Greece were interviewed using a semi-structured interview process. A comparative analysis of the interviews pinpointed many similarities in the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food supply chain structure; Vertical integration; Stakeholders’ survey.; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121947
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Food Safety in the U.S. Fruit and Vegetable Industry: Awareness and Management Practices of Producers in Kentucky AgEcon
Oger, Raphaelle; Woods, Timothy A.; Jean-Albert, Pierre; Allan, Daniel.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Value system; Value chain; Produce; Food safety; Vertical integration; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37867
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Forest-Mill Integration: A Transaction Costs Perspective AgEcon
Niquidet, Kurt; O'Kelly, Glen.
In Canada, where public ownership of forestland is prevalent, a central decision facing policy makers is how to allocate timber resources to private forest companies. Debates tend to focus around what proportion of the annual harvest should be devoted to markets opposed to long-term contracts. To give a guide to policy makers, we surveyed forest firms from New Zealand and Sweden where this decision is based purely on a commercial basis. On average, mills source fifty percent of their fibre from the market. However, using a fractional logit model, we test whether theories from transaction cost economics influence this decision. Results are consistent with transaction cost economics; firms decrease the proportion of fibre sourced from a market with...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Transaction costs; Forest tenure; Vertical integration; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; D23; K23; L22; L73.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37086
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IMPACT OF VERTICAL MERGERS ON FOOD INDUSTRY PROFITABILITY: AN EMPIRICAL EVALUATION AgEcon
Bhuyan, Sanjib.
Vertical integration is an important business strategy among firms in the U.S. food industries. Our objective is to test one of the perceived benefits of vertical integration - improved profitability of the integrated firm. Findings show that increased vertical mergers in food industries would lower profits.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vertical integration; Mergers; Market performance; Industry profitability; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20469
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Industrialization and Contracting in U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Korb, Penelope J.; Banker, David E..
This paper examines the industrialization process of U.S. agriculture by examining the trends in the number of farms, the concentration of production during the last decade, and the dynamics of farm survivability, entry, and exit underlying aggregate statistics. We next examine vertical coordination as part of the industrialization process and highlight contracting in the poultry industry. The analysis provides evidence that production is continuing to be concentrated on a smaller number of farms at a relatively rapid rate, in spite of the stability in the number of farms. Although contracting clearly dominates the broiler industry, it is less prevalent in egg and turkey production, where other forms of vertical coordination are likely established.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Broilers; Contracting; Eggs; Industrialization; Poultry; Structural change; Turkeys; Vertical integration; D23; D40; L11; L14 L22; L23; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43511
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INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND SCALE IN OPEN AND CLOSED ANIMAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AgEcon
Hennessy, David A.; Roosen, Jutta; Jensen, Helen H..
Comparative advantage motivates large trade flows in feeder animals throughout the world. Trade creates externalities when animal diseases can spread beyond the purchasing farm. When growers can choose between open and closed production systems, Nash equilibrium will likely involve socially excessive trading. Supply response to an increase in marginal costs may be positive. While first-best involves marketwide adoption of either an open-trade or closed-farm system, equilibrium may entail heterogeneous systems. If this is the case, then the feeder trade should be banned. Within a farm, we show how risk of infectious disease can create decreasing returns to scale when the technology is otherwise increasing in returns to scale. Control of disease risk...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Feeder trade; Industrialization; Information; Nash equilibrium; Vertical integration; Welfare; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18405
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INFORMATION ASYMMETRY AS A REASON FOR VERTICAL INTEGRATION AgEcon
Hennessy, David A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vertical integration; Information; Product quality; Agribusiness.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25945
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