Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 160
Primeira ... 12345678 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Club No More - The WTO after Doha AgEcon
Kerr, William A..
Since its inception the GATT, and subsequently the WTO, has been able to operate in a fashion that is more consistent with a club than an inclusive organization that encouraged the active participation of all its members. The WTO Ministerial Meeting in Doha in November 2001 appears to have been a watershed in how the organization functions, and the club model may no longer be appropriate. While it is not yet clear what will replace the previous model, it is apparent that decision making will be much more diffused and the interests of a much broader spectrum of member countries taken into account. The central question is whether or not the transformed organization can still serve the interests of those who were previously able to dominate the club–the major...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Club; Developing countries; Doha; International trade; Multilateral organization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23909
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Framework for Estimating U.S. WTO Domestic Support to 2015 AgEcon
Quiroga, Jose.
The framework allows comprehensive and consistent measurement and classification of U.S. domestic support to 2015 under different assumptions. Projections of future U.S. domestic support patterns are made with estimates published in the USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections. We also use information from the OECD, FAPRI, NASS, and our own estimates. We present key elements and an overview of our analytical framework, assumptions of a baseline scenario, and some analytical results and observations arising from our analysis. The baseline scenario extends the classification of programs in WTO notifications to 2015. The framework consists of 65 spreadsheets, which are grouped into 4 analytical stages: calculation of program estimates by commodity; calculation...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agriculture; AMS; De minimis; Domestic support; WTO; Framework; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1; Q17; Q18; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25412
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A FRAMEWORK FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIAL PRODUCTS WITHIN THE WTO: A CLOSER LOOK AT FOUR COMMODITIES IN BARBADOS AgEcon
Marcus-Burnett, Emalene.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalization; Special products; Sensitive commodities; WTO; CARICOM Single Market and Economy; CAES; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36951
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A PERSPECTIVE ON OREGON WHEAT GROWERS' INTERESTS IN THE MILLENNIUM ROUND OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS AgEcon
Young, Linda M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat and wheat trade; GATT; WTO; Seattle; Agricultural trade; International Relations/Trade; F1; Q1.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29252
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Ad Valorem Equivalent in the WTO AgEcon
Babili, Mahmoud.
How can Syria benefit from converting specific tariffs into AVEs?
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Ad valorem; WTO; Multilateral negotiations; Syria; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48586
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural policy (AP2011) Reform and the WTO: Potential Impacts on Swiss Agriculture AgEcon
Ferjani, Ali.
This article analyses the impact of the planned Swiss package of agricultural policy measures AP2011 and the tariff reductions scheduled as part of the WTO Doha Round, with special emphasis on effects in the dairy and meat sector. The simulations are carried out using an extended partial equilibrium model. This article discusses the anticipated impact of changing structural conditions on production, processing, consumption, prices and exports in the milk market. If account is taken of the Bilateral Agreements between Switzerland and the EU providing for liberalisation of the common cheese market, raw milk production increases by 10.5 %, whereas the milk price shows a significant drop to around 60 centimes per kilogram of milk. The abolition of subsidies...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Partial equilibrium model; Simulation; AP2011; WTO; Dairy industry; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6638
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
AGRICULTURAL TRADE AND THE DOHA ROUND: LESSONS FROM COMMODITY STUDIES AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Aksoy, Ataman.
While global analytical approaches to agricultural trade liberalization yield large gains for most economies, there are substantial variations in the policy regimes across commodities. To clarify the multiplicity of distortions and impacts, the World Bank's Trade Department undertook a series of commodity studies. The studies highlight the important challenges faced by negotiating countries in the Doha Round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade negotiations. The studies provide a sharper look at the North-South dimensions of the agricultural trade debate, with the North's trade barriers, domestic support, and tariff escalation. They also underscore the South-South challenges on border protection and the reduced rural income opportunities for the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Commodities; Doha Round; Trade negotiations; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18301
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and Strategic Environmental Policy AgEcon
Glebe, Thilo W.; Latacz-Lohmann, Uwe.
We use an extended partial equilibrium trade model to derive optimal environmental policy responses to tariff reduction requirements and assess the impact of such policies on the welfare of trading partners. We find that countries which attribute preferential political weights to farmers' welfare have an incentive to implement environmental policies that deviate from the Pigouvian solution - even if production is not de facto linked to environmental externalities. We clarify the conditions under which trading partners do not gain from unilateral trade liberalisation if trade concessions are accompanied by strategic environmental policy changes. We postulate a role for the WTO in overseeing the process of domestic policy formulation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trade liberalisation; Strategic environmental policy; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; WTO; Environmental Economics and Policy; D60; F11; F18; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24609
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Trade Liberalization: Assessing the Consequences for Developing Countries AgEcon
Bureau, Jean-Christophe; Jean, Sebastien; Matthews, Alan.
Recent analyses suggest that the impact of agricultural trade liberalization on developing countries will be very uneven. Simulations suggest that the effects of agricultural trade liberalization will be small, overall, and are likely to be negative for a significant number of developing countries. The Doha Round focuses on tariff issues, but these countries currently have practically duty-free access to European and North American markets under preferential regimes. Multilateral liberalization will erode the benefits of these preferences, which are presently rather well utilized in the agricultural sector. The main obstacles to the exports of the poorest countries appear to be in the non-tariff area (sanitary, phytosanitary standards) which increasingly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade liberalization; WTO; Developing countries; International Development; International Relations/Trade; F13; Q17.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24628
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural Trade Preferences and the Developing Countries AgEcon
Wainio, John; Shapouri, Shahla; Trueblood, Michael A.; Gibson, Paul R..
Nonreciprocal trade preference programs originated in the 1970s under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) as an effort by high-income developed countries to provide tariff concessions for low-income countries. The goal of the programs was to increase export earnings, promote industrialization, and stimulate economic growth in the lower income countries. This study analyzes detailed trade and tariff data for the United States and the European Union (the two largest nonreciprocal preference donors) to determine the extent to which the programs have increased exports from beneficiary countries. For those products where the margins of preference are large and where beneficiaries have a comparative advantage and the capacity to expand production, these...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Tariff; Agricultural trade; Preferences; Least developed countries; Market access; World Trade Organization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7258
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agricultural trade reform under the Doha Agenda: some key issues AgEcon
Martin, William J.; Anderson, Kym.
A successful agreement on agriculture is essential for an overall agreement under the WTO’s Doha trade negotiations. Reaching agreement has been difficult, and as of August 2007, much still remains to be done if a successful agreement is to be reached. We consider three of the most controversial areas of the agricultural negotiations: the relative importance of domestic support, market access and export subsidies; three market access issues of sensitive-product exceptions sought for all countries and, the additional special product exceptions sought for developing countries, the proposed special safeguard mechanism; and the domestic support issue. We show that decisions made on reform in these areas will have a critical influence on whether the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Computable general equilibrium modelling; Doha development agenda; Multilateral negotiations; Trade policy; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117739
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agriculture and Environmental Issues in Free Trade Agreements AgEcon
Colyer, Dale.
Including environmental issues in trade agreements is controversial, although these issues are an integral part of the NAFTA and WTO agreements as well as being the subject of numerous multilateral environmental treaties and agreements. Despite its inclusion, many members are opposed to allowing the environment an extensive role in the WTO. Nonetheless, the Doha Ministerial Declaration recognizes the environment in negotiating the next trade liberalization agreement. Agriculture and agricultural trade, which were integrated with international trade disciplines in the Uruguay Round, have environmental implications, and the inclusion of agriculture in the WTO introduces complex issues that also have environmental consequences.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Doha Round; Environment; Trade liberalization; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23879
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Agriculture and the World Trade Organization: Does Membership Make a Difference? AgEcon
Grant, Jason H.; Boys, Kathryn A..
Recent empirical studies have estimated the trade flow effect of membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). One important, although largely untested, conclusion from this literature is that the GATT/WTO has worked well if we ignore trade in agriculture – one of the institution’s seemingly apparent failures. This article investigates this conclusion using a large panel of agricultural and non-agricultural trade flows, the latter of which serves as our benchmark. The results are impressive: the multilateral institution has delivered significant positive effects on members’ agricultural trade relative to trade between non-members. Further, despite their special and differential...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: WTO; Membership; Trade; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90886
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Analysis of an Alliance: NAFTA Trucking and the US Insurance Industry AgEcon
Condon, Bradly; Sinha, Tapen.
In the NAFTA, the United States agreed to phase out restrictions on the operation of Mexican trucking companies in the United States. When the deadlines came, the Clinton Administration chose to maintain the restrictions. Following a NAFTA panel ruling against the United States, the Bush Administration announced it would remove the restrictions. The decision has met with opposition from both truckers and insurers in the United States, who cite safety concerns. This article examines the economic, political and legal forces at work in this debate, as well as the relationship between the NAFTA and WTO rules on trade in services that apply.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: NAFTA; Insurance; Trucking; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23873
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Analysis Of The EU Positions In WTO: Impact On EU And New Zealand AgEcon
Saunders, Caroline M.; Santiago, J.D..
The Doha round negotiations in World Trade Organisation (WTO) have been suspended in the last July due to lack of agreement in agriculture issues. Nevertheless, several leaders of WTO countries have stated publicly their will in reviving WTO talks. Therefore, further negotiations should be expected. Despite the last July failure in obtaining a final text on the negotiating modalities for agriculture, it should be noted that since the launch of Doha round in 2000 significant progress was made in the negotiations. WTO members tabled more generous offers than the initial ones in the round. In fact, during July talks the EU had a active role offering more concessions, such as, 48% reductions of their import tariff (instead of the 39% cuts proposed in its last...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: WTO; European Union; New Zealand; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7960
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Economy-wide Analysis of Impacts of WTO Tiered Formula for Tariff Reduction on Taiwan AgEcon
Hsu, Shih-Hsun; Chang, C.; Li, S.; Chen, Y..
In this study we use Taiwan as a case study to provide an economy-wide analysis of impacts on Taiwan of WTO tariff reduction schemes with different combinations of thresholds and reduction rates. The model we utilized in this study is Taiwan General Equilibrium Model with a WTO module (TAIGEM-WTO, hereafter) that is a multi-sectoral computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Taiwan's economy derived from Australian ORANI model (Dixon, Parmenter, Sutton and Vincent, 1982). Simulation results show that results are more sensitive to the scheme of tariff-reduction (i.e., Category 1, 2, and 3) than the tiered levels (i.e., A, B, C, and D) and as a strategy we should pay more attention to the arguments related to the amounts of tariff-reduction. Moreover,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Computable General Equilibrium (CGE); Tiered Formula; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25546
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An Overview of the Issues and Positions of the Major Countries in the WTO Negotiations AgEcon
Miner, William M..
Negotiations on agriculture were successfully launched in the WTO early in 2000. In the initial phase, negotiating proposals have been submitted by member countries and are being discussed in special sessions of the WTO Committee on Agriculture. A stock-taking exercise will be held in March 2001 to establish the next steps in the process. Many developments will influence the shape and dynamics of the negotiations, particularly the possibility of a comprehensive trade round. The first part of this paper examines the policy setting for the negotiations. The ongoing integration of economies and accompanying agricultural policy reforms provide an environment for further trade liberalization. Expansion of regional trade agreements and EU enlargement...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural negotiations; Peace clause; Non-trade concerns; Subsidies; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23854
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Antidumping: Positions, negotiations, and Relevance for Syria AgEcon
Babili, Mahmoud.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Anti-dumping; WTO; Syria; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59370
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Are Agri-Food Trade Issues Changing? AgEcon
Viju, Crina.
Agriculture has been one of the least successful aspects of the WTO negotiations, and it was no surprise that the Doha Development Round collapsed in July 2008 over issues pertaining to agricultural trade. The current agenda for negotiations is focused on the three pillars (market access, export subsidies and domestic support) that were established during the Uruguay Round. However, new trade issues have come to the fore and need to be addressed in future WTO negotiations. This special edition of the Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy focuses on different aspects of these new trade issues and represents one step in understanding the dynamics of the global market.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO; Doha Development Round; Three pillars; New trade issues; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90584
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Are Disciplines Required on Domestic Support? AgEcon
Blandford, David.
The impact of domestic support on trade is likely to become an increasingly important issue in the WTO negotiations on agriculture. Domestic support expenditures are increasing and existing disciplines on forms and levels of support are weak. While a shift from market price support to output subsidies should be less trade distorting, such support may not be minimally distorting as required under the so-called “green-box” criteria. Proposals submitted by WTO members could further expand permissible support measures and weaken disciplines on their use. In some cases, most notably support provided in pursuit of environmental objectives, there may be a contradiction between the aims of support measures and the requirement that these should be minimally trade...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Domestic support; Green box; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23857
Registros recuperados: 160
Primeira ... 12345678 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional