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Registros recuperados: 19
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A Review of Two Payment Schemes for Watershed Services from China and Vietnam: the Interface of Government Control and PES Theory Ecology and Society
Kolinjivadi, Vijay K; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); vijay.kolinjivadi@mail.mcgill.ca; Sunderland, Terry; Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); T.Sunderland@cgiar.org.
China and Vietnam have developed some of the most ambitious payments for ecosystem services (PES) initiatives for watershed conservation and forest management. These include the Sloping Land Conversion Programme in China and pilot projects designed to implement Decision 380 and the subsequent national PES law in Vietnam. This study reviews how these two government-driven initiatives are achieving their environment and development objectives in terms of their institutional arrangements, implementation in practice, and sustainability prospects. Although it remains too soon to determine the effects of these programs on watershed services, early evidence indicates that they are resulting in vulnerable land being retired from cultivation supported, in some...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: China; Environment; Payments for ecosystem services; Vietnam; Well-being.
Ano: 2012
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Applied research for enhancing human well-being and environmental stewardship: using complexity thinking in Southern Africa Ecology and Society
Palmer, Carolyn G.; Unilever Centre for Environmental Water Quality, Institute for Water Research, Rhodes University, South Africa; tally.palmer@ru.ac.za; Biggs, Reinette; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Sweden; Centre for Studies in Complexity, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; oonsie.biggs@stockholmresilience.su.se; Cumming, Graeme S.; Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa; graeme.cumming@uct.ac.za.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Complexity; Relational; Stewardship; Sufficiency; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
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Characterization of the daily behavior of grazing Girolando heifers in integrated livestock systems. Repositório Alice
SOUZA, E. C. de; SALMAN, A. K.; CRUZ, P . G. da; VEIT, H. M.; SILVA, F. R. F. da; CARVALHO, G. A. de; SCHMITT, E..
Tree shade in pasture system should be an alternative to reduce the impact of warm climate and heat stress on dairy cattle herd. This study aimed to access grazing behavior of Girolando heifers in integrated crop, livestock (ICLS) and forestry (ICLFS) systems throughout a 24-hour day.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Tropical climate; Well-being.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1101800
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Does use of ICT-based market information services (MIS) improve welfare of smallholder farm households: Evidence from Kenya AgEcon
Okello, Julius Juma.
The need to provide agricultural information to farmers has led to emergence of numerous ICT-based MIS projects in developing country. These projects aim at promoting commercialization of smallholder agriculture and subsequently their welfare. This study examines the welfare effects of one such project in western Kenya. It uses household food security and access to medical health services as proxies of welfare. The study finds that farmers that use ICT-based market information are more food secure and have better access to medical health services than their counterpart. It highlights policy implications of these findings.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Smallholder farmers; Market information service; Mobile phones; Well-being; Kenya; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Marketing.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61251
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DYNAMICS OF POVERTY AND FOOD SUFFICIENCY AgEcon
Ribar, David C.; Hamrick, Karen S..
This study examines dynamics in poverty and food insufficiency using newly available longitudinal data from the 1993 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation SIPP) and the follow-on Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD). The study uses these data to characterize the incidence and dynamics of poverty and food problems for the entire U.S. population and for different subgroups. It also estimates multivariate, discrete-choice regression models to examine the factors associated with transitions into and out of poverty and food insufficiency, and it analyzes the empirical results in the context of a life-cycle model of income and food consumption. Results indicate that the incidence of food insufficiency in the United States is low-less than 3 percent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food sufficiency; Food insufficiency; Food security; Food insecurity; Poverty; Well-being; Hunger; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33851
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Ecosystem Services and Abrupt Transformations in a Coastal Wetland Social-Ecological System: Tubul-Raqui after the 2010 Earthquake in Chile Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Natural disasters; Perceptions; Transformations; Well-being.
Ano: 2014
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Exploring Strategies that Build Livelihood Resilience: a Case from Cambodia Ecology and Society
Marschke, Melissa J; York University; marschke@yorku.ca; Berkes, Fikret; University of Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Livelihoods in Cambodian fishing communities are complex and dynamic. Fluctuations in resource abundance, seasonal cycles of resource use, and changes in access create conditions that bring challenges for rural households, as do economic and policy drivers. Nonetheless, people are continuously “doing something” in response to these stresses and shocks. This paper sets out to explore how households and community members attempt to mitigate against such challenges. The analysis of livelihood stresses and shocks in two Cambodian fishing villages shows that diversification is a commonly used strategy for coping and adapting. Analyzing responses at multiple scales, with emphasis on resilience-building strategies at household and community...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cambodia; Diversification; Livelihood; Resilience; Scale; Uncertainty; Well-being.
Ano: 2006
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2001 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2000. The results of these research projects were presented at the 2001 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional outcomes, and the causes and consequences of food assistance program participation. Some projects focus on specific populations,such as people living in the rural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33815
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2002 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
Tiehen, Laura.
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2001. The results of these research projects were presented at the October 2002 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food insecurity and hunger, nutritional status and diet quality, Federal food assistance program participation, and the role of private-sector organizations in the provision of food assistance. Some...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33829
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FOOD ASSISTANCE AND NUTRITION RESEARCH SMALL GRANTS PROGRAM: EXECUTIVE SUMMARIES OF 2003 RESEARCH GRANTS AgEcon
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. The report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2002. The results of these research projects were presented at the November 2003 Small Grants Program conference. The projects focus on food assistance and child well-being, food insecurity and hunger, the dynamics of food assistance program participation, obesity, and the role of community factors in dietary intake and food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food assistance; Nutrition; Vulnerable populations; Food security; Food insecurity; Hunger; Hungry; Food assistance; Food spending; Well-being; Food Stamp Program; Food stamps; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33849
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INCOME, WEALTH, AND THE ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; El-Osta, Hisham S.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D.; Hopkins, Jeffrey W..
Agricultural policy is rooted in the 1930s notion that providing transfers of money to the farm sector translates into increased economic well-being of farm families. This report shows that changes in income for the farm sector or for any particular group of farm businesses do not necessarily reflect changes confronting farm households. Farm households draw income from various sources, including off-farm work, other businesses operated, and —increasingly — nonfarm investments. Likewise, focus on a single indicator of well-being, like income, overlooks other indicators such as the wealth held by the household and the level of consumption expenditures for health care, food, housing, and other items. Using an expanded definition of economic well-being, we...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Consumption; Farm households; Income; Wealth; Well-being; Off-farm employment; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33967
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Measuring Household Resilience to Floods: a Case Study in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta Ecology and Society
Nguyen, Kien V; An Giang University, Vietnam; Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Australian National University; nv.kien@anu.edu.au; James, Helen; Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Australian National University; waldenent@hotmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Impacts; Floods; Mekong River Delta; Resilience; Vulnerability; Well-being.
Ano: 2013
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Merging capabilities and livelihoods: analyzing the use of biological resources to improve well-being Ecology and Society
Lienert, Juri; University of Basel, Department of Social Sciences, Sustainability Research Group; juri.lienert@gmail.com; Burger, Paul; University of Basel, Department of Social Sciences, Sustainability Research Group; paul.burger@unibas.ch.
Especially poor people in developing countries depend on biological resources to manage their livelihoods and to generate income. Because these resources are usually public goods, their use is often subjected to what is known as the tragedy of the commons, potentially leading to resource depletion, environmental degradation, and loss of biodiversity, which consequently undermines the availability and capacity of resources to contribute to residents’ well-being in the long run. We suggest addressing this typical sustainability issue from a new angle. Against the backdrop of identifiable shortcomings within two popular analytic approaches, the capability approach (CA) and the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA), we argue for an improved...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Capability approach; Sustainability analysis; Sustainable livelihood approach; Use of biological resources; Valuation; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
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Perceptions of shellfish aquaculture in British Columbia and implications for well-being in marine social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
D'Anna, Linda M; Vancouver Island University, Institute for Coastal Research; lmdanna@gmail.com; Murray, Grant D; Vancouver Island University, Institute for Coastal Research; grant.murray@viu.ca.
Shellfish aquaculture is often positioned as an adaptive alternative to traditional resource industries, but the social and cultural effects of expanding production on coastal/marine social-ecological systems are unclear. Reporting on a multimethods study, we present perceptions about shellfish aquaculture collected through interviews, participant-employed photography, and a household survey in British Columbia, Canada. With an approach focused on local preferences for social-ecological conditions and the ways in which those conditions may be enhanced or diminished, we indicate that perceptions of the effects of aquaculture on the environment, economy, and lived experience are composed of both objective and subjective components. Interview responses and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Coastal communities; Marine; Shellfish aquaculture; Social-ecological systems; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
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Resilience strategies in the face of short- and long-term change: out-migration and fisheries regulation in Alaskan fishing communities Ecology and Society
Himes-Cornell, Amber; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; amber.himes@noaa.gov; Hoelting, Kristin; Colorado State University; kristin.hoelting@colostate.edu.
Historically, communities persisted in remote, isolated areas of Alaska in large part because of the abundance of marine and terrestrial resources, as well as the ability of local people to opportunistically access those resources as they became available. Species switching and the ability to shift effort away from fisheries during poor years allowed local residents to diversify their livelihoods in the face of uncertainties and ecological change. The advent of modern fisheries management, which views Alaskan fisheries as the property of all citizens of the United States, has fundamentally altered the relationship of place-based communities to fishery resources. Local access to fisheries has been particularly affected by the development of transferable...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Alaska; Communities; Fisheries privatization; Out-migration; Resilience; Well-being.
Ano: 2015
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Social Opportunities and Private Convenience of Choices at Farm Level: An Approach to the Links Between Farm Income and Sustainable GDP AgEcon
Idda, Lorenzo; Sini, Maria Paola.
This work proposes a method to identify and evaluate the links between the economic and environmental management of a farm, its income, and sustainable GDP. The approach is designed to link micro and macro economic aspects and is based on certain indicators, chosen from among those obtained from analysis of the farm accounts, suitable for representing socially desirable objectives. Three different types of farm accounts are employed. An MADM method of quantitative MCDM analysis was used to make a joint evaluation of various objective indicators in different types of farm management. The work only presents the most interesting result of the research, which was the method itself and does not include the results of a specific case study which was made. This...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Method; Farm; Society; Income; Environment; Well-being; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q1.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25650
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The influence of cultural identity on willingness to pay values in contingent valuation surveys AgEcon
Awatere, Shaun.
Current New Zealand resource management legislation requires local government actively recognise and take into account Māori values in resource management planning. This means the decision process and participants must interact with evidence based on Māori epistemologies. The Māori world-view is holistic in nature in that it embodies historical, environmental, and spiritual values, as well as modern experiences. Concerns arise for Māori communities when planners and developers utilise economic tools such as willingness to pay surveys to determine the total value of a proposed project. Other concerns are caused by surveys that ask a participant “are you Māori” and fail to recognise the diverse realities that exist for Māori. This paper draws from a survey...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Māori; Indigenous; Culture; Natural Resource Management; Well-being; Values; Contingent Valuation; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98522
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The Value of Backyard Biodiversity in New Zealand AgEcon
Parminter, Terry G.; Kaval, Pamela; Yao, Richard T.; Scrimgeour, Frank G..
New Zealand's biodiversity consists of over 80,000 types of native plants, animals and fungi, a considerable number of which are indigenous and located on private property. To preserve and enhance native biodiversity and discourage activities that may deplete it, economic values can be calculated which can, in turn, guide the use of policy tools, such as incentives, that can be used. This can support behavioural changes by encouraging individual self-interest to coincide with social interest. In this project, we used the contingent valuation, choice modelling and well-being approaches to estimate native biodiversity values for Wellington residents. In this paper, we present a summary of our initial results.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New Zealand; Biodiversity; Non-market valuation; Well-being; Native species; Private landholders; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10428
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Validação da bioacústica como alternativa à avaliação visual para monitoramento do comportamento ingestivo de bovinos em pastagens. Infoteca-e
VOLPI, D.; ALVES, F. V.; SARAIVA, E. F.; VIGAS, V. P.; ARGUELHO, A. da S.; ZOPOLLATTO, M.; ALMEIDA, R. G. de.
A observação visual do comportamento ingestivo em ruminantes, principalmente naqueles mantidos em pastagens, apesar de comumente utilizada com diferentes finalidades de estudo, é trabalhosa, pouca precisa e empenha grande quantidade de mão-de-obra. Com o avanço da tecnologia em geral, outras metodologias, que fazem uso de sensores mecânicos, ópticos e sonoros, mostram grande potencial de uso em ruminantes. A bioacústica, em particular, adequa-se em experimentos que necessitam tanto de macro quanto de microatividades, otimizando mão-de-obra e com custo relativamente baixo em comparação à outras metodologias automatizadas. Entretanto, por ser um campo de estudo recente na produção animal, as operações de captura e análise dos sons ainda precisam ser...
Tipo: Documentos (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Acústica; Pecuária de precisão; Som; Feeding; Well-being; Precision livestock; Comportamento Animal; Gado Nelore; Nutrição Animal; Pastejo; Pecuária; Ruminante; Alimentação; Bem-Estar; Acoustics; Animal well-being; Grazing; Ruminants; Sounds.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1102352
Registros recuperados: 19
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