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Registros recuperados: 122
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A Case Study of Regulation in Zambia’s Cotton Sector. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Kabwe, Stephen.
Cotton is an unquestioned success of Zambia’s turn towards a market economy. After privatization in late 1994, seed cotton production rose from 32,000 metric tons (mt) to about 180,000 mt a decade later (three-year averages centered on 1994 and 2005). The number of farmers involved in the sector grew similarly, yields trended upwards (though slowly), and the country dramatically improved the quality of its lint, becoming the outstanding performer in Sub-Saharan Africa in this regard by the mid-2000s. Yet the sector has experienced two serious crashes since reform, both involving rampant credit default by farmers supported with seasonal input credit by ginning companies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Cotton; Africa; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q10; Q11; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62145
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A PCR-based survey of animal African trypanosomosis and selected piroplasm parasites of cattle and goats in Zambia OAK
Musinguzi, Simon Peter; Suganuma, Keisuke; Asada, Masahito; Laohasinnarong, Dusit; Sivakumar, Thillaiampalam; Yokoyama, Naoaki; Namangala, Boniface; Sugimoto, Chihiro; Suzuki, Yasuhiko; Xuan, Xuenan; Inoue, Noboru.
We screened cattle and goats from the districts of Chama, Monze and Mumbwa in Zambia for animal African trypanosomes, Babesia bigemina and Theileria parva using PCRs; 38.1% of the samples tested positive for at least one of the parasite species. The most common parasite was Trypanosoma vivax (19.8%). Its incidence was significantly higher in goats than in cattle, (P<0.05). B. bigemina was found in samples from all the three areas, making it the most widespread of the parasites in Zambia. Among the tested samples, 12.0% of the positive samples were mixed infections. There were significant differences in the infection rates of T. vivax (Mumbwa had a significantly higher infection rate [39.6%, P<0.0001]), Th. parva (Monze had the only cases...
Palavras-chave: Animal African trypanosomosis; Cattle; Goat; Piroplasmosis; Zambia.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4389
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A Test of the New Variant Famine Hypothesis: Panel Survey Evidence from Zambia AgEcon
Mason, Nicole M.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chapoto, Antony; Myers, Robert J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/04/09.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: HIV/AIDS; Food security; Rural livelihoods; New variant famine hypothesis; Zambia; Africa; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51485
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A Unified Approach to the Estimation of Demand for Improved Seed in Developing Agriculture AgEcon
Langyintuo, Augustine S.; Hamazakaza, Petan; Nawale, Edah; Mekuria, Mulugetta.
This paper proposes a new approach for estimating the demand for seed within a developing country context where only improved seeds are sold but adoption rates for improved varieties low. A farmer views an improved seed firstly as a derived input embodying production attributes and secondly, as a technology embodying consumption characteristics. He therefore jointly decides on its adoption and the quantity of seed required to plant a predetermined area. Drawing on the theory of demand for consumption goods characteristics and production input attributes, this paper specified and estimated non-separable household demand and consumption models using data collected from 300 farm households in Zambia during the 2003/04 crop season. The estimated results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Consumer goods characteristics; Production inputs; Technology attributes; Non-separability; Censored equations; Zambia; Crop Production/Industries; C21; D1; O3; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25332
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A Value Chain Task Force Approach for Managing Private-Public Partnerships: Zamiba’s Task Force on Acceleration of Cassava Utilization. AgEcon
Chitundu, Maureen; Droppelmann, Klaus; Haggblade, Steven.
Smallholder farmers operate in vertical supply chains. Therefore, an understanding of key opportunities and constraints up through the value chain becomes necessary for sustaining smallholder growth. Yet market analysis is of little value unless key private and public sector stakeholders agree to implement necessary reforms. This paper advocates an approach which marries together value chain analysis with a stakeholder taskforce to ensure that analysis of opportunities and constraints gets translated into actions that will facilitate commercial growth. Using Zambia’s cassava task force as an example, the paper describes the value chain task force method and identifies elements critical to its effective implementation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cassava; Value chain; Task force; Zambia; Africa; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54480
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Access to Land and Poverty Reduction in Rural Zambia: Connecting the Policy Issues AgEcon
Jayne, Thomas S.; Zulu, Ballard; Kajoba, Gear; Weber, Michael T..
Key Policy Message: - Despite having relatively low population densities, inadequate access to land is one of the major causes of rural poverty in Zambia. - The apparent paradox of inadequate access to land for many rural households in a country of low population density is partially reconciled when taking into account that economically viable arable land requires at least some degree of access to basic services, water, road infrastructure, and markets. The basic public investments to make settlement economically viable have yet been made in many areas of Zambia. - Depending of future land allocation policy, access to good quality land with a market potential may become increasingly beyond the reach of many small-scale farm households, making it more...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Land; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Q18; Q15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55054
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Adoption of Hybrid maize in Zambia: effects on gender roles, food consumption, and nutrition AgEcon
Kumar, Shubh K..
Enhanced agriculture productivity in sub-Saharan Africa is critical to promote economic growth and poverty alleviation and to avoid increasing food scarcities in the region. The impact of commercialization and intensification of agriculture on the well- being of the rural poor depends on how they are carried out. Past research by IFPRI and collaborating institutions on commercialization of small- scale farming in about a dozen countries provided new knowledge about the relationships between commercialization and rural well- being as measured by incomes, consumption, and nutrition. These links were shown to depend greatly on household behavior, which in turn is influenced by intrahousehold processes. A better understanding of these processes is likely to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Corn industry; Zambia; Eastern Province; Hybrid corn; Economic aspects; Food consumption; Nutrition; Agricultural laborers; Sex role in work environment; Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37917
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Agricultural Trade Flows among Developing Countries: Do Regional Preferential Trade Agreements make a Difference? AgEcon
Tembo, Gelson; Jayne, Thomas S..
Regional integration through trade is recognized as one way to foster economic growth and poverty reduction. This paper uses the gravity model and 11-year panel data (1996-2006) on Southern African Development Community (SADC) member countries to study Zambia’s regional agricultural trade flows and the impact of the SADC Trade Protocol (SADC-TP). Zambia’s volume of trade is significantly related to most of the standard gravity variables. The results indicate that Zambia has been largely trading below potential, especially with respect to exports. There have been improvements in Zambia’s trade flows during the SADC-TP period but only with a few countries. Further improvements will require re-examining protocol implementation and individual countries’...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Southern Africa; Regional trade; Gravity analysis; Zambia; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C23; C51; F12; F14; F15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51733
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Alternative Approaches for Moderating Food Insecurity and Price Volatility in Zambia. AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
• Maize production varies widely from year to year, given Zambia’s heavy dependence on rainfed cultivation. Thus consumers face wide swings in availability of their primary food staple. • Typical public responses include increased food aid inflows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. While intended to improve domestic supply, these public responses can inadvertently exacerbate price instability and food insecurity for Zambian consumers. • Two key private sector responses – private cross-border maize trade and consumer substitution of alternate food staples (such as cassava) for maize - can also help to moderate food consumption volatility. • Together, private imports and increased cassava...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Food Security and Poverty; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54630
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Alternative Instruments for Ensuring Food Security and Price Stability in Zambia AgEcon
Dorosh, Paul A.; Dradri, Simon; Haggblade, Steven.
Given heavy dependence on rainfed maize production, Zambia must routinely cope with pronounced production and consumption volatility in their primary food staple. Typical policy responses include increased food aid flows, government commercial imports and stock releases, and tight controls on private sector trade. This paper examines recent experience in Zambia, using a simple economic model to assess the likely impact of maize production shocks on the domestic maize price and on staple food consumption under alternative policy regimes. In addition to an array of public policy instruments, the analysis evaluates the quantitative impact of two key private sector responses in moderating food consumption volatility— private cross-border maize trade and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Price; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54488
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An Assessment of Current Policy Initiatives in Zambia's Cotton Sector AgEcon
Zulu, Ballard; Tschirley, David L..
This paper assesses three of these policy initiatives: input credit provision for smallholder producers of selected cash crops including cotton, the proposed creation of a Cotton Board, and the emergence in 2003 of District Council levies as a point of conflict between local governments and cotton companies. The purpose of the paper is to provide guidance to public and private decision makers regarding key modifications which may need to be made to these policies to ensure continued healthy development of the sector.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54612
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Asian-driven Resource Booms in Africa: Rethinking the Impacts on Development AgEcon
Breisinger, Clemens; Thurlow, James.
Today’s resource boom in Africa, driven by Asian economic growth, offers new opportunities for resource-rich African countries. Contrary to the experience of previous booms, however, most mining profits now accrue to foreign companies, leaving little room for governments to use revenues for pro-poor investments or to mitigate adverse distributional impacts. Taking Zambia as a case study, this paper shows that despite privatization, Dutch disease remains a valid concern and may hamper economic diversification, worsen income distribution, and undermine poverty reduction strategies. Mining royalties must, therefore, be increased and used to finance growth-inducing investments that encourage pro-poor economic diversification, else many African countries will...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dutch disease; Resource booms; Privatization; Income distribution; Africa; Zambia; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42351
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Assessment of Alternative Maize Trade and Market Policy Interventions in Zambia AgEcon
Govereh, Jones; Jayne, Thomas S.; Chapoto, Antony.
The economic reforms in maize marketing and trade policies implemented during the 1990s have been highly controversial, and there remains a lack of solid empirical investigation on the impacts of these reforms on national food security, price stability and rural income growth. This study aims to provide a detailed evidence-based analysis of the impacts of maize marketing and trade policies on smallholder agricultural production growth, access to food by consumers, and other important national policy objectives. These insights from Zambia can hopefully move forward the continuing debate in the region on how maize marketing and trade policies should be structured in the future.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Maize; Trade; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54492
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Assessment of the Farm Level Agronomic and Financial Benefits of the Magoye Ripper in Maize and Cotton Production in Southern and Eastern Provinces AgEcon
Kabwe, Stephen; Donovan, Cynthia; Samazaka, David.
This research focuses on the performance in the Magoye ripper in maize and cotton production in Eastern and Southern Provinces during the 2004/2005 productions year. Findings include the following: In maize production, the ripper enabled higher yields compared to traditional animal ploughing, by increasing the effectiveness of nitrogen fertilizer applications, resulting in net profits per hectare of ZK575,800 in Eastern Province and ZK93,800 in Southern Province; In cotton, the input applications and size of fields were the most important determinants of yield, and the ripper had no significant individual effect. Farmers using the ripper indicated that it helped conserve water, enabled early land preparation and early planting; and Farmers not using their...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Cotton; Inputs; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54623
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Characteristics Associated with Prime-Age Mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa: Evidence from Zambia and Kenya AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S.; Kirimi, Lilian; Kadiyala, Suneetha.
Campaigns to prevent the spread of HIV require accurate knowledge of the characteristics of those most likely to contract the disease. Studies conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 1980s generally found a positive correlation between socioeconomic characteristics such as education, income, and wealth and subsequent contraction of HIV. As the disease has progressed, the relationship between socioeconomic status and HIV contraction may have changed, although there is little evidence to support this. An emerging strand of the literature on the AIDS epidemic in Africa posits that poverty is increasingly associated with the spread of the disease. However, this conclusion is somewhat contentious, as other recent studies find mixed evidence of a poverty-AIDS...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Hiv/aids; Food security; Zambia; Kenya; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q10.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56782
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Characteristics of Individuals Afflicted by AIDS-related Mortality in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
Studies conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 1980s generally found a positive correlation between socioeconomic characteristics such as education, income, and wealth and subsequent contraction of HIV. However, as the disease has progressed, the relationship between socioeconomic status and HIV contraction may have changed in many areas of Sub Saharan Africa, although there is little hard evidence to support this. This paper seeks to determine the ex ante socioeconomic characteristics of individuals who die between the ages of 15 to 59 years of age, using nationally representative panel data on 18,821 individuals surveyed in 2001 and 2004 in rural Zambia. The findings from this study will help policy-makers and development agencies better...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; HIV/AIDS; Socioeconomic status; Zambia; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54472
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Commercial Dynamics in Zambia’s Cassava Value Chain AgEcon
Haggblade, Steven; Nyembe, Misheck.
Cassava production has grown rapidly in Zambia since the early 1990’s. Available evidence suggests that volumes of traded cassava have been increasing roughly twice as fast as production. Yet this cassava production boom could stall unless commercial markets for it develop. To help accelerate commercial development of cassava and cassava-based products at the national level, Zambia’s Agricultural Consultative Forum (ACF) initiated an Acceleration of Cassava Utilization (ACU) Task Force, beginning in August 2005. At a regional level, efforts such as the Cassava Transformation in Southern Africa (CATISA) project aim to complement national efforts and help facilitate regional spillovers, so that new products, new technologies or new lessons can help to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Cassava; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54491
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COPPER CRISIS AND AGRICULTURAL RENAISSANCE IN ZAMBIA: AN ECONOMY-WIDE ANALYSIS AgEcon
Lofgren, Hans; Robinson, Sherman; Thurlow, James.
Zambia's strong dependence on copper exports has suppressed other tradables sectors, indicative of a Dutch disease phenomenon. The current copper crisis will have strong economic effects, possibly reversing such Dutch disease effects. We use a computable general equilibrium model built around a 1995 social accounting matrix to simulate the short- and long-run effects of two scenarios that reflect the current crisis, a 20 percent reduction in world copper prices and a complete collapse of copper mining. Compared to the short run, the long run is characterized by more flexibility in production technology and capital allocation. Both scenarios require a significant reduction in the "non-copper" trade deficit, absorption, and household consumption. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Zambia; Copper; Structural adjustment; Agriculture; General equilibrium; International Development; C68; O55; Q17; Q32.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25805
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Cotton in Zambia: 2007 Assessment of its Organization, Performance, Current Policy Initiatives, and Challenges for the Future AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Kabwe, Stephen.
Cotton is one unquestioned success of Zambia’s turn towards a market economy. After liberalization in late 1994, production rose from 20,000 mt to over 100,000 mt in the 1998 harvest year. After collapsing to less than 50,000 mt in 2000, it has risen steadily, nearing 200,000 mt in 2005. Over 2002-2005, exports of cotton lint were first among all agricultural exports in value, 30% higher than any other agricultural export (Export Board of Zambia 2006). The closest competitor to cotton during this time –raw cane sugar –is primarily produced on large operations, while cotton is almost entirely a smallholder crop. Its potential role in poverty alleviation and food security is, thus, very large. The success of this sector has been achieved despite persistent...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54485
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Cotton in Zambia: An Assessment of its Organization, Performance, Current Policy Initiatives, and Challenges for the Future AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Zulu, Ballard; Shaffer, James D..
This paper grows out of earlier work on cotton by the Food Security Research Project. It is directed towards policy makers and private stakeholders in Zambia’s cotton sector, and has four main purposes: (a) To provide a detailed descriptive overview of the organization of the sector and of the behavior of key public and private participants in the sector; (b) To assess cotton’s role in smallholder livelihood strategies, and its competitiveness at the farm level with a key alternative crop–maize; (c) To critically evaluate recent policy initiatives in the sector and suggest key modifications that might be needed; and (d) To identify the primary challenges that the sector faces to ensure its future competitiveness in regional and international...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Cotton; Smallholder livelihood; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54467
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