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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Active phloem sap collection by Trigona spinipes (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in Artemisia annua Linn (Asteraceae).
Autores:  MALAGODI-BRAGA, K. S.
MORICONI, W.
QUEIROGA, J. L. de
URCHEI, M. A.
PAZIANOTTO, R. A. A.
RONCON, K.
Data:  2020-03-12
Ano:  2019
Palavras-chave:  Plant injury
Abelha Brasileira
Trigona Spinipes
Artemísia
Artemisia Annua
Floema
Medicinal plants
Insect behavior
Stingless bees
Alternative farming
Resumo:  Abstract: Trigona spinipes Fabricius (Apidae: Meliponini), is a common stingless bee widely seen in urban and rural areas in Brazil, popularly known as irapuá, arapuá or bee-dog. Although these bees are considered pollinators of some cultivated plants, they are better known for the damage they cause in different crops. During experimental agroecological cultivation of Artemisia (Artemisia annua Linn, Asteraceae), in Jaguariúna (SP, Brazil), stingless bees Trigona spinipes (Fabricius) were observed sucking phloem sap directly from the plant, a phenomenon not yet described in scientific literature. This study aimed to register and describe the phloem sap-sucking behavior performed by T. spinipes for the first time, as well as to assess the potential impact of this behavior on A. annua cultivation. The behavior and the material collected by bees and the severity of attack were also analyzed. The aging and premature death of observed A. annua specimens occurred because of extensive lesions caused by T. spinipes, confirming the negative consequence of sap-sucking attacks of T. spinipes bees on the plants. Factors that could induce this unusual behavior were presented, pointing out the need for future studies on the development of strategies to protect plants, without causing damage to the T. spinipes bee populations, which are elements of Brazilian bee fauna and, therefore, protected by law.

bitstream/item/211814/1/Malagodi-Braga-Active-Phloem-2019.pdf
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  16743

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1121210
Editor:  Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, v. 41, e47548, 2019.
Relação:  Embrapa Meio Ambiente - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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