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Provedor de dados:  Organic Eprints
País:  Germany
Título:  Reducing copper use in the environment: the use of larixol and larixyl acetate to treat downymildew caused by Plasmopara viticola in viticulture
Autores:  Thuerig, Barbara
James, Emily E.
Schärer, Hans-Jakob
Langat, Moses K.
Mulholland, Dulcie A.
Treutwein, Jonas
Kleeberg, Ina
Ludwig, Mathias
Jayarajah, Praveen
Giovannini, Oscar
Markellou, Emilia
Tamm, Lucius
Data:  2018
Ano:  2018
Palavras-chave:  Crop health
Quality
Protection Viticulture
Resumo:  BACKGROUND: Plant extracts might provide sustainable alternatives to copper fungicides, which are still widely used despite their unfavourable ecotoxicological profile. Larch bark extract and its constituents, larixyl acetate and larixol, have been shown to be effective against grapevine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) under semi-controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to reduce the gap between innovation and the registration of amarketable product, namely to develop scalable extraction processes and to evaluate and optimise the performance of larch extracts under different conditions. RESULTS: Toxicologically and technically acceptable solvents like ethanol were used to extract the active compounds larixyl acetate and larixol from bark in sufficient amounts and their combined concentration could be increased by up to 39% by purification steps. The combined concentration of larixyl acetate and larixol from larch turpentine could be increased by up to 66%. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC100) against P. viticola in vitro (6-23
Tipo:  Journal paper
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://orgprints.org/33739/1/Thuerig-etal-etal_2017-PestManagementScience_Vol74_issue2_p477-488.pdf

Thuerig, Barbara; James, Emily E.; Schärer, Hans-Jakob; Langat, Moses K.; Mulholland, Dulcie A.; Treutwein, Jonas; Kleeberg, Ina; Ludwig, Mathias; Jayarajah, Praveen; Giovannini, Oscar; Markellou, Emilia and Tamm, Lucius (2018) Reducing copper use in the environment: the use of larixol and larixyl acetate to treat downymildew caused by Plasmopara viticola in viticulture. Pest Management Science, 74 (2), pp. 477-488.
Relação:  http://orgprints.org/33739/
Formato:  application/pdf
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